US Motor Laws

Title Application

Application for a certificate of title shall be made upon a form prescribed by the FLHSMV and shall include the applicant’s full name, date of birth, sex, personal identification number, and the license plate number of the vehicle to be titled.

The application shall also indicate if the motor vehicle is to be used as a taxicab, police vehicle, or if it is a rebuilt vehicle. Rebuilt vehicles require inspection.

If a certificate of title has not previously been issued for a motor vehicle or mobile home, the application shall be accompanied by a proper bill of sale, a sworn statement of ownership, or a duly certified copy thereof, or a certificate of title. A sworn affidavit from the seller and purchaser must verify that the vehicle identification number shown on the affidavit is identical to the vehicle identification number shown on the motor vehicle. If such affidavit is not prepared, the application may be accompanied by an appropriate FLHSMV form indicating that a physical examination has been made by a law enforcement official, a licensed motor vehicle dealer, or a notary public and that the vehicle identification number shown on the form is identical to the vehicle identification number on the motor vehicle.

If the vehicle is a used car, a sworn affidavit from the owner is necessary to verify that the odometer reading shown on the affidavit is identical to the odometer reading shown on the motor vehicle at the time that the application for title is made.

The application for a certificate of title for a motor vehicle or mobile home previously titled or registered outside of Florida shall show on its face such fact and shall indicate the time and place of the last issuance of certificate of title or registration.

Title Application

Application is made to the DMV and shall contain a description of the vehicle, including make, model, Vehicle Information Number (VIN), number of cylinders, type of body, and odometer statement.

Vehicle titles are permanent and need not be renewed.

Title applications shall also contain the name and address from whom the vehicle was purchased, as well as the names and addresses of all lienholders.

Title Application

If application is made for new motor vehicle, (a motor vehicle is a self-propelled vehicle and does not include vehicles operated on private property) ownership is established by (1) notarized bill of sale; (2) manufacturer’s statement of origin; or (3) other documents, as provided by regulation.

If application is made for used vehicle, ownership is established by (1) title document, for title system states; (2) registration document, for states not using title system; (3) public auction document; (4) release certificate; (5) bill of sale from insurance company; or (6) other documents, as provided by regulation.

A motor vehicle is a self-propelled vehicle and does not include vehicles operated on private property.

Vehicle may not be operated on public highway without certificate of title, except for transferring vehicle from one private party to another.

Prior to issuance of certificate of title, verification of excise tax payment must be presented.

Title Application

Application is made to ADOR, effective January 1, 2017, for all motor vehicles less than 35 years old.

All applications contain certification from designated agent verifying (1) physical inspection of vehicle; (2) accuracy of vehicle identification number and descriptive data; and (3) identification of person signing application.

Application for certificate of title must contain (1) owner’s name, current residence, and mailing address; (2) description of vehicle; (3) date of purchase; (4) name and address of person vehicle acquired from; and (5) lienholder information, if relevant. First certificates other than for new vehicles must contain either copy of notarized bill of sale or certified copies of license tags and tax receipts from previous 2 years, in lieu of manufacturer statement of origin.

If vehicle purchased from dealer, must contain (1) name and address of lienholder; (2) date of security agreement; and (3) signature of dealer and owner.

If application for new vehicle, must contain manufacturer’s statement of origin.

If application refers to vehicle registered in another state or country, application must contain certificate of title issued by state or country, and information reasonably required to establish ownership.

Title Application

Application for a certificate of ownership should be made to the director of the MVC within 10 days of purchase of a motor vehicle.

An application for certificate of ownership should be accompanied by evidence of purchase, either a certificate of origin (displaying the sales tax-satisfied stamp, paid on actual price, though some vehicles are exempt), certificate of ownership, or bill of sale.

If a person has a certificate of ownership for a mobile or manufactured home that is located in a mobile home park that is being relocated to land that the owner of the home has an interest in or title to, that person shall file a notice of relocation with the director of the MVC at least 10 days prior to relocation. If the director deems the notice to be complete, the certificate of ownership will be cancelled on the date of relocation.

Title Application

An application for the first certificate of title in the state must be submitted to the DDS or the county tag agent within 90 days from the date of purchase.

An application for the first certificate of title in the state must be submitted to the DDS or the county tag agent within 90 days from the date of purchase.

The application must contain (1) the name, residence, and mailing address of the owner; (2) a description of the vehicle; (3) the date of purchase; and (4) the name and address of the person from whom the vehicle was acquired and the existence or non-existence of any liens on the vehicle.

If the vehicle was purchased from a dealer, the dealer is required to submit the application.

If the application is for a vehicle last previously registered in another state, the certificate of title issued by the other state or county must be included with the application. If the applicant is the last previously registered owner in such state, the application need not contain the name and address of the person from whom the vehicle was acquired.

Title Application

The owner of every vehicle in the state shall possess a certificate of title as proof of ownership of such vehicle.

Application for a certificate of title may be made to the Tax Commission or any motor license agent.

The application for a certificate of title shall contain the following information: a full description of the vehicle; the manufacturer’s serial or other identification number; the motor number and date on which the vehicle was first sold by the manufacturer or dealer to the owner; any distinguishing marks; a statement of the applicant’s source of title, and any security interest upon the title.

If the vehicle is within the last 7 model years, a declaration must be added to the application if the vehicle has been damaged or stolen, if the owner did or did not receive payment for the loss from an insurer, or the vehicle is titled or registered in a state that does not classify the vehicle or brand the title because of damage to or loss of the vehicle similar to the classifications or brands utilized by Oklahoma.

To obtain an original certificate of title for a vehicle being registered for the first time, the applicant must provide a manufacturer’s certificate of origin, which includes the manufacturer’s serial or identification number, the date on which the vehicle was first sold by the manufacturer to the dealer, any distinguishing marks, including the model and year the mark was made, and a statement of any security interests upon the vehicle.

Out-of-state vehicles being titled in Oklahoma must be inspected prior to issuing a certificate of title. The inspection consists of a comparison of the vehicle identification number on the vehicle with the number recorded on the ownership records, and a recording of the actual odometer reading.

Title Application

Applications are made on a form prescribed by the Registrar of Motor Vehicles and must include among other things the county in which the certificate is issued; an indication that the certificate is an original, memorandum, duplicate, or salvage certificate; the date of issuance of the certificate; the name and address of the owner; the name and address of the previous owner; the previous certificate of title number; the state in which the vehicle previously was titled; the make, body type, year, model, and vehicle identification number of the vehicle; an odometer reading; and disclosure of all liens and encumbrances.

The application shall be filed with any clerk of the court of common pleas title office if the applicant is a resident of this state or, if not a resident, in the county in which the transaction is consummated. An application for a certificate of title may be filed electronically by a participating e-lien holder.

The Registrar shall prescribe an affidavit in which the transferor shall swear to the true selling price and the true odometer reading of the motor vehicle.

If the application for a certificate of title refers to a motor vehicle last registered in another state, the application shall be accompanied by a physical inspection certificate issued by the Department of Public Safety verifying the make, body type, model, and manufacturer’s vehicle identification number of the motor vehicle for which the certificate of title is desired. The physical inspection certificate shall be in a form as is designated by the Registrar of Motor Vehicles and made at a deputy registrar’s office or at an established place of business operated by a licensed motor vehicle dealer.

If the certificate of title is being obtained in the name of the buyer by a motor vehicle dealer or motor vehicle leasing dealer and there is a security interest to be noted on the certificate of title, the dealer or leasing dealer shall submit the application for the certificate of title and payment of the applicable tax to a clerk within 7 business days after the later of the delivery of the motor vehicle to the buyer or the date the dealer or leasing dealer obtains the manufacturer’s or importer’s certificate, or certificate of title issued in the name of the dealer or leasing dealer, for the motor vehicle. Submission of the application within the required 7 business days may be indicated by postmark or receipt by a clerk within that period.

Title Application

Every owner of a vehicle in North Dakota for which no certificate of title has been issued shall apply to the DOT for a certificate of title to said vehicle.

All applications for certificate of title must be made to the DOT and contain: (1) a full description of the vehicle, including the name of the manufacturer, either the engine, serial, or identification number and any other distinguishing marks; (2) a statement as to whether the vehicle is new or used; (3) a statement of the applicant’s title and any liens upon the vehicle; (4) the name and address of the person to whom the certificate must be delivered; (5) names and addresses of any lienholders; (6) note whether the vehicle is a specialty-constructed, reconstructed, or foreign vehicle; (7) the buyer’s state-issued driver’s license number or non-driver identification card number, street address, city, and county or township of residence; (8) damage disclosure information; and (9) odometer disclosure information.

Title Application

An application for vehicle title shall be made at the same time as an application for vehicle registration. The application shall contain the following information: the owner’s name; mailing and residence addresses; a description of the vehicle, including make, model, type of body, and vehicle identification number; whether the vehicle is new or used, and if new, the dates the manufacturer or dealer sold and delivered the vehicle to the applicant; and a statement of the owner’s title and of all liens upon the vehicle, including the names, addresses, and date of all lienholders in order of priority.

Applications for new vehicles must also be accompanied by a manufacturer’s certificate of origin that is properly assigned to the applicant.

Upon receipt of a valid application for title, the DMV shall issue a certificate of title. The certificate shall contain the name and address of the owner, and a description of the vehicle. If there are more than 2 owners or lienholders, the names, dates of issuance, and all liens or encumbrances shall be included on the title.

The reverse side of the certificate of title shall contain a form for the assignment of title or interest and warranty by the registered owner or registered dealer.

A person must notify the DMV of a change of address or name within 60 days of the change.

Title Application

An application for a certificate of title shall be made by the owner of a vehicle to the DMV on a form provided by the DMV.

The owner must provide his or her name, date of birth, sex, drivers license number, residential address, mailing address (if different), and social security number on the title application form. The form also requires the owner to give a description of the vehicle including its make, model year, vehicle identification number, body type, color, odometer reading, type of fuel, unladen weight, cylinders, and whether the vehicle is new or used. Also required is the date the applicant acquired the vehicle, the name and address of the person from whom the vehicle was acquired, and the names and addresses of any lien holders.

A title application must also be accompanied by a statement signed by the applicant stating either (a) any facts or information known to him that could reasonably affect the validity of the title or (b) that no such facts or information are known to him. The DMV may also require other information or documents to identify the vehicle and its proper ownership.

If the application for a title refers to a vehicle previously registered or licensed in another state or country, the application shall contain or be accompanied by, a certificate of title issued by the other state or country.

Every owner shall apply for the registration of his or her trailer(s). Such registration shall contain a statement showing the manufacturer’s number or other identification. No number plate issued for a trailer shall be transferred to or used for any other trailer.

Title Application

Applications are made to the MVD and shall be made upon the appropriate forms furnished by the MVD.

The application shall bear the signature of the owner written with pen and ink, the name and address of the owner, a description of the motor vehicle, an odometer reading, and a statement of all liens or encumbrances upon the vehicle.

The MVD shall issue a certificate of title that contains the date issued, the name and address of the owner, a description of the vehicle, a statement of the owner’s title and of all liens and encumbrances upon the vehicle.

The certificate of title shall contain a space for the release of any lien, a space for the assignment of title or interest and warranty by the owner, and a space for the notation of liens and encumbrances upon the vehicle at the time of transfer.

Title Application

An application for a certificate of title shall be made by the owner of a motor vehicle to the DMV, on a form prescribed by the DMV.

Residents of New Hampshire are required to apply for a New Hampshire title for any motor vehicle that meets state requirements for a title, including vehicles that are being registered in in the state and any motor vehicle whose manufacturer’s model year is 2000 or newer. All owners that purchase vehicles are required to apply for a new title within 20 days of the date of the sale. A title application must be mailed or delivered to the DMV Title Bureau after preparation by the New Hampshire selling dealer, the New Hampshire Town/City Clerk or the lien holder. Vehicles manufactured before 2000 are not titled, except for heavy trucks with 3 or more axles.

The title application shall contain: (a) the name, residence, and mailing address of the owner; (b) a description of the vehicle including, the make, model, vehicle identification number, model year, type of body, the number of cylinders, and whether the vehicle is new or used; (c) the date purchased by the applicant, the name and address of the person from whom the vehicle was acquired and the names and addresses of any lienholders in the order of their priority and the dates of their security agreements; and (d) if a new vehicle, the application shall be accompanied by the manufacturer’s or importer’s certificate of origin.

If the application for certificate of title refers to a vehicle last previously registered in another state or country, the application shall be accompanied by any certificate of title issued by the other state or country. The certificate shall either be in English or a notarized translation of the certificate shall be provided.

Title Application

Applications for certificate of title must contain the name and address of the owner, the vehicle description, certification of applicant’s ownership and any liens, and the vehicle’s value. Applications for new vehicles must also include the manufacturer’s certificate of origin and certification by the dealer that the vehicle was new when sold to the applicant.

Applications for used vehicles must contain an assignment and warranty of title and an odometer statement.

In the case of a vehicle registered or titled in another state, the application must include a current statement made by a Wyoming law enforcement officer or licensed Wyoming dealer that the vehicle’s VIN is correct. If the vehicle is not in Wyoming at the time of application, an authorized law enforcement officer in that jurisdiction may make the statement.

The applicant must also present a receipt for payment of sales or use tax.

Title Application

A certificate of title must be applied for regardless of whether a vehicle is operated on the highways of Wisconsin, if it is a newly acquired vehicle, or if the owner of a vehicle applies for registration of the vehicle but does not hold a valid title in the owner’s name.

Application is made to the DOT and must include: the name and address of the owner; a description of the vehicle, including make and identification number; odometer reading for vehicles over 10 years old; the date of purchase of the vehicle; the name and address of the person from whom the vehicle was acquired, or the signature of the dealer who sold the vehicle if it is a new vehicle being registered for the first time; and the applicant’s social security number.

Title Application

The application for a certificate of title must be made on a form furnished by the DMV and must contain the following: (1) a full description of the vehicle, which includes a manufacturer’s serial identification number, or any other number as determined by the Commissioner, and any distinguishing marks; (2) a statement of the applicant’s title and of any liens or encumbrances upon the vehicle; (3) the names and addresses of the holders of the liens; (4) the signature of the applicant; and (5) any other information as required by the DMV.

A certificate of title or a vehicle registration may not be issued to the owner of a new vehicle purchased outside the state unless the application is accompanied by a certificate of title or a manufacturer’s certificate of origin, or, if the state of purchase does not require a certificate of title, the application must be accompanied by a manufacturer’s certificate of origin with documentation to prove that the seller is a bona fide dealer of the state where the vehicle was purchased.

The DMV may issue a temporary permit to operate a vehicle for which the application for registration and certificate of title is pending.

The certificate of title issued by the Commissioner shall contain, on its face: (1) the date of issuance; (2) the name and address of the owner; (3) a description of the vehicle; (4) a statement of the owner’s title and of all the liens and encumbrances of the vehicle; and (5) a seal of the DMV. On the reverse side of a certificate of title, the following information shall be included: (1) the signature of the owner; and (2) forms for the assignment of the title or interest to a vehicle.

Title Application

The application for a certificate of ownership must contain: (1) a description of the vehicle including the VIN, odometer reading at the time of delivery, and any distinguishing marks of identification; (2) the name and address of the registered owner and any lienholders; (3) pay application fees; (4) and any other information the DOL may require.

If a vehicle is titled in another state, the application must be accompanied by the most current title issued by that state. The DOL will accept a copy of the current title when it is being held by the lienholder and is not available.

If a certificate of ownership is lost, stolen, mutilated, or destroyed or becomes illegible; complete an Affidavit of Loss form and Vehicle Certificate of Ownership (Title) Application, if you’re still making payments, the lienholder must apply for the title and pay applicable fees for replacement.

It is unlawful for any person under the age of 18 to be the registered or legal owner of any motor vehicle unless the person is emancipated or became the registered or legal owner of a motor vehicle while a non-resident of the state.

It is unlawful for any person to convey, sell, or transfer the ownership of any motor vehicle to any person under the age of 18.

Title Application

The owner of a vehicle, or his or her duly authorized attorney-in-fact, must apply for a certificate of title in the name of the owner on appropriate forms pre-scribed and furnished by the Commissioner of the DMV.

Certificate of title must contain all liens, security interests, or encumbrances on the vehicle.

The certificate of title shall contain the date issued; the registration number assigned to the motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer; the name and address of the owner; a description of the registered motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer; and other statements of fact as may be determined by the DMV.

Whenever any person who has applied for or obtained the registration or title to a vehicle moves from the address shown in his or her application, registration card, or certificate of title, he or she shall notify the DMV of his or her change of address within 30 days.

Every certificate of title issued under this chapter shall be valid for the life of the motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer so long as the owner to whom it is issued shall retain legal title or right of possession of or to the vehicle.

Title Application

Application for vehicle title is required for all vehicles that are less than 15 years old. Vehicles older than 25 years are eligible for an exempt vehicle title.

Applications shall contain the name, residence, and address of the owner; a description of the vehicle including, its make, model, identification number, odometer reading, or hubometer; the date of purchase by the applicant; the name and address of the person from whom the vehicle was acquired; and the names and addresses of any lien holders in the order of their priority and the dates of their security agreements.

For new vehicles, the application shall be accompanied by a manufacturer’s or importer’s certificate of origin.

The certificate of title shall be mailed or personally delivered, upon proper identification of the individual, to the first lien holder named in it or, if none, to the owner.

Title Application

The application for a certificate of title shall be made to the DMV on a form prescribed by the DMV.

The application for certificate of title shall contain: the signature of each person to be recorded on the certificate as an owner; the name, residence, and mailing address of the owner, or business address of the owner if the owner is an association or business; a description of the vehicle, including the make, model, body type, the model year as specified by the manufacturer; any other information required by the DMV to enable it to determine if the owner is entitled to a certificate of title; a statement of any lien or encumbrance on the vehicle; the names and addresses of all persons having any ownership interest in the vehicle; and if the application for certificate of title is for a new vehicle, it shall be accompanied by a statement by the dealer or a bill of sale showing any lien retained by the dealer.

An applicant for a certificate of title must provide evidence of: title or ownership evidenced by a properly assigned certificate of title or a manufacturer’s certificate of title if the vehicle has not been titled before. If the vehicle is from another state or foreign country that does not issue or require certificates of title, the owner shall submit a bill of sale or a sworn statement of ownership; payment of sales tax evidenced by a receipt from the DMV showing that the sales tax has been paid however, if a licensed dealer has made a report of a sale, no receipt is required; payment of all applicable fees; an identification number inspection; and an odometer statement signed by the transferee or automobile dealer.

Title Application

An applicant for an initial certificate of title must provide the vehicle’s description, odometer reading, previous owner’s name and city and state of residence, name and complete address of the applicant, name and mailing address of any lienholder, if applicable, signature of the seller of the motor vehicle, signature of the applicant, and the applicant’s social security number.

An applicant for a certificate of title on the first sale of a motor vehicle must provide the county assessor-collector with a manufacturer’s certificate showing the applicant as the last transferee.

A person may obtain a “title only” without registering a vehicle or providing proof of insurance, but the applicant must surrender the license plates and window validation stickers issued for that vehicle.

Before a motor vehicle that was last registered or titled in another state or country may be titled in Texas, the applicant must furnish the county assessor-collector with a verification of safety and emissions inspections.

The owner must record the vehicle’s current odometer reading on an application for a certificate of title.

The owner of a motor vehicle must apply for a certificate of title to the county assessor-collector in the county in which the owner lives, the motor vehicle is purchased, or the loan to purchase the motor vehicle is obtained.

In addition to any requirement established by department rule, a motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer must have an identification number inspection if:

(1) the department does not have a motor vehicle record for the motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer in the department’s registration and title system, and the owner of the motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer is filing a bond with the department;

(2) the motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer was last titled or registered outside of the United States and imported into the United States; or

(3) the owner or person claiming ownership requires an assigned or reassigned identification number.

Title Application

Application is made to ADOT within 15 days of purchase or transfer of vehicle.

Transferee must sign application.

If vehicle previously registered, application must contain odometer mileage disclosure statement.

If a new vehicle, must contain certificate from manufacturer showing date of sale to dealer, name of dealer, description of vehicle, statement certifying vehicle was new when sold.

Applicants that appear in person may be required to take a vision-screening test.

No certificate of title is required for mopeds.

Title Application

An application for certificate of title is made to the county clerk of the county where the vehicle is to be registered.

The application must contain: the applicant’s full name; the applicant’s residential address; a description of the vehicle, including the odometer reading, the make, model, type of body, vehicle serial number, whether the vehicle is new or used, and a statement of the vehicle’s gross vehicle weight (GVW) rating.

If the application refers to a new vehicle, the applicant must include a statement by the dealer or a bill of sale showing any lien retained by the dealer, a manufacturer’s certificate of origin, the new vehicle’s invoice, and a copy current registration if transferring a license plate.

If a certificate of title is lost, mutilated, or becomes illegible, the owner must make immediate application for a replacement title.

Title Application

An application for a certificate of title must be made to the applicant’s county treasurer on a form prescribed by the Department. This application must contain all of the following: (1) a full description of the vehicle; (2) the vehicle identification number; (3)  the county in which the vehicle is to be kept; (4) the names and addresses of the holders of all liens; and (5) any other information as the Department may require. If a certificate of title has previously been issued for the motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer in this state or any state, the application must be accompanied by that certificate of title.

A person is not required to obtain a certificate of title for a moped.

Each trailer or semitrailer pulled by a non-commercial motor vehicle upon which fees were paid under the non-commercial declared gross weight fee schedule must have a license plate displayed in a conspicuous manner. The license plate is valid for the useful life of the trailer or semitrailer. However, if the title to the trailer or semitrailer is transferred, the new owner must make an application for a new identification plate within 45 days of the date of transfer.

Title Application

Every owner of a vehicle in South Carolina for which the Department of Motor Vehicles has issued no certificate of title must apply for a certificate of title.

An application for a certificate of title for a vehicle must be made by the owner to the Department on the form it prescribes and must contain or be accompanied by: the name and residence and mailing address of the owner; (2) a description of the vehicle, including, so far as the following data exists, its make, model, year, vehicle identification number, type of body, odometer reading at the time of application, and whether the vehicle is new or used; (3) the date of acquisition by applicant, the name and address of the person from whom the vehicle was acquired, and the names and addresses of any lienholders in the order of their priority and the dates of their security agreements; (4) an odometer disclosure statement made by the transferor of the vehicle and acknowledged by the transferee; and (5) any further information or documentation the Department reasonably requires.

If the application is not for the 1st certificate of title, the last certificate of title previously issued for the vehicle must accompany it.

If the application refers to a vehicle purchased from a dealer, it must contain the name and address of any lienholder holding a security interest created or reserved at the time of the sale signed by the dealer as well as the owner, and the dealer must promptly mail or deliver the application to the Department. If the application refers to a new vehicle purchased from a dealer, the application must also be accompanied by the manufacturer’s certificate of origin.

Title Application

Every owner of a vehicle registered in Rhode Island must apply for a certificate of title if none has previously been issued.

An application for the 1st certificate of title of a vehicle must be made to the Division and contain: (1) the name, residence, and mailing address of the owner; (2) a description of the vehicle, including make, model, identifying number, type of body, number of cylinders, and whether new or used; and (3) date of purchase by applicant, name and address of the person who sold the vehicle, and the names and addresses of any lienholders.

If an application is for a vehicle that was previously registered in another state or country, the application must be accompanied with any certificate of title issued by the other state or country.

Title Application

Application for certificate of title must be made on a form provided by PennDOT.

Application must contain a full description of the vehicle, the vehicle identification number, odometer reading, date of purchase, the actual or bona fide name and address of the owner, a statement of title of the applicant, and any other documents that PennDOT may require.

Application for a certificate of title must be made within 20 days of the sale or transfer of a vehicle or its entry into Pennsylvania, whichever is later.

Any necessary fees and/or taxes must accompany the executed application.

Title Application

Title is required for most vehicles operated on the roads of the state, unless exempt. Snowmobiles must be titled and registered. DMV may issue titles for emergency fire apparatus providing public fire protection and ATVs. Titles are not issued for certain vehicles such as bicycles, golf carts, farm tractors and trailers, implements of husbandry, U.S. government owned vehicles, motor assisted scooters.

An application for title must be in the form specified by the DMV and must include: a full description of the vehicle, including the vehicle identification number (VIN); the name of the owner of the vehicle; the identity of any security interests in order of priority; the identity of the interest of any lessor; a disclosure of whether the vehicle is a replica or is constructed or assembled; and any other information the department may require.

A title does not require renewal and is valid until the vehicle is destroyed, dismantled, or substantially altered, or if any interest reflected on the title changes.

A replacement title may be issued if a certificate of title is lost, mutilated, or destroyed.

The DMV will not grant a title to a vehicle from another jurisdiction or any replica, assembled or reconstructed vehicle until a VIN inspection has been performed and the appropriate fee for such inspection has been paid.

If the name or address of a person changes from that displayed on the title, the person has 30 days to notify the DMV.

Title Application

The certificate of ownership must contain on its front the date issued, the name and address of the registered owner and the owner or lienholder, a description of the vehicle, and a reading of the vehicle’s odometer. The rear of the certificate shall contain forms for notice to the DMV of a transfer of title or interest of the owner or lienholder and an application for registration by the transferee.

If any certificate of ownership is lost, the registrant shall apply immediately for a duplicate.

When a new vehicle is sold in Nevada for the first time, the seller shall complete and execute a manufacturer’s certificate of origin or a manufacturer’s statement of origin and a dealer’s report of sale. The report of sale must include a description of the vehicle and the names and addresses of both the seller and buyer. If a security interest is taken by the seller or another party, the name and address of the secured party must be entered on the report of sale as well.

When a used vehicle is sold in Nevada by a dealer to any person, except a licensed dealer, the seller shall complete and execute a dealer’s report of sale that includes a description of the vehicle and the names and addresses of the seller and buyer. If a security interest exists at the time of sale, the name and address of the secured party must also be entered on the report of sale.

The seller or dealer shall collect the fee for a certificate of title, submit the original of the dealer’s report of sale and the manufacturer’s certificate or statement of origin, and remit the fee collected to the DMV within 20 days of the execution of the dealer’s report of sale for a new vehicle, and 30 days for a used vehicle. For used vehicles, the dealer must also remit the properly endorsed certificate of title or ownership previously issued for the vehicle.

Upon receipt of the completed application and payment of all fees, the DMV will issue a certificate of ownership. The buyer will receive the certificate if there is no security interest, but if there is, the secured party will receive it.

If a secured party receives the certificate of ownership, that party shall deliver it to the buyer within 15 days of the completed performance of the security agreement.

Title Application

An application must be submitted to the local county treasurer in the county where the vehicle is garaged.

The following information is required: Vehicle Identification Number, year, make, model, body style, color, and Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). The application also requires the owner’s full name, address, mailing address, signature, and any lien information. The DMV will establish regulations prior to 2020 to require the owner’s driver’s license number or state ID card number, and additional identification elements to be specified.

In some cases, an application for a certificate of title shall include a statement that an identification inspection has been conducted on the vehicle by an inspector designated by the sheriff.

If the motor vehicle has previously been titled, the application for title must be accompanied by the certificate of title duly assigned.

If a certificate of title has not been previously issued for the vehicle, the application for title must be accompanied by a manufacturer’s or importer’s certificate.

Title Application

Applications for certificate of ownership are made to the county treasurer. The certificate will contain the date issued, the name and mailing address of the owner or the names and addresses of joint owners, the name and address of any lien-holder, and a description of the vehicle including the year built and vehicle identification number.

Title Application

No certificate of registration of any motor vehicle or trailer will be issued by the DVSB unless the applicant has applied for and been granted a certificate of ownership of such motor vehicle or trailer.

An application shall be made within 30 days after the applicant acquires the motor vehicle or trailer upon a blank form furnished by the DVSB and must contain: the applicant’s identification number; a full description of the motor vehicle or trailer; the vehicle identification number; and the mileage registered on the odometer at the time of transfer of ownership.

A statement of the applicant’s source of title and of any liens or encumbrances on the motor vehicle or trailer shall accompany the application.

Title Application

Application is made to the DMV, and must contain the signature of the vehicle owner and previous owner

Title Application

The Department issues the certificate of title upon registration of the vehicle.

The application for certificate of title must be made on a form provided by the Department.

The application must contain the name, date of birth, and address of all owners, a description of the vehicle including the type of make, vehicle model, vehicle year, vehicle identification number, vehicle body type, the date of purchase of the vehicle, the names and addresses of any secured parties, the mileage on the vehicle, any sustained vehicle damage, and any other information that the Department may request.

If the application refers to a vehicle purchased from a dealer it must contain the name and address of any secured party holding a security interest at the time of sale.

If the application refers to a new vehicle it must be accompanied by a manufacturer’s certificate of origin.

If the vehicle was previously registered out of state, the application must be accompanied by any certificate of title issued by the other state, any other information the Department reasonably requires to establish ownership, or certification by a person from the Department that the identifying number of the vehicle was inspected and found to conform to the description given in the application.

Title Application

Every motor vehicle, pickup camper, trailer coach, trailer, semitrailer, and pole trailer, when driven or moved upon a highway, is subject to the registration and for trailers over 2500 pounds (empty weight) a certificate of title.

Applications are made to the Secretary of State, upon an appropriate form furnished by the Secretary of State or online and must include, among other things, the signature of the owner, a description of the vehicle, odometer miles, whether the vehicle has previously been issued a salvage or rebuilt certificate of title from this state or a comparable certificate of title from any other state or jurisdiction, and the names and addresses of the holders of security interests in the vehicle and in an accessory to the vehicle, in the order of their priority.

Title Application

Whoever acquires a motor vehicle shall be required to make an application for a certificate of title. Such application shall be made within 10 days from the acquisition of ownership.

Certificate of title application must be made before registration application.

Application for the first certificate of title of a vehicle in Massachusetts shall be made by the owner to the RMV on such form as the RMV shall prescribe. The application shall contain: (1) the name, residence, and mailing address of the owner; (2) a description of the motor vehicle including, its make, model, identifying number, type of body, the number of cylinders, the mileage shown on the odometer, and whether the vehicle is new or used; (3) the date of purchase by applicant, the name and address of the person from whom the vehicle was acquired, and the names and addresses of any lienholders in the order of their priority and the dates of their security agreements; (4) any further information that the RMV may require to identify the vehicle and to enable him or her to determine whether the owner is entitled to a certificate of title; (5) if the application refers to a new vehicle, it shall be accompanied by a certificate of origin; and (6) if the application refers to a vehicle last previously registered in another state or country, the application shall be accompanied by a certificate of title issued by the other state or country.

Title Application

Application for certificate of title is required for all motor vehicles. Trailers (not including camping or trailers with a lien) weighing less than 2,500 lbs. have the option to apply for registration only.

Applications for title must contain the owner’s name; address; a description of the vehicle, including make, model, year, vehicle identification number, type of body, and number of cylinders; a statement of the applicant’s title to and each security interest in the vehicle, as well as the name and address of each secured party with any security interest in the vehicle; and the applicant’s signature.

For a new vehicle, along with the completed application, an applicant must provide the MVA with a certificate of origin, a dealer’s reassignment, a dealer’s bill of sale, and an odometer disclosure statement.

An application for title is to be accompanied by any outstanding certificates of title issued for the vehicle.

Each certificate of title shall include the date of issuance, the name and address of the owner, the names and addresses of all secured parties, in the order of priority, the title number assigned to the vehicle, a description of the vehicle listed above, and the classification and weight for which the vehicle is registered.

Certificates of title will be mailed to the applicant.

Holders of certificates of title have 30 days to apply for a corrected certificate after a change of name or residence.

Title Application

Application should be made to the Secretary of State.

Applications must include name, residence and mailing address of the owner, description of the vehicle including make, model, year, vehicle identification number, type of body, current mileage, whether new or used and whether repaired or rebuilt, date of purchase and name and address from whom the vehicle was acquired, names and addresses of lienholders, and a certificate of origin for a new vehicle or previous certificate of title for a used vehicle.

Title Application

Application for certificate of title for a vehicle, manufactured home, or mobile home should be made to the State Tax Commission.

All vehicles in the state that are manufactured or assembled after July 1, 1969 or which are the subject of 1st sale for use after July 1, 1969, and every owner of a manufactured home which is in this state and which is manufactured or assembled after July 1, 1999, or which is the subject of 1st sale for use after July 1, 1999, must make application for a certificate of title.

Voluntary application for title may be made for any model motor vehicle which is in this state after July 1, 1969, and for any model manufactured home or mobile home which is in this state after July 1, 1999, and any person bringing a motor vehicle, manufactured home, or mobile home into this state from a state which required titling shall make application for title to the State Tax Commission within 30 days after arriving.

Application for certificate of title for a motor vehicle must include the name, current residence and mailing address of the owner, description of the vehicle including year, make, model, vehicle identification number, type of body, number of cylinders, odometer reading at the time of application and whether new or used, date of purchase by the applicant, name and address of the person from whom the vehicle was acquired, the names and addresses of any lienholders, an odometer disclosure statement made by the transferor, and a certified copy of the manufacturer’s statement of origin.

Title Application

A person applying for a certificate of title must submit an application provided by the Department with the appropriate fees attached.

If a Louisiana certificate of title has been previously issued for the vehicle, the application must be accompanied by a properly endorsed and certified certificate of title.

If a certificate of title has not been previously issued for the vehicle, the application must be accompanied by either a proper bill of sale, a sworn statement of ownership, or any other evidence of ownership the Department may require. If the vehicle is a new vehicle, the application must be accompanied by the manufacturer’s certificate.

The Department will issue a certificate of title to a vehicle even if there is no bill of sale and no current record of ownership upon which to provide a title if the following conditions are met: (1) the vehicle is 25 years or older; (2) the vehicle has not had its registration renewed in any state for 3 years from the date the title was applied for; (3) the applicant has submitted a sworn application that the vehicle has been abandoned for 3 years; and (4) the applicant has provided the Office of Motor Vehicles a statement from the state police auto theft division confirming that based upon a sufficient check the vehicle is not stolen.

Title Application

Prior to operation of a vehicle on the highways of the state, the owner must obtain motor vehicle insurance, a certificate of registration, and a license plate and apply for a certificate of title.

The owner of a new vehicle, the transferee of a vehicle, or the owner of a vehicle brought into the state for permanent use in the state must apply for registration within 15 days.

An application for vehicle title is made to the county clerk in the county in which the owner resides, or, if a new vehicle, in the county in which the dealer has his or her principal place of business.

Prior to application for a certificate of title, the owner of a vehicle must have the vehicle inspected by a certified inspector in the county in which the application for title is to be submitted to the county clerk. The inspection includes verification of the vehicle identification number, legibility of the application for title, and an odometer reading. 

 New motor vehicles sold by a dealer licensed in Kentucky do not require inspection.

Title Application

An odometer reading and purchase price is required on a title application except for vehicles over 10 years old or for trucks with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) over 16,000 lbs.

All fees for a certificate of title shall be paid to the county treasurer where the applicant resides or has his or her principal place of business.

A certificate of title will not be granted until the applicant has shown proof that the sales tax on the motor vehicle has been paid.

Vehicles titled in another state must be inspected by a member of the Highway Patrol prior to receiving a Kansas title.

The application shall contain a statement of all liens or encumbrances on the vehicle, and any other information required by the DMV. For new vehicles, a dealer shall execute a manufacturer’s statement of origin stating the liens and encumbrances on the vehicle.

Title Application

All motor vehicles, trailers, and motor homes, if driven upon the highways, must be registered and titled, except for mobile or manufactured homes.

Private school buses are required to be titled.

Non-travel trailers with an empty weight of 2,000 lbs. or less are exempt from title requirements.

Applications for registration and certificates of title are made to the county treasurer in the county of the owner or lessee’s residence.

The application for registration and certificate of title requires the owner’s name, social security number, driver’s license number, date of birth, bona fide residence, mailing address, vehicle description, statement of liens, and amount of use tax to be paid.

The application must be signed in ink.

The last issued certificate of title must be submitted with the application for a new certificate of title for a used vehicle.

If a certificate of title is lost or destroyed, the owner or lienholder must apply for a replacement of the original certificate of title. There is a 5-day waiting period unless the applicant surrenders the original to the MVD or the county treasurer. The application must be signed by the lienholder if there is a lien.

Title Application

The Bureau may issue a certificate of title when a vehicle is registered.

A person applying for a certificate of title must submit an application provided by the Bureau and provide to the Bureau a full description of the vehicle, including make, model, and year or manufacture; a statement of the existence of any liens or encumbrances on the vehicle; the vehicle identification number or special identification number of the vehicle; any former title number; the purchase or acquisition date; the name, residence address and/or mailing address and social security number or federal ID number of the person; and any other information that the Bureau might require.

If you buy a vehicle with an Indiana title, or receive as a gift a vehicle with an Indiana title, you must title it in your own name within 31 days.

If you have recently purchased a vehicle with an out-of-state title, or received as a gift a vehicle with an out-of-state title, you must title it in Indiana within 31 days. If you are a new Indiana resident, you must title your vehicles in Indiana within 60 days of becoming an Indiana resident.

If a certificate of title was previously issued for the vehicle in Indiana, then the application for certificate of title must be accompanied by the previously issued certificate of title. If that certificate of title does not exist, then the application must be accompanied by the manufacturer’s certificate of origin.

If a certificate of title was not previously issued for the vehicle in Indiana, the application for the certificate must be accompanied by the certificate of title issued for the vehicle from another state. If that state does not have a certificate of title law, a sworn bill of sale or dealer’s invoice fully describing the vehicle and the most recent registration receipt issued for the vehicle must accompany the application.

The Bureau will deliver a certificate of title to the person who owns the vehicle if no lien or encumbrances appear on the certificate of title.

In Indiana, a certificate of title is required for all motor vehicles, mobile homes, trailers and recreational vehicles.

Title Application

All applications must be made to the county assessor or Division of Motor Vehicles and contain a full description of the vehicle including make, identification number, odometer reading at the time of sale or transfer, and whether the vehicle is new or used, together with a title or other evidence of ownership. Applications must also include the owner’s Idaho driver’s license number, Idaho identification card number, social security number, or individual taxpayer identification number.  Business entities must provide their Federal Employer Identification Number.

If this is the 1st certificate of title in Idaho, the application must be accompanied by a certificate of title, and the bill of sale or evidence of ownership from the state in which the vehicle was originally owned. A vehicle identification number inspection must also be completed and submitted.

If the vehicle is being purchased new, the application must be accompanied by a manufacturer’s certificate of origin or manufacturer’s statement of origin. The certificate or statement of origin must contain the year of manufacture or model year, manufacturer’s vehicle identification number, name of the manufacturer, number of cylinders, general description, and type or model.

Additionally, recreational vehicles, all-terrain vehicles, motorcycles, snowmobiles, manufactured homes, utility type vehicles, motorbikes, campers, and some boats are required to be titled.

Title Application

Upon registration of a vehicle, the county director of finance issues a certificate of registration and a certificate of ownership.

A certificate of ownership does not need to be renewed each year and remains valid until replaced by a new certificate of ownership or cancelled by the director of finance.

Title Application

The application for vehicle title is made to the Secretary of State and must include a description of the vehicle, date of purchase, odometer reading, and, if applicable, the name, email address and physical address of the person from whom the vehicle was acquired and any lienholders.

If the vehicle was purchased from a dealer, the dealer must promptly mail and deliver the application to the Secretary of State.

The applicant must furnish proof of payment for all applicable taxes.

The Secretary of State shall refuse issuance of a certificate of title if any required fee is not paid or if he has reasonable grounds to believe that the applicant is not the owner of the vehicle; the application contains a false or fraudulent statement; the applicant fails to furnish required information or documents or any additional information the Secretary of State reasonably requires; or the applicant has not paid to the Secretary of State any fees or taxes due under this Act.

The application for certificate of title for trailers must include the square footage of the vehicle based upon the outside dimensions of the house trailer excluding the length of the tongue and hitch, and, if a new vehicle, the date of the first sale of the vehicle.

Title Application

Application is made to the Office of Motor Vehicles for all motor vehicles and shall include a description of the vehicle, a vehicle identification number, and a list of all liens or encumbrances on the vehicle. For new vehicles, an applicant must provide a certificate of origin, and if purchased from a dealer, the application should also include a statement by the dealer or a bill of sale showing any lien retained by the dealer.

Vehicle titles are permanent. There is no need to renew a title.

Title Application

Certificate of ownership is issued by the DMV upon registration of vehicle.

The DMV may issue a title to a non-registered vehicle so long as the vehicle has not been driven, moved, or left standing on a highway and will not be driven or moved.

The vehicle title is valid until suspended, revoked, or canceled by the DMV or upon a transfer of interest in the vehicle.

Title Application

Application is made to the Department of Revenue.

All information contained on title application is required to be verified by a physical inspection by an agent of the DOR. Information includes: vehicle identification number; the vehicle’s make, model, type, year of manufacture; type of fuel used; and the odometer reading.

On a form provided by the DOR the applicant must also provide: owner’s name and address, the applicant’s source of title, as well as any mortgages or liens which exist on vehicle.

Application shall be verified by a statement signed by the applicant. The statement shall contain a written declaration that all information in the application is made under the penalties of perjury.

Title Application

The purchaser of a motor vehicle shall make an application for a new certificate of title immediately following the purchase and no later than 30 days after the purchase of the vehicle.

Every application for an original certificate of title shall be made upon the application form furnished or approved by the DOT and shall contain a full description of the motor vehicle including the name of the maker, the vehicle serial number, any distinguishing marks, whether the vehicle is new or used, and a statement of any liens or encumbrances upon the vehicle.

Title Application

Every application shall contain the owner’s full name, address, Driver’s license number, date of birth, description of vehicle (including make, model, year, type of body, VIN, weight, and whether new or used), odometer statement, date of purchase, and from whom it was purchased.

A certificate of title is valid for the life of the vehicle, as long as the title is held by the owner to whom the title is assigned.

If a certificate of title is lost, stolen, or destroyed, a vehicle owner shall make an application for a duplicate title.


Title Transfer of Ownership

No person shall sell or otherwise dispose of a motor vehicle or mobile home without delivering to the purchaser or transferee a certificate of title indicating the name of the purchaser.

Upon transfer or reassignment of a certificate of title to a used motor vehicle, the transferor shall complete the odometer disclosure statement provided on the title. The transferee shall acknowledge the disclosure by signing and printing his or her own name in the spaces provided.

Each lien, mortgage, or encumbrance on a motor vehicle or mobile home title in Florida shall be noted upon the face of the Florida certificate of title.

Title Transfer of Ownership

At the time of transfer of a vehicle, the transferor shall execute an assignment and warranty of title to the transferee, showing the name and address of the transferee, and the transferor shall deliver such title to the transferee or commissioner.

A lien holder shall, at the request of the owner or transferee, deliver the certificate to the transferee or the commissioner.

Title Transfer of Ownership

Transfer requires signature or mark of both vehicle owner and acquirer.

Execution of transfer noted on back of motor vehicle or tow truck license, and on title certificate.

Transfer must include (1) statement verifying owner’s will to transfer and acquirer’s acceptance of property; and (2) address of acquirer.

When motor vehicle distributor or dealer takes used units for purposes of down payment, transfer occurs through the signing of a sworn statement by distributor or dealer, provided owner has stated will to transfer or has transferred by placing signature on back of license and certificate of title. Sworn statement requires (1) date of transfer; (2) name and address of previous owner; (3) means of identification; and (4) detailed description of vehicle.

Once transfer is executed, it must be filed within 10 days.

Title Transfer of Ownership

If owner transfers interest in vehicle, except by creation of security interest, may execute assignment and warranty of title at time of vehicle delivery.

If dealer buys car to resell and obtains certificate of title within 15 days of vehicle delivery, must execute assignment and warranty of title upon vehicle transfer to another person, unless transfer by security interest.

If owner interest is terminated or vehicle sold under security agreement by lienholder, application must contain last certificate of title, assignment of title, and affidavit certifying that vehicle is repossessed and that interest lawfully terminated or sold pursuant to security agreement.

Title Transfer of Ownership

Upon the sale of a vehicle, the seller shall execute and deliver an assignment of the certificate of ownership to the purchaser.

Title Transfer of Ownership

The transferor must enter on the certificate of title the mileage shown on the odometer at the time the transferor assigns the vehicle unless the vehicle is more than 10 model years old or the vehicle has a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of more than 16,000 lbs.

The transferor must, at the time of delivery, execute an assignment and warranty of title to the transferee in the space provided on the certificate of title.

If the transfer is by operation of law, the transferee has 30 days to apply for new title.

Requires proof of the payment of the sales and use tax as a precondition to titling motor vehicles.

The transferor must enter on the certificate of title the mileage shown on the odometer at the time the transferor assigns the vehicle unless the vehicle is more than 10 model years old or the vehicle has a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of more than 16,000 lbs.

Title Transfer of Ownership

A transferor must provide to the transferee a properly assigned certificate of title and, when applicable, an odometer disclosure statement. On the odometer disclosure, the transferor shall certify one of the following: that the odometer reading reflects the actual mileage; the odometer reading does not reflect the actual mileage; or the mileage is in excess of the mechanical limits of the odometer.

The following vehicles are exempted from the odometer disclosure statement: vehicles with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of more than 16,000 lbs.; a vehicle that is not self-propelled; a vehicle at least 10 years old; a vehicle sold by the manufacturer to any agency of the United States; or a new motor vehicle prior to its transfer to the first retail purchaser.

When transferring ownership of a vehicle, the transferor shall endorse on the back of the title a complete assignment with warranty of title, and a statement of all liens or encumbrances on the vehicle, sworn before a notary public (except transfer to an insurer resulting from a total loss claim), and must deliver the title to the transferee at the time of delivery of the vehicle.

Within 30 days of the delivery of the vehicle, the transferee shall present the assigned certificate of title and the insurance security verification to the Tax Commission or a motor license agent, along with the required fees and any taxes due.

Title Transfer of Ownership

The title must be transferred to the new owner upon delivery of the vehicle. It is illegal to buy, sell, or operate any vehicle without a certificate of title.

If a person who is not an electronic motor vehicle dealer owns a vehicle for which a physical certificate of title has not been issued by a clerk of a court of common pleas and the person sells the vehicle to a person who is not a licensed motor vehicle dealer, the person shall obtain a physical certificate of title to the vehicle in order to transfer ownership of the vehicle to that person.

In a case in which an electronic certificate of title has been issued and either the buyer or seller is an electronic motor vehicle dealer, the dealer may inform a clerk of a court of common pleas via electronic means of the sale and assignment of ownership of the vehicle. The clerk shall enter the information relating to the assignment into the automated title processing system, and ownership passes to the applicant when the clerk enters this information into the system. The dealer is not required to obtain a physical certificate of title to the vehicle in the dealer’s name.

In all cases of transfer of a motor vehicle, other than the sale of a motor vehicle to a general buyer by a dealer, the application for certificate of title must be filed within 30 days after the assignment or delivery of the motor vehicle.

In the case of the sale of a motor vehicle to a general buyer or user by a dealer, the certificate of title shall be obtained in the name of the buyer by the dealer, leasing dealer, or the manufactured home broker, as the case may be, upon application signed by the buyer. The certificate of title shall be issued within 5 business days after the application for title is filed with the clerk. In all other cases such certificates shall be obtained by the buyer.

If a certificate of title has not previously been issued for the motor vehicle in this state, the application shall be accompanied by a manufacturer’s or importer’s certificate or by a certificate of title of another state from which the motor vehicle came.

Title Transfer of Ownership

The seller of a vehicle must endorse an assignment and warranty of title and include the name of the purchaser and the selling price of the vehicle before delivering the certificate of title to the purchaser.

The purchaser of a vehicle must present the endorsed and assigned certificate to the DOT within 30 days of receipt and make application for a new certificate of title.

Title Transfer of Ownership

In order to assign or transfer a title, the owner must execute, in the presence of a person authorized to administer oaths, an assignment and warranty of title on the reverse of the certificate of title. The form on the back of the title shall include the name and address of the transferee.

Any person transferring title or interest in a motor vehicle shall deliver the certificate of title to the transferee at the time of delivery of the vehicle. If there is a security interest, the transferor shall deliver the certificate of title to the lienholder and the lienholder shall forward the certificate of title together with the transferee’s application for new title and necessary fees to the DMV within 20 days.

A transferee must apply to the DMV for a new certificate of title within 28 days of the transfer.

Title Transfer of Ownership

If an owner transfers his or her interest in a vehicle, the owner shall, at the time of delivery of the vehicle, execute an assignment and warranty of title to the transferee in the space provided therefore on the certificate of title.

The transferee shall, within 30 days after acquiring the vehicle, execute an application for a new certificate of title at the DMV.

Title Transfer of Ownership

Registration expires upon transfer of title. The previous owner must notify the MVD on the appropriate form provided by the MVD.

The owner must endorse an assignment and warranty of title upon the certificate of title for such vehicle with a statement of all liens or encumbrances thereto and deliver the certificate of title to the purchaser or transferee at the time of delivering the vehicle.

The person making the transfer shall sign and record on the transfer document the actual mileage of the vehicle as indicated by the vehicle’s odometer at the time of transfer.

When the owner of a registered vehicle assigns title or interest in the vehicle, he or she shall remove and retain the registration plate from the vehicle, and within 30 days of the transfer, he or she shall either apply to have the registration number assigned to another vehicle of the same class or forward the plate back to the MVD.

The transferee must apply to the MVD for issuance of a new certificate of title and transfer of registration within 30 days from the date of transfer.

Any dealer, when transferring a new vehicle to the first purchaser, shall give the transferee the manufacturer’s certificate of origin.

Title Transfer of Ownership

When a used vehicle is sold in New Hampshire, a New Hampshire title shall be signed over to the buyer at the time of the sale unless that vehicle is title exempt. For title exempt vehicles, the seller must provide a properly executed Bill of Sale along with either a current or expired certificate of registration or a valid in- or out-of-state certificate of title. The buyer shall apply for a new title in his or her name at the town/city clerk’s office and register the vehicle. A VIN verification may be required.

In an involuntary transfer, the transferee shall promptly mail or deliver to the DMV the last certificate of title, if available, proof of the transfer, and the application for a new certificate.

Title Transfer of Ownership

The seller or transferor must endorse an assignment of warranty of title on the certificate of title with a statement of all liens and encumbrances. The endorsement must be notarized, and the seller must deliver the certificate of title to the buyer or transferee at the time the vehicle is delivered.

The transferee must present in person or electronically the certificate of title to a county clerk and apply for a new certificate of title within 60 days.

The transferee is not required to deliver the certificate of title with the application if he delivers a signed, notarized bill of sale from the transferor with a description of the vehicle, including VIN, the name of the transferor, and a promise from the transferor to deliver a properly executed title free of all liens unless otherwise specified in the bill of sale.

If the transfer is by operation of law, the transferee must include a verified or certified statement of the transfer of interest with the application.

Title Transfer of Ownership

The DOT will refuse to issue a certificate of title if the applicant has failed to furnish the mileage disclosure form from the most recent titled owner and of all subsequent non-titled owners.

The owner of a vehicle that is being transferred must execute an assignment and warranty of title to the transferee at the time of delivery of the vehicle and must mail or deliver the certificate to the transferee.

The transferee must promptly execute an application for a new certificate of title once the vehicle has been delivered to him or her.

No transferor may transfer ownership of a motor vehicle without disclosing the vehicle’s mileage in writing to the transferee by specifying the odometer reading.

Mopeds, vehicles that are 10 years old or older, and vehicles with a gross vehicle weight (GVW) rating of more than 16,000 lbs. are exempted from the odometer disclosure requirements.

Title Transfer of Ownership

Certificates of title remain valid until the transfer of any interest in the vehicle.

When the owner of a registered vehicle assigns or transfers the vehicle title, or interest, the registration of the vehicle expires.

When the owner of a registered vehicle assigns or transfers the vehicle title or interest, the owner must endorse an assignment and warranty of title upon the certificate of title for the vehicle with a statement regarding all liens and encumbrances. Within 60 days of the sale, the owner must deliver the certificate of title to the purchaser or transferee.

When the transferee of a vehicle is a dealer, the dealer is not required to obtain a new registration of the vehicle until the dealer transfers the title or interest to another. Upon transfer, the dealer must execute and acknowledge an assignment and warranty of title upon the certificate of title, and deliver the title not later than 60 days from the date of sale.

When the title or interest of a vehicle passes to another other than by a voluntary transfer, the registration expires and the vehicle may not be operated upon the highway unless and until the person entitled to the operation of the vehicle applies for and obtains a registration. The exception to this requirement is that the person in possession of the vehicle or the legal representative may operate the vehicle on the highway for a distance not to exceed 75 miles, or to transport the vehicle to a garage or warehouse for purposes of demonstrating or selling the vehicle.

Title Transfer of Ownership

If an owner transfers his or her interest in a vehicle, other than by the creation, deletion, or change of a security interest, the owner must, at the time of the delivery of the vehicle, execute an assignment to the transferee and provide an odometer disclosure statement, and deliver the certificate and assignment to the buyer or transferee. The seller must notify the DOL of the date of the sale or transfer, the name and address of the buyer, the buyer’s driver’s license number if available, and a description of the vehicle including the VIN or the license plate number or both. The seller must file the notice within 5 business days of the transfer.

The new owner must apply for a new certificate of ownership within 15 days after delivery of the vehicle.

An odometer disclosure statement must accompany every application for a certificate of ownership unless the vehicle has a declared Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) of more than 16,000 lbs., the vehicle is not self-propelled, the vehicle is 10 years old or older, the vehicle is sold directly by a manufacturer to a federal agency, or the vehicle is a new vehicle before its first retail sale.

Title Transfer of Ownership

When transferring or assigning a title or interest, transferor must fully and correctly endorse the assignment on the certificate of title to its purchaser, with a statement of all security interests on it, and shall deliver the certificate to the purchaser or transferee at the time of delivery.

The transferee shall write his or her name and address in ink on the certificate of title and must within 30 days forward the certificate to the DMV with an application for the registration of the motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer and for a certificate of title.

Every owner or transferor of any motor vehicle, including a dealer, shall, at the time of transfer of ownership of any motor vehicle by him or her, record on the certificate of title, if one is currently issued on the vehicle in the Commonwealth, and on any application for certificate of title, the reading on the odometer or similar device plus any known additional distance traveled not shown by the odometer or similar device of the motor vehicle at the time of transfer.

The registration card contains forms for providing notice to the DMV of a transfer of the ownership of the motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer.

It is illegal to sell, trade, or offer to sell or trade any vehicle without an accompanying certificate of title issued to its owner.

Title Transfer of Ownership

Upon the transfer of ownership of any registered motor vehicle its registration shall expire. The person in whose name the transferred vehicle was registered shall immediately return the registration certificate assigned to the transferred vehicle, with the date of sale and the name and residence of the new owner endorsed on the back.

Title Transfer of Ownership

The transferee, before operating or permitting the operation of a transferred vehicle on a highway, shall present to the DMV the certificate of registration and the certificate of title, properly endorsed, and shall apply for a new certificate of title and obtain a new registration for the transferred vehicle.

At the time of any sale or transfer of a motor vehicle, the transferor shall furnish to the transferee a written odometer disclosure statement in a form prescribed by the DMV, usually on the face of the certificate of title issued to the transferor. This statement shall be signed and certified as to its truthfulness by the transferor, stating: the date of the transfer; the transferor’s name and address; the transferee’s name and address; the identity of the motor vehicle, including its make, model, year, body type, and identification number; the odometer reading at the time of the transfer; and that to the best of the transferor’s knowledge, the odometer reading reflects the amount of miles the vehicle has actually been driven or a warning if the transferor knows of a discrepancy. Each transferor and transferee shall acknowledge receipt of the odometer disclosure statement by signing it.

A person may not sell, offer for sale, or display for sale or exchange any vehicle or vessel unless the person is licensed under the Motor Vehicle Business Regulation Act; a motor vehicle auctioneer or holder of a statutory lien on the vehicle who is selling the vehicle through a motor vehicle auction; the lienholder or owner of the vehicle as evidenced by the person’s name being printed by the division on the certificate of title; has lawfully repossessed the vehicle; is lawfully donating the vehicle to a non-profit charitable organization or a non-profit that receives, sells or disposes donated vehicles; or a person lawfully selling the person’s immediate family member’s vehicle. Does not apply to a personal representative, trustee, guardian, executor, administrator, sheriff, government entity, or other person who sells a vehicle under the powers and duties granted or imposed by law.

All other new owners shall title a vehicle by completing an application and presenting to the DMV a properly endorsed certificate of title, duplicate certificate of title, or other document of authority along with any additional documents the division may require to transfer the title.

Title Transfer of Ownership

The owner of a vehicle must transfer the certificate of title to the new owner at the time of the sale. At the time of transfer there may be no liens on the vehicle except those shown on the certificate of title.

The seller of a motor vehicle must provide the buyer with the vehicle’s odometer reading on a DMV form for that purpose. However, an odometer disclosure statement is not required for the sale of a motor vehicle that is new, is 10 or more years old, is not self-propelled, or has a manufacturer’s rated carrying capacity of more than 2 tons.

A person, whether acting for that person or another, may not sell, trade, or otherwise transfer a used vehicle required to be registered under the law of Texas unless at the time of delivery the vehicle is registered in the state.

The buyer or transferee of a vehicle must file the certificate of title with the county assessor-collector within 30 days of taking delivery of the vehicle and the documents.

The period for active duty military or members of the reserves is 60 days.

An owner of a motor vehicle may transfer the owner’s interest in the motor vehicle to a sole beneficiary effective on the owner’s death by designating a beneficiary.

Title Transfer of Ownership

Transferor must deliver an odometer mileage disclosure statement unless the vehicle is 10 years old or older or the vehicle has a gross vehicle weight of 16,000 lbs. or more.

If vehicle is registered, the registration expires and the owner shall transfer the license plates to ADOT or an authorized third party or submit affidavit of license plate destruction within 30 days of transfer of title.

If transfer is by operation of law, transferee has 30 days to apply for new title.

Title Transfer of Ownership

In order for a transfer to be effective, the owner must endorse an assignment and warranty of title upon the certificate of title with a statement of all liens and encumbrances on the vehicle and must deliver the certificate of title to the purchaser or transferee at the time of delivery of the vehicle.

The transferee must apply for and obtain a registration and a certificate of title before the vehicle may be operated on the highways.

Title Transfer of Ownership

A motor vehicle cannot be sold without delivering the purchaser or transferee a certificate of title indicating the date that the vehicle was purchased.

The certificate of title can be transferred by completing the certificate.

Once the certificate has been completed and approved by the Department, the Department must issue the owner a new certificate of title. This new certificate of title will list all of the unreleased liens, if any on the vehicle.

Title Transfer of Ownership

Whenever an owner transfers his ownership in a motor vehicle, he or she must immediately notify the Department in writing of the transfer by providing the Department with the name and address of the new owner and the date of transfer.

Whenever any person purchases a vehicle which was registered in South Carolina, the person receiving the vehicle must make an application with the Department for the transfer of the vehicle within 45 days of the date of transfer.

Title Transfer of Ownership

Upon transfer of interest in a vehicle, at the time of the delivery of the vehicle, the owner must execute an assignment and warranty of title to the transferee. The transferee must then promptly execute the application for a new certificate of title.

Title Transfer of Ownership

The transferee must within 10 days of the assignment or reassignment of the certificate of title, apply for a new title.

Along with the application, the owner must execute a notarized assignment and warranty of title to the transferee in the space provided on the certificate of title.

The application must be accompanied by the certificate of title and all appropriate fees and any taxes required by PennDOT.

If the vehicle was previously titled or registered in another state, the following information must be included with the application: (1) the certificate of title issued by the state or county; (2) a tracing of the vehicle identification number; and (3) any other information or documentation PennDOT might request.

If PennDOT is not satisfied about the ownership of a vehicle PennDOT may register the vehicle but shall withhold issuance of a certificate of title until the applicant submits the documents which PennDOT deems necessary to issue the title.

Title Transfer of Ownership

Upon the transfer of any interest in a vehicle, the transferee must submit an application for title to the DMV within 30 days of the transfer of interest. This provision does not apply if the change involves only a change in the security interest when the security interest holder or lessor is a bank or financial institution, the vehicle is transferred to a vehicle dealer, the vehicle is to be titled in another jurisdiction, or the vehicle has been destroyed.

Upon the transfer of interest in a vehicle, the transferor must notify the DMV within 10 days of the transfer.

Upon the transfer of interest in a vehicle, the transferor must also submit an odometer disclosure statement to the transferee, and both parties must sign the statement. This provision does not apply to a vehicle with a Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) rating of more than 16,000 lbs., a vehicle that is not self-propelled, a vehicle that is at least 10 years old, or a vehicle sold directly by the manufacturer to any agency of the United States.

Title Transfer of Ownership

Upon transfer of title, the person or persons whose title or interest is to be transferred and the transferee shall write their signatures with pen and ink upon the certificate of ownership issued for the vehicle, together with the residential and mailing address of the transferee in the appropriate spaces provided on the back of the certificate of ownership.

The transferee shall immediately apply for registration in any county, and shall pay the governmental services tax due.

Title Transfer of Ownership

No person shall sell or otherwise dispose of a motor vehicle without delivering to the purchaser or transferee of such vehicle a certificate of title.

The transferor of any motor vehicle of an age of less than 10 years and equipped with an odometer by the manufacturer shall provide to the transferee a signed statement that the mileage shown on the odometer is accurate to the transferor’s best knowledge.

Title Transfer of Ownership

The transferor must sign the certificate of ownership in ink, and the signature must be acknowledged before the county treasurer or a notary public.

Within 20 days after endorsement, the transferee must forward the endorsed certificate of ownership, an odometer mileage statement, and the certificate of registration to the MVD. If the transferee fails to make the application within 20 days, the transferee is subject to a $10 fine.

Each seller of a motor vehicle must record an odometer reading on the certificate of ownership and a statement or certification that the odometer reading reflects the actual mileage, exceeds the mechanical limit, or differs from the actual mileage and should not be relied upon. Vehicles 10 years old and older are exempted from the odometer statement requirement.

If the transfer is by operation of law, the transferee must forward a verified or certified statement of the transfer of interest setting forth the reason for the involuntary transfer, the interest transferred, the name of the transferee, the process or procedure for the transfer, and other information requested by the MVD.

Title Transfer of Ownership

When a vehicle is sold or transferred, the owner must endorse the certificate of ownership and sign a warranty of title with a statement of all liens or encumbrances on such motor vehicle or trailer, and deliver the same to the buyer at the time of the delivery to him or her of such motor vehicle or trailer.

The buyer must then present the certificate to the DVSB, at the time of making application for the registration of such motor vehicle or trailer, and a new certificate of ownership shall be issued to the buyer.

If such motor vehicle or trailer is sold to a resident of another state or country, or if such motor vehicle or trailer is destroyed or dismantled, the owner must immediately notify the DVSB. Certificates when so signed and returned to the DVSB must be retained by the DVSB and all certificates must be appropriately indexed so that at all times it will be possible for the DVSB to expeditiously trace the ownership of the motor vehicle or trailer.

Title Transfer of Ownership

For any vehicle less than 10 years old, the transferor must include an odometer statement.

Title Transfer of Ownership

An effective transfer of title requires the owner to do the following: (1) execute an assignment and warranty of title to the transferee; (2) state the actual selling price of the vehicle in the space provided on the certificate; (3) complete, detach, and return to the Department the postcard on the certificate entitled notice of sale or transmit this information to the Department electronically in a form acceptable to the commissioner; (4) the transferor shall cause the certificate and assignment to be delivered to the transferee immediately.

To receive a new certificate, the transferee must fill out and execute the application for a new certificate of title and mail it to the Department within 10 days of the transfer.

If a security interest is reserved or created at the time of transfer, a notification of the security interest must be delivered or mailed to the person who becomes the secured party.

Title Transfer of Ownership

A person cannot transfer the plates to a vehicle without applying for a proper certificate of registration describing the vehicle to which the plates are being transferred.

Unless the transfer is made and the fee paid within 15 days, the vehicle is considered to be without registration, the Secretary of State may repossess the license plates, and transfer of the vehicle ownership may be effected and a valid registration acquired thereafter only upon payment of a transfer fee of $15 in addition to the title late fee of $15.

The transferor must present to the transferee before delivery of the vehicle, a written disclosure of odometer mileage by means of the certificate of title or a written statement signed by the transferor.

A dealer is required to apply to the Secretary of State for a new title and secure registration plates and certificate of title for the purchaser within 15 days after delivering the vehicle.

The certificate of title will contain a form for assignment of title or interest and warranty of title by the owner with space for the notation of a security interest in the vehicle, which at the time of a transfer must be certified and signed, and space for a written odometer mileage statement that is required upon transfer.

Title Transfer of Ownership

If an owner of a vehicle for which a certificate of title has been issued transfers his interest therein, he or she shall, at the time of the delivery of the vehicle, execute an assignment including the actual odometer reading and warranty of title to the transferee in the space provided on the certificate, or such other form as the registrar shall prescribe, and cause the certificate and assignment to be mailed or delivered to the transferee or the registrar.

The new owner shall, promptly after delivery to him or her of the vehicle, execute the application for a new certificate of title in the space provided on the certificate or on such other form as the registrar shall prescribe and cause the certificate and application to be mailed or delivered to the registrar.

Title Transfer of Ownership

If an owner transfers his interest in a vehicle, he shall, at the time of delivery of the vehicle, execute an assignment and warranty of title to the transferee, with a release for each security interest, lien, or other encumbrance on the vehicle, in the space provided on the certificate.

Applicants for certificates of title for a used vehicle purchased from a dealer must have, in addition to a completed application, a properly assigned title, a dealer’s reassignment, a dealer’s bill of sale, a Maryland safety inspection certificate, and an odometer disclosure statement.

Applicants for certificates of title for a used vehicle sold by someone other than a dealer must have, in addition to a completed application, a properly assigned certificate of title.

The transferee shall complete an application for a new certificate of title and mail or deliver it to the MVA or Maryland-licensed title service representative.

Title Transfer of Ownership

When vehicle ownership is transferred, an assignment and warranty of title must be given to the new owner. The warranty must include the odometer information.

Title Transfer of Ownership

When an owner transfers the ownership of a vehicle, manufactured home, or mobile home, he must, at the time of delivery, execute an assignment and warranty of title to the transferee in the space provided on the certificate and deliver the certificate and assignment to the transferee.

Title Transfer of Ownership

No person can sell a vehicle without delivering a certificate of title to the purchaser.

An effective transfer of title requires filling out, endorsing, and delivering the certificate of title by the transferor to the transferee and delivering the certificate to the Department with proper transfer and application fees.

If a certificate of title is held by a lienholder and the lienholder is selling the vehicle, the lienholder can make and deliver to the purchaser at the time of delivery a sales contract and an assignment of certificate of title on the Department’s form. These documents along with the certificate of title must be submitted to the Commissioner within 5 days of the sale. The Commissioner will then send the appropriate parties an amended certificate of title.

A vehicle that was previously purchased and titled in another state is allowed a credit against the state and local use taxes imposed in Louisiana.

Title Transfer of Ownership

When an owner transfers his interest in a vehicle, the owner must execute an assignment and warranty of title to the transferee.

Any person other than a dealer who sells a motor vehicle must deliver the certificate of registration and the certificate of title to the county clerk’s office and must transfer the vehicle to the new owner within 10 days of the date of sale or transfer. An affidavit attesting to the actual consideration paid may also be required.

If the transferor learns that the transferee did not promptly submit the necessary documentation to the county clerk within 15 days, as required by law, the transferor must submit an affidavit to the county clerk stating that the owner has transferred his interest in the vehicle.

A transfer of ownership will not be permitted unless evidence has been presented to the county clerk that all excise taxes imposed on the sale or transfer have been paid.

A transfer of ownership will not be permitted unless proof of insurance has been presented to the county clerk.

Title Transfer of Ownership

The transferor shall endorse an assignment of the title to the transferee with a warranty of title, and shall deliver the assigned title to the buyer within 60 days of delivery.

The transferee shall then present the assigned title to the DMV when applying for a new title and registration.

The sale of a vehicle without transfer of the certificate of title is considered fraudulent and void.

Title Transfer of Ownership

Upon the transfer of any registered vehicle, the owner must endorse an assignment of title upon the certificate of title for the vehicle with a statement of all liens and encumbrances. The owner must deliver the certificate of title to the purchaser or transferee at the time of delivering the vehicle. The owner must indicate the name of the county in which the vehicle was last registered and the registration expiration date.

The transferee within 30 calendar days after purchase or transfer must apply for and obtain from the county treasurer of purchaser’s residence a new registration and a new certificate of title.

The applicant will be required to pay a delinquent fee from the 1st day the registration fee was due prorated to the month of application for the new title.

When a vehicle is sold outside of the state for purposes other than for junk, the seller must detach the registration plates and indicate on the reverse of the registration card the name and address of the out-of-state purchaser or transferee over the seller’s signature. The seller must surrender the registration plates to the county treasurer, unless the registration plates are properly attached to another vehicle.

The transferor of a used motor vehicle must provide the transferee with a damage disclosure statement for vehicles seven model years and newer before a new certificate of title will be issued. The new certificate of title and registration receipt shall state whether a prior owner had disclosed that the vehicle was damaged to the extent of 50 percent or salvaged.

The transferor of a motor vehicle less than 10 model years old must furnish an odometer statement that is in compliance with federal law and regulations. This odometer statement must be furnished with the application for a new certificate of title. The statement must reflect whether the mileage is “actual,” “not actual,” or “exceeds mechanical limits.”

Title Transfer of Ownership

An effective transfer of title requires filling out, endorsing, and delivering the certificate of title by the transferor to the transferee and delivering the certificate to the Bureau, with proper transfer and application fees.

Generally, the certificate of title must be given to the transferee at the time of sale. If not, the title can be given to the transferee within 21 days of the sale if the transferor meets all of the following conditions: (1) the seller or transferor is a vehicle dealer licensed by the state; (2) the vehicle dealer is unable to deliver title; (3) the dealer believes he or she will be able to deliver the title without a lien within 21 days; (4) the vehicle dealer provides the transferee with an affidavit; and, (5) the transferee has made all initial agreed-upon vehicle payments.

Title Transfer of Ownership

A vehicle may not be sold or disposed of without the seller providing the title to the buyer.

In all cases of vehicle transfer, applications for certificate of title must be filed within 30 calendar days after delivery of the vehicle.

Title Transfer of Ownership

Within 30 days of a transfer of ownership, the transferee must forward the certificate of ownership to the county director of finance, after both the transferor and transferee have signed the certificate in the appropriate space for transfers.

Upon receipt of the certificate of ownership, the director of finance issues a new certificate of registration and a new certificate of ownership.

Within 10 days of a transfer of ownership, the transferor must give notice, on an official form, to the director of finance of such transfer indicating the date of transfer, the names and addresses of the transferor and transferee and a description of the vehicle; failure to comply with this rule carries a fine of not more than $100.

Title Transfer of Ownership

Transferor must give the transferee an assignment and warranty of title at the time of the delivery of the vehicle in the space provided on the certificate of title and mail the certificate and assignment to the transferee or the Secretary of State.

Transferee must within 20 days after the delivery of the assigned title, execute the application for a new certificate and mail or deliver it to the Secretary of State.

Whenever the owner of a registered vehicle transfers or assigns his title, or interest thereto, the registration of such vehicle shall expire and the owner shall not be entitled to any refund of the registration fee.

When the transferee of a vehicle is a dealer who holds it for resale and lawfully operates it under dealers’ number plates or when the transferee does not drive such vehicle or permit it to be driven upon the highways, such transferee shall not be required to obtain a new registration of said vehicle.

Title Transfer of Ownership

The owner shall endorse an assignment and warranty of title upon the certificate of title for the vehicle and shall deliver the certificate of title to the purchaser or transferee at the time of delivery of the vehicle.

The transferee of any new or used vehicle required to be registered shall do so within 30 days.

The transferee shall at the time of application present the assigned certificate of title prior to obtaining the new title.

An odometer reading is required.

Title Transfer of Ownership

An effective transfer requires endorsement and delivery of certificate of ownership by transferor to transferee and delivery by transferee of the certificate to the DMV, with proper transfer fee and application for transfer of registration, within 10 days of receipt by the transferee.

Transfer may also be effected when an owner, within 5 calendar days of transfer or sale, provides notice to the DMV of such transfer or sale including the name and address of the owner and the transferee, a description of the vehicle, and the mileage at the time of sale or transfer.

Prior to, or at the time of sale or transfer, the owner must provide the transferee with a valid certificate of compliance stating that the vehicle meets state air pollution control standards.

Title Transfer of Ownership

If a person other than a dealer sells or wishes to transfer their vehicle, the individual shall execute a formal transfer of vehicle. This transfer shall be affirmed by a statement signed by the person whose name is currently on the certificate of title of said vehicle.

Within 45 days, the purchaser or transferee shall present certificate with application for a new certificate of title to the DOR.

Title Transfer of Ownership

Upon transfer of ownership, the buyer must surrender to the DMV the seller’s endorsed certificate of ownership.  Also, an owner is able to have their motor vehicle title issued in a transfer-on-death form by including in the certificate of title a designation of a beneficiary or beneficiaries so that, upon the owner’s death, the motor vehicle will be a non-probate asset that will pass to the beneficiary or beneficiaries named in the title.

Title Transfer of Ownership

An owner has 4 days after selling a vehicle to execute and deliver an assignment and warranty of title to the transferee.


Titles for Mobile Homes

Under Florida law, mobile homes are to be registered using the same process as a motor vehicle.

Titles for Mobile Homes

N/A

Titles for Mobile Homes

Same as for motor vehicles.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Application is made to ADOR, effective January 1, 2017, for mobile homes and travel trailers less than 20 years old.

If mobile home is affixed to real property, and ownership of mobile home and real property is identical, owner may obtain cancellation of title to mobile home provided mobile home title; (2) certified copy of deed or conveyance instruments of real property; (3) affidavit certifying ownership interests; and (4) lien release forms are sent to ADOR.

Mobile homes and travel trailers more than 20 years old are not required to be titled.

Titles for Mobile Homes

A mobile home must be titled within 10 days of purchase or a penalty fee will apply.

The titling process for a mobile home is similar to titling a vehicle; however, mobile homes are exempt from registration and inspection.

Under certain conditions, used mobile homes are also exempt from sales tax.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Owners of manufactured homes are required to obtain a motor vehicle certificate of title.

The purchaser of a manufactured home must submit a certificate stating that all ad valorem taxes assessed against the manufactured home have been paid.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Any person owning or purchasing a new or used manufactured home in Oklahoma shall obtain a certificate of title.

The application for certificate of title shall include the name of the owner; the serial or identification number of the manufactured home; a legal description or address of the location; and the actual retail selling price of the manufactured home, excluding taxes.

Upon receiving a proper application and payment of the required fees and ad valorem taxes, when applicable, the Tax Commission may issue a certificate of title, registration receipt and license plate and/or registration decal to the applicant.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Application for a mobile home title must be made in the county of residence.

Titles must be obtained within 30 days of assignment, or a late fee will be assessed.

Processing a new mobile home title requires a completed application, a new mobile home Manufacturer Certificate of Origin (MCO), the selling price, and all required fees.

Titles for Mobile Homes

The Motor Vehicle Department issues certificates of title for mobile homes.

Any person who has purchased a mobile home and is applying for a title must present, with the application, a certified statement of the full consideration paid for the mobile home. The State Equalization Board uses the statement to generate a report used by the State Tax Commissioner to determine the proper assessment of mobile homes for tax purposes.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Mobile homes must be titled. Titling requires a Manufacturer’s Certificate of Origin.

Mobile homes sold by a dealer are subject to a 2% sales tax with a $300.00 maximum. The sales tax is due on each section of a doublewide mobile home. The sales tax is paid to the dealer who then reports it to the Department of Revenue. If the mobile home was purchased from an individual or someone other than a dealer, no tax is due.

A title will be issued in the new owner’s name and canceled when the vehicle is converted to real estate.

Titles for Mobile Homes

A certificate of title is not required for a mobile home designated by the manufacturer as being a 1994 or earlier model year.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Mobile homes must be titled and registered upon payment of property tax.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Manufactured homes are considered to be real estate.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Every owner of a mobile home is required to obtain certificate of title within 30 days of purchase, transfer, or bringing into the state.

If a mobile home is installed on a permanent foundation and is taxable as real property, the certificate of title or manufacturer’s certificate of origin, if any, must be surrendered to and canceled by the county clerk. However, the certificate of title will not be canceled unless all liens on the home have been released.

An applicant for a duplicate certificate of title for a mobile home must file an affidavit describing the loss along with the application. A duplicate certificate will not be issued until 11 days after the application is filed. The applicant must also deposit an indemnity bond with the state of Wyoming in an amount of not less than double the value of the mobile home.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Mobile homes or manufactured homes built on a permanent chassis and designed to be used as a dwelling are exempt from registration.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Mobile homes or manufactured homes are exempt from the annual registration, license plates, and fee requirements.

Titles for Mobile Homes

The certificate of ownership for a manufactured home may be eliminated or not issued when the manufactured home is registered as real property. When the certificate of ownership is eliminated or not issued, the application for license must be recorded in the county property records of the county where the real property to which the home is affixed is located. All license fees and taxes applicable to the mobile home as a vehicle must be collected prior to recording the ownership with the county auditor.

When the ownership of a mobile home is transferred and the new owner applies for a new certificate of ownership, the DOL or county auditor must notify the county assessor of the county where the mobile home is located of the change in ownership including the name and address of the new owner and the name of the former owner. A certificate of ownership for a mobile home will not be transferred or issued until the DOL has verified that any property taxes due on the mobile home have been paid.

In order to transfer ownership of a mobile home, all registered owners of record must sign the title certificate releasing their ownership.

Any person moving a mobile home on public highways must obtain a special permit from the DOT and local authorities. A special permit will not be valid until the county treasurer of the county in which the mobile home is located has endorsed or attached his certificate to the permit certifying that all property taxes on the mobile home have been satisfied.

Titles for Mobile Homes

The owner of a mobile/manufactured home must register the vehicle with the DMV and obtain from the DMV a registration card and certificate of title.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Mobile homes are not titled as vehicles in Vermont.

Titles for Mobile Homes

The owner of a manufactured home or mobile home shall apply to the DMV for a certificate of title if mobile home is not attached to any property, or an Affidavit of Mobile Home Affixture if the mobile home is attached to any property.

The odometer mileage does not need to be disclosed if: the vehicle is a single motor vehicle having a manufacturer specified gross laden weight rating (GLWR) of more than 16,000 lbs., or a motor vehicle registered in Utah with a GLWR of 18,000 lbs. or more; a motor vehicle that is 10 years old or older; a new motor vehicle prior to its first transfer for purposes other than resale.

An owner of a manufactured home or a mobile home previously issued a certificate of title who attached that home to property shall apply for an Affidavit of Mobile Home Affixture within 30 days of attaching to property.

The owner of a manufactured home or mobile home previously issued an Affidavit of Mobile Home Affixture who separates that home from the property shall apply for a certificate of title within 30 days of the separation, prior to any transfer of ownership of that home.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Manufactured housing is not defined as a vehicle under Texas law.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Must be titled with ADOT unless the mobile home is permanently affixed.

A mobile home consisting of 2 or more separate sections must have a title for each section.

Titles for Mobile Homes

A mobile home, when occupied, requires a certificate of title.

A mobile home or house trailer with a length exceeding 35 feet may not be moved upon the highways of the state unless the owner obtains a permit for such transportation.

A separate permit is required for each individual mobile home or house trailer.

A mobile home or house trailer that is assessed as real property or as an improvement upon land is not subject to registration requirements.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Any new mobile/manufactured home must, upon its purchase, be initially registered and titled. If the mobile/manufactured home is sold by a dealer, the dealer must deliver to the county treasurer the manufacturer’s statement of origin, the manufacturer’s certificate of origin or the title for the home, together with the required fees and completed forms necessary to accomplish the initial registration within 45 days of the sale.

Titles for Mobile Homes

New or used mobile homes or manufactured homes must be titled. Owners must submit the previous title or Manufacturer’s Certificate of Origin, a $15.00 fee, and a bill of sale if the title does not have the Bill of Sale on the back.

No sales tax is required on mobile homes if it was purchased between individuals. The title fee is $15.00.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Every deed, instrument, or writing which grants, assigns, transfers, or conveys the interest in any mobile or manufactured home must be filed with the recorder of deeds of the city or town in which the mobile or manufactured home is located, within 10 days after execution of that deed, instrument, or writing.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Mobile homes must be titled. There is a $50.00 fee.

If a mobile home or manufactured home that has been anchored to the ground to facilitate connection with electricity, water and sewerage and that has been previously titled and used as a residence is offered for sale or transfer, the transferor shall obtain a tax status certification from the Tax Claim Bureau of the county in which the home is situated, showing the real estate taxes due on the home as shown by the Tax Bureau records as of the date of the certification. This tax certification shall be provided to the transferee and PennDOT in conjunction with the transfer of ownership.

If a new mobile home or manufactured home is being titled using the Manufacturer’s Certificate of Origin (MCO) as the proof of ownership, neither the tax status certification nor Form MV-16T is required.

Should taxes be due from the home, the transferor shall pay the delinquent real estate taxes in full or cause the taxes to be paid in full and an updated tax status certification must be obtained and provided to the transferee and PennDOT before the transfer is completed.

If the mobile home or manufactured home is not anchored to the ground to facilitate connections with electricity, water and sewerage or was not used as a residence, Form MV-16T, “Self-Certification of Exemption from Tax Status Certificate When Transferring Ownership of a Mobile Home or Manufactured Home,” must be provided in lieu of the tax status certification. Form MV-16T is to be completed by the transferors of the mobile home or manufactured home and provided to the transferee to be submitted with the completed application for a Pennsylvania Certificate of Title.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Mobile homes (manufactured structures) are not titled by DMV. The Oregon Department of Consumer and Business Services, Building Codes Division, maintains manufactured structure ownership records.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Mobile home titling is managed by the Manufactured Housing Division of the Nevada Department of Business and Industry.

Titles for Mobile Homes

All applications for a certificate of title for a mobile home shall be accompanied by a mobile home transfer statement prescribed by DPAT.

Titles for Mobile Homes

A manufactured home is subject to the certificate of ownership requirements for a vehicle unless it has been declared an improvement to real property.

A manufactured home is considered an improvement to real property if the running gear is removed and it is attached to a permanent foundation on land that is owned or being purchased by the owner of the manufactured home or with the permission of the landowner.

To eliminate the certificate of ownership, the owner may file a statement of intent with the DOJ that includes: (1) the serial number of the manufactured home; (2) the legal description of the real property to which the home has been permanently attached; (3) a description of any liens; and (4) approval from all lienholders of the intent to eliminate the title.

Upon a transfer of any interest in a mobile home or house trailer, the application for the transfer must be made through the county treasurer’s office in the county in which the mobile home or house trailer is located at the time of transfer. The county treasurer may not accept the application unless all taxes, interest, and penalties assessed on the mobile home or house trailer have been paid in full.

Titles for Mobile Homes

The owner of any new or used mobile home must make application to the Department of Revenue to title the mobile home.

Titles for Mobile Homes

No special requirements.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Minnesota requires all mobile/manufactured homes to be licensed as a motor vehicle in lieu of paying a property tax. A manufactured home/mobile home title is transferred the same as a motor vehicle except that no excise tax is collected. Title fees and secured party fees are the same as for other transfers.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Mobile homes are titled in Michigan. The title is identified as a “Certificate of Manufactured Home Ownership” or “Certificate of Mobile Home Title.”

Titles for Mobile Homes

Mobile homes must be registered.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Mobile homes in excess of 35 feet are not subject to the inspection, titling, or registration laws of Maryland, however, they may be titled. The Motor Vehicle Administration does not collect excise tax when issuing a title, however, before the vehicle can be titled, the state retail sales tax must be paid, a receipt obtained and submitted with the application for title and other required documents.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Mobile homes are exempt from titling if they are model year 2006 or older, multi-sectional, state-certified modular homes, or permanently affixed to real property owned by the owner of the mobile home within 30 days of the date of sale.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Mobile homes sold in Mississippi are to be titled as motor vehicles.

Application for certificate of title for a manufactured home or mobile home must include the name, current residence and mailing address of the owner, description of the manufactured or mobile home including year, make, model number, serial number and whether new or used, date of purchase by the applicant, name and address of the person from whom the vehicle was acquired, the names and addresses of any lienholders, an odometer disclosure statement made by the transferor, and a certified copy of the manufacturer’s statement of origin.

Titles for Mobile Homes

A purchaser of a mobile home must apply for a new certificate of title on or before the 20th day in which the mobile home has been delivered.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Mobile homes must be registered.

If a mobile home will not be operated upon the highways of the state, the owner must within 15 days apply for a certificate of title, but the owner need not apply for registration until the mobile home is to be operated on the highways of the state.

Titles for Mobile Homes

To transfer ownership, the title must be assigned to the new owner. The seller must complete all information on the assignment except for the buyer’s printed name and signature.

If the seller does not have a title for the manufactured or mobile home he or she will need to obtain the title before transferring ownership.

A mobile or manufactured home cannot be sold on a bill of sale.

New mobile homes and house trailers are required to pay sales tax based on 60% of the purchase price prior to any trade in allowance.

Manufactured and mobile homes are required to be titled.

Titles for Mobile Homes

The owner of a mobile home must submit a tax clearance form to show that no taxes are owed prior to obtaining the title.

A mobile home or manufactured home that is located outside a mobile home park is converted to real property by being placed on a permanent foundation. It will then be assessed for real estate taxes. The assessor will note the conversion on the face of the certificate of title and deliver it to the county treasurer for cancellation.

When a mobile home is reconverted from real property by adding a vehicular frame, the owner may apply for a bonded certificate of title.

Titles for Mobile Homes

A manufactured home that is personal property not held for resale or not attached to real estate by a permanent foundation must have a certificate of title.

When a manufactured home is attached to real estate by a permanent foundation the owner may apply for an affidavit of transfer to real estate with the Bureau.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Contact county assessor for information on mobile home titling and registration.

Titles for Mobile Homes

N/A.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Mobile homes must be titled and include a description of the home.

The owner of a mobile home not located in a mobile home park shall, within 30 days after initial placement of such mobile home in any county and within 30 days after movement of such mobile home to a new location, file with the county recorder’s office a mobile home registration.

The registration must show the name and address of the owner and every occupant of the mobile home, the location of the mobile home, the year of manufacture, and the square feet of floor space contained in such mobile home together with the date that the mobile home became inhabited, was initially placed in the county, or was moved to a new location. Such registration shall also include the license number of such mobile home and of the towing vehicle, if there be any, and the state issuing such licenses.

Titles for Mobile Homes

An owner of a mobile home may license the home with the Office of Motor Vehicles.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Mobile homes that are not installed on a foundation system are subject to annual registration.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Certificates of title on mobile homes shall be signed by the director of the DOR. The title shall contain: the manufacturer and model of the mobile home, the date on which the home was first sold to the initial owner, a serial number, and a description of the home for identification purposes.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Every owner of a mobile home shall apply to the DMV for a placement permit for each mobile home he or she owns within 60 days after the mobile home is acquired or moved into this state, whichever is sooner.

When a mobile home, park trailer or house trailer is sold by a Delaware licensed mobile home dealer the dealer shall be responsible for immediately submitting the application for certificate of title, related documents and all fees to the DMV for the purpose of securing a title.

The DOT shall not transfer the title of a mobile home or house trailer to a new owner until all county taxes levied by the jurisdiction in which the trailer is located have been paid in full.

Titles for Mobile Homes

Mobile home must be titled the same as motor vehicles.

Registration Application

Every owner of a motor vehicle operated or driven on the public roads shall register the vehicle.

The owner of any motor vehicle or mobile home may file an application for renewal of registration with the county tax collector at any time during the 3 months preceding the date of the expiration of the registration period.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

Registration Application

Application is made to the commissioner of the DMV, and shall include a current automobile insurance identification card, a certificate of title, certain acceptable forms or ID, a bill of sale, and emissions testing documentation. Registrations must be renewed biannually.

An odometer statement is required at the time of registration.

Vehicles over 10 years old may not, at the discretion of the commissioner, be registered unless they have passed a safety inspection.

Applications for registration of a vehicle by a minor shall not be accepted unless the minor provides proof of financial responsibility and a signature from a spouse, or from parents/guardian if not married.

Registrations expire upon transfer of ownership. The new owner must re-apply.

There is no grace period for late registration.

Registration Application

Every owner of a motor vehicle or trailer shall annually file an application for registration.

The application shall contain the following information: a brief description of the motor vehicle or trailer to be registered, including the name of the manufacturer, the vehicle identification number, the amount of horsepower of the motor vehicle, and whether the motor vehicle is to be registered primarily for business; the name, the applicant’s identification number and address of the owner of such motor vehicle or trailer; and the gross weight of the vehicle and the desired load in pounds if the vehicle is a commercial motor vehicle or trailer.

The DVSB must notify each registered motor vehicle owner by mail, within an appropriate time of the beginning of a new registration period.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

Registration Application

For registry of motor vehicle, content information must include (1) vehicle description; (2) name and address of owner; (3) information relating to alienating act or lien; (4) identification information assigned; (5) authorized use verification; and (6) annual license fee payment.

Provisional registry allows vehicle owner to register car without document of ownership and to operate vehicle on public thoroughfares for a period of 30 days.

For registry of trailers, content information must include (1) identification assigned to trailer; and (2) information relating to owner, liens, and use characteristics. A trailer, for these purposes, is a vehicle not propelled by motor power and drawn by another vehicle.

Registration Application

Upon acquiring motor vehicle, registration with probate judge or county official must occur within 20 calendar days from purchase date.  Proof of insurance is required upon registration, as is current identification documents, which may vary from county to county.

Registration Application

Every vehicle driven primarily in New Jersey, whether owned by a resident or non-resident, is required to be registered.

Applications for vehicle registration must be made to the MVC designated agent in the county of residence.

Applications for vehicle registration must contain the name, street address of the residence or business of the owner, mailing address, age of the owner, description of the vehicle that includes the manufacturer and vehicle identification or manufacturer’s number, name of the vehicle’s insurer, and if the vehicle is leased, the name and street address of the lessor.

Registration may be denied without presentation of a certificate of ownership.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

Every registration shall expire and the registration certificate become void on the registrant’s numerical calendar day of birth in the 12th month following the month in which the certificate was issued; except that the registration shall expire on the last day of the 12th month following the calendar month in which the certificate was issued if the numerical calendar day of the registrant’s birth does not correspond to a numerical calendar day in that month or if the vehicle is leased.

Registration Application

The application must include the name, place of residence, and address of the applicant; a description of the vehicle; from whom, where, and when the vehicle was purchased; and the total amount of liens with the name and address of the lienholder.

Initial applications for registration must contain satisfactory proof of ownership.

No application shall be accepted and no certificate of registration shall be issued to any motor vehicle which was not manufactured to comply with federal emission and safety standards applicable to new motor vehicles.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

All applications are made to the tag agent of the county wherein the applicant’s vehicle is required to be returned for ad valorem taxation.

Registration Application

Every owner possessing a certificate of title shall make an application for the registration of the vehicle with a motor license agent of the Tax Commission.

All applications for registration must contain a full description of the vehicle and the insurance security verification of the vehicle; and the correct name, address, driver’s license number, and insurance policy information, when applicable, of the vehicle owner. Application for registration of a manufactured home is to include the school district in which the home is to be located.

Upon the filing of a proper application and payment of the required fees, the Tax Commission shall assign 1 license plate and/or yearly decal. The decal shall have an identification number and the last 2 numbers of the year of expiration.

The purchaser of a new or used manufactured home shall register the home with the Tax Commission within 30 days of purchase.

There is a period of grace for late registration renewal, until the last day of the month after the renewal is due, during which no delinquent registration penalty is assessed.

Registration Application

Applications and renewals are made to the office of the Registrar of Motor Vehicles or a deputy registrar on a written or electronic application or a preprinted registration renewal notice for the following year which begins on January 1 of each year and ends on December 31.

Applications must include a brief description of the motor vehicle to be registered; the name and residence address of the owner; the district of registration; whether the motor vehicle is a new or used motor vehicle; the date of purchase of the motor vehicle; proof of payment of fees; social security number is kept on file on the actual registration form. If the applicant is required to have an emissions inspection, an inspection certificate must accompany the application.

The application will be refused if the application is not in proper form or registration fees have not been paid. New vehicles only require certificate of title.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

Registration Application

All motor vehicles must be registered annually with the DOT.

Applications for vehicle registration must be made to the DOT.

All registration applications must be signed by the owner and contain the owner’s county of residence; address; a brief description of the vehicle including name of the maker, engine, serial, or identification number; whether it is new or used; the last license number known and state in which it was issued; and, upon the registration of the vehicle, the date of sale by the manufacturer or dealer to the person first operating the vehicle.

If the vehicle is being registered from outside the state, the owner must show the certificate of title and registration card or other evidence that satisfactorily proves ownership.

If the vehicle is new, the certificate of origin from the manufacturer must be attached to the application for registration or certificate of title.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

Registration Application

All vehicles, unless exempted, must be registered with the DMV before operating the vehicle.

The following types of vehicles need not be registered: those dealing with manufacturers, dealers, or non-residents; vehicles used only to cross a highway to get from one piece of property to another; implements of husbandry, farm tractors, road construction, or maintenance machinery that are designed for use in work off the highway and are operated on the highway for the purpose of going to and from such non-highway projects; vehicles owned by the U.S. government; farm equipment headed to or from farms or markets; and trailers or semitrailers attached to and pulled by a farm vehicle.

For the requirements of an application for registration, see the APPLICATION section for Vehicle Title.

There is a 15 day grace period for late registration.

The registration of a vehicle renewed by means of a new registration plate expires at midnight on the last day of the year in which the registration plate was issued. It is lawful, however, to operate the vehicle on a highway through midnight February 15 of each the following year.

Registration Application

An application for the registration of a motor vehicle must be made to the DMV upon a form prescribed by the DMV.

The applicant must provide his or her name, driver’s license number, birth date, sex, phone number, mailing address, and residential address as well as the vehicle’s identification number, color, weight, make, year, body type, type of fuel, seating capacity, and odometer reading. Also required is a statement on how the vehicle was obtained as well as information concerning any lien holders.

An applicant for vehicle registration must be at least 16 years of age.

No motor vehicle shall be registered unless the application for registration is accompanied by proof of financial security, which shall be evidenced by proof of insurance or evidence of a financial security bond, a financial security deposit or qualification as a self-insurer.

No motor vehicle shall be operated or driven without first being registered.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

Registration Application

Every motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, and pole trailer is subject to registration.

Applications are made to the MVD and shall be upon the appropriate forms furnished by the MVD.

The application shall bear the signature of the owner, the name and address of the owner, a description of the motor vehicle, an odometer reading, and a statement of all liens or encumbrances upon the vehicle.

Any owner of a vehicle subject to registration which has never been registered in this state but which has been registered in another state shall have such vehicle examined and inspected for its identification number or engine number by the MVD or an officer or designated agent thereof incident to securing registration, re-registration, or a certificate of title from the MVD. NCIC clearance is also required.

A copy of the vehicle registration shall be kept in the vehicle at all times and shall be made available upon the request of a law enforcement officer.

Changes of address notices must be made within 10 business days of move.

New Mexico has no grace period for late registration.

The MVD may refuse registration or issuance of a certificate of title or any transfer of registration upon the ground that the application contains any false or fraudulent statement; the vehicle is mechanically unfit or unsafe to be operated or moved upon the highways; the MVD has reasonable ground to believe that the vehicle is a stolen or embezzled vehicle; the required fees and/or taxes have not been paid; or because the owner is required to but has failed to provide proof of compliance with a vehicle emission inspection and maintenance program.

Every motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, and pole trailer when driven or moved upon a highway is subject to the registration and certificate of title provisions.

Trailers not used in commerce and weighing less than 6,001 lbs. may be granted permanent registration upon application and payment of fee.

Registration Application

Motor vehicle registration is a 2-step process. A registration permit must first be obtained from the town or city where the registrant resides. Then, the permit must be taken to a DMV office or municipal agent to complete the state portion of the registration.

The application for the registration of a motor vehicle shall contain: the applicant’s name, mailing address, residential address, birth date, and signature.

The application of any person under the age of 18 to register a vehicle shall be signed by 1 of his parents or a guardian, or in the event there is no parent or guardian, by another responsible adult. This does not apply to a person under the age of 18 years who is emancipated by marriage or who has presented proof of insurance coverage at the time of the application. The person signing may request cancellation by filing written request.

Upon transfer of ownership of any vehicle, its registration shall expire.

No certificate of registration shall be issued to any person under 16 years of age.

There is no grace period for late registration.

Only 3 20-day registrations shall be issued on the same vehicle within a 12-month period.

Registration Application

A person may not operate, and an owner may not give another person permission to operate, a motor vehicle unless it has been registered.

An application for the registration of a motor vehicle shall be made by the owner of the vehicle to the DMV on a form furnished by the DMV.

The application for registration shall include: the signature of an owner of the vehicle to be registered; the name, residence and mailing address of the owner, or business address of the owner if the owner is a firm, association, or corporation; a description of the vehicle including the make, model, body type, the model year as specified by the manufacturer, the number of cylinders, and the identification number of the vehicle; and any other information required by the DMV to determine whether the owner is entitled to register the vehicle.

The DMV shall require that the applicant or person making the application for registration has a valid driver’s license.

Prior to registration a vehicle must have: an identification number inspection done by a licensed dealer or a qualified identification number inspector; passed the safety inspection, if required in the current year; passed the emissions inspection, if required in the current year; paid property taxes, the fee, or received a property tax clearance; paid required sales and use tax; paid the automobile driver education tax; paid the uninsured motorist fee, if applicable; and a valid certificate of title for the vehicle being registered.

A registration card shall be signed by the owner in ink in the space provided and carried at all times in the vehicle to which it was issued.

The application for registration shall not contain any false or fraudulent statements. Such statements shall result in refusal of registration to the applicant.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

A trailer of 750 lbs. or less unladen weight and not designed, used, and maintained for hire or for the transportation of property or persons is not required to be registered.

All applications are made to the tag agent of the county wherein the applicant’s vehicle is required to be returned for ad valorem taxation.

The application must include the name, place of residence, and address of the applicant; a description of the vehicle; from whom, where, and when the vehicle was purchased; and the total amount of liens with the name and address of the lienholder.

Initial applications for registration must contain satisfactory proof of ownership.

No application shall be accepted and no certificate of registration shall be issued to any motor vehicle which was not manufactured to comply with federal emission and safety standards applicable to new motor vehicles.

Registration Application

Application for original and renewal registration is made to DOT, and application forms are available at the regional DOT office or online.

Application for original registration must contain the name and birth date of the owner; the name of the town, city, or village in which the owner resides; the owner’s business or residential address; and a description of the vehicle, including make, model, color, and identification number.

An application for registration will not be accepted unless a valid certificate of title has been issued to the applicant.

At least 30 days prior to expiration of the registration, the DOT must mail a notice of renewal and an application form for renewal to the last known address of the registrant.

If the applicant for registration is under age 18, the application must be accompanied by a signed statement from the applicant’s parents or person having legal custody which states the applicant has their consent to register the vehicle.

Whenever a person moves from the address named in the application for registration, or when the person’s name changes, the person has 10 days to notify the DOT in writing of the old and new addresses or names.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

Trailers and camping trailers weighing 3,000 lbs. or less and trailers that are not operated in conjunction with a motor vehicle are exempt from registration.

Registration Application

Every owner of a vehicle subject to registration requirements must make an application to the DMV on the forms provided. The application must contain: (1) the signature of the owner or authorized agent; (2) the name, bona fide residence, and mailing address of the owner; (3) the county where the owner resides; (4) a description of the vehicle including the make, model, type of body, the manufacturer’s serial or identification number, or any other number, as determined by the DMV; and (5) a statement verifying that the vehicle is insured for the period of the registration.

A certificate of registration or registration plates may not be issued unless the applicant has received, or at the same time makes an application and is granted, a certificate of title for the vehicle.

A transferee of a vehicle title or interest may operate the vehicle under the registration of the previous owner for a period of 10 days from transfer, provided the previous owner gives written permission.

Unless otherwise specified, every motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, pole trailer, and recreational vehicle when driven or moved on the highway is subject to the registration and title requirements.

Factory-built homes are subject to title requirements.

Upon registration, the DMV shall issue a registration card to the owner containing the following information: (1) the name and address of the owner; (2) the date of issuance; (3) the registration number assigned to the vehicle; and (4) a description of the vehicle.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

Registration Application

Registration applications must be made to the DOL or an agent of the DOL including county auditors.

Vehicle license plates and registration will not be issued unless the applicant simultaneously applies for a certificate of ownership or proves that a certificate of ownership has already been issued.

A resident of the state must register a vehicle that is to be operated on the highways of the state. New Washington residents have 30 days from the date they become residents to register their vehicles. A resident is a person who shows intent to live or be located in the state on more than a temporary or transient basis. Evidence of residency includes but is not limited to registering to vote in the state, receiving public assistance benefits from the state, or declaring residency for the purpose of obtaining a state license or in-state tuition.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

Temporary permits are available when an application is pending and also may be issued by an authorized vehicle dealer. The temporary permit must remain affixed to the vehicle until the receipt of permanent license plates.

Temporary dealer licenses are effective for 45 days.

Vehicle licenses and license plates may be renewed for the subsequent registration year up to 18 months before the current expiration date and must be used and displayed from the date of issue or from the day of the expiration of the preceding year, whichever date is later.

The certificate of license registration must be signed by the owner and carried in the vehicle at all times.

Registration Application

The registration application must include a description of the vehicle and a statement of all liens of the vehicle.

No motor vehicle subject to an emissions test may be registered until it has passed such test or been issued a waiver.

Whenever any person who has applied for or obtained the registration or title to a vehicle moves from the address shown in his or her application, registration card, or certificate of title, he or she shall notify the DMV of the change of address within 30 days.

The DMV may reject an application for the registration of a motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer or certificate of title when the applicant has neglected or refused to furnish the DMV with the information required on the appropriate official form or other information required by the DMV; the required fees have not been paid; the vehicle lacks required equipment or contains prohibited equipment; or there is reason to believe that the application or accompanying documents have been altered or contain false statements.

There is no period of grace for late registration. However, there is a 90 day grace period for active duty military personnel stationed outside the United States and their accompanying spouse and dependents.

Registration Application

Application is made to the commissioner of the DMV, and the application must attest that the vehicle is properly equipped and in good mechanical order. Along with the application, the applicant should also send the required registration fees and evidence of ownership.

The DMV will issue a certificate of registration on which will appear the name of the registrant, his address, a brief description of the vehicle registered, and the date of registration. The DMV also will assign to each motor vehicle registered a distinctive license plate.

A person shall not operate a motor vehicle nor pull a trailer or semitrailer unless the registration certificate is carried in some easily accessible place in such motor vehicle. In case of the loss, mutilation, or destruction of such certificate, the owner of the vehicle shall notify the DMV and remit a fee whereupon a duplicate certificate shall be furnished to the owner.

A person who registers a motor vehicle of which he is not the bona fide owner shall be fined $500, or imprisoned for not more than 2 years, or both.

Residents must register motor vehicles owned or leased for a period of more than 30 days and operated by them. A “resident” means any person living in the state who intends to make the state his or her principal place of domicile either permanently or for an indefinite number of years. Persons who live in the state for a particular purpose involving a defined period of time, including students, migrant workers employed in seasonal occupations, and persons employed under a contract with a fixed term, are not residents for the purposes of this title only. Any foreign partnership, firm, association, or corporation having a place of business in this state shall be deemed to be a resident as to all vehicles owned or leased and which are garaged or maintained in this state.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

Registration Application

A person may not operate, and an owner may not give another person permission to operate, a motor vehicle unless it has been registered.

An application for the registration of a motor vehicle shall be made by the owner of the vehicle to the DMV on a form furnished by the DMV.

The application for registration shall include: the signature of an owner of the vehicle to be registered; the name, residence and mailing address of the owner, or business address of the owner if the owner is a firm, association, or corporation; a description of the vehicle including the make, model, body type, the model year as specified by the manufacturer, the number of cylinders, and the identification number of the vehicle; and any other information required by the DMV to determine whether the owner is entitled to register the vehicle.

The DMV shall require that the applicant or person making the application for registration has a valid driver’s license.

Prior to registration a vehicle must have: an identification number inspection done by a licensed dealer or a qualified identification number inspector; passed the safety inspection, if required in the current year; passed the emissions inspection, if required in the current year; paid property taxes, the fee, or received a property tax clearance; paid required sales and use tax; paid the automobile driver education tax; paid the uninsured motorist fee, if applicable; and a valid certificate of title for the vehicle being registered.

A registration card shall be carried at all times in the vehicle to which it was issued.

The application for registration shall not contain any false or fraudulent statements. Such statements shall result in refusal of registration to the applicant.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

A trailer of 750 lbs. or less unladen weight and not designed, used, and maintained for hire or for the transportation of property or persons is not required to be registered.

Registration Application

The owner of a motor vehicle or trailer must apply for the registration of the vehicle for each registration year in which the vehicle is used or to be used on a public highway. The application must be made to the DMV through the county assessor-collector of the county in which the owner resides.

Military personnel, who are residents of Texas, were stationed in another nation, and own a vehicle that was either registered by a branch of the U.S. Armed Forces or in the nation where the person was stationed, have 90 days to register the vehicle upon their return to Texas.

An application for a vehicle registration must contain the full name and address of the owner of the vehicle, a brief description of the vehicle, and be signed by the owner.

An application for registration of a new motor vehicle must include information required by DMV rule, such as the vehicle’s trade name; year model; style and type of body; weight, if the vehicle is a passenger car; net carrying capacity and gross weight, if the vehicle is a commercial motor vehicle; vehicle identification number; and date of sale by the manufacturer or dealer to the applicant.

An applicant for registration of a commercial motor vehicle or trailer must submit an affidavit showing the weight of the vehicle, the maximum load to be carried on the vehicle, and the gross weight for the vehicle which is to be registered.

The DMV will not register or renew the registration of a motor vehicle for which a certificate of title is required unless the owner obtains a title or presents satisfactory evidence that a title was previously issued to the owner by the Texas DMV or another jurisdiction.

The owner of a motor vehicle must present proof of insurance or other evidence of financial responsibility before a vehicle will be registered.

An application for registration must be made during the 2 months preceding the date on which the registration expires.

A county assessor-collector or the DMV may refuse to register a motor vehicle if the assessor-collector or the DMV receive information that the owner of the vehicle owes the county money for a fine, fee, or tax that is past due.

There is a 5 working day period of grace for late registration.

Registration Application

Application is made to ADOT and must include name and residence of owner, date of sale if a new vehicle, vehicle description, and certificate of title.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

Registration cards issued by ADOT must be carried in the vehicle at all times.

A vehicle belonging to a person must be registered in the county where the person maintains a permanent and actual residence.

Registration may be done via mail, internet, in person, or by an authorized third party.

Registration Application

An application for registration must be made to the county clerk in the county of the residence of the owner, or where the vehicle is to be based or operated.

The owner must have proper title to a vehicle prior to registration.

The application for renewal is made to the county clerk of the county of the owner’s residence.

The application for renewal may be made via mail and must be postmarked no later than 20 days before the expiration date.

There is no grace period for late registration.

No registration or renewal of registration may be issued unless the application is accompanied by evidence of compliance with the state’s financial responsibility law.

Upon receipt of a registration certificate, the owner must sign the certificate and it must be carried at all times in the vehicle to which it refers or by the person driving. The use of a duplicate or facsimile, in order to ensure the preservation of the original, is acceptable.

Whenever the address of a vehicle owner changes from that named on a registration or title certificate, the owner must, within 10 days, notify the DOS of the change.

Homemade and materially reconstructed trailers may not be registered or titled unless the DOS certifies that such trailer complies with applicable safety standards.

Antique motor vehicles may be driven for general transportation purposes on weekends and federal holidays.

Registration Application

Every owner of a motor vehicle, motorcycle, truck tractor, road tractor, trailer or semitrailer, or recreational vehicle or trailer, which is operated or driven on the public highways, must present to the county treasurer an application for the registration of that vehicle.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

Registration Application

Every motor vehicle, trailer, and semitrailer operated on South Carolina highways must be registered.

Newly purchased vehicles must be registered with a new plate or a plate transferred from another vehicle within 45 days of purchase. All vehicles operating on the streets or highways of South Carolina must display a regular license plate or a temporary license plate. The temporary plate is only valid for 45 days from the date of purchase of the vehicle and is available at local DMV offices or county auditor’s offices. During the 45-day period, a copy of the registration for the older vehicle, the bill of sale, title, rental contract, or a copy of any of these documents must be kept in the new vehicle at all times to verify the dates of purchase to law enforcement. Temporary license plates cannot be used to test drive a vehicle or to operate a vehicle until it is sold.

Application for registration must be made on the form prescribed by the Department. Every application must contain the following: (1) the name, residence, and mailing address of the owner or business address of the owner if a firm, association, or corporation and the county, municipality, if applicable, and school district in which the applicant resides; (2) a description of the vehicle including the make, model, type of body, number of cylinders, serial number, and engine or other number of the vehicle, whether the vehicle is new or used, the date of sale by the manufacturer or dealer to the person intending to operate such a vehicle, in the event a vehicle is designed, constructed, converted, or rebuilt for the transportation of property, a statement of the load capacity for which it is to be registered; and (3) any additional information as may reasonably be required by the Department to enable it to determine whether the vehicle is lawfully entitled to registration and licensing.

In addition to the information required above, if the application is for a motor vehicle which has been transferred from a previous registrant to the applicant, the applicant must complete the odometer disclosure statement on the application.

In addition to the other registration requirements, the Department must collect a federal employer identification number or social security number when a vehicle is registered with a Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) of more than 26,000 lbs. or as a bus common carrier.

A signed statement must accompany the application stating that all county and municipal taxes legally due by the applicant on the vehicle being registered have been paid.

There is a 45 day grace period for late registration.

Registration Application

Every motor vehicle owned by a resident of Rhode Island is required to be registered, including trailers, tent trailers, and travel trailers.

Every application for vehicle registration must be signed by the owner in ink and contain: (1) the name, city, or town of resident, actual residence address, mailing address as it appears on the owner’s driver’s license, business address if the owner is a business; (2) a description of the vehicle that includes the make, model, type of body, number of cylinders, and the serial number of the vehicle, and the engine or other number of the vehicle; (3) a statement whether liability insurance is carried on the vehicle and the name of the carrier, policy number, and effective dates of the policy; and (4) the exact mileage reading on the date of application.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

Motor vehicles owned or leased by federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies, motor vehicles not required to be registered in Rhode Island, and a motor vehicle registered in Rhode Island that is used to transport an individual with a medical need, are exempt from window tinting regulations.

The administrator of the division of motor vehicles may extend the expiration date of any permit, license, registration, certificate, placard or other privilege issued by the division of motor vehicles for a period of up to 90 days in the event of an emergency.

Registration Application

Application for original or renewal vehicle registration must be made on a form provided by PennDOT.

The application must contain the full name and address of the owner or owners, the make, model, year and vehicle identification number of the vehicle, and any other documents that PennDOT may require.

The vehicle title and a self-certification of financial responsibility must also accompany the application.

The self-certification form of financial responsibility requires: (1) the complete name, address, and telephone number of the applicant; (2) the name of the insurance company which is insuring the vehicle; and (3) the policy number, effective date, and expiration date of the policy of insurance insuring the vehicle.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

Registration Application

All vehicles owned by a person in the state are subject to registration.  Exceptions include but are not limited to: farm tractors, road rollers, trolleys, traction engines; bicycles; ATVs; a vehicle that is not operated on the highways; trailers equipped with pneumatic tires that are not operated with a loaded weight of more than 1,800 lbs.; implements of husbandry; vehicles currently registered and titled in another country, state, or territory, unless the owner is a resident of the state or the vehicle is operated on the highways of the state for profit; vehicles owned and operated by the U.S. government and emergency fire-fighting apparatus providing public fire protection.

An application for registration must contain: the owner’s name and residence or business address; a description of the vehicle, including the VIN; and a statement that the applicant is a resident of Oregon, domiciled in the state or required to register under Oregon law.

If the application is for original registration, the applicant must also include a statement that the applicant is in compliance with financial responsibility requirements.

Registration will not be renewed unless the owner is able to certify compliance with financial responsibility requirements.

An application for registration will not be granted unless the applicant simultaneously applies for, or has already been issued, title to the vehicle in Oregon.

Upon registration, the DMV issues a registration card which contains the name of the owner, the make and model year of the vehicle, the VIN, title brand(s) if applicable, and the mileage as reported on the odometer at the time of application for title, if required, along with any odometer message.

The owner of a registered vehicle must carry the registration card in the vehicle at all times.

There is not period of grace for late registration.

Registration Application

Applications are to be made in person, and must contain the signature of the owner; his or her residential and mailing address; a declaration of the county where he or she intends the vehicle to be based; a brief description of the vehicle, including the make, model, engine, identification or serial number, whether new or used, the last license number, if known and state of issuance; if new, the date of sale to the person first purchasing or operating the vehicle; proof of adequate insurance; and if required, evidence of emission control compliance.

Applications for new motor vehicles may be made at the dealer where the vehicle is purchased, if that dealer is authorized by the DMV.

Every vehicle being registered for the first time in Nevada must be taxed for the purposes of the governmental services tax for a 12-month period.

New Nevada residents must obtain their driver license and vehicle registration within 30 days.

When registering a vehicle, the applicant must pay all fees for license plates and registration, and pay the applicable taxes. Once this is done, the DMV shall issue the certificate of registration and the license plate or plates.

Registrations expire on midnight of the day specified on the receipt of registration, and the DMV shall mail applications for renewal to the registrant prior to the date of expiration. The applications shall include the amount of the governmental services tax to be collected and a notice informing the registrant of the need to maintain vehicle insurance.

Registrants can renew their registration in person at the DMV or at an authorized inspection station or authorized station or by mail or by electronic means.

If any certificate of registration is lost, the registrant shall apply immediately for a duplicate.

Registration Application

An application must be submitted to the county office where the vehicle is garaged.

An application for vehicle registration includes the owner’s name, valid proof of insurance, his or her residence address, a description of the vehicle, and whether and what type of alternative fuel is used to propel the motor vehicle.

Registration Application

Each owner of a motor vehicle operated or driven on the public highways of the state must apply in the office of the county treasurer in the county where the owner permanently resides at the time of making the application for registration or re-registration.

The application must contain: (1) the name and address of the owner, giving the county, school district, and town or city within whose corporate limits the motor vehicle is taxable, if taxable, or within whose corporate limits the owner’s residence is located if the motor vehicle is not taxable; (2) the name and address of any lienholder; (3) a description of the motor vehicle; and (4) the declared weight of all trailers operating intrastate.

The applicant must pay at the time of making the application to the county treasurer the registration fee and the motor vehicle fees in lieu of tax or registration fees imposed against the vehicle for the current year of registration and the immediately previous year.

Mobile homes, motor homes, trucks exceeding a 1-ton capacity, trailers, buses, some commercial vehicles, government vehicles, and fleet vehicles are subject to staggered registration.

Vehicles subject to staggered registration that exceed a 1-ton capacity must be re-registered annually in the month in which they were first registered.

Owners of vehicles subject to staggered registration with a capacity of 1 ton or less may register the vehicle for a period not to exceed 24 months.

Owners of vehicles subject to staggered registration that are 11 years old or older may permanently register the vehicle.

Owners of vehicles subject to staggered registration have a grace period for registration that exists between the 1st and end of the month. Motor vehicles must be registered not later than the last day of the month corresponding to the anniversary registration period.

The owner of a new or transferred vehicle has a grace period of 20 calendar days from the date of purchase to make application and pay the registration fees, fees in lieu of taxes and other fees, and local option taxes, if applicable, as if the vehicle were being registered for the first time in the registration year.

If the vehicle was not purchased from a licensed motor vehicle dealer, the purchaser may operate the vehicle on public streets and highways without a certificate of registration for 20 calendar days, provided that at all times during that period, a vehicle purchase sticker obtained from the county treasurer or a law enforcement officer, showing the date of purchase, is clearly displayed in the rear window.

Failure to apply for a certificate of registration within 20 days subjects the purchaser of a motor vehicle to a penalty of $10.

Registration fees and new number plate fees do not apply when number plates are transferred to a replacement vehicle.

Montana residents on active military duty stationed outside Montana are not subject to registration fees and fees in lieu of taxes if they file the appropriate application for the exemption with the MVD.

All registrations of motor homes expire annually on April 30. Application for registration must be made by June 15. The owner of a motor home is entitled to operate the vehicle between May 1 and June 15 without displaying a registration certificate for the current registration year, if the owner displays the plates, or plate assigned for the previous year.

The owner of a light vehicle 11 years old or older may permanently register their vehicle upon payment of a $50 fee in lieu of tax, the applicable registration and license fees, a $2 surcharge, and an amount equal to 5 times the applicable fees imposed for: (1) junk vehicle disposal; (2) weed control; (3) former county motor vehicle computer; (4) local option vehicle tax or flat fee; (5) license plates; and (6) senior and disabled persons transportation services. The permanent registration may not be transferred.

Registration Application

Application for an original or renewal registration and listing for taxation is made to the Department on a form provided by the Department.

The application requests the following information from the vehicle’s owner(s): (1) full name; (2) birthday; (3) the address of the primary residence of each owner; (4) the name and address of the person that sold the vehicle; (5) the make and year of the motor vehicle; (6) the manufacturer’s identification number; (7) body type; (8) the weight of the vehicle in pounds; (9) for trailer only, its rated load carrying capacity; and (10) any such other information that the Department may require.

Registration will be refused if the original identification or serial number has been destroyed, removed, altered, covered, or defaced unless the owner can prove in a manner sufficient to the Department that he or she is the owner.

There is a late registration grace period of 20 days for passenger vehicles.

The motor vehicle of any military person who is on active duty is exempt during the active duty time period, and for 30 days after active duty ends.

Registration Application

A registration application can be made at any local office of the DMV, and an applicant must show proof of insurance and a vehicle title.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

Registration Application

The Secretary of State will issue a registration certificate and a certificate of title when registering a vehicle and upon receipt of the required fees.

The registration certificate is delivered to the owner and must contain on its face the date issued, the name and address of the owner, the registration number assigned to the vehicle, expiration date of plate, and a description of the vehicle as determined by the Secretary of State.

A temporary registration may be issued to an owner of a vehicle. The registration shall be valid for 30 days or 60 days from date of issue and shall be in a form as determined by the Secretary of State.

If a person, after making application for or obtaining the registration of a vehicle or a certificate of title, moves from the address named in the application, the person within 10 days after moving must notify the Secretary of State in writing of the old and new addresses.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

The Secretary of State will refuse issuance of a registration or a transfer of registration if the application contains a false or fraudulent statement, the applicant has failed to furnish required information or reasonable additional information requested by the Secretary of State, the applicant is not entitled to the registration of the vehicle under this act, or the applicant has not paid the required fees.

Registrations are issued for permanent, non-expiring plates based on a trailer unit’s weight. New registrations for trailers are permanent and do not expire.

Applications are made to the Secretary of State, upon an appropriate form furnished by the Secretary of State.

A registration certificate shall at all times be carried in the vehicle to which it refers or shall be carried by or electronically accessible to the person driving or in control of the vehicle, who shall display a paper or electronic copy of the registration certificate upon demand of a police officer.

Registration Application

Application for the registration of a motor vehicle may be made by the owner.

The application for registration of a motor vehicle shall contain the owner’s name, place of residence and address, date of birth, and the number of the applicant’s license to operate, if one has been issued.

The application for registration shall also contain a brief description of the motor vehicle, including the name of the maker, the vehicle identification number, the character of the motor power, and the type of transmission.

The application for registration shall also include a statement that there are no outstanding excise tax liabilities on said motor vehicle.

A registration fee shall also accompany an application for registration.

An application for the registration of a motor vehicle owned by a minor shall, if not made by the minor, be made by his parent or legal guardian for registration in the name of the minor as owner.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

Registration Application

Each motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, and pole trailer driven on a highway shall be registered.

No vehicle may be registered until the owner of the vehicle has received a certificate of title or an application for a certificate of title.

A county Treasurer’s office may be authorized to renew vehicle registrations. Applicants who renew their registrations at these facilities must pay an additional fee.

If an application for registration and certificate of title is accompanied by the required fees, the MVA may issue a temporary registration card and plate to permit the vehicle to be driven pending the completion of a Maryland state safety inspection. The temporary registration is valid for 30 days.

The registration card issued by the MVA shall contain the date of issuance, the name and address of the owner, the registration number assigned, and a description of the vehicle.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

Registration Application

Applications must be made to the Secretary of State.

Applications must include legal name, residence and address of registrant, current vehicle mileage, brief description of the vehicle, maker, vehicle identification number, year of manufacture, and type of fuel, for trucks, truck tractors and special mobile equipment the gross weight.

A new vehicle registration must be signed by the registered owner or owner’s legal representative.

Proof of insurance must be provided to register the vehicle.

There is a 30 day period of grace for late registration.

A trailer exceeding 2,000 lbs. must be registered on the basis of gross weight.

Registration Application

All vehicles required to pay the road and bridge privilege tax are to be registered with the tax collector in the county or municipality in which they are domiciled or garaged.

Manufactured or mobile homes must be registered with the tax collector of the county where the home is located, within 7 days of purchase or entry into the county.

The road and bridge privilege license tax must be paid annually prior to registration or renewal.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

Registration is not required for pole trailers or utility trailers of less than 5,000 lbs. Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW).

Registration Application

Every owner of a motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, or other vehicle must apply for registration at the Department in the parish where he or she lives.

The application will request the following: (1) the address of the owner of the vehicle and the full legal name and license number as it appears on the owner’s drivers license; and (2) a brief description of the vehicle including the engine number, serial number, and the date of sale of the vehicle.

All appropriate registration fees and license taxes must be submitted with the application.

The registration must be kept in the vehicle while it is in operation.

The registration must always correspond with the vehicle’s license plate number.

New residents must apply for registration within 30 days of establishing residency.

Registration Application

An application for vehicle registration is made to the county clerk in the county in which the owner resides, or, if a new vehicle, in the county in which the dealer has his or her principal place of business.

The owner of a new vehicle, the transferee of a vehicle, or the owner of a vehicle brought into the state for permanent use in the state must apply for registration within 15 days.

The application for registration must be accompanied by a bill of sale and a manufacturer’s certificate of title if it is a new vehicle, or the owner’s registration receipt if the vehicle was previously registered in Kentucky.

If the vehicle was last registered in another state, the application must be accompanied by the owner’s registration receipt and bill of sale if the previous state of registration does not require an owner to obtain a certificate of title, or the certificate of title if last registered in a state requiring such certificate.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

Renewal of registration may be completed via mail.

A registration certificate will not be issued if the payment of ad valorem taxes are delinquent.

An application will not be accepted if it does not contain a vehicle identification number or motor number.

If a vehicle is destroyed by fire or accident, the owner is entitled to a refund proportionate to the unused amount of the registration fee.

The owner’s copy of the registration receipt must be kept in the vehicle (except motorcycles) at all times.

Registration Application

A purchaser of a vehicle currently registered in the state may operate the vehicle with its existing license plates for up to 60 days before applying for a new registration for the vehicle.

An applicant for registration shall register by mail, in person, or online to the office of the county treasurer where the applicant resides or has a bona fide place of business.

The application shall contain a brief description of the vehicle and other such information required by the DMV. In addition, the applicant must submit a statement certifying that the applicant has a certificate of title for the vehicle, showing the date and identification number.

New owners have 60 days to register a vehicle in the state, but must immediately apply for a temporary registration from a dealer or from the county treasurer. 

When an owner of a registered vehicle buys a new vehicle, he can use his registration from the old vehicle for up to 60 days prior to applying for a new registration.

An application for registration will not be granted until the applicant has shown proof that the sales tax on the motor vehicle and all personal property taxes have been paid, and has proof of insurance.

Trailers with a gross weight of more than 12,000 lbs. may be issued a multi-year registration for a 5-year period upon payment of the appropriate registration fee, with the fee being 5 times the annual fee. If the weight of the trailer and load being carried does not exceed 2,000 lbs., no registration is required.

Every owner of a motor vehicle, motorized bicycle, trailer, or semitrailer shall apply for registration if the vehicle is based in the state.

Registration Application

A vehicle is registered for the “registration year,” which is the period of 12 consecutive months beginning on the first of the month following the month of the birth of the owner of the vehicle. A vehicle registered for the first time in the state will be registered for the remaining unexpired months of the registration year, and the registration fee will be prorated. The county treasurer may adjust the renewal and expiration date when deemed necessary for administrative efficiency.

A vehicle may be operated without registration plates for 45 days after the date of delivery from a dealer with a “registration applied for” card.

A vehicle’s registration card must be carried at all times in the vehicle.

Application for renewal of a vehicle registration may be made on or after the first day of the month prior to the expiration or registration and up to and including the last day of the month following the month of expiration of registration. The county treasurer will refuse to renew the registration if the treasurer knows that the applicant has a delinquent account, charge, fee, loan, taxes, or other indebtedness owed to or being collected by the state.

A vehicle owner who moves out of state can receive a refund on their registration fees by returning their vehicle plates and proving that they are registered in another state within 6 months of moving.

Delinquencies begin and penalties accrue the first of the month following the purchase of a new vehicle, and 30 days following the date a vehicle is brought into the state.

The owner of the vehicle must inform the county treasurer of the county where the vehicle is registered of a change of address, change of name, or change of fuel type within 10 days.

The registration fee is computed on the month of purchase of a new vehicle, except that the registration fee on a new vehicle acquired outside the state is based on the month that the vehicle was brought into Iowa.

The registration fee for a vehicle from another state or country becomes due in the month that the vehicle is sold or transferred to an Iowa resident or the month that a non-resident owner establishes Iowa residency or accepts employment of 90 days’ duration or longer.

If a vehicle is in storage and the registration is not delinquent, the owner may surrender the registration plates to the county treasurer and will not be obligated to register the vehicle while it remains in storage.

Registration Application

Application for registration should be made at the Bureau in the county where the resident lives. The application will request the following: (1) name, residence, and mailing address of the person who owns the vehicle; and (2) a description of the vehicle including the vehicle manufacturer, the vehicle identification number, the type of body of the vehicle, the model year of the vehicle, the color of the vehicle, and anything else the Bureau determines is necessary.

A person must show proof of title and proof of insurance.

An Indiana resident that is an active member of the armed forces assigned outside of Indiana is not required to register, pay excise tax, or pay property tax on his or her vehicles while he or she is absent from the state if that person has registered the vehicle in Indiana in any previous calendar year.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

Registration Application

All applications for registration of motor vehicles (or motor homes) should be made to a county assessor of Division of Motor Vehicles or to the county assessor.

All applications for registration must be signed by the owner and contain an address of residence and a brief description of the vehicle that includes make, model year, and identification number. Applications must also include the owner’s Idaho driver’s license number, identification card number, FEIN, or social security number.

Utility trailers that weigh less than 2,000 lbs. when empty must be registered but are not required to be titled.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

Registration Application

The application for registration is made to the director of finance for the county where the vehicle is to be operated and must contain the name, occupation, and address of the owner, a description of the vehicle, and the type of fuel it uses.

Upon registration of a vehicle, the director of finance issues a certificate of registration and a certificate of ownership.

Upon registration of a trailer, a certificate of registration is issued by the county director of finance, but a certificate of ownership is not issued for trailers.

If the address or name of the registered owner of a vehicle is changed from that stated on the application or the certificate of registration, the registered owner must notify the appropriate county finance director, in writing, within 30 days of the change; when the name of the registered owner is changed, along with the notification of such change, the registered owner must submit the certificate of ownership, the current certificate of registration, and proof of the change of name.

An application for registration will not be accepted unless the vehicle is to be operated in the county of application at the time of application, but an application for a vehicle that is not within the state will be accepted provided the vehicle is currently registered in the state and the application is accompanied by the name and local address of the applicant, a description of the vehicle, a copy of the bill of sale, and a written statement signed by the applicant stating that the use tax will be paid within 60 days of arrival of the vehicle in the state.

If a vehicle is moved to another county and is to be operated in that county, the existing registration will remain valid until it expires, at which time the owner must apply for registration to the finance director of the county in which the vehicle is located, whether or not the owner is domiciled or has his principal place of business in that county.

A new unlicensed vehicle that is not within the state may be registered when the application is accompanied by a written certificate signed by the seller stating the name and address of the seller, the purchaser, and a description of the vehicle.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

Registration Application

Application is made to the Secretary of State upon the appropriate forms furnished by the Secretary of State and must bear the signature, name, and address of the owner, a description of the vehicle, information relating to the required insurance coverage of the vehicle, and such further information as may reasonably be required by the Secretary to enable him to determine whether the vehicle is lawfully entitled to registration.

Registration stickers must be displayed at all times and firmly attached to the license plate of the motor vehicle in such a manner that it cannot be removed without being destroyed.

Notice of change of address or name must be made within 10 days to the Secretary of State.

There is no grace period for late registration.

Trailers are subject to the same registration requirements as motor vehicles. The Secretary of State shall permit the owner of a trailer to register the trailer for a period of either one year or up to an extended 5-year registration period.

Registration Application

Application is made to the Office of Motor Vehicles and shall include the owner’s name, bona fide residence, and mailing address, as well as a description of the vehicle.

Registration cards must be carried in the vehicle at all times and shall be displayed upon demand to a police officer or any officer or employee of the Office of Motor Vehicles; a photocopy of the license is deemed in compliance.

Within 30 days of becoming a resident, an owner shall obtain a motor vehicle registration; nonresidents physically present in Arkansas for 6 months shall also obtain motor vehicle registration.

An owner of a personal use vehicle may request registration for a period of 1 year or a multi-year registration of 2 or 3 years.

Applications for vehicles less than 10 years old must include odometer mileage disclosure statement.

Applicants may register in person or by mail in the county of residency.

Vehicle owners are required to show a certificate of origin on the vehicle.

Proof of insurance is required for new and renewing applications.

Registration Application

Application for original or renewal registration for vehicles and motorcycles is made to the DMV.

Application for initial registration or transfer of registration must be accompanied with a valid certificate of compliance with state air pollution control measures.

Registration card (or facsimile) issued upon registration must be carried with the vehicle and must be presented upon demand to any peace officer.

DMV may suspend, cancel, or revoke registration of a vehicle when notified by an insurance company that coverage has been canceled and when sufficient notice to insured has been given by the insurance company. DMV must give the owner at least 45 days’ notice of intent to suspend, cancel, or revoke registration.

DMV will not accept application for registration if the vehicle is not in the state unless the DMV is satisfied, at the time all documents and fees are submitted, that the vehicle will be registered to a resident of California.

DMV must refuse original, renewal, or transfer of registration if the application contains a false or fraudulent statement, fees have not been paid, the vehicle has failed emissions standards, evidence of financial responsibility has not been provided, or applicable use tax has not been paid.

DMV must refuse renewal registration for delinquent parking violations or failure to pay a lawfully imposed fine, penalty, or bail.

There is no period of grace for late registrations.

DMV will waive all registration renewal late payment penalties on a vehicle which is registered to a member of the U.S. Armed Forces Reserve or National Guard who is called to active service or active duty out of the state.

Registration Application

Every owner of a motor vehicle or trailer shall within 45 days of purchase obtain a registration.

Application shall be in writing and signed by the owner.

The application shall include: applicant’s name, the name and correct address of owner, and a description of the vehicle. The description of the vehicle includes: the vehicle identification number, make, model, type, year of manufacture, body color, type of fuel used, and odometer reading.

There is a 30 day grace period for late registration.

Registration Application

The DOT shall not register or renew the registration of any motor vehicle unless and until the owner makes an application for, and is granted an official certificate of title for the vehicle.

Every owner of a motor vehicle or trailer, within 60 days after taking up residence in the state, shall apply to the DOT and obtain the registration for the vehicle.

There is no grace period for late registration.

An application for the registration of a motor vehicle shall contain the name and address of the owner, and a description of the vehicle including the make, model, type of body, the serial number of the vehicle, and whether it is new or used.

The owner of a trailer may elect to register it for a 2-year period.

Motor vehicles less than 10,000 pounds may be assigned any type of number plate except an “RV” plate.

Registration Application

The application shall contain the name of the applicant’s insurance company, the policy number, the applicant’s signature, and other things the DMV may require.

Applicants can request 1- or 2-year registrations.

Applicants must secure the title to a vehicle prior to registering it.

Upon completion of the application, the applicant shall receive 1 registration card and 2 registration plates.

Registration renewal is online only.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

All trailers are to be registered, and the procedures are the same as for other motor vehicles.


Registration for Non-Residents

Registration is not required for non-residents if the vehicle is registered or licensed under the laws of some other state or foreign country, except:

  • In every case in which a non-resident accepts employment or engages in any trade, profession, or occupation in this state or enters his or her children to be educated in the public schools, a non-resident shall within 10 days after the commencement of employment or education, register his or her motor vehicle in Florida.
  • Any person who is enrolled as a student in a college or university is not required to register his or her vehicle in Florida if it is registered in another jurisdiction.
  • Vehicles owned by military personnel stationed in state may be operated on their home state registration.

Registration for Non-Residents

Drivers have 60 days from the date they establish residency in Connecticut to register a vehicle.

Military personnel stationed in state may operate vehicle with out-of-state license plates.

Registration for Non-Residents

For vehicle owners authorized to operate in U.S. or abroad, but not in Puerto Rico, motor vehicle or trailer license may be issued for private non-commercial use for a period of 120 days within a 12-month period.

Registration for Non-Residents

Non-residents must register vehicle in Alabama within 30 days from date of entry, or expiration of previous tag, whichever comes first. Must have title application; certificate of title; or certification from the previous state that titles were not issued in that year. Then previous state registration must be produced. Vehicles must be inspected by the state unless owner is a college student or in the military. Vehicle must be in state.

Registration for Non-Residents

Non-residents must obtain New Jersey Driver’s license and registration within 60 days after residence established, unless expiration of out-of-state license comes first, and provided compliance has been made with the license laws of the state of previous residence.

The owner of a vehicle registered in a foreign country has 30 days to register the vehicle in New Jersey.

Registration for Non-Residents

A person must register his or her motor vehicle within 30 days of becoming a resident of the state.

A non-resident owner must register his or her vehicle if temporarily residing in Georgia longer than 30 days.

Military personnel who are stationed in Georgia but are not residents of Georgia are not required to obtain Georgia automobile license plates if they have valid license tags from the resident state.

Registration for Non-Residents

If the owner of a vehicle becomes employed in Oklahoma, the vehicle is deemed to be subject to tax in the state and, within 30 days from the date of employment, shall be registered in the state.

Any student certified as a full-time student by an institution of higher learning in Oklahoma who is not a resident of Oklahoma need not register a vehicle in the state.

Any vehicle, including a manufactured home, owned by a visiting non-resident and is properly registered in another state shall be subject to registration in Oklahoma if it remains in Oklahoma for any period in excess of 60 days.

Non-resident military personnel on active duty in Oklahoma may maintain home state vehicle registration. Non-resident military personnel stationed in Oklahoma, or Oklahoma resident personnel stationed out of state, may register any non-commercial vehicle in Oklahoma for annual fee of $21.00. Manufactured homes owned by Oklahoma resident active duty military personnel are entitled to the special military annual registration rate only when the manufactured home is also located out of state.

Registration for Non-Residents

Once a person becomes an Ohio resident, he or she needs to become an official Ohio driver as soon as possible. Ohio law provides no specific grace period for converting an out-of-state driver’s license to an Ohio license; however, Ohio courts and police agencies have considered 30 days the maximum time limit (effective October 1, 2017, drivers have 30 days to register their vehicles). A person is considered an Ohio resident upon obtaining employment; signing a lease; buying a house; registering to vote; or enrolling children in school.

Military personnel on active duty in Ohio may maintain out-of-state vehicle registration.

Registration for Non-Residents

Passenger motor vehicles registered in another state or territory and displaying current license plates from that state or territory do not have to be registered in North Dakota, provided that the owner or operator is not a resident of North Dakota for any purpose and is not gainfully employed or stationed in North Dakota.

Registration for Non-Residents

Non-residents are exempted from North Carolina licensing requirements for motor vehicles for the same time and to the same extent as like exemptions are granted by other jurisdictions to residents of North Carolina.

Military personnel on active duty in North Carolina may maintain home state vehicle registration.

Registration for Non-Residents

A New York registration is not required for a non-resident who is in compliance with the provisions of the law concerning vehicle registration of the foreign country, state, territory, or federal district of his residence. A non-resident owner shall conspicuously display their registration numbers given to him by their place of residence.

When a non-resident becomes a resident he or she must register his or her vehicles in New York within 30 days.

Registration for Non-Residents

Non-residents may operate a vehicle registered in another state for a period of up to 180 days without registering the vehicle in New Mexico.

Any person gainfully employed within the boundaries of the state for a period of 30 days or more within a 60-day period shall be presumed to be a resident of the state unless the owner of the vehicle commutes from another state in which he resides.

Every nonresident including any foreign corporation carrying on business within the state and owning and regularly operating in that business any vehicle or trailer within the state must register each vehicle and pay the same fees as required residents of this state.

Registration for Non-Residents

When a non-resident has established a bona fide residency in New Hampshire, he or she shall have a maximum of 60 days from the date on which the residency was established to register the vehicle.

A non-resident who garages a vehicle exclusively in New Hampshire may register such vehicle as a non-resident, once approved by their town or city clerk.

Registration for Non-Residents

Vehicles owned by a non-resident, validly registered in another state or country, and displaying registration numbers or plates in accordance with the laws of that state or country are not required to be registered in Wyoming if the vehicle is not operated for gain or profit in Wyoming, not owned or operated by a person employed in the state, operated primarily by a student enrolled at a licensed postsecondary educational institution, or used for transportation of non-resident seasonally employed agricultural workers.

An operator of a vehicle operated in the state must apply immediately for registration if the operator of the vehicle is employed in the state; not a daily commuter from another jurisdiction which exempts vehicles of daily commuters from Wyoming from registration; and not a full-time student at a licensed school in the state offering post-secondary education.

Military personnel on active duty in Wyoming may maintain out-of-state vehicle registration.

Non-residents vacationing in Wyoming may drive on home state plates for 120 days.

Registration for Non-Residents

Any vehicle registered in another state is exempt from the laws of Wisconsin pertaining to registration if the vehicle carries a license plate indicating it has been registered in another state, the vehicle is owned by a non-resident, and the state in which the vehicle is registered accords similar privileges to Wisconsin residents.

If a non-resident moves to Wisconsin or sells or leases his vehicle to a Wisconsin resident, the vehicle becomes immediately subject to Wisconsin’s registration laws.

Military personnel on active duty in Wisconsin may maintain out-of-state vehicle registration.

Registration for Non-Residents

A non-resident owner of a vehicle registered in a foreign state or country may operate the vehicle for a period of 30 days if the vehicle meets the registration requirements of the respective state or country, and the vehicle is not operated for commercial purposes.

A person attending a college, university, or other educational institution in the state, if the person has a domicile in another state with a valid operator’s license and vehicle registration from the state of domicile, and members of the U.S. Armed Forces stationed in the state provided that their vehicles are properly registered in that state or country, are not required to register their vehicle.

Every non-resident carrying on business within the state and owning and regularly operating in the business a motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, or mobile equipment is required to register each vehicle.

Registration for Non-Residents

The registration and license plate requirements of the state do not apply to any vehicles owned by non-residents of the state if the owner has complied with the vehicle registration requirements in his or her state of residency and that state grants similar privileges to Washington residents. Foreign businesses owning, maintaining, or operating places of business in the state must register motor vehicles used in connection with the business in the state.

Non-resident military personnel on active duty in Washington may maintain home state registration or they may obtain a Washington license.

Registration for Non-Residents

Non-residents may operate a motor vehicle in the state without registering or paying any fees to the Commonwealth for a period not to exceed 6 months if the vehicle is registered in another state.

Other than for purposes of pleasure (any purpose other than to conduct business), a non-resident regularly operating within the Commonwealth must register his or her vehicle(s) with the Commonwealth.

Any owner who operates or permits to be operated 1 or more of these vehicles either simultaneously or alternately as often as 4 times in any 1 month shall be considered to be regularly operating them in the Commonwealth.

Military personnel on active duty in Virginia may retain vehicle registration in their home state.

Registration for Non-Residents

If a non-resident owner or operator has complied with the laws of the foreign country or state of his residence relative to the registration of motor vehicles and the granting of operators’ licenses, the non-resident shall be considered as registered and a non-resident operator shall be considered as licensed in this state.

Military personnel on active duty in Vermont may maintain out-of-state vehicle registration.

Registration for Non-Residents

Registration is not required for any vehicle registered in another state and owned by a non-resident.

Registration of any vehicle is required within 60 days of the owner establishing residency.

In order to be eligible for a license, the applicant must be a resident of the state and remain in the state for 6 months or more during a calendar year.

Military personnel on active duty in Utah may maintain home state vehicle registration.

Registration for Non-Residents

A non-resident owner of a privately owned vehicle that is not registered in the state may not make more than 5 occasional trips in any calendar month in the state using the vehicle. Each occasional trip into the state may not exceed 5 days.

A non-resident owner of a privately owned passenger car that is not registered in the state or country in which the person resides and that is not operated for compensation may operate the car in this state for the period in which the car’s license plates are valid.

Exempt from this are active-duty members of the US Armed Forces and full-time students from another state attending a Texas college or university.

A resident of an adjoining state or country may operate a privately owned and registered vehicle to go to and from the person’s place of regular employment and to make trips to purchase merchandise if the vehicle is not operated for compensation.

Military personnel on active duty in Texas may maintain home state vehicle registration as long as the plates are current.

Registration for Non-Residents

A resident is defined as a person that remains in the state for an aggregate period of 7 months or more during a calendar year; a person that engages in work other than seasonal or temporary work; a person that places children in public school without paying non-resident tuition; a person that declares residency in the state for purposes of state rates of tuition or licensing fees; or a company that maintains a main office in the state.

It is illegal for a person to operate a motor vehicle unless it has been properly registered for the current year in the state or county in which the person is a resident.

Registration for Non-Residents

Non-resident owners of a vehicle registered in any state or territory of the United States, Canada, or Mexico may operate the vehicle in Tennessee for a period of 30 consecutive days without having to register the vehicle in Tennessee.

A non-resident owner of a mobile home or house trailer may operate the same in Tennessee for a period of 60 consecutive days.

Military personnel on active duty in Tennessee may maintain home state vehicle registration.

Registration for Non-Residents

A non-resident does not have to register his or her vehicle as long as the non-resident is in compliance with the registration procedures in his or her home jurisdiction. The owner must conspicuously display his or her license plate.

A person who stays in South Dakota for more than 90 days is determined to be a resident and must register his or her vehicle in South Dakota.

Military personnel on active duty in South Dakota may maintain home state vehicle registration.

Registration for Non-Residents

A non-resident owner of a vehicle that is registered in another state has to register his or her vehicle in South Carolina when that non-resident becomes a resident or if that person has operated the vehicle in South Carolina over 45 days.

Military personnel on active duty in South Carolina may maintain out-of-state vehicle registration.

Registration for Non-Residents

A resident is a person who: (1) owns, rents, or leases real estate with Rhode Island as his or her residence and engages in a trade, business, or profession in Rhode Island, or enrolls his or her children in a Rhode Island school for a period exceeding 90 days; or (2) is registered to vote or is eligible to register to vote in Rhode Island.

Military personnel on active duty in Rhode Island may maintain out-of-state vehicle registration.

Registration for Non-Residents

A non-resident owner of an out-of-state vehicle can operate a vehicle in Pennsylvania without registering the vehicle in Pennsylvania provided that the vehicle is registered in another state. This out-of-state vehicle cannot be used for transportation services of persons of hire, or regularly operated in carrying on any business in Pennsylvania.

A person given a citation for not registering his or her vehicle in Pennsylvania must prove that he or she is not a Pennsylvania resident. If he or she can prove that he or she is a non-resident within 5 days of being given the citation, the citation will be dismissed.

Military personnel on active duty in Pennsylvania may maintain out-of-state vehicle registration.

Registration for Non-Residents

Non-residents are exempt from both titling and registration requirements. A person becomes a resident when he or she engages in gainful employment or takes any action to indicate the acquiring of residency such as: remaining in the state for 6 months or more; placing children in a public school without paying nonresident tuition fees; maintaining a main office, branch or warehouse in the state and operating motor vehicles in this state; or making a declaration of residency for purposes of acquiring a state license.

A person who is gainfully employed but takes no further steps to become a resident, such as a student paying non-resident tuition fees, is not considered a resident.

The owner of a private motor vehicle who lives in an adjoining state is permitted to operate their vehicle in the state without having it registered in the state for so long as the vehicle is registered in an adjoining state.

Military personnel in active duty in Oregon may maintain out-of-state vehicle registration.

Registration for Non-Residents

New residents must register vehicle and have it inspected in Nevada within 30 days of establishing residence in Nevada, or before the out-of-state registration expires, whichever comes first. Residency is established when a person’s legal residence is in Nevada, when a person engages in intrastate business so that a vehicle’s home state is Nevada, when a person resides in Nevada and is employed in Nevada, or when a person declares himself to be a resident to obtain privileges not given to non-residents.

Tourists, out-of-state students, border state employees, or seasonal residents need not register their vehicles in Nevada until they have been driving the vehicle in Nevada for more than an aggregate of 30 days.

Military personnel on active duty in Nevada may maintain vehicle registration in home state.

Registration for Non-Residents

A non-resident owner, other than a foreign corporation, whose passenger car is operated in the state for 30 or more continuous days shall register such car in the same manner as a Nebraska resident unless the state of his or her legal residence grants immunity from such requirements to residents of this state operating a passenger car in that state. A non-resident owner who is a foreign corporation shall register the vehicle in the same manner as a Nebraska resident immediately upon presence in the state for the purposes of conducting business.

Registration for Non-Residents

All vehicles registered outside of Montana must carry in plain sight the license plates from state or country of registration.

A vehicle brought into Montana by a non-resident temporarily employed in the state and used exclusively for transportation of that person is subject to the fee to be paid in lieu of taxes. The county in which the vehicle is located imposes the fee. One-fourth of the annual fee must be paid for each quarter or portion of a quarter of the year that the vehicle is located in Montana. The quarterly fees are due the first day of the quarter.

Non-residents temporarily employed in the state must obtain a decal from the county treasurer as proof of payment of the required fees. The decal must be displayed in the lower right-hand corner of the windshield. Decals expire each year on December 31 and application for re-registration must be filed no later than February 15.

Registration for Non-Residents

The DVSB shall issue a temporary permit authorizing the operation of a motor vehicle or trailer by a non-resident buyer for not more than 30 days from the date of purchase. Proof of ownership must be presented to the DVSB and the application for such permit shall contain a full description of the motor vehicle, including manufacturer’s or other identifying number.

Current insurance is also required.

Military personnel on active duty in Missouri may maintain out-of-state vehicle registration.

Registration for Non-Residents

Non-residents accepting employment in the state must register their vehicles within 10 days of commencing work.

Registration for Non-Residents

A non-resident buyer of a motor vehicle in Minnesota can obtain a 31-day temporary vehicle permit. The vehicle owner does not have to pay any registration taxes.

Non-residents can register vehicles by submitting the vehicle title or registration card from the previous state in which the car was registered along with the title and registration application.

A valid odometer reading must be submitted with the application if the vehicle is 9 years old or newer.

Military personnel on active duty in Minnesota may maintain out-of-state vehicle registration if (1) the vehicle is properly registered in another state in the name of the owner and displays the license number plates or other insignia required by laws of the other state; (2) the owner is resident of the state in which the vehicle is registered; and (3) the vehicle is used only for personal transportation or for transportation of the owner or authorized agent’s personal property.

Registration for Non-Residents

A non-resident owner of a vehicle otherwise subject to registration may not operate the vehicle for a period exceeding 90 days without securing registration in this state. This applies to military personnel on active duty.

Non-resident owners of vehicles used for transportation of persons and property within the state must be registered and pay corresponding fees.

The Secretary of State may issue to the non-resident owner a temporary permit authorizing the operation of the foreign vehicle within this state for a period of 72 hours, without registering the vehicle, on the payment of a fee.

Non-residents are permitted the operation of a vehicle within this state without registering the vehicle in, or paying any fees to, this state if the vehicle at all times is duly registered in, and displays upon it a valid registration certificate and registration plate or plates issued for the vehicle in the place of residence of the owner.

Registration for Non-Residents

A motor vehicle owned by a non-resident who has complied with the laws relative to motor vehicles, and the registration and operation thereof, of the state or country of registration, may be operated on the public streets without registration in Massachusetts.

Every non-resident enrolled as a student at a school or college in Massachusetts, who operated a motor vehicle registered in another state or country, shall file in triplicate with the police department in which such school is located, on a form approved by the RMV, a signed statement providing the following information: the registration number and make and model of the motor vehicle and the state or country of registration, the name and address of the owner, the names and addresses of all insurers, the legal residence of such non-resident, and his address while attending such school or college.

Massachusetts registration is required when a motor vehicle is operated in Massachusetts for more than 30 days in the aggregate in any 1 year or, in any case where the owner thereof acquires a regular place of abode or business or employment within Massachusetts.

Military personnel on active duty in Massachusetts may maintain vehicle registration from home state.

Registration for Non-Residents

New residents must register their vehicles within 60 days of residing in Maryland.

Non-residents who occupy a dwelling in Maryland for at least 30 days, but less than 1 year, must obtain a non-resident’s permit from the MVA within 10 days immediately following the 30-day period.

Military personnel on active duty in Maryland need not register his/her vehicle in Maryland if the vehicle is registered in the state of his/her residence.

Registration for Non-Residents

A non-resident does not need to register the vehicle in Maine, provided that the vehicle is properly registered and licensed by the jurisdiction of residence.

An owner of a vehicle who becomes a resident of the state shall register that vehicle in the state within 30 days of establishing residency.

Registration for Non-Residents

Must obtain Mississippi license after 60 days, unless tourist, out-of-state student, or military personnel.

Registration for Non-Residents

Any person that is employed in Louisiana and who drives a vehicle in Louisiana must apply for a certificate of registration within 30 days of the date that the person was employed in Louisiana.

A non-resident who is in the military and on active duty in Louisiana may operate a vehicle in the state without obtaining Louisiana registration if the following requirements are met: (1) the license plates on the vehicle are from another state; (2) the vehicle registration and license plates are current and issued to the active duty member; or (3) the owner has one of the forms of financial responsibility required by the state.

A non-resident spouse of an active duty military person can also operate a vehicle in Louisiana without obtaining Louisiana registration if the above requirements are met.

Registration for Non-Residents

A certificate of registration is not needed for a vehicle which is owned by a non-resident and principally operated in another state and currently registered and titled in another state.

An owner who brings a vehicle in from another state must apply for registration within 15 days and the application must be accompanied by proof of insurance.

Any full-time college student or member of the armed services who is temporarily maintaining an abode in Kentucky does not need to register his or her vehicle while in school or stationed in Kentucky if he or she maintains residency in his or her home state.

Registration for Non-Residents

Kansas registration within 90 days of establishing residency in Kansas.

Military personnel on active duty in Kansas may maintain vehicle registration on a reciprocal basis with the home state. Kansas military personnel on duty out of state may apply for registration at any time without penalty fee.

Full-time college students (enrolled in at least 9 credit hours per semester) with a valid vehicle registration and a driver’s license from their home state are not required to obtain Kansas registration.

Registration for Non-Residents

If a non-resident owner or operator of a vehicle is employed within the state or carries on business within the state, the owner must register the vehicle, pay the same fees for registration, and maintain the same financial liability coverage as required for residents of the state. However, these requirements do not apply to a person commuting from the person’s residence in another state or whose employment is seasonal or temporary, not exceeding 90 days.

Any non-resident owner of a private passenger motor vehicle, not required to register their vehicle in the state, may operate the vehicle in the state if the vehicle is duly registered in, and displays valid registration plates issued for the vehicle in the owner’s state of residence.

Non-resident members of the armed services are not required to register their vehicle in Iowa if the vehicle is properly registered in the person’s state of residence.

Registration for Non-Residents

Non-residents must register their vehicles within 60 days of becoming residents of Indiana. Non-residents must show proof of the date on which they became residents.

The only exception to this rule is if the vehicle is properly registered in another jurisdiction in which the non-resident is a resident. This exception only applies if Indiana residents are also granted registration exemptions in the non-resident’s home jurisdiction.

Military personnel on active duty in Indiana may maintain vehicle registration from another state. Indiana military personnel on duty out of state may receive Indiana vehicle registration upon request.

Registration for Non-Residents

Military personnel stationed in state may maintain out-of-state registration. Students attending college in Idaho may maintain out-of-state registration.

Registration for Non-Residents

Within 30 days of operating a vehicle that has been registered in another state or country, the owner must apply to the director of finance for an out-of-state vehicle registration permit.

Upon receipt of an out-of-state permit, the director of finance issues the owner of an out-of-state vehicle a distinctive registration certificate and an emblem indicating the date of expiration of the permit which must be affixed to the rear bumper of the vehicle, or rear fender of a motorcycle.

A certificate of registration issued for out-of-state vehicles is valid for the unexpired portion of the registration period in accordance with the law of the other jurisdiction.

Military personnel on active duty in Hawaii may maintain home state vehicle registration.

Registration for Non-Residents

Non-residents may operate vehicles not registered in the state so long as such vehicles have at all times duly registered in, and displayed upon it, a valid registration card and registration plate or plates issued for such vehicle in the place of residence of such owner and is issued and maintains in such vehicle a valid Illinois reciprocity permit as required by the Secretary of State, and provided like privileges are afforded to residents of this state by the state of residence of such owner.

Every non-resident including any foreign corporation carrying on business within Illinois and owning and regularly operating in such business any motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer within this state in intrastate commerce, shall be required to register each such vehicle and pay the same fees as is required with reference to like vehicles owned by Illinois residents.

Registration for Non-Residents

Persons are considered residents of Arkansas if they reside in the state for any period exceeding 6 months in a calendar year, or if domiciled in Arkansas for any period of time. Non-residents with temporary worker’s or visitor’s permit must register vehicle within 10 days of entering state. Permit is valid for 90 days.

Registration for Non-Residents

A non-resident vehicle must be registered in California if the vehicle is based in California or primarily used in California; a vehicle is considered to be primarily used in California if it is operated or located in the state for a greater amount of time than it is located or operated in any other jurisdiction.

A non-resident vehicle may be operated in California without registering the vehicle in California provided that the vehicle is registered in another jurisdiction.

A non-resident vehicle becomes subject to registration 20 days after gainful employment is accepted or residency is established, at which time application for registration must be made.

Registration for Non-Residents

Non-resident must register vehicle within 90 days of becoming a resident or becoming gainfully employed in the state. There is a supplemental unregistered vehicle surcharge of $25.00 per month that begins after the initial 90 days.

Non-resident military personnel on duty may retain the current vehicle registration from another state.

Registration for Non-Residents

A vehicle which has been registered in the state, country, or other place of which the owner is a resident, and which at all times has displayed license plates issued for any such vehicle in the place of residence of the owner, may be operated without registering the vehicle or paying any fees to the state.

The DOT shall allow registration of motor vehicles owned by individuals who are not residents of Delaware upon presentation of an affidavit by the applicant, on a form approved by the DOT, swearing or affirming that the vehicle is principally garaged in Delaware and that the applicant is the owner of at least 1 other vehicle which is registered and insured in the state of the applicant’s residence.

The DOT shall allow the registration of trailers for individuals who are not residents of the state if the individual provides documented proof of ownership of a residence in Delaware and signs a declaration indicating that the trailer will remain in Delaware at all times.

Registration for Non-Residents

Non-residents may operate a vehicle in the District for 30 continuous days before registering and can extend that period for an additional 180 days by paying a fee.

Non-residents may also purchase a reciprocity sticker that allows that person to operate a vehicle in the District for 180 days. A non-resident may only purchase 1 such sticker per year.

Military personnel may maintain registration in home state.


Registration Type

For a motor vehicle subject to registration, the registration period for most vehicles begins the 1st day of the birth month of the owner and ends on midnight of the owner’s birthday in the succeeding year.

Registration Type

The certificate of registration and any automobile insurance identification card shall be carried in the motor vehicle at all times when it is being operated on a public highway.

The commissioner may issue to each registered owner of a motor vehicle an identification card that contains electronically encrypted information concerning the vehicle description, VIN, and registration and title history of the vehicle. The card shall be carried in the vehicle.

Registration Type

Owner of motor vehicle or trailer may not operate vehicle on public highway unless vehicle is registered, except when transferring vehicle from one private party to another.

For vehicles or trailers registered for the first time, payment of fees is based on staggered system.

Annual renewal and payment of fees are due on the month vehicle was first registered in the motor vehicle registry system.

Registration Type

Registrations shall expire every 12 months. New dealer purchased vehicles shall be issued a 4-year registration and thereafter will expire every 12 months.

Renewal of motorcycle registrations will take place on a date set by the director of the MVC, but in no case shall that expiration date be earlier than April 30 nor later than October 31.

Renewal application forms for passenger automobiles will be sent to the last address of owners on record with the MVC.

Application for renewal of a passenger automobile or motorcycle registration may be directly made to any agent of the MVC.

Temporary registration may be issued for a 30-day period to any person purchasing an automobile in New Jersey while en route to another state. Renewal is not permitted.

Registration Type

For individuals, the registration period is the 30-day period ending at midnight on the birthday of the owner whose surname first appears on the certificate of title except in counties authorized by a local act to have a 4-month staggered period. For businesses and organizations, registration periods are staggered throughout the calendar year depending on the first letter of the entity’s name.

A purchaser or transferee must register a motor vehicle within 30 days of acquiring the vehicle. This registration is valid until the person’s next registration period.

Every owner of a motor vehicle, including a motorcycle, and every owner of a trailer must, during the owner’s registration period in each year, register the vehicle and obtain a license to operate it for the 12-month period until the person’s next registration period. Initial registration of new vehicles may be for a one-time 2 year registration period.

Registration Type

The certificate of registration for a commercially registered motor vehicle shall be carried at all times in the vehicle, and shown on demand of any law enforcement officer.

The annual registration period for manufactured homes and vehicles registered with permanent non-expiring license plates begins on January 1 of each year.

The full registration fee is required for vehicles registered between January 1 and March 31, 75% of the fee is due for vehicles registered between April 1 and June 30, 50% for vehicles registered between July 1 and September 30, and 25% for vehicles registered between October 1 and November 30. Vehicles registered in the month of December shall be registered for the following year.

All other vehicles, including passenger vehicles, are registered annually on a staggered system. Twelve registration periods are set up, with each period lasting 1 month.

Most registration types may be renewed via mail and some may be renewed online. Additional fees apply. The Tax Commission provides registration renewal notification via a mailed postcard or, at the owner’ option, email.

Registration Type

Registration must be renewed annually.

Registration can be renewed within 90 days of expiration. The Registrar will mail a renewal notice at least 45 days before the expiration date.

Registration Type

The registration of a motor vehicle whose registered gross weight does not exceed 10,000 lbs. expires on the last day of the month which is the anniversary of the month it was originally registered and may be renewed annually. This excludes pickups with an open box-type bed not exceeding 9 feet (2.74 meters) in length. The registration of a pickup whose registered gross weight does not exceed 20,000 lbs. expires on the last day of the month which is the anniversary of the month it was originally registered and may be renewed annually.

Vehicle registration may not transfer upon ownership of the vehicle.

Temporary registration may be provided to the purchaser of a vehicle valid for 30 days.

Registration Type

Staggered registration system.

A safety/emissions inspection is required before any vehicle can be registered in the state.

Upon receipt of a valid application for registration, the DMV shall issue a registration card. The card shall contain the name and address of the owner, space for the owner’s signature, the registration number assigned to the vehicle, and a description of the vehicle. The owner shall sign the registration card and keep it in the vehicle at all times.

The registration must be renewed annually. The owner of a vehicle may renew the registration by filing an application with the DMV and paying the required fee.

Annual vehicle inspections, registration renewals and vehicle property taxes are due the same month each year. Vehicle owners receive a statement that lists both vehicle registration fees and taxes due 60 days prior to their vehicle’s registration expiration. Only one payment, made either in person, online or by mail, is required to pay both the annual tag and tax for a vehicle.

When the DMV renews a vehicle registration, it shall send the owner a new registration card and either a new license plate or a registration renewal sticker for the plate.

A person must notify the DMV of a change of address or name within 60 days of the change.

Registration Type

Vehicle registration expires every 2 years from the date that the vehicle was first registered in New York. Registration renewal may be done by mail, over the phone, online, or at any DMV office. The DMV will send a renewal notice 45 to 60 days before the expiration date.

The owner of a vehicle to be operated only for the purpose of transporting the vehicle to a jurisdiction within this state or to any other state, where the vehicle will be registered, may file with the DMV or any county clerk, an application for an in-transit permit. The in-transit registration is valid for 30 days from the date of issuance.

Registration Type

Renewals of registration are for a 1-year period, but may be extended to a 2-year period for vehicles weighing less than 26,000 lbs.

The MVD will notify each registered vehicle owner by mail at the last known address within an appropriate period prior to the beginning of the registration period to which the owner has been assigned. The notice shall include a renewal-of registration application form specifying the amount of registration fees due and the specific dates of the registration period covered by the renewal application.

Every manufactured home must be titled and registered and shall be issued a registration plate.

Registration Type

The registration of a motor vehicle shall expire at midnight on the last day of the month in which the first anniversary of the registrant’s birth following the date of issue is observed.

20-Day Registration: Any resident who intends to purchase a vehicle in another state, from another person, or who is unable to register a vehicle because of limited hours of operation of the town clerk in the town where the person resides, may apply to the DMV for a registration to drive the vehicle on the roads of the state for a maximum period of 20 days. The resident shall appear in person at the DMV to obtain such registration and shall sign under penalty of perjury a statement that the vehicle meets all New Hampshire inspection requirements, and in the case of a person seeking an extension of his registration, that he was unable to register the vehicle because of the limited hours of the town clerk, before the 20-day registration may be issued. This type of registration is valid for 20 days. Only one 20-day registration shall be issued during any one calendar year for a vehicle.

In-Transit Registration: The owner of any vehicle intended to be driven upon the roads of the state only for the purpose of transporting the vehicle to another jurisdiction where it is to be registered may apply to the DMV for the issuance of an in-transit registration for such vehicle. The application shall be made on a form furnished by the DMV. If satisfied that the vehicle is to be driven as provided in this section, the DMV shall assign to such vehicle a distinctive number and deliver to the applicant an in-transit registration valid for a period of 20 days from the date of issuance. The registration shall specify the terms and conditions under which the vehicle may be driven upon the roads, and no such vehicle shall be operated in violation of such terms and conditions.  An in-transit registration is only issued for private sale purchases from a NH resident and is only for the purpose of transporting the vehicle to its intended destination.

Registration Type

Every owner of a non-commercial vehicle must apply for registration of and license plates for the vehicle annually not later than the last day of the annual registration month if the vehicle is currently registered by that owner in the state.

“Annual registration month” means: (1) for a vehicle currently registered in this state, the month in which the registration expires; (2) for a newly acquired vehicle, the month of acquisition; and (3) for any other vehicle, the month in which the vehicle was initially required to be registered in the state.

Registration Type

Wisconsin follows a staggered registration system.

Following the initial registration of a new vehicle by a retail purchaser, a minimum of 1 model year must elapse before the vehicle is subject to emission inspection once again.

Registration is usually annual, but may also be done on a quarterly or consecutive monthly basis for certain vehicles.

Motorcycles, mopeds, and farm trucks weighing 12,000 lbs. or less are registered only on a biennial basis.

Registration Type

Every vehicle registration card and plate expires at midnight on the last day of the month when the registration period ends.

The expiration dates of registrations are staggered throughout the year.

Registration Type

Passenger vehicle registrations must be renewed annually.

Registration Type

Registration expires on the last day of the 12th or 24th month next succeeding the date of registration. Every registration shall be renewed annually or biannually on application by the owner and by payment of the fees required by law. A $10 late fee is assessed on all registration renewal transactions that occur after the expiration date. However, there will be a 10-day grace period for transactions conducted by mail to allow for administrative processing.

The operator of any motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer being operated on the highways in the Commonwealth shall have in his or her possession the registration card issued by the DMV or the registration card issued by the state or country in which the motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer is registered; and his or her driver’s license, learner’s permit, or temporary driver’s permit.

The registration card shall contain the date issued; the registration number assigned to the motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer; the name and address of the owner; a description of the registered motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer; and other statements of fact as may be determined by the DMV.

There is a $1 per year discount for each year of a multiyear registration. In addition to any other fee imposed and collected by DMV, a service charge of $5 shall be charged for any registration renewal carried out in any of its customer service centers, if the transaction is one that can be conducted by mail, telephone, or electronic means.

Registration Type

One- and two-year registrations are available.

Registration Type

Registration renewal is on a staggered system. Every vehicle is registered for a 12- or 6-month time period, beginning with the 1st day of the calendar month of registration and expiring on the last day of the same month in the following year. If the last day of the registration period falls on a day in which the county offices are not open for business, the registration of the vehicle is extended to midnight of the next business day. The application for registration renewal shall be accompanied by an emissions inspection and safety certificate.

Registration Type

Vehicle registration is annual, based on weight and applicable county and local fees.

Registration Type

Vehicles not otherwise disqualified may be registered biennially; newly licensed or leased vehicles will be automatically selected for biennial registration. Vehicles not subject to emission inspections may be registered annually, biennially, or every 5 years.

If effective date of registration falls between the 1st and the 15th day of the month, annual registration expires on the 15th day of the month 12 months later; biennial registration expires 24 months later.

If effective date of registration falls between the 16th and last day of the month, annual registration expires on the last day of the month 12 months later; biennial registration expires 24 months later.

Renewal registration must be submitted no later than the day the prior registration expires.

Registration Type

Registration is based on a staggered system and the registration period is valid for 12 months and expires on the last day of the last month of the registration period.

If ownership of a vehicle is transferred prior to the expiration of the registration period, the registration expires and the new owner must apply to have the vehicle registered. The previous owner may apply to the DOS, through the county clerk, for the registration of another vehicle under the old registration number.

Registration Type

Annual registration of vehicles is staggered throughout the year, excluding the months of April, October, and December.

Registration Type

A vehicle must be registered every 2 years.

A person cannot renew his or her motor vehicle registration if he or she has not paid his or her property taxes.

Registration Type

All vehicle registrations, cards, and plates expire at midnight on March 31st each year, unless issued under the staggered registration system.

Renewal is made to the division at any time prior to expiration of the registration. Upon renewal, a sticker for each plate to be placed at the bottom right-hand corner of the plate will be provided. Owners must be issued a new fully reflective plate no less frequently than every 10 years.

Before obtaining an original or transferal registration for a vehicle in Rhode Island, the owner must furnish proof of payment of any taxes due.

Registration Type

Vehicle registration expires on the last day of the month as designated on the registration card.

Application for renewal of registration will be mailed to registrant at least 60 days before the expiration.

The returned application must be accompanied by a self-certification of financial responsibility and the applicable fees.

After PennDOT receives the completed application and appropriate fees, PennDOT will issue a renewed registration card.

Upon receiving the registration card, the registrant must sign his or her name to the card.

The registration card must be kept with the vehicle at all times.

Seasonal Registration offers flexibility to vehicle owners by providing for seasonal operation of a motor vehicle in Pennsylvania.  Vehicle owners or a lessee of a passenger vehicle, motorcycle, motor home, truck or farm vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of not more than 14,000 pounds may register for less than a full year and temporarily discontinue vehicle insurance without having to return the registration plate to PennDOT.

Registration Type

Vehicle registration may be 1 of 5 types:

  • Quarterly registration (up to 4 calendar quarters): truck tractors, ambulances, armored cars, hearses, self-propelled cranes, commercial busses weighing 8,001 pounds or more; heavy motor vehicles including motor trucks, non-commercial buses, charitable non-profit vehicles weighing 10,001 pounds or more; manufactured structure toters and trucks registered as farm vehicles.
  • Annual registration:  for rent trailers (also can register for a 5-year period).
  • Two year (biennial): campers; low speed; mopeds; motor homes; fixed loads; motorcycles; passenger; snowmobiles; trailers (light, special use, travel).
  • Four-year initial registration: Certain new vehicles are required to be issued 4-year initial registration if it is a new vehicle (being titled with an MCO) and new plates are being issued at the same time. If a vehicle is subject to 4-year registration, the vehicle must have 4-year registration; there is no option to obtain only 2 years, except for vehicles owned by rental/leasing companies.
  • Permanent registration: special interest; antique; disabled veteran; heavy trailer; government (until ownership changes); school bus.

Registration Type

Staggered; expires on a 365-day basis. Any motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer operated by a resident must be registered.

Mobile homes and mopeds need not be registered.

Motor vehicle registrations are valid for 1 year.  Trailers and semi-trailers may be registered for 3 years.

Registration Type

The registration period for motor vehicles shall expire on the 1st day of the month 1 year from the month of issuance, and renewal shall become due on such day and shall become delinquent on the 1st day of the following month. Registration may be renewed up to 30 days prior to the expiration date.

Any owner who has 2 or more vehicles required to be registered, may register all such vehicles on a calendar-year basis or on an annual basis for the same registration period beginning in a month chosen by the owner.

Registration Type

Registration must be renewed annually, and license fees must be paid annually. Except for vehicles subject to a staggered registration period, all registrations expire on December 31 of the year in which they are issued. The application for registration or re-registration must be filed with the county treasurer not later than February 15 of each year.

Registration Type

Registration for every motor vehicle shall be annual. Or biannual if applicable.

Registration Type

Registration is biennial, except certain unorganized municipalities where drivers have the option of permanent registration.

Registration Type

The following registration types are typical of passenger vehicles. Park trailer and mobile homes are not plated.

  • Pass – All passenger automobiles and vans, station wagons, ambulances, and hearses. Also all pickup trucks with a manufacturer’s rated capacity of 3/4 ton or less.
  • M – All motorcycles, motorbikes, mini-bikes, and motor-scooters.
  • Mp – All motorized bicycles, which do not exceed 50 cubic centimeters or 2 brake horsepower.
  • Rv – Self-propelled vehicle is a vehicle with permanently installed life support systems designed to be used for temporary living quarters while engaged in recreational or vacation activities which uses the public streets or highways incidental to such activities and is not used as the residence of the owner or occupant.
  • Rl – Towed vehicle used for temporary living quarters while engaged in recreational or vacation activities which uses the public streets or highways incidental to such activities and not used as the residence of the owner or occupant. Limited to trailers up to 102” in width and 45’ in length.
  • Ct – Trailer with a gross weight of more than 3,000 pounds (except those registered in the b (utility), recreational, farm, or semi trailer classes) or an equipment dolly used to transport the owner’s construction machinery, equipment, implements and other objects used on a construction project, but not to be incorporated in or to become a part of a completed project.
  • B – Trailer with a maximum gross weight of 3,000 pounds (except those registered in the recreational or farm classes). Permanent registration.

Registration Type

A vehicle registration issued by the Secretary of State expires on the owner’s birthday. If the owner’s next birthday is at least 6 months but not more than 12 months in the future, the owner shall receive a registration valid until the owner’s next birthday.

The Secretary of State, upon request, may issue a vehicle registration for more than 1 year.

The registration for a motorcycle expires on the owner’s birthday.

Registration must be carried at all times by the driver of the vehicle.

Registration Type

The registration of every motor vehicle shall expire at midnight of the expiration date appearing on said certificate of registration.

In no event shall a registration be valid for less than a period of 12 months.

Every person operating a motor vehicle shall have the certificate of registration for the vehicle and for the trailer upon his person or in the vehicle in some easily accessible place.

Registration Type

A vehicle owner is required to carry the registration card in the vehicle at all times while operating the vehicle. A vehicle owner must display the registration card on demand of a police officer.

Registration expires at midnight on the date indicated on the registration card.

Holders of vehicle registrations have 30 days to apply for a corrected registration after a change of name or residence.

The registration of a vehicle expires upon transfer of title, unless the owner gives the transferee written permission to use the existing plates. A transferee that has been given permission to use the existing plates may not use them for more than 10 days. Within 10 days, the transferee shall return the plates to the MVA or the former owner. The former owner may transfer the plates from one vehicle to another. The transferee must apply for and obtain a new registration prior to using the vehicle on a highway.

Each registration renewal shall be for 2 years for non-commercial vehicles.

Vehicle registration classifications:

  • Class A: Passenger cars and station wagons.
  • Class B: “For hire” vehicles.
  • Class D: Motorcycles.
  • Class E: Single unit trucks with 2 or more axles (includes tow trucks).
  • Class F: Truck tractors.
  • Class G: Trailers and semitrailers.
  • Class L: Historic motor vehicles.
  • Class M: Multipurpose passenger vehicles.
  • Class N: Street rod vehicle
  • Class P: Passenger buses, charter or for hire.

Registration Type

Registration expires on the last day of the month, 1 year from the month of issuance.

Registration Type

Passenger car registrations must be renewed annually.

Registration Type

Renewals of registration or the license tax may be made by mail, or online.

Registration Type

All motor vehicles, including motorcycles, with a Gross Vehicular Weight (GVW) of 6,000 lbs. or less, first registered or needing renewed registration after January 1, 1983, are on a system of year-round registration based upon the birth month of the owner and evidenced by a license plate bearing an adhesive insignia.

Upon the owner’s request and payment of the appropriate pro-rated fee, a vehicle may be registered for 2 years, with the registration and license plate valid through the last day of the month of the owner’s birthday in the second year of the vehicle’s registration.

Registration Type

Vehicles used as implements of husbandry, all-terrain vehicles, non-highway use travel trailers, and privately owned fire trucks need not be registered.

Upon the filing of an application and payment of the required fees, the division of vehicles shall register the vehicle and issue to the owner a registration receipt which contains the registration number.

Passenger vehicles, pickup trucks with a GVWR less than 12,000 lbs., motorcycles, motorized bicycles, and recreational vehicles are registered for 12 consecutive months from the month of initial registration. The registration expires at midnight on the last day of the last month of the 12-month period of registration.

For all other vehicles, registration expires December 31 of each year.

In every year where a new license plate is not issued upon registration, the owner will receive a decal to be affixed to the rear license plate indicating the county of registration and the year of expiration.

Registration expires upon the transfer of ownership, and does not transfer to the new owner.

Registration Type

Multipurpose vehicles (SUVs and vans) are defined as motor vehicles designed to carry not more than 10 people, and constructed either on a truck chassis or with special features for occasional off-road operation. Model year 1992 and older multipurpose vehicles are assessed a flat registration fee of $55 rather than a registration fee based on weight and list price.

A Class A motor home has a driver’s compartment and an entire body equipped with temporary living quarters. Class A motor homes also include passenger carrying buses that have been registered at least 5 times as a motor truck and which have been converted to provide temporary living quarters.

A Class B motor home is a completed van-type vehicle which has been converted or constructed to provide temporary living quarters.

A Class C motor home is an incomplete vehicle upon which is permanently attached a body designed to provide temporary living quarters.

Registration Type

Passenger car registration expires on a staggered basis each month from January through October according to the last name of the person who registered the car.

If a vehicle that is required to be registered is operated on the highways and not registered in a timely manner, the Bureau will collect any and all registration fees that would have been collected if the vehicle had been properly registered.

A semitrailer used on the highway must be registered with the Bureau. It can be registered either annually, every 5 years, or permanently.

A trailer or pop-up camper pulled on the highway must be registered with the Bureau on an annual basis. Upon registration, a license plate and registration card will be issued.

Registration Type

Vehicle registration renewal is to be done annually or in the same registration period manner as the original registration and with payment of the required fee.

There is an option for biennial registration for certain vehicles with a fee that is double the current annual registration fee.

Registration Type

The certificate of registration must be kept in the registered vehicle at all times and must be presented at the request of a peace officer.

All certificates of registration expire at midnight on December 31 of each year and must be renewed annually before April 1 of each year with such renewal taking effect as of January 1 of each year; however, the individual counties may employ a staggered system of registration.

Registration Type

Registration must be renewed annually for all normal passenger vehicles. When registered on a calendar year basis commencing January 1st, expiration shall be on the 31st day of December or at such other date as may be selected at the discretion of the Secretary of State; however, registrations of apportionable vehicles, motorcycles, motor-driven cycles, and pedalcycles shall commence on the first day of April and shall expire March 31st of the following calendar year. At the discretion of the Secretary of State, the vehicle owner’s birthday may be used as the date of registration expiration.

New residents have until 30 days after establishing residency to secure registration, provided the vehicle is properly registered in another jurisdiction.

Application for renewal of a vehicle registration shall be made by the owner not later than December 1st of each year, upon proper application and by payment of the registration fee and tax for such vehicle.

Registration plates issued for motor vehicles are valid for an indefinite term of not less than 1 year.

Registration plates issued as 2-year plates may be issued as multi-year plates at the discretion of the Secretary of State.

Registration Type

Staggered. Registration renewal may be for two or three years.

Registration Type

Application for renewal registration must be accompanied by evidence of compliance with California financial responsibility laws–unless electronically reported to the DMV by insurer.

Non-resident military personnel or spouses may operate their vehicles in California with their valid home state license plates or until the plates issued by the foreign state where they were last stationed expire. They may renew the vehicle registration in their home state before the end of the registration period or register the vehicle in California.

Application for renewal may not be made more than 60 days prior to expiration of current registration and must be made not later than midnight on the day of expiration.

Registration expires at midnight on the last day shown on the registration card.

A vehicle with expired registration may be operated on highways so long as timely application for renewal registration has been filed and the old registration remains on/with the vehicle.

Two tabs issued by the DMV must be displayed on the rear license plate, 1 indicating the year of expiration and the other indicating the month of expiration, except vehicles over 10,000 lbs. Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) rating that must display tabs on the front license plate.

Trailer coaches must be registered annually, and upon sale or transfer of a trailer, the permanent identification plate remains with the trailer.

Registration Type

Motor vehicles are to be registered periodically. Vehicles may be registered for a 1 year interval.

Registration Type

The DMV mails or emails registration renewal notices to each vehicle owner on record approximately 90 days before a vehicle’s registration expiration date. Vehicle registrations may be renewed up to 90 days prior to their expiration date.

Registration Type

Class A: Non-commercial passenger vehicle.

Class B: Commercial vehicle, tractor, and passenger-carrying vehicle for hire having a seating capacity of at least 8 passengers.

Class C: Trailers.

Class D: Motorcycle.

Class E: Motorized Bicycle.

Class F: Historic Motor Vehicle.


Emissions Inspection

No statewide emissions inspection required.

Emissions Inspection

All 1968 model year and later vehicles are required to have an effective air pollution control device.

With limited exemptions, vehicles shall be inspected biannually to ensure that air pollution control equipment complies with the exhaust emissions standards defined by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection and approved by the U.S. EPA. OBD is utilized as part of the state emissions inspection process.

Inspections may be made at authorized dealer and repair locations.

Used motor vehicles registered in Connecticut from out-of-state are required to pass emission testing and VIN verification before they can be registered.

Visit here for more information on the Connecticut Emissions Program.

Emissions Inspection

Part of the periodic 6-month inspection is an evaluation and diagnosis of emissions control system.

Emissions Inspection

No statewide emissions inspections required.

Emissions Inspection

Most motor vehicles registered in New Jersey are required to have emissions inspections. Visit the New Jersey Motor Vehicle Commission for more information.

Vehicles to have emissions inspections on a biennial basis include: 1) gasoline and bi-fueled vehicles plated as passenger, not-for-profit, governmental, commuter van, farmer or farm truck, 5 years and older, excluding buses; and 2) diesel-powered, passenger motor vehicles plated as passenger, not-for-profit, governmental, commuter van, farmer or farm truck model year 1997 and newer with a GVWR 8,500 lbs. or less, 5 years and older, excluding buses.

New cars and trucks, and used non-commercial vehicles, are inspected 5 years from the date of purchase and every 2 years after the initial inspection.

OBD is utilized as part of the state emissions inspection process.

An approval certificate will be issued once a vehicle successfully passes all required emissions tests.

Emissions Inspection

An annual emissions inspection is required prior to registration in covered counties. The covered counties are Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale. All covered vehicles must have a current passing Certificate of Emission Inspection or a waiver to obtain a vehicle registration each year.

The inspection requirement applies to all light duty vehicles, light duty trucks with a GVWR of 8,500 lbs. or less, and vehicles operated for 60 days or more per year on federal installations located in whole or in part in the covered counties.

Vehicles which are capable of being operated on both gasoline and any alternate fuel are covered by the inspection requirements, and must be tested on gasoline.

The following vehicles are exempt:

  • Vehicles that run exclusively on alternate fuel
  • New vehicles, until the test year 3 years following the model year of the vehicle.
  • Vehicles more than 25 years old
  • Vehicles owned or registered by persons age 65 or older

A vehicle that fails re-inspection despite appropriate repairs meeting or exceeding $787 will be granted a waiver. This amount increases each year by the Consumer Price Index.

OBD is utilized as part of the state emissions inspection process.

Visit Georgia’s Clean Air Force for more information on the state’s Enhanced Vehicle Emission Inspection and Maintenance Program.

Emissions Inspection

Emissions inspections are not required.

Emissions Inspection

The Director of Environmental Protection implements and supervises a motor vehicle inspection and maintenance program in any county classified as moderate, serious, severe, or extreme nonattainment for carbon monoxide or ozone. Vehicles registered in Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, and Summit counties are required to have enhanced Acceleration Simulation Mode (ASM 25/25) emissions testing. Visit the Ohio Department of Environmental Protection for more information on the Ohio E-Check emissions inspection program.

Inspections are required to be done biannually. Upon passage of the inspection, the vehicle inspected shall be given an inspection certificate that is needed for registration.

Motorists may be granted a waiver or conditional pass if the vehicle achieves a 30% improvement from an initial failure and meets the minimum expenditures for repairs of $200. A repair cap waiver may be granted with emissions repairs totaling at least $300.

Vehicles over 25 years old and motorcycles are exempt from the emissions inspection.

OBD is utilized as part of the state emissions inspection process.

Emissions Inspection

No statewide emissions inspections required.

Emissions Inspection

Emissions inspection is required in 22 out of 100 counties on vehicles that are 1996 model year or newer and that are either older than the three most recent model years or with 70,000 miles or more on their odometers.

A list of those counties can be found on the Division of Air Quality website.

Emissions Inspection

Required annually. Visit the New York State Department of Motor Vehicles for more information on the state emissions inspection program. OBD is utilized as part of the emissions inspection process.

Emissions Inspection

May be required by a county or municipal ordinance only. At the present time, the City of Albuquerque and Bernalillo County are the only jurisdictions to require them.

Emissions Inspection

In addition to normal safety checks, 1996 and newer gasoline-powered and newer diesel-powered vehicles (8500 lbs. GVWR and less) must have a test of an on-board diagnostics system meeting the Federal EPA OBD II standards as part of the inspection process. This test checks whether or not the monitors are working properly and if they are detecting any problems. Visit the New Hampshire OBD and Safety Testing Program for more information.

Emissions Inspection

No statewide emissions inspection requirement.

Emissions Inspection

In Kenosha, Milwaukee, Ozaukee, Racine, Sheboygan, Washington, and Waukesha counties, all non-exempt vehicles subject to inspection must have the inspection completed at an inspection station not more than 90 days prior to renewal of annual registration. The emissions inspection is initially required beginning the 3rd year following the vehicle’s model year and every 2 years thereafter.

If a vehicle is more than 5 model years old at the time of an ownership change, the vehicle must be submitted for inspection within 45 days of an ownership change registration issuance, unless the vehicle passed inspection within 180 days prior to the ownership change registration.

OBD is utilized as part of the state emissions inspection process.

Visit the Wisconsin Department of Transportation for more information.

Emissions Inspection

West Virginia has no statewide emissions inspection requirement. However, during a safety inspection, the vehicles exhaust system is checked for any leakage, damage, or defects.

Emissions Inspection

Vehicles 5 through 25 years old registered in parts of Clark, King, Pierce, Snohomish, and Spokane counties must pass an emission inspection test every 2 years. Vehicles with even-numbered model years must be inspected in even-numbered years, and vehicles with odd-numbered model years must be inspected in odd-numbered years.

A vehicle will be granted a certificate of acceptance if: (1) it failed its first inspection; (2) it failed a re-inspection; (3) it has been used for more than 50,000 miles; (4) all primary emission control components installed by the vehicle manufacturer, or its appropriate replacement are installed and operative; and (5) the owner has provided receipts for repairs performed by an authorized emission specialist between the first and last inspections. Repairs for a pre-1981 vehicle must be at least $100, and repairs for a 1981 or newer vehicle must total at least $150.

OBD is utilized as part of the state emissions inspection process.

Model cars 2009 and newer are exempt from emission testing. The emissions inspection program is scheduled to expire in 2019.

No person may operate a motor vehicle or permit someone to operate a motor vehicle that is in such unsafe condition as to endanger any person, or which does not contain the parts and equipment, in proper condition and adjustment, as required by law.

Visit the Washington State Vehicle Emission Inspection Program website for more information.

Emissions Inspection

Motor vehicles having a gross weight of 10,000 lbs. or less that are registered in the Northern Virginia region must have emissions inspections.

Inspections must be done on a biennial basis at official emissions inspection stations. This rule does not apply to motorcycles, “clean fuel” vehicles, hybrid cars, antique vehicles, or vehicles 4 years old or less.

A vehicle will qualify for a waiver if it has failed an initial inspection and subsequently fails a re-inspection if the owner provides written proof that at least $175 was spent on improvements to a pre-1980 model vehicle or $200 for 1980 and newer vehicles; and that any emissions control system which has been removed, damaged, or rendered inoperable has been replaced and restored to operating condition.

Visit the Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles for more information.

OBD is utilized as part of the state emissions inspection process.

Emissions Inspection

Vermont adopted the California Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Program, which requires dealerships to sell the cleanest cars available to Vermont residents.

On-board diagnostic systems (OBD) on 1996 and newer vehicles having a gross vehicle weight rating of 8,500 pounds or less are checked upon purchase or as part of Vermont’s annual vehicle inspection program. Visit the Vermont Department of Motor Vehicles for more information on vehicle emission control requirements.

Emissions Inspection

Most diesel- and gas-powered cars and trucks manufactured in 1968 or later must have an annual emissions test, which can be completed at most service stations. New vehicles, motorcycles, and vehicles with a model year of 1967 and older are exempt from this requirement.

Emission certificates are required in Davis, Salt Lake, Utah, and Weber counties and are valid for 60 days. This certificate must be submitted to the appropriate DMV office as a condition of registration.

The frequency of the emissions inspection shall be determined based on the age of the vehicle as determined by model year and shall be required to the extent allowed under the current federally approved state implementation plan. In accordance with the federal Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. Sec. 7401 et seq., the legislative body of a county shall only require the emissions inspection every 2 years for each vehicle that is less than 6 years old on January 1, 2003.

If an emissions inspection is only required every 2 years for a vehicle, the inspection shall be required for the vehicle in odd-numbered years for vehicles with odd-numbered model years or in even-numbered years for vehicles with even-numbered model years.

The DMV may suspend a vehicle’s registration if the vehicle does not meet state or local air emissions standards.

Visit the Utah Division of Motor Vehicles for more information.

OBD is utilized as part of the state emissions inspection process.

Emissions Inspection

Designated vehicles registered in designated counties must pass an emissions inspection prior to registration. The emissions inspection is required annually, in conjunction with a safety inspection.

Designated counties include: Brazoria, Collin, Dallas, Denton, Ellis, El Paso, Fort Bend, Galveston, Harris, Johnson, Kaufman, Parker, Rockwall, Tarrant, Travis, and Williamson.

Designated vehicles are vehicles capable of being powered by gasoline, from 2 through 24 years old, and registered in or required to be registered and primarily operated in a designated county.

A vehicle is eligible for a waiver if it failed both its initial emissions inspection and re-test, and the owner incurred emission-related repair expenses of at least $450.

Visit the Texas Department of Public Safety for more information on emissions inspections in the state.

OBD is utilized as part of the state emissions inspection process.

Emissions Inspection

Emissions inspection is required prior to registration Area A and B and differs in the two areas.

Area A includes townships in Maricopa, Yavapai, and Pinal counties; Area B includes select townships in Pima county.

Vehicles manufactured in or before 1966 are exempt from inspection.

Vehicles in Area B and manufactured in or before 1980, other than diesel-powered vehicles, must pass the curb idle test condition; vehicles in Area B and manufactured in or after 1981, other than diesel-powered vehicles, must pass the curb idle test condition and the loaded test condition. Exempts collectible vehicles and motorcycles from emission inspections in Area B.

Vehicles in Area A and manufactured in or after 1981 with a Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) rating of 8,500 lbs. or less, other than diesel vehicles, must pass a transient loaded test or an on-board diagnostic test; all other vehicles in Area A, except diesel vehicles, must pass a steady state loaded test and a curb idle emissions test.

Repair and maintenance costs not to exceed $500 in Area A and $300 in Area B.

OBD is utilized as part of the state emissions inspection process.

Visit the Arizona Department of Environmental Quality for more information on Arizona’s Vehicle Emissions Inspection Program.

Emissions Inspection

Residents of Davidson, Hamilton, Rutherford, Sumner, Williamson, and Wilson counties in Middle Tennessee and residents of Memphis in West Tennessee must have their vehicles pass an emissions inspection prior to registration renewal. All Shelby County residents who have an address inside the city limits of Memphis must also have their vehicles inspected prior to title and registration.

Vehicles over 25 years old and antique vehicles are exempt from inspection.

A new vehicle which has never before been titled is not required to undergo emissions testing before application for the new title. You need only present the Manufacturers’ Certificate of Origin (MCO) when you title and register the new vehicle at your county clerk’s office. Each year thereafter, however, the vehicle must undergo emissions testing before registration can be renewed.

Visit the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation for more information on the state emissions inspection requirement.

Emissions Inspection

No statewide emissions inspections required.

Emissions Inspection

No statewide emissions inspections required.

Emissions Inspection

Emissions inspections are required for all vehicles except: (1) motor vehicles 25 years or older; (2) any class of vehicles that is exempted by regulation because the vehicle presents prohibitive inspection problems or is inappropriate for inspection; (3) vehicles operated exclusively by electric power; (4) new motor vehicles until 24 months after date of purchase or 24,000 miles; (5) motor vehicles in compliance with an enhanced motor vehicle inspection program operated by another jurisdiction; and (6) vehicles that are insured as classic vehicles, which may receive an alternate type of inspection.

Emissions inspections are required biennially.

Any vehicle that fails the inspection has 30 days to be re-inspected and comply with the requirements.

Vehicles required to be inspected include, but are not limited to, all 1975 and later model year light duty vehicles and light duty trucks up to and including 8,500 lbs. GVWR.

Visit the Rhode Island Emissions and Safety Testing website for more information.

OBD is utilized as part of the state emissions inspection process.

Emissions Inspection

PennDOT requires periodic emissions inspections for all motor vehicles except for the following:

  • A vehicle that was never permanently registered in any jurisdiction that has less than 5,000 miles on it for which an annual or temporary registration plate was originally issued within the past 12 months; this vehicle will be exempt from an emissions inspection for 1 year from the date of registration.
  • A vehicle never registered in any jurisdiction having less than 5,000 miles on it and having a registration plate transferred from another vehicle must pass an emissions inspection before the next registration but not within 9 months of the date of the purchase of the vehicle.

South Central: requires 1996 and newer models to have On-Board Diagnostic (OBD) and gas cap inspections and requires 1975-1995 models to have gas cap and visual inspections. Northern Region: requires 1975 and newer models to have gas cap and visual inspections. Pittsburgh Region: requires 1996 and newer models to have OBD and gas cap, and requires 1975-1995 models to have gas cap, tailpipe, and visual inspections. Philadelphia Region: requires 1996 and newer models to have OBD and gas cap inspections; and requires 1975-1995 models to have gas cap, tailpipe, and visual inspections. 42 County Non-I/M Region: requires all cars to have a visual inspection as part of the annual safety inspection.

Visit Drive Clean PA for more information on the state’s emissions inspection requirements.

OBD is utilized as part of the emissions inspection process.

Emissions Inspection

Vehicles from the 1975 model year and newer must be submitted for emissions inspection in the Portland Vehicle Inspection Area. In the Medford-Ashland Air Quality Maintenance Area, light duty vehicles that are up to 20 years old and heavy duty vehicles must be submitted for emissions inspection. Visit the Oregon Driver and Motor Vehicle Services Division for more information on the Department of Environmental Quality emissions testing program.

Motor vehicle pollution control systems in vehicles subject to emissions testing are required to be tested once during the period for which registration or renewal of registration for a motor vehicle is issued.

OBD is utilized as part of the state emissions inspection process.

Emissions Inspection

Only vehicles in urban and some suburban portions of Clark and Washoe counties are required to be tested. Visit the Nevada Emissions Control Program for more information.

Smog checks are required on all gasoline and diesel powered cars and trucks manufactured in 1968 of after.

New vehicles on their first or second registration are exempt.  Diesel vehicles with a manufacturers gross vehicle weight rating over 14,000 lbs., alternative fuel vehicles, new hybrid electric vehicles (for the first five model years) and vehicles registered as a classic or replica are exempt.

Tests are required annually with registration renewal.

If a vehicle fails a required emissions inspection, registration for the vehicle will be cancelled unless the owner has the vehicle repaired so that the vehicle is in compliance within 30 days of the failed test, or if the owner has applied for a waiver. A waiver may be issued to a vehicle owner in Washoe County if the owner has spent at least $200 on repairs, and a vehicle owner in Clark County may be issued a waiver if he spends $450 on repairs.

OBD is utilized as part of the state emissions inspection process.

Emissions Inspection

No statewide emissions inspections required.

Emissions Inspection

No statewide emissions inspection requirement.

Emissions Inspection

Emissions inspections, in addition to safety inspections, are required biennially in counties of St. Louis, St. Charles, Jefferson, Franklin, and the City of St. Louis. Visit Missouri’s Gateway Vehicle Inspection Program for more information.

Emissions inspections are not required for 1995 and older gasoline-powered vehicles and 1996 and older diesel-powered vehicles, new motor vehicles not previously titled and registered for the 4-year period following their model year of manufacture with fewer than 40,000 miles at the first required biennial safety inspection, new and unused vehicles with model years within 2 years of the calendar year that have odometer readings of less than 6,000 miles and motor vehicles driven fewer that 12,000 miles.

Other exemptions include motorcycles and motor-tricycles, and vehicles powered by fuels other than gasoline, ethanol or diesel. Vehicles built in even numbered years are subject to emissions test in even numbered years: vehicles built in odd numbered years are subject to emissions test in odd numbered years.

OBD (on-board diagnostics) is utilized as part of the state emissions inspection process.

Emissions Inspection

Emissions inspections are done every 2 years, but only in designated areas of the state. Currently, only Fairbanks and Anchorage require the inspections.

Emissions Inspection

No statewide emissions inspection requirement.

Emissions Inspection

No statewide emissions inspections required.

Emissions Inspection

Each year passenger cars, light trucks, and SUVs that are model year 1997 and newer are tested for both safety and emissions.

All passenger vehicles model year 1999 and newer must take annual emissions tests. Fee is $29 for either annual safety inspection or combined biennial safety/emissions inspection. Visit Massachusetts Vehicle Check for more information.

Vehicles failing the emissions test will have 60 days to get repairs and re-inspection. If vehicle still fails after repair, a waiver may be granted if emissions repair expenditures exceed: $840 for vehicles up to 5 model years old; $740 for vehicles 6 to 10 model years old; and $640 for vehicles over 10 model years old.

Visible smoke emitted from the exhaust pipe is considered a safety-related failure, applicable to all vehicles regardless of age.

OBD is utilized as part of the state emissions inspection process.

Emissions Inspection

Vehicles must have an exhaust emissions test and emissions equipment and misfueling inspection every 2 years. Visit the Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration for more information.

Model year 1996 and newer passenger vehicles and light duty trucks, and model year 2008 and newer heavy duty vehicles up to 14,000 pounds are required to pass an On-Board Diagnostics test. An idle tailpipe test is required for model year 1977 – 1995 passenger vehicles and light duty trucks, and model year 1977 – 2007 heavy duty vehicles up to 14,000 pounds.

Motorcycles, Class E trucks with a Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) over 26,000 lbs., historic vehicles, and cars prior to model year 1977 are not required to have an emissions test.

Vehicles passing the emissions test shall be issued a certificate with the date of inspection, vehicle information, the pass/fail status of all tests, and the expiration date of the certificate.

Owners must carry the inspection certificate at all times in the vehicle.

Vehicles that fail the test may be granted a two-year waiver if the owner has incurred an expenditure of $450 towards emissions-related repairs to the vehicle by a certified technician up to thirty days prior to testing and  120 days after the test and fails a retest.

A senior citizen, 70 years of age or older, and a disabled citizen with disabled registration plates, and whose vehicle is driven less than 5,000 miles per year, can request a waiver for the remainder of the 2-year test cycle.

OBD is utilized as part of the state emissions inspection process.

Emissions Inspection

Vehicle emissions test is required for many original registrations, as well as for annual registration renewals in the Cumberland County. Visit the Maine State Police for more information.

Renewal notices are sent annually to vehicle owners, and indicate whether and by what date an emissions test must be completed.

OBD is utilized as part of the state emissions inspection process.

Emissions Inspection

No statewide emissions inspection requirement.

Emissions Inspection

Required on an annual basis as part of safety inspection in non-attainment areas or areas required by the federal Clean Air Act only. Visit the Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality for more information. OBD is utilized as part of the state emissions inspection process.

Emissions Inspection

Emissions inspections in certain cities and counties. OBD is utilized as part of the state emissions inspection process.

Emissions Inspection

No statewide emissions inspections required.

Emissions Inspection

No statewide emissions inspections required.

Emissions Inspection

Requirements vary from county to county. Visit Clean Air Car Check for more information.

Emissions Inspection

Emissions inspections are determined by state and local ordinance. Required in Ada County and Canyon County.

OBD is utilized as part of the state emissions inspection process.

Visit here for more information on Idaho’s Vehicle Inspection Program.

Emissions Inspection

No statewide emissions inspections required.

Emissions Inspection

Dependent upon year of vehicle. Annual testing required for vehicle owners in Cook, Dupage, Lake, parts of Kane, Madison, St. Clair, Will, Kendall, Monroe, and McHenry Counties. OBD is utilized as part of the state emissions inspection process.

Visit the Illinois Air Team for more information on the state’s Vehicle Emissions Testing Program.

Emissions Inspection

No statewide emissions inspections required.

Emissions Inspection

Smog inspections are required for all vehicles except motorcycles or those vehicles manufactured prior to the 1976 model year and diesel powered vehicles manufactured prior to the 1996 model year that have a gross vehicle weight over 8,500 lbs. Vehicles registered in areas subject to the biennial smog certification program are required to submit evidence of a smog certification every other renewal period.

Vehicles that are 8 model years old or less are exempt from the biennial smog requirements for registration renewal. Evidence of a current smog certification must be provided by the seller except when transfer occurs between a spouse, sibling, child, parent, grandparent, or grandchild.

Smog certifications are good for 90 days from the date of inspection. The inspection is not required on a transfer if a biennial smog certification was submitted to DMV within 90 days prior to the vehicle transfer date.

Smog inspections are required in the following counties: Alameda, Butte, Colusa, Contra Costa, Fresno, Glenn, Kern, Kings, Los Angeles, Madera, Marin, Merced, Monterey, Napa, Nevada, Orange, Sacramento, San Benito, San Francisco, San Joaquin, San Luis Obispo, San Mateo, Santa Barbara, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, Shasta, Solano, Stanislaus, Sutter, Tehama, Tulare, Ventura, Yolo, and Yuba.

The counties of El Dorado, Placer, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, and Sonoma require smog certifications within certain zip codes only.

Visit the California Department of Motor Vehicles for more information on California’s Smog Inspection Program.

Emissions Inspection

Emissions testing of gas- and diesel-powered vehicles is required when registering, re-registering, or selling vehicles in the following counties known as the Enhanced Areas: Adams, Arapahoe, Boulder, Denver, Douglas, El Paso, and Jefferson. Testing is also required in Weld, Larimer, and Pitkin counties, known as the Basic Area.

In the enhanced emissions program areas, no motor vehicle that is required to be registered shall be sold or registered for the first time without a certificate of emissions compliance, or registered unless such vehicle passed a clean screen test.

Otherwise, vehicles are currently exempt from the emission inspection for the first 7 model years, after which vehicles are inspected on a biennial basis.

OBD is utilized as part of the state emissions inspection process.

Visit the Colorado Department of Revenue for more information on the Division of Motor Vehicles Emissions Program.

Emissions Inspection

Emissions inspection is required for all vehicles manufactured since 1968. Motor vehicles manufactured in the past 5 model years are exempt.

OBD is utilized as part of the state emissions inspection process.

Visit the Delaware Division of Motor Vehicles for more information on exhaust emission inspections.

Emissions Inspection

Motor vehicles and trailers are required to have emissions tested biennially.  New vehicles that have a certificate of origin, pre-1968 vehicles and zero emission vehicles, are exempt from the emissions test process.

OBD is utilized as part of the state emissions inspection process.

Vehicles that fail inspection will receive a rejection sticker and will be permitted to use the vehicle for 20 days in order to have the necessary repairs made to bring the vehicle into compliance.

Visit the District of Columbia Department of Motor Vehicles for more information on D.C. emissions inspection program.


Safety Inspection

No periodic statewide safety inspection requirement. Any police officer may at any time, upon reasonable cause to believe that a vehicle is unsafe or not equipped as required by law, or that its equipment is not in proper adjustment or repair, require the driver of the vehicle to stop and submit the vehicle to an inspection.

Safety Inspection

Commercial vehicles over 18,000 pounds GVWR, trailers over 10,000 pounds, ‘grey market’ vehicles, and taxis must pass a safety inspection.  Visit the Connecticut DMV for a complete list of other vehicles needing safety inspections.

Safety Inspection

Vehicles operating on public highways are subject to mechanical inspections at a frequency of not more than once every 6 months, and not less than once in a 1-year time period.

Inspection is prerequisite for renewal.

Safety Inspection

Safety inspections are required prior to sale or transfer of ownership. Cities may provide for inspection of motor vehicles operated on its streets, alleys, or highways.

Safety Inspection

No statewide periodic vehicle safety inspection requirement.

Safety Inspection

No periodic statewide safety inspection requirement. Any law enforcement officer may conduct an inspection of any vehicle suspected of being operated in an unsafe condition.

No person may drive or move on any highway any motor vehicle or trailer unless the equipment is in good working order and adjustment as required by law and the vehicle is in a safe mechanical condition that will not endanger the driver, other occupant, or any person on the highway.

Safety Inspection

No statewide periodic vehicle safety inspection requirement. Law enforcement may, upon reasonable cause to believe that a vehicle is unsafe or not properly equipped as required, require that the driver of the vehicle stop and submit the vehicle to an inspection by the officer.

Safety Inspection

No statewide periodic vehicle safety inspection requirement. A state highway patrol officer may stop any vehicle and direct it to submit to a safety inspection. Such inspection shall be made with respect to the brakes, lights, turn signals, steering, horns and warning devices, glass, mirrors, exhaust system, windshield wipers, tires, and such other items of equipment as designated by the Superintendent of the State Highway Patrol by rule or regulation.

The officer must select vehicles under a unbiased, articulable system of selection, taking into consideration such factors as safety, traffic volume, motorists hardship, type of vehicle, and inspection eligibility.

Safety Inspection

No statewide periodic vehicle safety inspection requirement. The DOT may conduct random brake inspections on any motor-driven vehicle and may disapprove operations of any vehicle that is not designed or constructed to ensure reasonable and reliable performance in actual use.

Safety Inspection

A motor vehicle is subject to an annual safety inspection if it meets the following requirements: it is subject to registration with the DMV, it is less than 35 years old, it is not subject to inspection under the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations, and it is not either a trailer with a gross weight below 4,000 lbs. or a house trailer.

A safety inspection ensures that the following equipment is in a safe operating condition: brakes; lights; horn; steering mechanism; windows and windshield wipers (including tinting levels); directional signals; tires; mirrors; and the exhaust system, if the vehicle is not subject to an emissions test.

Upon successful completion of a safety inspection, the vehicle will receive an inspection sticker that shows the inspection’s expiration date and also contains the date of inspection, odometer reading, and the identification of the mechanic who performed the inspection. The inspection sticker shall be a different color than 1 for both inspections.

Safety Inspection

Every motor vehicle registered in New York shall be inspected once each year for safety at an official inspection station. Inspections are also required upon transfer of ownership.  This inspection is required to be performed on the brakes, steering mechanism, wheel alignment, tires, lights, windshield, horn, mirrors, odometer, fuel leaks, safety belts, and vehicle identification number. An inspection will also be made of the readiness of the inflatable restraint system in any vehicle manufactured on or after September 1, 1997.

Safety Inspection

No statewide periodic vehicle safety inspection requirement.

Safety Inspection

Any vehicle registered by the DMV shall be inspected once a year, during the month of the owner’s birth date. Inspection is to be conducted within ten (10) days of the initial registration. After the initial inspection, registered vehicles must be re-inspected every year, no later than ten (10) days after the end of the owner’s birth month.

All trucks exceeding 18,000 lbs. gross vehicle weight and all school buses exceeding 10,000 lbs. gross vehicle weight, public and private, shall be inspected semi-annually. Newly registered vehicles shall be inspected within 10 days from date of registration.

An inspection sticker shall be valid for the same duration as the vehicle’s registration, which shall not exceed 16 months.

OBD is utilized as part of the state emissions inspection process.

Safety Inspection

No statewide periodic vehicle safety inspection requirement.  No person may drive or move on the highway any vehicle unless the equipment on the vehicle is in good working order and adjustment and unless the vehicle is in such safe mechanical condition as not to endanger the driver or other occupant or any person on the highway.

Safety Inspection

No statewide periodic vehicle safety inspection requirement. Vehicles may be subject to inspection by any traffic officer or motor vehicle inspector to ensure the vehicle meets emission requirements and to ensure its equipment is in proper adjustment or repair.

Safety Inspection

Every motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, and pole trailer registered in the state must be inspected annually and must obtain an official certificate of inspection. Vehicles must also be inspected upon titling.  Vehicles with valid inspections from states with which West Virginia has reciprocity, including Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New York, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah, and Wyoming, are exempt until those stickers expire.

Safety Inspection

No statewide periodic vehicle safety inspection requirement for passenger vehicles. Commercial motor vehicles are subject to periodic inspections.

Safety Inspection

Motor vehicles, trailers, and semitrailers, except for antique vehicles, are required to be inspected for safety upon registration and must be re-inspected within 12 months of the month of the first inspection and at least once every 12 months thereafter. New motor vehicles that have been inspected in accordance with the manufacturer or distributor are exempt from the safety inspection.

Safety inspection stickers must be displayed on the windshield of vehicles.

A safety inspection sticker issued for any vehicle that is principally garaged outside the Commonwealth registered to a person in the armed services of the United States will be deemed not to have expired during the period of the owner’s official absence from the Commonwealth.

Safety Inspection

Except for school buses and motorbuses which shall be inspected twice during the calendar year at 6-month intervals, all motor vehicles registered in this state shall be inspected once each year.

Any motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer not currently inspected in this state shall be inspected within 15 days from the date of its registration in Vermont. The inspections shall be made at garages or qualified service stations, designated by the commissioner as inspection stations, for the purpose of determining whether those motor vehicles are properly equipped and maintained in good mechanical condition.

A person shall not operate a motor vehicle unless it has been inspected and has a valid certification of inspection affixed to it. The month of next inspection for all motor vehicles shall be shown on the current inspection certificate affixed to the vehicle.

Safety Inspection

Regular safety inspections are required of all vehicles.  The frequency of the safety inspection shall be determined based on the age of the vehicle determined by model year.  Vehicles 10 or more years old must have a safety inspection annually and vehicles less than 10 years old must have an inspection every 4th and 8th year.

Vehicle owners are issued 2 safety inspection certificates upon completion of an inspection. While driving, owners must have in the person’s immediate possession a safety inspection certificate or other evidence of compliance of the requirement to obtain an inspection.

Safety Inspection

An annual safety inspection is required as a prerequisite to registering a vehicle. Valid out-of-state safety inspection certificates will not be honored on vehicles that are required to be registered. Every motor vehicle, trailer, pole trailer, or mobile home registered in the state must be inspected at an inspection station or by an inspector annually.

The initial safety inspection period for new passenger cars and light trucks is 2 years.

A trailer or travel trailer with a gross weight of 4,500 pounds or less is exempt from the safety inspection requirement.

The DMV may refuse to register a motor vehicle and may revoke a registration if the DMV determines that the vehicle is unsafe, improperly equipped, or otherwise unfit to be operated on a public highway.

Proof of insurance or financial responsibility is required before an inspection certificate will be issued.

A vehicle that is inspected and is subsequently involved in an accident affecting the safe operation of an item of inspection must be reinspected following repair. The reinspection must be at an inspection station and must be treated and charged as an initial inspection.

Safety Inspection

No periodic statewide safety inspection requirement. If at any time there is reasonable cause to believe a vehicle is unsafe or improperly equipped, officers and employees of the Department of Public Safety may stop and require a vehicle be submitted to inspection.

Safety Inspection

No statewide periodic vehicle safety inspection requirement.

Safety Inspection

No statewide periodic vehicle safety inspection requirement.

Safety Inspection

No statewide periodic vehicle safety inspection requirement.

Safety Inspection

The director of the Department of Administration, members of the state and local police, and other officers and employees of the Division designated by the director of the Department of Administration may require the seller at retail or driver of a vehicle to stop and submit the vehicle to an inspection or appropriate test.

Every vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, and pole trailer registered in Rhode Island must be inspected biennially and provided with an official certificate of inspection and approval. The first inspection of any new vehicle must occur within 2 years from date of purchase or before accumulation of 24,000 miles. Inspection shall be made of the mechanism, brakes, and equipment of the vehicle.

Motor vehicles purchased out of state by a Rhode Island resident must be inspected within 5 business days of registration.

Trailers or semitrailers with gross weight of 1,000 lbs. or less are exempt from inspection.

Safety Inspection

Annual safety inspections are required for all passenger vehicles and light trucks, and upon registration from out-of-state.

Semiannual inspections are required for school buses, vehicles owned by or under contract to a school and used to transport students to and from school, vans transporting persons for hire or owned by a commercial enterprise for transporting employees, mass transit vehicles, and motor carrier vehicles; there is no set fee. All other vehicles, including passenger cars, light trucks, motorcycles, trailers over 3,000 lbs., emergency vehicles, and private non-commercial vehicles transporting students are inspected annually; there is no set fee. Proof of financial responsibility is required at the time of inspection.

Safety Inspection

No statewide periodic vehicle safety inspection requirement. A state police officer may require a person driving a vehicle or combination of vehicles to stop and submit the vehicle to an inspection of the mechanical condition and equipment of the vehicle.

Safety Inspection

No statewide periodic vehicle safety inspection requirement. Peace officers and DMV inspectors may require drivers to stop and submit the vehicle to an inspection of the mechanical condition or equipment.

Safety Inspection

Nebraska has no statewide periodic annual safety inspection requirement.

Safety Inspection

No statewide periodic vehicle safety inspection requirement. The MVD or its agents may at any time, upon reasonable cause to believe that a vehicle is unsafe or not equipped as required by law or that its equipment is not in proper adjustment or repair, require the driver of such vehicle to stop and submit such vehicle to an inspection.

A person may not drive or permit to be driven on a highway a vehicle or combination of vehicles that is in such unsafe condition as to endanger a person.

Safety Inspection

Motor vehicle inspections are required biennially not more than 60 days prior to registration renewal at official inspection stations. Not required for new vehicles not previously titled and registered, or for next four succeeding years. Vehicles built in even numbered years are subject to inspection in even numbered years and vehicles built in odd numbered years are subject to inspection in odd numbered years.

Safety Inspection

No periodic statewide safety inspection requirement.  State troopers may inspect vehicles at roadside when there is reasonable cause to believe vehicle is unsafe.

Safety Inspection

No statewide periodic vehicle safety inspection requirement.  Every municipality has the authority to set up, maintain, and determine rules for operating their own vehicle inspection stations.

Safety Inspection

No statewide periodic vehicle safety inspection requirement. A police officer may stop and inspect any vehicle for suspected equipment and safety violations. Temporary vehicle check lanes may also be established.

Safety Inspection

A safety inspection is required annually for all vehicles.

Safety Inspection

An inspection is required whenever a used vehicle is sold or ownership is changed, or a vehicle from out-of-state is newly registered. Upon successful completion of an inspection, a certificate shall be issued that contains the vehicle’s information, certification date, name and address of the inspection station, and signature of authorized inspector.

Additionally, Maryland authorized inspection stations may participate in an online Maryland Safety Inspection System. This system provides an electronic record of vehicle safety inspections and permits submission of certification to the Motor Vehicle Administration for vehicles which pass inspection.

Safety Inspection

An annual inspection is required on the following equipment: body components; brakes; exhaust system; glazing; horn; lights and directional signals; rearview mirrors; reflectors; running gear; safety seat belts on 1966 and subsequent models; steering mechanism; tires; windshield wipers; catalytic converter on 1983 and subsequent models; and filler neck restriction on 1983 and subsequent models.

An enhanced inspection that includes the fuel tank cap on 1974 and subsequent models of gasoline-powered vehicles and the on-board diagnostic system on 1996 and subsequent models is required in Cumberland County.

Upon passage of the inspection, an official sticker is provided that must be placed in the lower left-hand corner of the windshield or in the center of the windshield behind the rearview mirror. In the case of a motorcycle, the sticker must be placed on mounting plate, rear fender, or similar feature that is or is securely fastened to an integral part of the motorcycle, though not he registration plate.

Safety Inspection

 

The safety inspection requirement for passenger vehicles is repealed effective July 1, 2015.  Mississippi may still require some vehicles to have window tint inspected.  Vehicles designed and used primarily for the transportation of property or for the transportation of 10 or more persons, may require an inspection upon registration.

Safety Inspection

Every motor vehicle, trailer (exempting boat trailers), semitrailer, and pole trailer registered in Louisiana must have a valid safety inspection certificate issued in the state.  Inspection certificates are valid for 1 or 2 years.

The Commissioner of the Department, any person that the Commissioner designates, or the state police can require the driver of an unsafe or improperly equipped vehicle to stop the vehicle and have it submitted to an inspection.

If the vehicle is found to be unsafe, or in need of repair, the officer will give the driver a notice requiring the driver to have the vehicle repaired so that it is in compliance. This notice will also be sent to the Department.

The notice will require that a certificate of inspection and approval be obtained within 5 days of the citation. The driver must keep 1 copy of the official certificate of inspection and approval and send the other official certificate to the Department.

Safety Inspection

There is no periodic statewide vehicle safety inspection requirement.

Safety Inspection

There is no periodic statewide safety inspection requirement. The Kansas Highway Patrol is authorized to conduct a spot inspection of the mechanical condition of any vehicle where signs are displayed requiring such stop, or at any time upon reasonable cause to believe that a vehicle is unsafe or not equipped as required by law.

Safety Inspection

There is no periodic statewide safety inspection requirement. Peace officers may stop and inspect a vehicle if the officer has reasonable cause to believe it is a danger to other motorists or lacks required equipment.

Safety Inspection

There is no periodic statewide safety inspection requirement.

The police have the authority to check a vehicle to determine whether it is safe.  The police can check the following: the vehicle’s brakes; headlights; taillights; brake lights; clearance lights; turn signals; the vehicle’s steering and suspension; the vehicle’s exhaust systems; the vehicle’s body in general; and the vehicle’s tires.

If the inspection reveals that a vehicle meets the previously mentioned safety requirements, the inspecting officer shall issue to the owner of the vehicle a certificate stating that the vehicle was inspected and that it met the safety requirements.

Safety Inspection

There is no periodic statewide safety inspection requirement.

Safety Inspection

All vehicles having a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of 10,000 lbs. or less must obtain a certificate of inspection prior to the issuance of registration, and all such vehicles must be certified every 12 months.

Vehicles with a GVWR of more than 10,000 lbs., as well as taxicabs, buses, and ambulances must obtain a certificate of inspection prior to the issuance of registration, and must be certified every 6 months.

Stickers indicating issuance of a certificate of inspection must be affixed to the vehicle.

Operation of a vehicle that has not been granted a certificate of inspection carries a fine of not more than $100.

Any police officer of any county may require the owner of a vehicle to submit the vehicle for inspection.

Safety Inspection

There is no periodic statewide safety inspection requirement for passenger vehicles. Vehicles over 8,000 lbs. or designed to carry 10 or more passengers must submit to a safety inspection and secure a certificate of safety furnished by DOT.

Safety Inspection

No periodic statewide safety inspection requirement.  An officer can stop a vehicle for a safety inspection if he believes that the vehicle is unsafe to operate. The officer can issue a safety citation, and the vehicle must be repaired.

Safety Inspection

No periodic statewide safety inspection requirement. Officers of the California Highway Patrol that believe a vehicle is being operated in an unsafe condition as to endanger any person may require the driver of the vehicle to stop and submit to an inspection of the vehicle.

Safety Inspection

No periodic statewide safety inspection requirement. Uniformed police officers at any time, upon reasonable cause, may require the driver of a vehicle to stop and submit vehicle and its equipment to an inspection.

Safety Inspection

Before the DOT registers or renews the registration of a vehicle, such vehicle shall be inspected by the DOT and determined to be safe and fit for operation and found equipped according to the law. Motor vehicle dealers are able to inspect motor vehicles 5 model years old or newer that are owned by that dealership. The DOT may waive all inspection requirements of vehicles under 5,000 lbs. no older than the last 5 model years.

At any time any authorized agent of the DOT or any police officer may, upon reasonable cause, require the owner or operator of a vehicle to stop and submit such vehicle and the equipment for a safety inspection.

Safety Inspection

Safety inspections are no longer required for private vehicles but are still required for commercial vehicles.


Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $26.00

Registration Fee: Below 3,500 lbs: $72.00; 3,500 or above: $115.00 – $155.00

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $26.00

Registration Fee: $52.00

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $10.00

Registration Fee: $20.00

Driver’s License Fee: $20.00

Title Fee: $26.00

Special Plates: $100.00

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $77.25

Registration Fee: Initial registration: $225.00 plus annual base registration.*

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $77.25

Registration Fee: $41.15

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $28.00

Registration Fee: $2.50

Driver’s License Fee: $25.00

Title Fee: $75.25

Special Plates: $15.00- $25.00

* Vehicle under 2,500 lbs: $27.60; Vehicle between 2,500-3,499: $35.60; Vehicle 3,500 or more: $45.60.

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $25.00

Registration Fee: $80.00 but varies according to vehicle

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $25.00

Registration Fee: $42.00

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $5.00

Registration Fee: $20.00

Driver’s License Fee: $30.00

Title Fee: $25.00

Special Plates: $50.00-$159.00 + plate fee

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $26.00

Registration Fee: Below 3,500 lbs: $72.00; 3,500 or above: $115.00 – $155.00

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $26.00

Registration Fee: $52.00

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $10.00

Registration Fee: $20.00

Driver’s License Fee: $20.00

Title Fee: $26.00

Special Plates: $100.00

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $18.00

Registration Fee: $23.00 + issuance fee (may differ by county)

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $18.00

Registration Fee: $15.00

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $26.19

Registration Fee: n/a

Driver’s License Fee: $31.25

Title Fee: $15.00

Special Plates: $50.00

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $60.00

Registration Fee: $35.50-$84.00

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $60.00 without lien

Registration Fee: $65.00

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $6.00-$11.00

Registration Fee: $5.00

Driver’s License Fee: $11.00

Title Fee: $60.00

Special Plates: $15.00–$50.00 for new; $0.00–$10.00 for renewal.

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $18.00

Registration Fee: $20.00

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $18.00

Registration Fee: $20.00

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $8.00

Registration Fee: $1.00

Driver’s License Fee: $5.00

Title Fee: $8.00

Special Plates: $25.00

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $11.00

Registration Fee: By year. All fees include an additional $5.75 in other fees.*

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $11.00

Registration Fee: n/a

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $9.00

Registration Fee: $9.00

Driver’s License Fee: $10.00

Title Fee: $11.00

Special Plates: Ranges from $5.00 – $42.00, plus regular registration fees

*$91.00 for the 1st – 4th years; $81.00 for the 5th – 8th years; $61.00 for the 9th – 12th years; $41.00 for the 13th – 16th years; $21.00 for 17+ years.

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $15.00 + $1.00 to notarize signatures

Registration Fee: $34.50

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $15.00 + $1.00 to notarize signatures

Registration Fee: $28.50 base fee, $4.00 motorcycle fee and county fees

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $10.50 (one plate) $11.75 (two plates)

Registration Fee: $4.50

Driver’s License Fee: $24.50

Title Fee: $15.00

Special Plates: $50.00 plus registration fee

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $5.00

Registration Fee: $49.00–$274.00*

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $5.00

Registration Fee: $15.00–$25.00

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $5.00

Registration Fee: Not to exceed $5.00

Driver’s License Fee: $8.00 if lost, mutilated or destroyed; $3.00 for a name or address or erroneous information change

Title Fee: $5.00

Special Plates: $25.00-100.00

*Annual fee varies based on weight and 1st year of registration.

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $40.00 ($52.00 eff. July 1, 2017)

Registration Fee: $28.00 ($36.00 eff. July 1, 2017)

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $40.00 ($52.00 eff. July 1, 2017)

Registration Fee: $18.00 ($20.00 eff. July 1, 2017)

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $15.00 ($20.00 eff. July 1, 2017)

Registration Fee: $15.00 ($20.00 eff. July 1, 2017)

Driver’s License Fee: $10.00 ($13.00 eff. July 1, 2017)

Title Fee: $15.00 ($40.00 eff. July 1, 2017)

Special Plates: $30.00

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $50.00 plus $5.00 security interest fee

Registration Fee: Varies based on weight.*

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $50.00 plus $5.00 security interest fee

Registration Fee: $80.00

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $12.50 single; $25.00 pair

Registration Fee: $3.00

Driver’s License Fee: $17.50

Title Fee: $20.00

Special Plates: $60.00 plus $31.25/year

*Residents of many counties must also pay a county use tax, which varies based on location (see http://dmv.ny.gov/node/4111 for weight and county classifications). For residents of the 12 county Metropolitan Commuter Transportation District (MCTD), a supplemental fee of $50 for two years ($25 per year) is in addition to other registration fees.

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $3.00

Registration Fee: $27.00 – $62.00 (1 yr) and $54.00 – $124.00 (2 yr)

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $3.00

Registration Fee: $15.00 (1 year) $30.00 (2 year)

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $9.50

Registration Fee: $3.50

Driver’s License Fee: $18.00

Title Fee: $15.00

Special Plates: $3.00–$40.00

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $25.00

Registration Fee: *By weight.

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $25.00

Registration Fee: $15.00

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $8.00 per plate.

Registration Fee: $15.00

Driver’s License Fee: $10.00

Title Fee: $25.00

Special Plates: Varies

*0-3000 lbs. $31.20, 3001-5000 lbs. $43.20, 5001-8000 lbs. $55.20, 8001-73,280 lbs. $ .96 per hundred lbs. gross weight

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $25.00

Registration Fee: $15.00

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $25.00

Registration Fee: $12.00

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $8.00

Registration Fee: $4.00

Driver’s License Fee: $15.00

Title Fee: $9.00

Special Plates: $30.00

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $69.50

Registration Fee: $75.00

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $69.50

Registration Fee: $23.00 (biennial fee)

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $2.00–$6.00

Registration Fee: $2.00

Driver’s License Fee: $14.00

Title Fee: $20.00

Special Plates: $5.00–$75.00

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $10.00

Registration Fee: For vehicles weighing under 10,000 lbs.: $30.00.

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $10.00

Registration Fee: $16.00

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $5.50

Registration Fee: $5.00

Driver’s License Fee: $5.00

Title Fee: n/a

Special Plates: Varies

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $15.00

Registration Fee: $30.00 plus state fee, variable weight fee, and local fees

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $15.00

Registration Fee: $30.00 plus state fee, variable fee and local fees

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $10.00 auto $4.00 motorcycle

Registration Fee: $5.00

Driver’s License Fee: $20.00

Title Fee: $31.00 for motor vehicles

Special Plates: varies based on design

Please visit the Washington Department of Licensing for more information on vehicle and drivers licensing fees.

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $10.00

Registration Fee: $38.75–$43.75

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $10.00

Registration Fee: $26.75

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $10.00

Registration Fee: $2.00

Driver’s License Fee: $10.00

Title Fee: $10.00

Special Plates: $10.00/year

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $33.00

Registration Fee: $70.00 (1 yr.) and $129.00 (2 yrs.)

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $33.00

Registration Fee: $44.00

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $10.00 per plate

Registration Fee: $15.00

Driver’s License Fee: $15.00

Title Fee: $33.00

Special Plates: $45.00

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $6.00

Registration Fee: $43.00 + fee based on age of vehicle $10.00–$150.00.

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $6.00

Registration Fee: $44.50 + fee based on age of vehicle $10.00–$95.00.

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $5.00

Registration Fee: $4.00

Driver’s License Fee: $18.00

Title Fee: $6.00

Special Plates: Up to $55.00

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: 6.25% sales tax on purchase price or presumptive value.

Registration Fee: For vehicles under 6,000 lbs. $50.75 + local and county fees.

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: 6.25% sales tax on purchase price or presumptive value.

Registration Fee: $30.00 plus local and county fees.

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $9.00

Registration Fee: $3.00

Driver’s License Fee: $11.00

Title Fee: $2.00

Special Plates: $30.00–$795.00

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $11.00

Registration Fee: $24.00

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $11.00

Registration Fee: $11.75

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $10.00

Registration Fee: $3.50

Driver’s License Fee: $8.00 for initial duplicate; $12.00 for every subsequent one thereafter.

Title Fee: $5.50

Special Plates: $35.00

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $10.00

Registration Fee: varies depending on vehicle’s weight.

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $10.00

Registration Fee: varies depending on motorcycle’s engine capacity.

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $10.00

Registration Fee: n/a

Driver’s License Fee: $15.00

Title Fee: $10.00

Special Plates: $25.00/yr

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $15.00

Registration Fee: Depending on age*

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $15.00

Registration Fee: $10.00

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: n/a

Registration Fee: $1.00

Driver’s License Fee: $10.00

Title Fee: $15.00

Special Plates: Varies

*For persons 65 years or older or handicapped, the fee is $20.00; if age 64, the fee is $22.00; if under age 64, then $24.00.

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $51.50

Registration Fee: Based on vehicle weight + $1.50

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $51.50

Registration Fee: Prorated by date + $1.50

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $31.50

Registration Fee: $18.50

Driver’s License Fee: $26.50

Title Fee: $51.50

Special Plates: $67.50

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $53.00

Registration Fee: $37.00

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $53.00

Registration Fee: $19.00

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $11.00

Registration Fee: $2.00 at original registration, transfer, or renewal; $6.00 at any other time

Driver’s License Fee: $30.50 ($50.50 with Class M motorcycle endorsement)

Title Fee: $53.00

Special Plates: $25.00-$154.00

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $77.00

Registration Fee: $86.00 – 2 year; $172.00 – 4 year

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $77.00

Registration Fee: $48.00 – 2 years; $96.00 – 4 years 16

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $22.00 for 1; $34.00 for 2

Registration Fee: $5.00

Driver License Fee: $26.50

Title Fee: $77.00

Special Plates: Same as plate fee + surcharge

The registration fee for vehicles with special registration is $15 for disabled veterans and former prisoners of war.

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $28.25

Registration Fee: By number of cars.*

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $20.00

Registration Fee: $33.00 + $6.00 for motorcycle safety course.

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $5.50

Registration Fee: $5.00

Driver’s License Fee: $17.00

Title Fee: $20.00

Special Plates: $36.00 for new; $20.00 renewa

*$33.00 each for the first 4 cars; $16.50 for 5-6 cars; $12.00 for 7-8 cars; and $8.00 for 9 or more cars.

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $10.00

Registration Fee: Varies, depending on make and model of vehicle and county of residence.

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $10.00

Registration Fee: Varies, depending on make and model of vehicle and county of residence.

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $14.60

Registration Fee: $6.50

Driver’s License Fee: $13.50

Title Fee: $14.00

Special Plates: $40.00-$70.00

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $122.00

Registration Fee: Under 4 yrs. old $217.00; 5 – 10 yrs. old $87.00; 11+ yrs. old $28.00

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $12.00

Registration Fee: $53.25

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $5.00

Registration Fee: $5.00

Driver’s License Fee: $10.00

Title Fee: n/a

Special Plates: $25.00

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $4.00

Registration Fee: $8.00; $8.25 in Metro Phoenix and Tucson

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $4.00

Registration Fee: $9.00

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $5.00

Registration Fee: $4.00

Driver’s License Fee: $12.00

Title Fee: $4.00

Special Plates: $25.00

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $8.50

Registration Fee: Registration fee based on horsepower. *

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $8.50

Registration Fee: Registration fee based on horsepower. *

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: N/A

Registration Fee: $12.00

Driver’s License Fee: Driver’s License: $10.00 for 3 years, $20.00for 6 years; Commercial Driver’s License: $22.50 for 3 years, $45.00 for 6 years

Title Fee:$8.50

Special Plates: $15.00

* Less than 12: $18.25; 12 and less than 24: $21.25; 24 and less than 36: $24.25; 36 and less than 48: $33.25; 48 and less than 60: $39.25; 60 and less than 72: $45.25; 72 and higher: $51.25.

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $8.25

Registration Fee: $6.00 plate fee + registration tax system for passenger class vehicles. *

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $8.25

Registration Fee: $4.50 plate fee + $10 tax

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $10.00

Registration Fee: $10.00

Driver’s License Fee: $14.75

Title Fee: $7.25

Special Plates: $10.00 – $14.00

* Tax is determined in part upon the base value of the vehicle as provided by the manufacturer when the vehicle was new, and the age of the vehicle.

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $15.00

Registration Fee: If vehicle model is earlier than 1983, then fee depends on weight. If vehicle model is 1983 or later, the fee depends on the list price of the vehicle.

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $15.00

Registration Fee: $23.00

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $5.00

Registration Fee: n/a

Driver’s License Fee: $9.00

Title Fee: n/a

Special Plates: $30.00-$35.00

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $75.00

Registration Fee: $50.00

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $75.00

Registration Fee: $20.00

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $25.00 per plate

Registration Fee: $25.00

Driver’s License Fee: $50.00

Title Fee: $25.00

Special Plates: $45.00-$100.00

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $100.00

Registration Fee: By weight *

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $100.00

Registration Fee: $104.00

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $20.00

Registration Fee: $5.00

Driver’s License Fee: $20.00

Title Fee: $20.00

Special Plates: $15.00 – $50.00** plus additional annual fee when applicable

* $135.00 for vehicles 3,700 lbs. or less; $187.00 for vehicles over 3,700 lbs. $51.00 for historic motor vehicles.
** $15.00 (non-logo); $20.00 (bay or agricultural); $25.00 (logo); $50.00 (vanity).

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $33.00

Registration Fee: $35.00

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $33.00

Registration Fee: $21.00

Plate Fee: $5.00

DUPLICATES

Registration Fee: Card: $2.00; Stickers: $0.50 each

Driver’s License Fee: $5.00

Title Fee: $33.00

Special Plates: $25.00

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $8.00

Registration Fee: $14.00*

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $8.00

Registration Fee: $14.00*

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $10.00

Registration Fee: $2.50

Driver’s License Fee: $5.00

Title Fee: $4.00 for motor vehicles

Special Plates: $31.00 + regular cost of tags

* Registration fees in addition to privilege and ad valorem taxes, and possibly sales and use taxes, depending on the county, type and value of the vehicle.  Contact your local county Tax Collector for more information.

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $68.50

Registration Fee: Based on the selling price of the vehicle.*

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $68.50

Registration Fee: $12.00

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $10.00

Registration Fee: $12.00

Driver’s License Fee: $17.00

Title Fee: $18.50

Special Plates: Varies

*The current rate is .1% of the value of the vehicle per year, with a minimum base of $10,000. The license plates are sold in 2-year increments, therefore the minimum price is $20.00. An $8.00 handling fee added to all transactions. A Parish fee not to exceed $3.00 is asked in certain Parishes.

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $92.00

Registration Fee: $21.00

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $9.00

Registration Fee: $9.00

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $9.00

Registration Fee: $3.00

Driver’s License Fee: $12.00

Title Fee: $12.00

Special Plates: $25.00

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $10.00

Registration Fee: $35.00 – $45.00

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $10.00

Registration Fee: $25.00

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $3.00

Registration Fee: $1.00

Driver’s License Fee: $8.00

Title Fee: $10.00

Special Plates: $46.00

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $18.00

Registration Fee: $100.00 – once every 2 years

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: n/a

Registration Fee: $60.00 – once every 2 years

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $5.00

Registration Fee: $2.00

Driver’s License Fee: $15.00

Title Fee: $15.00

Special Plates: $30.00

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $258.00

Registration Fee: Vehicle registration fees for vehicles up to 11 years old are $0.40 per 100 lbs. plus a percentage of the vehicle’s value as decided by the Dept. of Motor Vehicles.*

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $25.00

Registration Fee: 5 years old or newer: $20.00; more than 5 years old: $10.00

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $5.00

Registration Fee: $3.00

Driver’s License Fee: $10.00

Title Fee: $25.00

Special Plates: $25.00

*For vehicles up to 7 years old, 1% of the list price; for vehicles 8-9 years old, 0.75% of the list price; for vehicles 10-11 years old, 0.5% of the list price. For vehicles more than 12 years old, the total registration fee is $50.00.

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $15.00

Registration Fee: $21.35

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $15.00

Registration Fee: $26.35

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $10.25

Registration Fee: $6.25

Driver’s License Fee: $10.50

Title Fee: $15.50

Special Plates: Varies

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $14.00

Registration Fee: $45 – $69; plus additional fees depending on county of residence

Electric vehicle: Add $140 per year

Plug-in hybrid: Add $75 per year

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $14.00

Registration Fee: $25 – $19.00 registration fee + $6 Motorcycle Safety Program Fee

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $3.00 per plate

Registration Fee: $5.00 plus $2.00 each for stickers

Driver’s License Fee: $15.00

Title Fee: $14.00

Special Plates: $25.00 – $60.00 initial fee; $15.00 – $40.00 renewal

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: n/a

Registration Fee: $45.00 for all motor vehicles plus an applicable weight tax.*

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: n/a

Registration Fee: $45.00 for all motor vehicles plus an applicable weight tax.*

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $5.00

Registration Fee: Maui County: $6.00; all other counties: $5.00

Driver’s License Fee: Hawaii County and Maui County: $6.00; all other counties: $5.00.

Title Fee: $n/a

Special Plates: $25.00

*$25.00 $0.0175 per pound for every vehicle up to 4,000 pounds net weight; $0.02 per pound for every vehicle between 4,000 and 7,000 pounds; $0.0225 per pound for every vehicle between 7,000 and 10,000 pounds; and $300 flat rate for every vehicle over 10,000 pounds. The various counties have varied rate fees as well: Honolulu City and County – $0.04 per pound; Maui County – $0.0125 per pound; Hawaii County – $0.0075 per pound; Kauai County – $0.0125 times vehicle weight plus $0.0075.

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $95.00

Registration Fee: $101.00

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $95.00

Registration Fee: $41.00

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $26.00 (one); $29.00 (two)

Registration Fee: $3.00 (cards); $20.00 (stickers)

Driver’s License Fee: $5.00

Title Fee: $95.00

Special Plates: $37.00–$146.00

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $10.00

Registration Fee: By weight.*

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $10.00

Registration Fee: $3.00 for 0-250cc; $7.00 for 251cc+

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $4.00

Registration Fee: $1.00

Driver’s License Fee: $10.00

Title Fee: $10.00

Special Plates: $5.00-$25.00

* $17.00 for cars under 3,000 lbs.; $25.00 for cars between 3,001 and 4,500 lbs.; $30.00 for cars greater than 4,500 lbs.

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $18.00

Registration Fee: $46.00*

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $18.00

Registration Fee: $46.00*

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $19.00

Registration Fee: $18.00

Driver’s License Fee: $25.00

Title Fee: $18.00

Special Plates: $10.00-$90.00 depending on type

* Plus additional fees of based on the type of vehicle, license plate type, and the owner’s county of residence and driving record.

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $7.20

Registration Fee: Based upon the weight, taxable value, purchase date, and type of plate requested.

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $7.20

Registration Fee: Based upon the weight, taxable value, purchase date, and type of plate requested.

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: Varies

Registration Fee: $2.20

Driver’s License Fee: $7.50 for the 1st; $14.00 for 2 or more

Title Fee: $8.50

Special Plates: Varies

Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: If no lien; $25.00 ($35.00, eff. Oct. 1, 2015); With lien: $35.00

Registration Fee: 1-5 yrs: $40.00/yr.

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: If no lien: $25.00; With lien: $35.00

Registration Fee: $15.00/yr.

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $6.00 plain plate; $10.00 special plate

Registration Fee: $2.00 for card; $1.00 for sticker ($10.00 for card; $5.00 for sticker eff. Oct. 1, 2015)

Driver’s License Fee: $10.00 ($20.00, eff. Oct. 1, 2015)

Title Fee: $25.00 ($50.00, eff. Oct. 1, 2015)

Special Plates: $10-$50.00

Plate Disbursement

Upon receipt of an approved application and payment of fees the county treasurer will issue to the applicant 1 reflectorized license plate or validation sticker for motorcycles, and trailers, including house trailers, and 2 reflectorized license plates or proper validation stickers for any other vehicle.

License plates must be conspicuously displayed and securely fastened to be plainly visible, secured to prevent swinging, attached in a horizontal position no less than 12 inches from the ground, and maintained free from foreign materials and in a condition to be clearly legible. Motorcycles and trailers must display 1 license plate on the rear of the vehicle, and all other vehicles must display 1 license plate on the front of the vehicle and 1 license plate on the rear of the vehicle.

License plates and stickers may be delivered by mail if the applicant so desires, but the mailing cost may be required to be paid by the applicant.

Any person who registers 2 or more vehicles may select 1 currently existing registration month for all of those vehicles.

The color scheme for license plates is dark blue on light blue with a graphic background. License plates are also available for amateur radio operators, antique motor vehicles, disabled veterans, former prisoners of war, Pearl Harbor survivors, National Guard members, and Purple Heart recipients.

Applications for a specific license plate number must be made to the county treasurer by the last day of the annual registration month.

WYDOT will issue a special tamper-resistant removable windshield placard to an applicant submitting a letter from his or her physician stating that the applicant has a disability that is expected to last a minimum of 12 months that limits or impairs the ability to walk. The placard is also available to any person responsible for the transportation of eligible persons. An eligible person may also apply for special license plates.

Plate Disbursement

The DMV shall furnish 2 license plates to every registered motor vehicle other than a motorcycle and 1 should be placed on the front and 1 on the rear.

The DMV may issue license plate stickers or tabs upon renewal of registration. Effective July 1, 2016, license plates shall be reissued every 8 years.

License plates assigned to a passenger car or truck must contain a space for the name of a county or other identification, and a designation which consists of a group of 3 numerals followed by a group of 3 letters.  Personalized plates may have up to seven letter/number combinations.

One license plate will be assigned to motorcycles; it is to be mounted on the rear of the motorcycle, and shall consist of 6 letters or numerals.

Each license plate must be of sufficient size to be plainly readable from a distance of 100 feet during daylight, and treated to reflect light and to be at least 100 times brighter than conventional painted number plates.

The color scheme for license plates is blue on sunset.

Personalized plates are available for an added fee for passenger cars, trucks, motorcycles, or trailers.

Specially designed plates are available for an added fee for a wide range of themes.

Special license plates and permits for disabled drivers are available by application to DMV.

License plates for registered trailers will be manufactured in 2 sizes, with the smaller size being issued to trailers with a GVWR less than 1,000 lbs. The smaller plates will have 6 numbers, and the larger plates will have 1 letter and 5 numbers.

Plate Disbursement

Two reflectorized number plates are issued by the DOT for each registered motor vehicle, and 1 number plate for each registered motorcycle, trailer, or housetrailer.

License plates that are marked to indicate the mobility impaired are available without additional charge upon application and payment of the regular license fee.

The color scheme for license plates is black on blue and gold.

Personalized plates with not more than 7 numerals, letters, ampersands, or combination thereof are available upon application. Personalized motorcycle plates may not contain more than 6 characters.

An annual registration tab or sticker for the current registration year must be displayed on each plate.

License plates are issued upon payment of registration fees.

Mobility impaired placard or license plates are issued by the Motor Vehicle Division upon completion of Form SFN 2886.

Plate Disbursement

License plates shall be disbursed at the time of registration.

All vehicles other than motorcycles and trailers shall have 2 reflectorized license plates, 1 on the front and 1 on the rear of the vehicle.

D.C. registration stickers should be placed on the lower left interior corner of the driver’s side windshield.

The color scheme for license plates is red and blue on white.

Personalized license plates are available for a fee.

Plates and special windshield I.D. cards for disabled drivers are available from the DMV.

Plate Disbursement

Issuance of license plates may be denied without presentation of a certificate of ownership.

Two plates are issued.

The color scheme for license plates is black on goldfinch & pale yellow.

Special license plates and windshield placards for disabled drivers are available at no fee by application to the MVC.

Plate Disbursement

Plates issued for a motor vehicle other than a motorcycle, trailer, truck, or bus must display 2 reflectorized license plates, 1 on the front and 1 on the rear, and be securely fastened in a horizontal position to the vehicle for which it is issued so as to prevent the plate from swinging and at a height of not less than 12 inches from the ground, measuring from the bottom of such plate.

The color scheme for license plates is blue on white with red letters.

Special license plates for disabled drivers are available upon application, with medical certificate, to the Secretary of State.

Plate Disbursement

When the applicant pays the registration tax, the Department will issue reflectorized license plates bearing the state name and vehicle number assigned. The color scheme for license plates is blue on white.

Single plates for rear display are issued to trailers, motorcycle/mopeds, dealers in transit, collector classes, and vehicles that are of model year 1972 or earlier, not registered in Collector class, and used for general transportation purposes.

Single plates for display on the front of the vehicle are issued to tractors and truck-tractors, tractor-trailer combinations, and farm class vehicles.

If the vehicle is a trailer with 3,000 pounds or less GVW with lifetime registration, the numbered plate or sticker must be adhered to the side of the trailer frame tongue near the hitch.

All other classes are required to display registration and will be issued 2 license plates to be displayed on the front and rear of the vehicle.

License plates are validated with stickers.

Special license plates for the disabled are available upon application with doctor’s certificate.

Plate Disbursement

ADOT shall issue 1 plate per vehicle registered.

Every plate shall be coated with reflective material.

The color scheme for plate is blue and white with a Grand Canyon background.

Plates are validated with tabs.

Mutilated or illegible license plates shall be returned to ADOT for replacement plates.

New or replacement plates may be received via mail.

Special plates for disabled drivers are available upon application.

Vehicles with an alternative fuel plate or sticker may operate in a high occupancy vehicle lane at any time, regardless of the number of passengers.

Plate Disbursement

After receiving the registration and title application accompanied by the appropriate fee, the county treasurer will issue 1 license plate for a motorcycle, autocycle, motorized bicycle, or trailer, and 2 license plates for every other motor vehicle. The registration plates, including special plates, are assigned to the owner of the vehicle.

A person who acquires a vehicle which is currently registered or from a dealer’s inventory may operate the vehicle without plates for 30 days if ownership evidence is carried in the vehicle.

A person who acquires a vehicle which is currently registered or from a dealer’s inventory and who has possession of plates may operate the vehicle for 45 days if ownership evidence is carried in the vehicle.

The registration plate for a motorcycle, autocycle, motorized bicycle, or trailer must be displayed on the rear of the vehicle.

Annual validation stickers are issued after payment of registration fees for each set of plates. The stickers are to be displayed on the lower left corner of the registration plates, except for motorcycles and small trailer plates, where the stickers are to be displayed on the upper left corner of the plate.

The color scheme for license plates is black on a white scenic background.

Three-year or permanent registration plates are issued for trailers. Payments for permanent plates may be made at 5-year intervals or on an annual basis.

Special license plates are available for persons with disabilities.

Plate Disbursement

Once a vehicle has been properly registered, the county treasurer will issue the vehicle’s owner reflectorized 2 license plates to be placed on the front and rear of the vehicle. The county treasurer will mail the license plates to an applicant upon request if that applicant pays the appropriate fees. Motorcycles are only required to display one plate.

Disabled license plates available upon application to the department.

The color scheme for license plates is red, white and blue on white background.

License plates are validated by a sticker.

Plate Disbursement

The DVSB distributes license plates to each motor vehicle in the state. Each type of vehicle is considered a separate class.

A set of two reflectorized license plates is issued with the certificate of registration.

Each set of license plates shall bear the name or abbreviated name of this state, the words “BICENTENNIAL,” the month and year in which the registration shall expire, and an arrangement of numbers or letters, or both, as shall be assigned from year to year by the DVSB.

The color scheme for license plates is Red and Blue wavy lines on white.

License plates are validated with stickers

Special plates for qualified disabled veterans will have the “DISABLED VETERAN” wording on the license plates in preference to the words “BICENTENNIAL” and special plates for members of the national guard will have the “NATIONAL GUARD” wording in preference to the words “BICENTENNIAL.”

Plate Disbursement

The State Tax Commission is authorized to issue and renew reflectorized license tags.

A license tag on a motor vehicle or trailer may be renewed for 5-year periods, except for vehicles registered in excess of 10,000 lbs. Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW).

During each intervening year of the period tags are issued, the State Tax Commission will issue 1 decal, in lieu of tags, that specifies the month and year that the tag will expire.

License decals shall indicate the month and last 2 figures of the year the license tag will expire and shall be color-coded to make it easier to distinguish month from year.

The color scheme for license plates is yellow on green.

Personalized license tags may be issued as long as they are the same color as regular license tags and have the name of the county and not more than 7 letters and/or numbers.

Special license tags, decals, and windshield placards are available upon application to persons with a disability that limits or impairs the ability to walk. Application is to be made to the State Tax Commission.

Plate Disbursement

Two reflectorized plates must be attached to both the front and the rear of the motor vehicle.

The color scheme for license plates is blue on white.

License plates are validated by stickers.

For a motorcycle, moped, or trailer, the plate must be attached to the rear of the vehicle.

Handicapped license plates are available by application to DMV or Customer Service Center.

The use of any bracket, holder, mounting, or frame that obscures the alpha-numeric license number, the name or abbreviated name of the state, or any decal, stamp, or other device indicating the month or year in which registration expires is prohibited.

Plate Disbursement

The DMV shall design and issue to every person whose vehicle is registered a license plate or plates.

Every vehicle driven on any road, if required to be registered, shall have one or more reflectorized number plates displayed with any current validation sticker issued by the DMV or an authorized agent.

Registration plates for passenger vehicles shall display the state motto “Live Free or Die.”  Plates are required to be kept clean.

Special license plates or hanging placards for disabled drivers are available by application to DMV. Letter from physician attesting to disability and possession of New Hampshire driver’s license or non-driver ID is required.  All applicants must prove residency.

Plate Disbursement

License plates are issued by the Secretary of State and are renewed annually.

License plates must be on the front and rear of each vehicle except for motorcycles and trailers which must have their plate attached to the rear.

The standard color scheme for license plates is a green shaded background, black letters and numbers with an illustration of a chickadee, pine cone and tassel.

License plates are validated by stickers.

Personalized license plates may be issued and may contain a combination of letters and numbers not to exceed 7 characters.

License plates issued to motorcycles must include the words “Ride Safe.”

Special license plates are available for disabled drivers, upon application, with physician’s certificate, to BMV.

Plate Disbursement

Plates must be displayed on both the front and the rear for all motor vehicles, and on the rear only for motorcycles and trailers. All license plates shall be securely fastened so as not to swing, and shall not be covered by any material that obstructs their visibility.

The color scheme for license plates is red with sunburst in white and blue background

License plates are validated by a sticker.

Disability license plates or disability parking placards are available by application with documentation of disability and prescription for disability placard from physician or chiropractor to BMV or local deputy registrars.

Plate Disbursement

The number and registration plates shall be the property of the state and shall be furnished by the DOT for each registered motor vehicle without additional cost to the owner.

The DOT shall furnish 1 reflectorized, numbered plate for each vehicle registered.

The color scheme for license plates gold on blue.

License plates are validated with stickers.

Handicapped license plates may be issued only if applicant submits proof satisfactory to the DOT.

Plate Disbursement

License plates are provided upon vehicle registration.

RMV provides 2 license plates per motor vehicle registration and 1 license plate per trailer registration.

The color scheme for license plates is red and blue on white.

License plates are validated with decals.

Handicap plates or placards for the disabled are available upon application with medical certificate to Medical Affairs Section, Registry of Motor Vehicles. Road test may be required if medical professional is unable to certify competency to operate safely.

Plate Disbursement

Two plates are issued by the director of finance upon original registration; motorcycles and trailers receive only 1 plate. License plates are validated with stickers.

The color scheme for license plates is a rainbow design.

Special plates are issued for consuls and official representatives of foreign governments at no charge.

Special plates are issued for antique motor vehicles and are used in lieu of standard plates.

Special plates are also authorized for owners of an amateur radio station license and for disabled persons. Upon the transfer of ownership of a vehicle or upon the expiration or revocation of an amateur radio station license, a holder of special plates must surrender them to the administrator of the county civil defense agency.

Regulation plates must be surrendered to the county civil defense agency upon receipt of special plates.

Plate Disbursement

Upon filing of an application for registration and payment of the appropriate fees, the DMV will issue 1 license plate for a moped, motorcycle, travel trailer, camper, antique vehicle, or vehicle of special interest. Two reflectorized license plates are issued for all other vehicles.

In lieu of new plates, the DMV issues stickers upon renewal of registration.

Special plates are available for special groups and vehicles including veterans’ organizations, institutions of higher education, nonprofit groups, amateur radio operators and special vehicles. Personalized plates are also available.

Disabled person parking placards issued upon application to DMV, with certification by licensed physician attesting to permanent or temporary disability.

License plates have a graphic background.

Plate Disbursement

The license plate shall display the registration number assigned to the vehicle, the name of the state, and the year or years for which it is issued.

In every calendar year ending in a “5” or “0,” the DMV shall furnish 1 license plate for each vehicle. In the intervening 4 years, the division shall furnish 1 decal for the license plate each year showing the expiration date.

Two personalized license plates may be issued to the owner of a passenger vehicle or truck up to 20,000 lbs. GVWR upon application for such a plate. Owners of motorcycles may receive 1 personalized plate.

License plates shall be attached to the rear of the vehicle. Owners of specialized plates shall place 1 in the front of the vehicle and 1 on the rear of the vehicle.

The color scheme for license plates shall be gold and blue on white.

Veterans with a 100% disability are eligible to receive free, distinctive license plates.

Holders of amateur radio licenses and owners of antique vehicles are eligible for a specialized license plate, upon payment of a fee.

Special license plates for handicapped individuals are available upon application, with medical certificate, to County Treasurer’s office.

The DMV shall furnish to the owner of every registered vehicle 1 reflectorized license plate.

Plate Disbursement

The county clerk issues 1 reflectorized plate per motor vehicle upon successful application for registration.

The license plate issued for passenger cars, including trucks with a manufacturer’s ton rating not exceeding 1/2 ton and having a pickup body style, motorcycles, trailers, and also those issued for motor homes, must be attached to the rear of the vehicle. License plates issued for all other vehicles must be attached to the front of the vehicle.

The color scheme for license plates is black on white.

License plates are validated with stickers.

Disabled license plates are available by application through the county clerk’s office with physician’s statement attesting to disability. Placards are available through county clerk or Department of Safety.

No tinted materials may be placed over a license plate even if the information on the license plate is not concealed.  On motor vehicles factory-equipped to illuminate license plates, the plates must be illuminated at all times that headlights are on.

Plate Disbursement

All motor vehicles, except trailers, campers, collector vehicles, and motorcycles, are issued 2 license plates. Trailers, campers, collector vehicles, and motorcycles are issued 1 plate.

If a vehicle is issued 2 plates, 1 plate must be displayed on the front of the vehicle, and 1 plate must be displayed on the rear. If 1 plate is issued, that plate must be displayed on the rear of the vehicle. Each vehicle license plate must be placed or hung in a horizontal position at a distance of not less than 1 foot or more than 4 feet from the ground and must be kept clean so as to be plainly seen and read at all times. Any holders, frames, or any materials that in any manner change, alter, or make the vehicle license plate illegible are prohibited.

Current registration tabs are affixed to the rear license plate as indicated on the license plate to identify the registration expiration month or year for a specific vehicle.

The color scheme for license plates is red and blue on white.

Numerous specialty license plates are available.

Disabled license plates or placards are available by application to the DOL or authorized agents located throughout the state. Proof of disability must be provided by the DOL and signed by both the disabled person and his or her physician.

Plate Disbursement

One reflectorized plate must be attached to the rear of the vehicle not less than 12 inches from the ground.

After the initial registration, license plates are validated by a sticker when the required registration renewal fees have been paid.

The color scheme for license plates is red on yellow

Disabled license plate available by submitting application, accompanied by medical statement from licensed physician attesting to disability to Vehicle Services Bureau. Disabled placards movable from vehicle to vehicle are also available at local field offices with appropriate medical form completed by physician.

Plate Disbursement

The license plate shall be affixed to the rear of the vehicle.

The yearly decal will validate the license plate for each registration period.

The license plate and decal shall be of such size, color, design, and numbering as the Tax Commission directs. Each license plate shall have a space for the placement of the yearly decals.

Temporary license plates placed on newly purchased vehicles are valid for up to 30 days.

Personalized license plates will be issued with a maximum of 7 letters or numbers, or a combination of 4 letters and 3 numbers. No punctuation marks or symbols are allowed.

Personalized license plates for motorcycles will be issued with a maximum of 6 letters or numbers, or a combination of 4 letters and 2 numbers.

Disabled license plates issued upon application to Oklahoma Tax Commission – no additional charge.

Plate Disbursement

License plates are distributed with registration of vehicle. Two plates are ordinarily issued. Plates are validated with stickers. Front license plate must be displayed in a clearly visible and legible manner.

Every license plate shall expire on the last day of the month at the end of each 12-month period.

The color scheme for license plates is white and green or green on white.

Special license plates for disabled drivers are available upon application with medical certificate and Colorado identification on driver’s license to clerk and recorder of county in which the applicant resides, except in Denver where obtained from the Denver Motor Vehicle Department.

Plate Disbursement

License plates for automobiles and pickup trucks with 2 axles and a gross weight not greater than 12,000 lbs. are valid for 5 years.

During the 5-year license period, tabs, stamps, or devices as determined by ADOR must be affixed to the vehicle to indicate expiration.

Person changing county residence must purchase new license plate upon expiration of previous license plate or at return of old license plate.

All plates shall be treated with reflective material.

The color scheme for license plates is red and blue.

One license plate is issued and must be placed at rear of vehicle.

Distinctive license plate and placard provided for handicapped individual if medical proof submitted.

Plate Disbursement

Two reflectorized license plates are issued except in the case of a motorcycle, all-terrain vehicle, or vehicles displaying year of manufacture, old timer, classic car, or street rod license plates. License plates are to be displayed on both the front and rear or rear only if given 1 plate. License plates are to be displayed for the current registration year with an annual registration sticker on each license plate.

The color scheme for most license plates is black on red, white and blue.

Personalized license plates are available and must have numbers, letters, or any combination thereof with no more than 7 characters.

Special license plates may be issued but must utilize the same red, white, and blue background as the standard issue of license plates. The word Idaho must be on every plate but identification of county and inscription of “Scenic Idaho” may be omitted. No slogans infringing on trademarks of the state are permitted, unless otherwise provided, subject to approval by the Idaho Legislature.

Disability license plates and placards are issued for persons with disabilities. The license plate is the same size and color as other license plates and displays the international accessible symbol. The license plate must also display the registration number of the vehicle. An application for special license plates or cards must be made to the DMV and include written certification by a licensed physician verifying the applicant’s impairment qualifies as a disability.

Plate Disbursement

PennDOT will issue 1 registration plate when a car is registered in Pennsylvania.

Registration plates and motorcycle decals are available to persons with disabilities and severely disabled veterans by application to the Bureau by completing Form MV145 or Form MV145V for veterans with a reduced fee of $11.00. Notarization is required.

No fee required for severely disabled veterans motorcycle decal.

Disabled parking placards are available by application to the Bureau of Motor Vehicles. No fee is required. Notarization and Form MV145A.

The color scheme for registration plates is blue, white, and yellow, with blue letters and numbers.

It is unlawful to display on any vehicle a registration plate which is otherwise illegible at a reasonable distance or is obscured in any manner.

Plate Disbursement

Two license plates are issued for a 5-year period. Validation stickers are issued each year after the 1st year when a license plate or set of plates was issued.

The validation stickers must be attached to the inside of the vehicle’s windshield within 6 inches of the place where the motor vehicle inspection sticker is required to be placed. If the vehicle does not have a windshield, the DMV will issue a sticker for attachment to the rear license plate.

Numerous specialty license plates are available.

Permanently disabled drivers have the option of applying for specially designated plates or placards designed to hang from the rearview mirror. An applicant may receive 2 disabled person plates or 1 placard and/or 1 set of plates. An additional set of plates may be obtained for specially equipped vehicles for persons who have lost the use of 1 or both legs.

The license plate color scheme is red and blue on white.

Plate Disbursement

The DMV shall issue to the owner 1 registration plate for a motorcycle, trailer, semitrailer, or other motor vehicle upon registration.

Registration plates must be of a reflective material and display the registration number for the vehicle, the state (which may be abbreviated), and the year when the plate expires.

The registration plate must be legible from a distance of 150 feet during daylight.

The registration number for plates shall begin with the number 2.

Registration plates must be attached to the rear of the vehicle, except for truck tractors and road tractors designed and constructed to pull trailer and semitrailers when plates on the rear would not be visible. In that case, plates must be on the front.

The registration plate must be securely fastened in a horizontal position and must be at a height of not less than 12 inches from the ground.

Disabled license plates and placards are available by application to DMV, accompanied by statement of disability from physician or prescribed form.

The color scheme for license plates is blue and gold on white.

Plate Disbursement

Unless otherwise exempted, a person may not operate a motor vehicle on the public highways of the state unless the vehicle is properly registered and has the proper reflectorized number plates conspicuously displayed, 1 on the front and 1 on the rear of the vehicle, each securely fastened to prevent it from swinging and unobstructed from plain view.

A person may not purchase or display on a vehicle a license plate bearing the number assigned to any county other than the county of the person’s permanent residence at the time of application of registration.

All number plates are issued for a maximum period of 4 years. In years when number plates are not issued, the MVD will provide non-removable stickers bearing appropriate registration numbers that must be affixed to the rear license plate.

License plates are validated by decals.

Any purchaser of a motor vehicle may obtain a temporary window sticker from the country treasurer if he or she is unable to complete the process of applying for a Montana title at the time he or she applies for registration of the vehicle because the certificate of ownership is lost, in the possession of third parties, or in the process of reissuance. The sticker is valid for 60 days and must be displayed on the upper left-hand corner of the rear window.

The color scheme for license plates is blue with color graphics.

Personalized license plates are available as are special plates for veterans, collectors, amateur radio operators, disabled veterans, alumni of Montana colleges and universities, and organizations.

Special permits for disabled persons are available, as well as disabled plates.

Plate Disbursement

Upon registration, the DMV will issue 2 reflectorized, numbered plates to the owner of any motor vehicle and 1 numbered plate to the owner of any trailer or motorcycle. The plates shall have a distinct number that corresponds with the registration number on the registration certificate.

The plates shall be securely fastened on the vehicle, 1 on the front and 1 on the rear, at a height not more than 48 inches and not less than 12 inches from the ground.

The plates shall be kept in a clean condition so as to be easily readable and shall not be covered by glass or any plastic material.

The DMV shall assign to such motor vehicle used for transporting persons with disabilities distinctive numbered plates, called disabled person plates.

The DMV may issue special number plates to applicants in the same manner that regular plates are issued but with the payment of an increased fee.

Numerous distinctive license plates are available. Please check with the DMV or online at dmv.ny.gov to view the selection of plates available.

Disabled license plates available upon application to DMV. Doctor’s statement attesting to disability must accompany application.

The color scheme for license plates is white, blue on white, or blue on gold.

Plates are validated by windshield sticker.

Plate Disbursement

Two license plates are required. Registration stickers are not required (discontinued in 2011).

Each plate issued by the state shall be reflectorized and shall bear the words “Constitution State” and “Connecticut.” The color scheme for license plates is white on blue.

Plate Disbursement

Upon registration of a vehicle, the MVA shall issue registration plates. Motorcycles, tractor vehicles, and trailers are to be issued 1 license plate, and every other vehicle shall be issued 2 plates.

On vehicles for which 2 plates are required, 1 plate shall be attached to the front of the vehicle and the other plate shall be attached to the rear of the vehicle.

On vehicles receiving just 1 plate, it shall be attached to the rear of the vehicle, with the exception of a tractor vehicle which is attached to the front.

Validations tabs are to be placed on the registration plates upon renewal of the vehicle registration.

Registration plates may be reflectorized, and shall have a durability of at least 5 years.

The color scheme for license plates is blue and red on white.

Vehicle dealers may issue 1 temporary registration plate to new owners, with the VIN and date of expiration clearly written on the tag.

Temporary plates expire upon the first to occur of the following: receipt of annual registration plates, rescission of the contract to buy the vehicle, or 60 days from issuance.

Personalized registration plates are available for an additional fee.

Persons presenting sufficient proof of a disability may obtain special disabled license plates.

Plate Disbursement

The DMV issues 2 reflectorized license plates per motor vehicle registered, except for motorcycles, and 1 license plate for all other vehicles (trailers, semitrailers, etc.) required to be registered.

When 2 plates are issued, 1 must be displayed on the front, the other on the rear; when only 1 is issued it must be displayed on the rear of the vehicle.

The color scheme for license plates is blue on white, yellow on black or blue, and blue on white.

Special plates are issued for historic vehicles, current or retired members of the Legislature, street rods, diplomats, disabled persons, members of the media, qualifying tax exempt organizations, various current and retired public employees, and special organizations.

License plates must be illuminated so as to be visible from a distance of 50 feet.

Special license plates or placards for disabled drivers are available upon application with medical certificate to DMV.

New and used vehicles must attach temporary paper license plates on a vehicle at the point of sale if that vehicle does not display license plates previously issued by the DMV. Temporary license plates contain a unique number and expiration date.

Plate Disbursement

The plate is required to be attached to the rear of the vehicle. The plate must be attached at a height of not less than 12 inches from the ground, measured from the bottom of the plate, in a place and position which is clearly visible. The attachment to the rear of a vehicle of a tow ball, bicycle rack, removable hitch, or any other device designed to carry an object on the rear of a vehicle, including the object being carried, is allowed.

The color scheme of the standard license plate is blue on white.

Plates are validated by stickers.

Special license plate or windshield placard disabled drivers is available upon application with doctor’s statement to Secretary of State.

The Secretary of State shall issue to the owner 1 registration plate.

Vehicle registration plates become ineligible for renewal 10 years after they are issued. An owner of a registered vehicle with a registration plate that is ineligible for renewal must acquire a replacement plate upon paying appropriate fees.

Plate Disbursement

When registration is completed, the Bureau will provide the registrant with one license plate or renewal tag that is sent through the mail, or other indication of registration.

License plates are validated by stickers. Plates must be securely fastened, in a horizontal and upright position that displays the registration expiration year in the upper right corner, to the vehicle for which the plate is issued.

The color schemes for standard license plates are 1) blue with white lettering and the Indiana logo, or 2) red, white, and blue American flag design with ‘In God We Trust’ in white lettering.

Special plates for disabled drivers are available upon application, with affidavit of disability, to Bureau of Motor Vehicles.

Plate Disbursement

Plates are provided upon vehicle registration, 1 fully reflective plate for each motorcycle or trailer and 2 fully reflective plates for every other motor vehicle.

A temporary plate may be issued that allows the operation of a vehicle on the public highways for a period of 5 days from the date of issue.

On a motor vehicle, plates must be attached 1 in the front and 1 in the rear. On a motorcycle or trailer, plates must be attached at the rear of the vehicle.

Handicapped parking placards or stickers may be issued upon application and proof of a disability. The placard or sticker shall be renewed every 3 years for individuals with a long-term or permanent disability.

The color scheme for license plates is grey-blue on off white.

License plates are validated by stickers.

Plate Disbursement

One reflectorized plate is issued for the rear of the vehicle that must be illuminated during hours of darkness.

The county clerk issues a decal or decals, to be placed on the license plate, corresponding to the month and year of expiration shown on the registration certificate.

The color scheme for license plates is blue on a scenic background.

Specialized and personalized plates are available.

Plate Disbursement

The DMV upon registering a vehicle shall issue to the owner 1 license plate for a motorcycle, trailer, or semitrailer and 2 identical reflectorized license plates for every other vehicle. Each license plate shall have displayed on it: the registration number assigned to the vehicle for which it is issued; the name of the state; a designation of the county in which the vehicle is registered; and a registration decal showing the date of expiration.

Each original license plate that is not a special issuance plate shall be a statehood centennial license plate or a “Ski Utah” license plate. The color scheme for license plates is blue on orange and blue.

A person who is the registered owner of a vehicle may, upon payment of a fee, apply to the DMV for personalized license plates.

The owner of a motor vehicle that is a model year 1973 or older may apply to the DMV for permission to display an original issue license plate of a format and type issued by the state in the same year as the model year of the vehicle.

Every license plate shall at all times be securely fastened in a horizontal position at a height not less than 12 inches from the ground and maintained free from foreign materials and clearly legible from a distance of at least 100 feet during daylight. License plates may be reasonably obscured by a trailer hitch, a wheelchair lift or wheelchair carrier, a trailer being towed by the vehicle, a bicycle rack, ski rack, or luggage rack, or a similar cargo carrying device.

Disabled plates and placards are available by application to Customer Service Division. Affidavit by owner and disability certification by physician are required to accompany application.

Plate Disbursement

The DOT issues 2 plates, both of which must be displayed.

The plates must be attached to the front and rear.

License plates are validated by stickers sold by the DOT or other authorized providers.

Special plates are issued for persons with disabilities, veterans, amateur radio station licensees, and various special groups.

Personalized plates may also be issued upon application.

The color scheme for license plates is blue on white, red on white, and black on white.

Plate Disbursement

Two plates are required on vehicles. Plates will feature either blue lettering on a yellow field or the “Gold Rush Centennial” design, which is black lettering on a blue sky with white mountains and trail climbers.

License plates are reflectorized.

Plates are validated biennially with a sticker that is placed on the rear license plate.

Disability plates are available upon application and a medical certificate.

Plate Disbursement

The DMV shall furnish to every person whose motor vehicle is registered fully reflectorized license plates upon which shall be displayed the registration number, consisting of letters and numerals assigned to such motor vehicle in figures not less than 2 1/2 inches nor more than 3 inches in height, and also the word “Nebraska.”

Two plates shall be displayed on all vehicles except motorcycles, autocycles, minitrucks, truck-tractors, trailers, buses, special interest, and those registered as apportioned or displaying dealer plates. When one plate is displayed it shall be prominently displayed on the rear of the vehicle.

Effective January 1, 2017, the DMV shall issue one license plate for passenger cars that are manufactured to only display one plate. A decal authorizing the single plate shall be issued and displayed on the driver’s side of the windshield.

The DMV shall, without the payment of any extra fee, issue license plates for 1 motor vehicle and 1 motorcycle to any handicapped or disabled person.

The DMV shall furnish to every person whose motor vehicle is registered 1 or 2 renewal tabs that shall bear the year for which furnished and be so constructed as to permit them to be permanently affixed to the plates.

The color scheme for license plates is green/yellow on white for general passenger vehicles. This color scheme will discontinue January 1, 2018.  Beginning January 1, 2017 the color scheme for license plates will be gray, blue, and black on white for general passenger vehicles. There are also a variety of specialty license plates that utilize other color and design schemes.

Disabled license plates are available by application through DMV.

Plate Disbursement

Upon registration, the DMV shall issue 1 reflectorized registration plate for a motorcycle, trailer, semitrailer, and every other motor vehicle.

Every license plate shall have the registration number assigned to the vehicle, the name of the state of North Carolina, and year number for which it is issued or for the expiration date.

The color scheme for license plates is red and blue on white.

License plates are validated by stickers.

Commercial plates must also bear the word “commercial,” unless it is a trailer or is licensed for 6,000 lbs. or less.

Vehicle owners may pay a prorated fee for license plates issued for less than a year. If the plate is issued between April 1 and June 30, the owner will pay 75% of the fee. Between July 1 and September 30, he or she owes 50% of the fee, and from October 1 to December 31, 25% of the fee.

Handicapped plates are available at DMV branch offices throughout the state.

Plate Disbursement

Upon the receipt of an initial application for registration, the DMV shall assign a motor vehicle a reflectorized license plate bearing the registration license number.

License plates are valid for 10 years and when issued will be issued with validation stickers indicating the expiration month and year. The plates will expire on midnight of the owner’s birthday. At the end of 10 years, upon renewal, the plates shall be replaced.

The color scheme for license plates is green on white or orange on white.

Plate Disbursement

License plates and revalidation decals are issued only upon applications made to the local tag agent.

The owners of new or unregistered vehicles are allowed 7 business days after the date of purchase to purchase a tag and/or renewal decal.

License plates and revalidation decals may be purchased by mail.

Metal license plates issued on or after January 1, 1997 are used for a period of 5 years, and a revalidation decal is issued in those years in which a metal plate is not issued.

The color scheme for license plates is black and white with peach emblem.

Defaced or illegible plates or renewal decals must be turned in at the time the replacement tag and/or renewal decal is issued. If replacement tags or decals were obtained for lost or stolen tags or decals, the original tags or decals must be immediately turned in to the Internal Administration Unit (IAU) of the DOR.

All passenger cars, including station wagons and other utility vehicles, including motorcycles, motor scooters, and buses, must display the reflectorized license plate assigned to it on the rear of the vehicle.

All trucks and trailers must, where practical, display the license plate on the rear of the vehicle. However, if the truck or trailer routinely engages in activities wherein it is inevitable that a license plate attached to the rear would be defaced, destroyed, or lost, the plate may be attached to the front.

Every motor vehicle must at all times have the license plate assigned to it firmly attached in such a manner that it will not swing and that it will be plainly visible. It is the duty of the operator to keep the license plate legible at all times. No license plate may be covered with any material unless the material is colorless and transparent.

Applicants for a disabled persons license plate must submit to the county tax commissioner or tax collector a certificate from a doctor certifying that the applicant has permanently lost the use of a leg or both legs, or an arm or both arms, or any combination thereof, or is so severely disabled as to be unable to move without the aid of crutches or a wheelchair.

Plate Disbursement

License plates are issued by TPW only after vehicle is recorded in motor vehicle registry.

New plates are required when use of vehicle chanes and different identification number is required or when individual acquiring vehicle does not possess plates.

Plates must be displayed with illuminated light at night.

Plate Disbursement

From January 1, 1998, no plate shall be issued or renewed without satisfactory proof of insurance.

Upon registration, the owner of every vehicle shall receive a permanent license.

Every plate shall be reflectorized and shall have imprinted a multicolor reflectorized graphic design or logo.

The color scheme for license plates is red and blue on white.

No identical plates shall be issued for more than 1 vehicle.

Special personalized plates are available for an additional $25.00 fee.

Special license plates are available for disabled drivers, but must have doctor’s certification of disability.

Owners of permanent license plates may renew their registrations in person or by mail at a county revenue office, or by fax within 45 days of the date of expiration.

Plates must have sticker bearing expiration date.

An applicant may renew license plates in the county where he resides in person or by mail to the revenue collector.

Plate Disbursement

The Department upon registering and licensing a vehicle must issue to the owner 1 license plate. This license plate must be attached to the outside rear of the vehicle, except that on truck tractors and road tractors the license plate must be attached to the outside front of the vehicle. New replacement plates are issued every 10 years.

License plates are revalidated by stickers.

The license plate color scheme is blue, orange and white with black characters.

A disabled license plate or placard is available from DMV by completion of RG-007. $1 fee for each placard. Only one placard may be issued to each applicant.

Plate Disbursement

The Department issues 1 reflectorized license plate for private passenger vehicles.

Every license plate must display the registration number assigned to the owner, the name of the state, and the registration time period.

The color scheme for license plates is blue on white.

License plates are validated by stickers.

License plates must be securely fastened to the vehicle, no less than 12 inches from the ground, and clearly legible.

Special license plates can be issued for a variety of groups and organizations.

A special license plate for the disabled is available upon application, with doctor’s certificates, to any motor vehicle office.

Plate Disbursement

The DMV shall issue to each motor vehicle a distinctive number that shall be displayed on plates.

All number plates shall be the property of the state.

A motor vehicle operated on any highway in this state shall have displayed in a conspicuous and un-obscured place either 1 or 2 plates. If 1 plate is issued, the plate shall be attached securely to the rear of the vehicle. If 2 plates are furnished, 1 shall be secured to the rear and 1 shall be secured to the front of the vehicle.

A person shall not operate a motor vehicle unless number plates and a validation sticker are displayed. A registration validation sticker shall be unobstructed.  For vehicles issued registration plates with dimensions of approximately 12 × 6 inches, in the lower right corner of the rear registration plate; and for vehicles issued a registration plate with a dimension of approximately 7 × 4 inches, in the upper right corner of the rear registration plate.

Specialized plates are available.

Disabled cards and license plates are available by application to DMV.

The color scheme for license plates is white on green.

Transfer of Plates

Upon the transfer of ownership of a vehicle, the registration number plates may be attached to another vehicle that is being leased or purchased by the registrant for a period greater than 30 days.

Upon the termination of a lease of a vehicle, the registration number plates may be attached to another vehicle that is owned, being leased, or being purchased by the lessee. Full registration fees are due.

Plates do not have to be turned back into the DMV when the registration is cancelled following total loss of the vehicle if the registration will not be used again.

Transfer of Plates

Unless otherwise provided, upon transfer of ownership of a vehicle the registration of the vehicle expires and the original owner must immediately remove the license plates from the vehicle. Within 30 days (45 days for transfer executed by auctioneer) after acquiring another vehicle, the original owner may apply to transfer the license registration number to the new vehicle. The owner must pay the fees based on the amount that would be due on the new vehicle less any credit for the unused portion of the original registration fees.

If a vehicle held in joint ownership between 2 or more joint owners is transferred to 1 or more of the owners, or by a person to the person’s spouse, child, brother, sister, or parent, the same license plates may be kept on the vehicle. The transferee must file an application and pay the proper fee to the county treasurer.

Upon application and payment of the proper fee, license plates may also be transferred from leased vehicle to a replacement leased vehicle and from a vehicle when sold by the owner to a replacement leased vehicle.

Transfer of Plates

The holder of the original registration may transfer license plates to a new vehicle, provided that the vehicle is eligible for that class of license plates and the vehicle registration has been transferred to the new vehicle.

Transfer of Plates

License plates must be retained by the owner and may be transferred to a replacement motor vehicle.

Transfer of Plates

A transferor must remove the license plates from the vehicle at the time of transfer, and has 5 days to return them to the DMV.

A registrant who wishes to transfer license plates from 1 vehicle to another must apply for a transfer within 5 days of acquiring the new vehicle.

License plates may not be transferred from 1 owner to another.

Personalized plates may be transferred for a fee, but only to a surviving spouse, from a joint ownership of a vehicle to a sole ownership, and from a sole ownership to a joint ownership.

License plates may be cancelled using the DMV online tag cancellation service. Tags must be returned to the DMV or recycled at the Fort Totten Transfer Station on the first Saturday of the month.

Transfer of Plates

License plates may be transferred to another vehicle owned by the same person.

Driver's License Examination

All initial examinations will include an eyesight test, a testing of the ability of the applicant to read and understand highway signs, a knowledge of Indiana traffic laws, a testing of the ability of the applicant to exercise reasonable control in the vehicle, and any physical or mental examination the Bureau sees fit, if necessary.

The Bureau will waive the demonstration portion of the exam for any person who has passed a driver education class and road test given by an approved commercial driver training school or a high school driver education program.

The state requires that both eyes have 20/40 visual acuity or better for an unrestricted license.

Driver's License Examination

Every person applying for an instruction permit, seasonal driver’s license, driver’s license, or motorcycle endorsement must have an examination consisting of an eyesight test and a driving knowledge test.

Drivers not previously licensed are also required to take a driving skills test.

A minimum of 20/40 visual acuity in at least 1 eye, with or without corrective glasses, is required.

A driving knowledge or skills test can also be administered to any licensed driver or applicant at the discretion of the examiner.

An applicant for a motorcycle endorsement may also be tested on safe motorcycle operating practices and traffic laws relating to motorcycles.

Driver's License Examination

A driver’s license examination includes a test of the applicant’s eyesight (20/40 visual acuity required) and any further physical examination the examiner of drivers finds necessary to determine the applicant’s fitness to operate a vehicle, a written exam demonstrating ability to understand highway signs and rules of the road, and a roadside examination.

Every applicant under 18 years old must provide proof of completion of an approved driver education program and a behind-the-wheel training course.

An applicant that is at least 16 years old, but not more than 17 years old, will not be examined by the examiner of drivers unless the applicant has held a valid instruction permit for at least 90 days.

The examination for an instruction permit does not include a roadside test.

An applicant who fails the knowledge or practical test must wait 1 week before retaking the exam.

Driver's License Examination

Original license requires a written or oral examination, driving test, and vision test.

Renewal applications and applications by licensed new residents require only a vision test.

The minimum visual acuity for an unrestricted license is 20/40.

Driver’s License Examination

Practical examination is required prior to granting of license to show ability to operate vehicle safely.

Individual applying for learner’s permit must take and pass traffic and public safety examination.

Driver's License Examination

Written exam includes knowledge of motor vehicle laws, English language proficiency, and traffic signs and signals recognition.

Roadside test is mandatory but may be waived if the applicant submits a license held by another jurisdiction and the DMV is able to verify there are no holds or impediments on the license.

Roadside examination officers may refuse to administer the exam if applicant is unable to provide proof of financial responsibility.

Applicants for a provisional license who fail the written exam must wait 1 week before re-taking the exam; those who fail the driving exam must wait 2 weeks before re-taking.

Hearing and vision tests are also administered; visual acuity may not be 20/200 or worse when wearing corrective lenses.

Application for Class A or B license shall also include a report of medical examination of an applicant given not more than 2 years prior to the date of the application.

Driver's License Examination

All persons applying for original driver’s license must take a written, vision (20/40 acuity required in each eye), and driving examination.

Driver's License Examination

New Jersey residents are required to have a valid New Jersey driver license to operate a motor vehicle. First-time drivers must complete the Graduated Driver License program to obtain a basic license, requiring applicants to pass various tests.

State law requires every licensed driver to pass a vision screening successfully (20/50 visual acuity required) at least once every 10 years as a condition of driver’s license renewal, but this provision is not currently enforced.

When a written examination is given as part of a high school driver education program, a certified driver education instructor, or special education teacher may be allowed to read the examination to any student who has been diagnosed with a deficiency in reading, perception, or other learning disability.

Driver's License Examination

The DDS examines every applicant for a driver’s license.

Applicants 18 years of age or older with a valid and current license issued by another state of the United States or the District of Columbia who surrender their previous licenses to obtain a Georgia license are only required to take an eyesight test (20/40 visual acuity required).

All other applicants are required to take both a written and on-the-road driving test as well as an eyesight test.

An applicant that fails the driving test the first time must wait until the next day to retake the test. After the second or subsequent failure, the applicant must wait 7 working days to retake the test.

Driver's License Examination

Every applicant for an original Class A, B, C, or D license must pass a vision test (20/60 visual acuity required for Class D; 20/40 required for Class A, B, or C), a written test concerning the applicant’s ability to read and understand highway signs and his or her knowledge of the traffic laws of the state, and a road test.

The DPS may waive any portion of the test for applicants with a valid out-of-state license.

Holders of Class A, B, or C licenses are eligible for a Class D license without taking another test.

Driver's License Examination

Written and driving tests are required for all 1st-time applicants.

The examination shall include a test of the applicant’s knowledge of motor vehicle laws, including the laws on stopping for school buses, a test of the applicant’s physical fitness to drive, and a test of the applicant’s ability to understand highway traffic control devices.

Vision screening (20/40 visual acuity) is required for all applicants and renewals. The vision screening is conducted at the office of the deputy registrar receiving the application for license renewal.

The Registrar may waive the examination of any person applying for the renewal of a driver’s license or motorcycle operator’s endorsement, provided that the applicant presents either an unexpired license or endorsement or a license or endorsement which has expired not more than 6 months prior to the date of application.

An applicant for a driver’s license shall give an actual demonstration of the ability to exercise ordinary and reasonable control in the operation of a motor vehicle by driving the same under the supervision of an examining officer.

Driver's License Examination

Applicants for a driver’s license are required to take a written, road, and eye examination (20/40 visual acuity required). The written and road tests may be waived for an applicant who has successfully passed these tests in this or another state.

Driver's License Examination

In order to demonstrate an applicant’s physical and mental ability to operate a vehicle, an applicant must pass tests issued by the DMV, which may include road tests, vision tests (20/40 visual acuity required), and oral or written tests.

The DMV may not require a person who is at least 60 years of age to parallel park a motor vehicle as part of a road test.

An applicant using bioptic telescopic lenses is eligible for a regular Class C driver’s license if they meet specific visual acuity requirements and successfully complete a road test. The license or permit holder will be restricted to driving between one-half hour after sunrise and ending one-half hour before sunset.

Driver's License Examination

Knowledge tests are appropriate for the class, license, or license endorsement, are in written format, and are available in either English or Spanish.

Road tests are required for all classes of licenses, except a learner’s permit.

The vision test may be administered by the DMV, or another state’s DMV, or by a licensed physician, optometrist, ophthalmologist, optician, or registered nurse. Any statement of visual acuity (20/40 required) will only be acceptable if the date of the examination is not more than 12 months prior to the date of submission.

Driver's License Examination

The MVD is responsible for establishing qualifications and administering examinations.

Applicants get no more than 3 chances to pass the examination within a period of 6 months from the date of the application.

All 1st-time applicants must pass a written test and a road test.

The MVD is required to test the eyesight of all applicants (20/40 visual acuity is required).

Driver's License Examination

Required for every applicant of a driver’s or a minor’s license. Includes vision (a minimum of 20/40 acuity required), written, and behind-the-wheel tests.

Driver's License Examination

The DMV administers three tests for Driver Licensing: a vision, a knowledge and a road test. The vision and knowledge tests are given on a first-come, first served walk-in basis only. Appointments are not made for knowledge tests but applicants must arrive at the DMV office no later than 3:30 p.m. for an operator or motorcycle test or 3:00 p.m. for a commercial test. Appointments are required for road tests; however, are only scheduled once all required knowledge tests have been passed. Scheduling of road exams is based on the availability of appointments at each driver licensing location. All road test vehicles must be fully registered and in safe operating condition. If the road test vehicle is required to have an inspection sticker, it must be up to date.

The DMV shall issue driver’s licenses only to applicants whose visual acuity is between 20/40 and 20/70. No license may be issued to an applicant whose visual acuity is worse than 20/40 in both eyes, or worse than 20/30 if there is vision only in 1 eye, unless special consideration is granted by the DMV.

Driver's License Examination

WYDOT examines every applicant for a driver’s license and instruction permit. The examination includes a test of the applicant’s eyesight, knowledge, and driving skills.

WYDOT may waive the knowledge and driving skills test for any person applying for a renewal license.

Visual acuity of 20/40 or better with or without corrective lenses is required.

Driver's License Examination

Examination includes a knowledge test, including ability to read and understand highway signs, a driving skills demonstration test, and a vision test (20/40 visual acuity required).

Driver's License Examination

Upon presenting one proof of identity, one proof of Social Security number, two proofs of WV residency with name and physical address, and proof of legal name change document(s) if the name has changed or is different than the provided proof of identity document, the DMV shall examine applicants for a license to operate a motor vehicle.

The examination shall include a test of the applicant’s eyesight (20/40 visual acuity or better); ability to read and understand highway signs regulating, warning, and directing traffic; knowledge of traffic laws; and knowledge of the effects of alcohol on persons operating vehicles.

The examination shall include an actual demonstration of the ability to exercise ordinary and reasonable control in the operation of a vehicle, and any physical or mental examination as the DMV considers necessary to determine the applicant’s fitness to operate a motor vehicle safely.

Driver’s License Examination

The driver’s licensing examination includes a vision test (20/40 visual acuity is required in at least one eye), a written knowledge test, and a driving skills test.

No person may be issued a commercial driver’s license unless that person has passed a knowledge and skills test for driving a commercial motor vehicle that complies with minimum federal standards.

All applicants for a driver’s license or renewal must take a vision test administered by the DOL.

An applicant for a basic driver’s license is not required to take the knowledge and driving skills tests if the applicant is surrendering a valid driver’s license issued by the applicant’s previous home state.

Driver’s License Examination

Every applicant must submit to an examination to determine his or her mental and physical qualifications and ability to drive.

A written examination and road test are required for first-time applicants. Prior to taking the examination, applicants shall either present evidence that they have completed a state-approved driver education class or submit to the examiner a behind-the-wheel maneuvers checklist.

Any person under the age of 18 who applies for a driver’s license and fails the motor vehicle knowledge test shall not be eligible for retesting for at least 15 days.

Vision screening with a 20/40 or better vision and at least 110 degrees of horizontal vision in 1 or both eyes is required.

Any person who fails the behind-the-wheel or knowledge examinations for a driver’s license administered by the DMV shall not be eligible to retake the test for 2 days.  Such a person who fails 3 times shall not be permitted to take such examination a fourth time until he successfully completes the in-vehicle or knowledge component of driver instruction at a driver training school.

Driver's License Examination

Before an operator’s license is issued for the 1st time in this state, or if an applicant’s previous Vermont license has expired over 3 years ago, then the applicant must pass a satisfactory examination consisting of road, written, and vision tests (20/40 visual acuity required).

Driver's License Examination

The Driver License Division shall examine every applicant for a license by testing the applicant’s eyesight by the DMV or by allowing the applicant to furnish to the DLD a statement from a physician or optometrist licensed in Utah.

The Division requires the applicant be able to read and understand highway signs regulating, warning, and directing traffic. The state requires 20/40 vision and peripheral fields (side vision) of 120 degrees in each eye to pass the vision test. It also requires the applicant to be able to read and understand simple English used in highway traffic and directional signs and to have knowledge of the state traffic laws.

The Division is also allowed to assess other physical and mental abilities it finds necessary to determine the applicant’s fitness to drive a motor vehicle safely on the highways. The applicant must be able to exercise ordinary and reasonable control while driving a motor vehicle.

Driver's License Examination

Unless otherwise exempt, an applicant for a driver’s license must pass a vision test (20/40 vision acuity required), a sign recognition test, a knowledge test, and a driving skills test.

A licensed driver education school may administer the vision, sign recognition, and knowledge tests.

A facility authorized and certified by the Department of Public Safety may administer the behind the wheel driving test. These facilities include military, educational institution, or driver education and training service providers.

Knowledge and skills tests are waived for persons holding a valid out-of-state license when applying for a Texas license of the same or lower type.

Driver’s License Examination

Every applicant for any type of license or learner’s permit must pass a written examination that tests the applicant’s ability to read and understand highway signs as well as the applicant’s knowledge of traffic laws and must demonstrate actual ability to exercise ordinary care in the operation of a motor vehicle. All applicants must also submit to an eye exam (20/40 visual acuity required).

The knowledge and skills tests may be waived for a non-resident who is licensed in another state and has established residency in Tennessee, or an applicant with a valid driver license from a approved foreign country.

An applicant who presents evidence that the applicant has completed a driver education and training course offered for Class D vehicles at a public school or commercial driver training school is deemed to have satisfactorily completed the licensing examinations required by the department.

Driver's License Examination

Applicants must pass a knowledge exam, a vision screening (20/40 visual acuity required), and a driving test for an original license.

A vision screening is required every 8 years upon renewal of license.

Driver’s License Examination

The Department must examine every applicant for an operator’s license, unless the Department determines that the examination is not necessary.

The examination must include a test of the applicant’s eyesight (20/40 vision acuity is required), ability to read and understand highway signs regulating, warning, and directing traffic, and knowledge of South Dakota’s traffic laws. An actual demonstration of the applicant’s ability to exercise ordinary and reasonable control in the operation of a motor vehicle is also required – but may be waived for an applicant who has successfully passed an actual ability test in his or her state.

The Department may require any other physical or mental examination that it deems to be appropriate.

Driver's License Examination

The Department must examine every applicant for a driver’s license, unless the Department waives this requirement. The examination must include a test of the applicant’s eyesight (20/40 visual acuity required), his or her ability to read and understand highway signs and all South Carolina traffic laws. This test must also include an actual demonstration of the applicant’s ability to exercise ordinary and reasonable control in the operation of the type motor vehicle for which a license is sought. The Department may require a further physical and mental examination if it considers this necessary to determine the applicant’s fitness to operate a motor vehicle. The Department must make provisions for giving an examination in the county where the applicant resides.

Driver's License Examination

All applicants for a license must pass a written test, road test, and eye examination (20/40 visual acuity required). Any person who successfully completes a driver education course who has passed a standardized written driver’s license examination does not have to take the written examination.

All applications for an instruction permit or license must contain: (1) the full name, date of birth, sex, and residence address of the applicant; (2) a brief description of the applicant; (3) whether the applicant has been previously licensed by another state or country; and (4) whether any other previously held license has even been suspended or revoked and for what reason.

A driver’s license must have a distinguishing number assigned to the licensee, the full name, date of birth, residence address, brief description of the licensee, photograph of the licensee, indication of desire to donate tissue or organs, and the licensee’s signature.

License does not normally include a social security number.

Drug or alcohol offenses may cause postponement of new driver’s license eligibility.

Driver's License Examination

Every applicant for a driver’s license must be examined for the type or class of vehicle that the applicant desires to operate. The examination includes a physical examination, a screening test of the applicant’s eyesight (20/40 visual acuity required), and a knowledge test of the applicant’s ability to read and understand official traffic-control devices and signs, knowledge of safe driving practices, and knowledge of Pennsylvania’s rules of the road.

In addition to the knowledge test the applicant will be required to take a driving skills test that requires knowledge of controls, ability to parallel park, and an on road driving course where the driver’s compliance with driving rules of the road are examined.

Applicants for a commercial driver’s license are required to successfully pass required knowledge tests and a driving skills test that involve a pre-trip inspection, basic maneuver skills test, and an on road driving skills test.

If PennDOT finds it necessary to further determine an applicant’s fitness to operate a motor vehicle safely upon the highways the Department may require 1 or more of the following types of examinations: (1) a vision examination by an optometrist or ophthalmologist; (2) a physical examination; or (3) a knowledge examination.

Driver License Examination

Prior to taking examination, applicant must prove eligibility. Examinations for a license include a test of the applicant’s eyesight; a test of the applicant’s knowledge of the traffic laws; and a behind-the-wheel test.

An applicant’s visual acuity must be 20/70 or better when looking through both eyes. An applicant may meet the eyesight standards with the use of a corrective lens or lenses. If an applicant’s visual acuity in the applicant’s best eye is worse than 20/40, the applicant will be restricted to daytime driving only. The person must have a field of vision of at least 110 degrees.

All drivers 50 years of age or older must have their eyesight checked by the DMV every time they apply for renewal.

The drive test may be waived if the person is applying for a commercial driver license or Class C license and the applicant holds a valid out-of-state license, or applies for the commercial license or Class C license within 1 year of the expiration of the license.

Driver's License Examination

When a person with a valid license from another state applies for a Nevada license, that application is to be treated as an application for transfer.

A driver’s license examination shall include tests of the applicant’s ability to understand official devices used to control traffic and the applicant’s knowledge of safe driving practices and traffic laws; a vision test (20/40 visual acuity required) or report from an ophthalmologist, optician, or optometrist; and a road test.

The DMV may waive an examination for a person holding a valid license from another jurisdiction, unless that person is under the age of 21, has had his or her license suspended, revoked, or canceled in the preceding 4 years, has been convicted of certain crimes in the preceding 7 years, or has restrictions on his or her driver’s license.

Driver’s License Examination

Vision Test: The DMV vision test measures visual acuity and field of vision. If corrective lenses are needed to meet the standards, they must be worn at all times while driving, and the license issued will be restricted accordingly. If the standards are not met, either an ophthalmologist or optometrist will be required to check the findings. Applicants who cannot meet the minimum vision standards will be denied a license.

Written Test: There is a separate written test for each class of license. Applicants renewing a valid Nebraska operator’s license will have the written test waived if they renew the license prior to expiration or within 1 year after expiration. The examiner has access to Nebraska driver records and will determine eligibility upon application for renewal.

Driving Test: The driving test measures the ability to operate a specific class of vehicle under typical driving conditions. Examiners may, at their discretion, give a driving test to any license applicant. The vehicle must be furnished by the applicant for the driving test and it must be representative of the type of license for which he or she is applying.

Driver's License Examination

Each applicant is subject to a vision test (20/40 visual acuity required), knowledge test, and driving skills test.

A resident who has a valid driver’s license issued by another jurisdiction may surrender that license for a Montana license of the same class, type, and endorsement upon payment of the required fees and successful completion of a vision examination.

The MVD may impose restrictions on an applicant’s license if the MVD determines that an applicant’s ability to exercise ordinary and reasonable control in the safe operation of a motor vehicle on the highway depends on the use of adaptive equipment or operational restrictions.

A road test may not be given more than once every 7 days.

Driver’s License Examination

Any applicant for a license who does not possess a valid license issued pursuant to the laws of the state, another state, or a country which has a reciprocal agreement with the state of Missouri regarding the exchange of licenses must be examined. Any person who has failed to renew his license within 6 months after the expiration date must take the complete examination.

To obtain an Under 21 Full License, an applicant must pass the vision (20/40 visual acuity required) and road sign recognition tests but is not required to take the written and driving tests if the applicant has already passed these tests.

Driver’s License Examination

Every applicant for a driver’s license must include a test of the applicant’s eyesight (20/40 visual acuity required), ability to read and understand highway signs, traffic laws, knowledge of the effects of drugs and alcohol while driving, knowledge of a driver’s ability to safely and legally operate a motor vehicle, and an actual demonstration of the driver’s ability to exercise ordinary and reasonable care while driving the vehicle. The examination can also include anything else that the Department deems necessary.

The examination will be given either in the county where the applicant resides or at a place that is reasonably convenient to the applicant.

If the applicant has a valid driver’s license from a jurisdiction (including the U.S. Armed Forces) that gives a comparable driving examination, the Department can waive the requirement that the applicant demonstrate the ability to exercise ordinary and reasonable control in the operation of a motor vehicle.

A driver’s license can be renewed when the applicant has passed an eye examination.

The Department may require any examination to determine the incompetence, physical or mental disability or disease of any licensed driver, or any conditions which would affect the driver from exercising reasonable and ordinary control over the motor vehicle. If, as a result of the examination, the Department believes that the driver is an unsafe person to operate a motor vehicle, the Department may cancel the driver’s license.

No examination shall be required only for the reason that any licensed driver has attained a certain age.

Driver’s License Examination

A driving test, vision test (20/40 visual acuity required), and written knowledge test are required for an initial Driver’s license.

Drivers previously licensed to drive in another jurisdiction may skip the driving test unless they have failed the District’s driving test within 6 months or are at least 75 years of age.

Applicants at least 75 years of age are limited to 3 examinations within a year.

Applicants for a learner’s permit must pass the vision and written tests.

An applicant must have a visual acuity of at least 20/40 in 1 eye, and no worse than 20/70 in the other eye, with or without corrective lenses.

To comply with emissions standards, failing vehicle owners must make at least $951 in repairs before receiving a waiver from emission inspection for 2 years.

Driver’s License Examination

Vision screening (20/40 visual acuity) and knowledge tests are required to obtain a Level 1 graduated license. If the applicant is age 18 or older, he or she must pass a vision screening and knowledge test to obtain a Temporary Instruction Permit (TIP).

Teens in the graduated licensing program will take the knowledge test as part of segment 1 of driver education. Knowledge tests will be administered by the Department of State.

An original license examination without a vehicle group designation or endorsement must include a behind-the-wheel road test.

The Secretary of State may waive the requirement of a behind-the-wheel road test, knowledge test, or road sign test of an applicant for an original operator’s or chauffeur’s license without a vehicle group designation or endorsement who at the time of the application is the holder of a valid, unrevoked operator’s or chauffeur’s license issued by another state or country.

Vision screenings are required with each renewal conducted in-person.

The results of a knowledge test for an original group designation or endorsement shall be valid for 12 months.

Driver’s License Examination

Tests required for obtaining a license include: a written test, a road test, and a vision screening (20/40 visual acuity required), testing both field vision and basic color recognition.

Driver’s License Examination

Each applicant for an original Driver’s license shall pass the following exams: a vision screening; a test indicating the ability to read and understand highway signs regulating, warning, and directing traffic; a test of the applicant’s knowledge of the traffic laws of the state and safe driving practices; and a driving test.

The vision standards for a driver with restricted license are a visual acuity of 20/70 in at least 1 eye, and a continuous field of vision of at least 110 degrees with at least 35 degrees lateral to the midline of each side.

The MVA may issue a restricted license for daylight driving only to an applicant with at least 20/70 vision in 1 eye, and a continuous field of vision of at least 110 degrees with at least 35 degrees lateral to the midline of each side. The operator is allowed to operate a vehicle only from one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset.

A driver with a telescopic lens placed at the top of a corrective vision lens is eligible for a Class C license if he or she demonstrates a visual acuity of at least 20/100 in 1 eye and a field of 150 degrees horizontal vision with or without corrective lenses; but if the applicant has vision in only 1 eye, he or she must demonstrate a field of at least 100 degrees horizontal vision. Applicants with a visual acuity of at least 20/70 in 1 eye are also eligible for a Class C license.

An applicant will be issued a commercial driver’s license when he or she has passed the knowledge and skills tests for driving a commercial motor vehicle which complies with the minimum federal standards established by the federal Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1986.

Driver’s License Examination

Passage of skills, visual (20/40 visual acuity required) and written examinations are required for licensure.

A physical examination may be required and may be performed by a licensed physician, physician’s assistant, nurse practitioner, or other competent treatment personnel as determined by the medical advisory board.

A vision test must be passed (1) at the time of the 1st license renewal after age 40, (2) at every 2nd license renewal after initial renewal at age 40 until the person reaches 62 and, (3) at every license renewal after age 62.

Driver’s License Examination

A driving test will be administered that examines the applicant’s ability to read and understand road signs and to give the required signals. The applicant must take a test composed of at least 10 questions relating to the safe operation of a motor vehicle.

Prior to administration of the driving test, the license examiner will inspect the horn, lights, brakes, inspection certificate, and vehicle registration of the motor vehicle that the applicant expects to operate while being tested. If any of the items are deficient, no license or endorsement shall be issued to the applicant until they have been repaired.

Any applicant holding a valid driver’s license from another state is not required to take a written test.

An applicant for an original motorcycle endorsement or restricted motorcycle operator’s license is required to pass a written test which consists of questions relating to the safe operation of a motorcycle and a skills test. An applicant may be exempt from the skills test if a certificate of successful completion of an approved course can be provided.

An applicant is required to pass a vision test (requires 20/40 vision acuity).

Driver’s license examinations may be conducted in high school driver’s education classes instead of by the Driver Services Bureau.

Driver's License Examination

All applicants for a Louisiana license must pass a knowledge-based and a skills-based driving examination. An eye examination is also given (20/40 visual acuity is required).

The knowledge portion of the examination includes testing a person’s understanding of Louisiana motor vehicle laws, highway signs, railroad and highway crossing safety, and knowledge of the classification of motor vehicle the applicant will be driving.

The skills test will include an on-the-road driving test and possibly a simulated skills-based driving test.

The knowledge and skill tests will be administered by the Department or by a third party approved by the Department.

Driver's License Examination

All examinations are conducted by the State Police and are held in the county in which the applicant resides.

The examination includes a vision test (requires 20/40 visual acuity), a test of the applicant’s knowledge of traffic signs, signals, and traffic laws, and a roadside demonstration test.

Non-residents need not take the examinations provided they hold a valid license from a state that affords a reciprocal exemption to a Kentucky resident.

Driver's License Examination

An examination is required when an applicant for a license does not have a valid driver’s license, or answers in the affirmative that he has had a prior revocation, suspension, or refusal of a license.

Eye test (20/40 vision acuity required) and written and driving tests are required for original license.

An applicant for an initial Driver’s license shall be examined by the DMV prior to the issuance of a license. The applicant must pass a vision test, a test of the applicant’s ability to read and understand highway signs and the applicant’s knowledge of the traffic laws of the state, and a road test.

Driver's License Examination

The MVD may examine every new applicant for a driver’s license or any person holding a valid driver’s license when the MVD has reason to believe that the person may be physically or mentally incompetent to operate a motor vehicle, or whose driving record appears to the MVD to justify the examination. The examination may include a vision test (20/40 visual acuity is required in at least 1 eye), knowledge test, and driving skills test.

An applicant for a new or renewed noncommercial driver’s license may submit a vision report signed by a licensed vision specialist in lieu of the vision test.

Driver's License Examination

For an applicant for a Class D or a Class E Driver’s license, the required examination shall include a test of the applicant’s eyesight (20/40 visual acuity required) given by the Driver’s license examiner designated by the FLHSMV or by a licensed ophthalmologist or optometrist and a test of the applicant’s hearing given by the Driver’s license examiner or a licensed physician.

The examination shall also include a test of the applicant’s ability to read and understand highway signs regulating, warning, and directing traffic; his or her knowledge of the traffic laws, including the laws regulating driving under the influence of alcohol. Testing shall also include an actual demonstration of the ability to exercise ordinary and reasonable control in the operation of a motor vehicle.

The FLHSMV may waive the knowledge, endorsement, and skills tests for an applicant from another state or a province of Canada who surrenders a valid driver’s license from that state or province.

The examination for an applicant of a commercial driver’s license shall include the following: tests of the applicant’s eyesight, hearing, ability to read and understand highway signs and traffic rules of the state. Tests will also include a skill test specifically designed for the class of commercial license being applied for as well as an examination of the applicant’s ability to perform an inspection of his or her vehicle.

Driver's License Examination

Examinations are required for applicants for a driver’s license or permit that have not been previously licensed as a driver under the laws of Illinois or any other state or country, or any applicant for renewal of such driver’s license or permit when such license or permit has been expired for more than 1 year.

Applicants must successfully complete a vision screening, written examination, and driving examination.

An applicant who is required to take a vision screening must obtain a binocular (both eyes) acuity reading of 20/40 or better before being issued a driver’s license without vision restrictions. If an applicant utilizes corrective eyeglasses, contact lenses, or a combination thereof in order to obtain an acceptable acuity reading, a driver’s license issued to this applicant shall be restricted to operating a motor vehicle while using the corrective lenses.

Drivers must be reexamined at least once every 8 years unless they possess a driving record devoid of any convictions of traffic violations or evidence of committing an offense for which mandatory revocation would be required.

Driver's License Examination

Prior to receiving an initial driver’s license, an applicant must pass a vision test with minimum visual acuity of 20/40, a written examination of the rules of the road, and a driving test.

Driver’s License Examination

Examinations are conducted by ADOT or approved third parties, or waived upon documentation of successful completion of a driver education course approved by MVD.

Examination includes eyesight test (20/40 visual acuity required), written test, roadside demonstration test, and medical questionnaire.

ADOT retains discretion to require a licensee to submit to re-examination upon giving at least 5 days advance written notice to the licensee.

Driver’s License Examination

For an original license, applicants must pass a written exam, vision test (20/40 vision acuity required), and driving test.


Graduated Driver's Licensing

The District has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 16, individuals are eligible for a learner’s permit. During this stage, drivers must be supervised by a parent or guardian at all times.

  • In this stage, individuals may not drive between the hours of 9 p.m. to 6 a.m. and must accumulate at least 50 hours (10 at night) of supervised driving that is certified by a parent or guardian.

After holding the learner’s permit for 6 months, drivers are eligible for an intermediate license.

  • For the first 6 months, intermediate license holders may not carry any passengers (except drivers 21 and older and family members). Thereafter, drivers may transport no more than 2 passengers under 21 (except family members).
  • Intermediate license holders may not drive between midnight and 6 a.m. From September to June, they may not drive between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. on Sunday through Thursday nights.

At age 18, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license. In the District, all license applicants must hold a learner’s permit for 6 months, regardless of age.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

Florida has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15, individuals are eligible for a learner’s permit.

  • Permit holders may only drive during the day (after 3 months individuals may drive until 10 p.m.) with a licensed driver 21 years or older.
  • Permit holders must also accumulate at least 50 hours (10 at night) of parental/guardian certified driving.

At age 16, drivers who have held the permit for at least 12 months without a traffic conviction are eligible for an intermediate license.

  • Intermediate license holders who are 16 may not drive unsupervised between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. At 17, intermediate license holders may not drive unsupervised between the hours of 1 a.m. and 5 a.m.
  • Florida does not have a passenger restriction.

At age 18, individuals are eligible for an unrestricted license.

Graduated Driver’s Licensing

Connecticut has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 16, individuals are eligible for a learner’s permit.

  • During this stage individuals may only drive when accompanied by a licensed parent or guardian, an adult at least 20 years old who has held a driver’s license for at least 4 or more suspension-free consecutive years, or a driving instructor.
  • Drivers must hold the permit for at least 6 months (4 months if enrolled in driver education) and complete 40 hours of certified practice driving (8 hours of which must be done with a commercial driving school) before being eligible for an unrestricted license.

At age 16, drivers are eligible for an intermediate license.

  • During the first 6 months with this license, drivers are permitted no passengers other than a licensed parent or guardian, a licensed driving instructor giving instruction, and adult at least 20 years old who has held a driver’s license for four or more consecutive suspension-free years.
  • During the driver’s second 6 months, immediate family members are also permitted as the passengers.
  • 16- and 17-year-olds are also restricted from driving between 11 p.m. and 5 a.m., with limited exceptions.
  • In addition, learner’s permit and provisional license holders may not transport more passengers than the number of seatbelts in the vehicle or operate any vehicle that requires a public passenger transportation permit or a vanpool vehicle. All passengers in a vehicle driven by a 16- or 17-year-old must wear seatbelts.

At age 18, drivers who complete the graduated driver’s license system are eligible for an unrestricted license. Parents or legal guardians are also required to complete a 2-hour class concerning novice driver laws and safe driving practices.

Graduated Drivers Licensing

Puerto Rico does not have a system of graduated licensing for teen drivers.

Graduated Driver’s Licensing

Alabama has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15, individuals are eligible for a learner’s/instruction permit.

  • Learner’s/instruction permit holders may drive with parent, legal guardian, or licensed passenger 21 or older in the front passenger seat.
  • At age 16, after an individual has held a permit for 6 months and completed a minimum of 50 hours behind-the-wheel practice, they are eligible for the road test. An individual can be waived from taking the road test if they have received a certificate from their Driver Education instructor.

At age 16, individuals are eligible for an intermediate license.

  • Intermediate license holders may not drive with more than 1 passenger (except family members or licensed drivers age 21 or older) and are restricted from driving between midnight and 6 a.m. (secondarily enforced).

At age 17, with 6 months of driving experience and with no violations, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

New Jersey has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 16, upon successful completion of driver education, an individual is eligible for a special learner’s permit.

  • Permit holders may not drive unsupervised.
  • Individuals must hold the permit for at least 6 months and pass a road test to be eligible for an intermediate/probationary license.

At age 17, drivers may apply for an intermediate license.

  • A driver holding an intermediate/probationary license must display state-provided removable, transferable, highly visible, reflective decals indicating that the driver of the vehicle may be the holder of an intermediate license.
  • Intermediate license holders may not drive unsupervised between 11 p.m. and 5 a.m. and may not have more than 1 passenger unless supervised by a driver at least 21 years old (parents, guardians, and dependents are      exempted).
  • Drivers must hold the intermediate license for at least 6 months.

Permit and intermediate license holders and their passengers must always wear safety belts.

At age 18, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license.

In New Jersey, the graduated licensing law applies to adults. For persons 21 and older, individuals must also hold a learner’s permit for at least 3 months before reaching the intermediate phase, but the night and passenger restrictions are waived.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

Georgia has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

Individuals at least 15 years of age may apply for an instruction/learner’s permit to operate a non-commercial Class C vehicle.

  • While driving, the permit holder must be accompanied by a person at least 21 years of age licensed to drive a Class C vehicle.
  • Novice drivers must hold the permit for at least 12 months and 1 day and pass a road test before being eligible for an intermediate license.
  • Instruction permit holders must accumulate 40 hours (including 6 at night) of supervised driving certified by a driving instructor, parent, or guardian.

Individuals at least 16 years of age may apply for an intermediate license.

  • Intermediate license holders may not drive between midnight and 6 a.m. — no exceptions.
  • During the first 6 months of the intermediate license, novice drivers are prohibited from transporting any non-immediate family members (secondarily enforced). During the 2nd 6 months, no more than 1 passenger under 21 (immediate family members exempt). Thereafter, intermediate license holders are prohibited from transporting more than 3 passengers who are non-family members under 21 (secondarily enforced).

At age 18, drivers are eligible for a full unrestricted license as long as they have had no major traffic convictions in the last 12 months. The intermediate license requirements apply to all applicants for an unrestricted license.

Drivers may only move from 1 stage of licensing to the next if they have completed 12 consecutive months without a conviction for 1 or more of the following: DUI, eluding a police officer, drag racing, reckless driving, hit and run, and any moving violation for which 4 or more points are assessed.

Driver education is required for all license applicants under age 17.

Graduated Driver’s Licensing

Oklahoma has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15 ½, if receiving instruction in an approved driver education course, or through an approved parent-taught driver education course, and individual may apply for a learner’s permit. The written test for a permit may be waived if the individual has completed driver education. Individuals who do not take driver education must wait until age 16 to receive a learner’s permit.

  • Drivers must hold the permit for 6 months and certify that they have received 50 hours (10 at night) of practice driving.
  • They may only practice between 5 a.m. and 10 p.m.
  • Permit holders must be supervised at all times by a licensed driver at least 21.

At age 16, drivers are eligible for an intermediate license.

  • Intermediate license holders may not drive unsupervised between the hours of 10 p.m. and 5 a.m.
  • Intermediate license holders are also prohibited from transporting more than 1 passenger unless supervised (family members, guardians, and licensed drivers over 21 are exempted).

At age 16 ½, after holding the intermediate license for at least 6 months, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license. Individuals who don’t complete an approved driver education course must hold the intermediate license for 1 year before being eligible for an unrestricted license.

At age 18, an individual is eligible for a restricted commercial license who has passed all portions of the commercial driver license examination other than the driving test. The licensee may drive a commercial vehicle only when accompanied by a licensed commercial driver who is at least 21 years of age.

Graduated Driver’s Licensing

Ohio has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At 15 and 6 months, individuals are eligible for a learner’s permit.

  • Individuals operating with a permit may not drive unsupervised and must accumulate at least 50 (10 at night) hours of parental/guardian certified driving.
  • Drivers with learner’s permits may not drive between midnight and 6 a.m. unless supervised by a parent or guardian.

At age 16, drivers who complete the learner’s permit phase and a driver training course are eligible for a probationary license.

  • Probationary license holders under age 17 (effective January 1, 2017, probationary license holder who have held the license for less than 12 months) may not drive between midnight and 6 a.m. unless traveling to or from work, school or school functions (secondarily enforced); or have more than 1 non-family member as a passenger unless they are accompanied by a parent or guardian.
  • Individuals 17 and older with a probationary license (effective January 1, 2017, probationary license holder who have held the license for more than 12 months) may not drive unsupervised between 1 a.m. and 5 a.m. unless traveling to or from work or school functions (secondarily enforced).

At age 18, drivers who have completed the probationary license stage and remained traffic and alcohol violation-free for at least 12 months are eligible for an unrestricted license.

Driver education is required for all license applicants under age 18.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

North Dakota has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 14, individuals are eligible for an instruction/learner’s permit.

  • Permit holders under age 16 must accumulate 50 hours of supervised practice driving.

Individuals under age 16 must hold the learner’s permit for at least 12 months, and persons age 16 must hold the permit for a minimum of 6 months, before obtaining an intermediate license.

  • Individuals may only drive when accompanied by a licensed driver who is at least 18 years of age and has had at least 3 years of driving experience and is occupying a seat beside the driver.
  • Individuals under age 16 may not drive between 9 p.m. (or sunset, whichever comes later) and 5 a.m., unless driving to or from home and a school, work or religious activity.
  • Individuals under age 16 may not carry more passengers than the vehicle manufacturer’s suggested passenger capacity.

At age 16, individuals are eligible for an unrestricted license.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

North Carolina has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15, individuals who pass driver education and a written test, and have a driving eligibility certificate are eligible for a learner’s permit.

  • Permit holders may not drive unsupervised.
  • For the first 6 months, the permit holder may only drive between the hours of 5 a.m. and 9 p.m.
  • Every person riding in the vehicle operated by a permit holder must either be wearing a properly fastened safety belt or be safely restrained in a child passenger restraint system.
  • Permit holders must complete 60 hours of practice driving (including 10 hours at night).

At age 16, after passing a road test, earning a driving eligibility certificate, and holding a learner’s permit for at least 12 months, individuals may obtain a limited provisional license.

  • Provisional license holders may drive unsupervised between 5 a.m. and 9 p.m. or at any time when driving directly to or from work or as a member of a volunteer fire, rescue or emergency medical service. At all other times, drivers must be supervised by a parent, guardian, grandparent, or a person approved by any of them, who has been licensed for at least 5 years.
  • Provisional license holders are restricted from transporting more than 1 passenger under 21 unless accompanied by a supervising driver (family exempted). However, individuals transporting family members under 21 may not transport any other passengers under 21 unless supervised.
  • Every person riding in the vehicle operated by a provisional license holder must either be wearing a properly fastened safety belt or be safely restrained in a child passenger restraint system.

At 16 years and 6 months, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license if they have: (1) held a provisional license for at least 6 months; (2) not been convicted of a moving violation or seat belt infraction during the preceding 6 months; (3) completed 12 hours of practice driving (including 6 at night); and (4) a driver eligibility certificate.

Driver education is required for all license applicants under age 18.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

New York has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 16, after passing required vision screening and knowledge tests, an individual is eligible for a learner’s permit.

  • The holder may only operate a vehicle between the hours of 5 a.m. and 9 p.m., when under the immediate supervision of a person who is at least 21 years old and who holds a license valid in New York for the type of vehicle being operated.
  • From 9 p.m. until 5 a.m. the holder of a permit must be accompanied by a licensed parent, guardian, or driver’s education teacher.
  • No learner’s permit holder may operate a vehicle within the city of New York unless it is between 5 a.m. and 9 p.m. and the permit holder is accompanied by a driver’s education teacher in a vehicle equipped with dual controls.
  • Front seat occupants are limited to the supervising driver and all occupants must wear safety belts.
  • Permit holder may not operate with more than 1 unrelated passenger under 21, and must have held a learner’s permit for 6 months while accumulating 50 hours (15 at night) of driving practice with a licensed parent, guardian, driving school instructor, and/or driver education teacher.

At age 16 and 6 months, individuals are eligible for an intermediate license.

  • On Long Island (Nassau and Suffolk counties), the holder may operate a vehicle accompanied by a parent or guardian at any time, or alone when driving to or from school or farm employment at any time. The holder may operate a vehicle alone when driving to or from a place of business where the holder is employed (with appropriate proof of employment) only from 5 a.m. to 9 p.m.
  • Upstate (any county north of New York City), the holder may operate a vehicle alone from 5 a.m. to 9 p.m. for any purpose, or alone from 9 p.m. to 5 a.m. only when driving to or from school or to or from a place of business where the holder is employed (with appropriate proof of employment). The holder may operate a vehicle accompanied by a parent or guardian at any time.
  • No intermediate license holders (DJ or MJ) may operate a vehicle within the City of New York under any circumstances.
  • All vehicle occupants must be restrained and occupants are limited to 1 unrelated passenger under 21 unless they are a family member.

At age 18, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license, or at age 17 upon completion of driver education.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

New Mexico has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15, individuals who have completed or are attending a driver education course are eligible for an instructional/learner’s permit.

  • Permit holders must complete a driver education course and may only drive when supervised.
  • Permit holders must accumulate at least 50 hours (10 at night) of parental/guardian supervised driving.

At age 15 and 6 months, after holding an instruction permit for at least 6 months drivers are eligible for a provisional license.

  • Provisional license holders may not operate a motor vehicle upon public highways between the hours of midnight and 5 a.m., unless accompanied by a licensed adult, or when traveling to or from work or a school function.
  • Provisional license holders are also prohibited from transporting more than 1 passenger younger than 21 (except family).

At age 16 years and 6 months of age, a person is eligible for an unrestricted license if he/she has successfully held a provisional license for at least 12 months.

Driver education is required for all license applicants under age 18.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

New Hampshire has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15 ½, individuals may practice driving if accompanied in the front seat by a parent, legal guardian, or other licensed adult who is 25 years of age or older.

At age 16, individuals who have successfully completed driver education are eligible for a Youth Operator’s License, which expires on the holder’s 21st birthday.

  • For the first 6 months, the youth operator may have no more than 1 passenger (other than family members) under 25 in the vehicle.
  • The driver shall not operate a motor vehicle between 1 a.m. and 4 a.m.
  • No holder shall operate a motor vehicle when the number of occupants exceeds the number of passenger restraints in the vehicle.
  • Youth operator must accumulate 40 hours of supervised driving with 10 hours at night.

At age 18, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license.

Driver education is required for all license applicants under age 18.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

Wyoming has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15, an individual may apply for a permit.

  • Permit holders must hold it for at least 10 days and complete 50 hours (10 nighttime) of certified driving.

At age 16, drivers may apply for an intermediate license.

  • Drivers are restricted from transporting more than 1 person under the age of 18 (family is excluded).
  • Drivers may not operate a vehicle from 11 p.m. to 5 a.m.

At age 16 and 6 months, individuals are eligible for an unrestricted license after completing driver education.  Without driver education, individuals are eligible for an unrestricted license at age 17.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

Wisconsin has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At 15 years and 6 months of age, after passing a knowledge test, individuals are eligible for an instruction/ learner’s permit.

  • During this stage, individuals may drive only when supervised by a parent or guardian or a person meeting the requirements of those permitted to travel with the holder of an instruction permit.
  • Drivers must hold this permit for at least 6 months and accumulate at least 30 hours (10 at night) of parent/guardian supervised driving.
  • Permittees may not operate a motor vehicle during the hours of darkness unless accompanied by a qualified instructor or licensed person who is 25 years of age or more, has at least 2 years of licensed driving experience, and is occupying the front passenger seat.

At 16, upon successful completion of the permit stage, drivers are eligible for an intermediate license.

  • Probationary license holders may not drive unsupervised between the hours of midnight and 5 a.m.
  • Drivers may not transport more than 1 passenger (family members exempted).

Driver education is required for license applicants younger than 18.

After holding an probationary license for 9 months, the nighttime and passenger restrictions are lifted, drivers are eligible for a full unrestricted license at age 18.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

Reference West Virginia Code §17B-2-3a.

West Virginia has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15, individuals are eligible for an instruction learner’s permit.

  • An applicant for permit must pass a vision and written test.
  • A permit allows a person to operate a motor vehicle when accompanied by a licensed driver who is at least 21 years of age, or a driver education or driving school instructor.
  • Permit holders under age 18 may not drive between 10 p.m. and 5 a.m. and may not carry more than 2 passengers in addition to the supervisory driver.
  • Permit holders must complete 50 hours (including 10 hours at night) of certified practice driving, as recorded on a certification form completed by a parent or legal guardian.

At age 16, after holding a learner’s permit for 6 months and passing a road test, drivers are eligible for an intermediate license.

  • Intermediate license holders may not drive a vehicle unsupervised between 10 p.m. and 5 a.m.
  • Intermediate license holders are prohibited from transporting passengers under the age of 20 during the first 6 months.  During the second 6 months, no more than 1 passenger under 20, except family members.
  • If a driver with an intermediate license receives 2 or more moving violations, the license will be suspended until age 18.

At age 17, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license if they hold an intermediate license and have been infraction-free for 1 year.

West Virginia has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15, individuals are eligible for an instruction learner’s permit.

  • An applicant for permit must pass a vision and written test.
  • A permit allows a person to operate a motor vehicle when accompanied by a licensed driver who is at least 21 years of age, or a driver education or driving school instructor.
  • Permit holders under age 18 may not drive between 10 p.m. and 5 a.m. and may not carry more than 2 passengers in addition to the supervisory driver.
  • Permit holders must complete 50 hours (including 10 hours at night) of certified practice driving, as recorded on a certification form completed by a parent or legal guardian.

At age 16, after holding a learner’s permit for 6 months and passing a road test, drivers are eligible for an intermediate license.

  • Intermediate license holders may not drive a vehicle unsupervised between 10 p.m. and 5 a.m.
  • Intermediate license holders are prohibited from transporting passengers under the age of 20 during the first 6 months.  During the second 6 months, no more than 1 passenger under 20, except family members.
  • If a driver with an intermediate license receives 2 or more moving violations, the license will be suspended until age 18.

At age 17, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license if they hold an intermediate license and have been infraction-free for 1 year.

Graduated Driver’s Licensing

Washington has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15, an individual is eligible for a permit if the person is enrolled in an accredited traffic safety education program. At age 15 1/2, individuals not yet enrolled in driver’s education are eligible for a learner’s/instruction permit  as long as they pass a knowledge test.

Drivers under the age of 18 must complete an approved driver training course to receive their driver’s license.

  • A person holding a permit may drive a motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle, on the public highways if an approved instructor or a licensed driver with at least 5 years of experience occupies the seat beside the driver.
  • Parents, guardians, or employers must certify at least 50 hours of driving experience (10 at night), supervised by someone at least 21 years old who has had a valid driver’s license for at least 5 years.

At age 16, drivers who have held a permit for at least 6 months are eligible for an intermediate license. Drivers must also pass a driving skills examination and an accredited traffic safety education program to receive an intermediate license.

  • For the first 6 months, the intermediate license holder may not operate a motor vehicle that is carrying any passengers under the age of 20 who are not members of the licensee’s immediate family. For the next 6 months, the licensee may not operate a motor vehicle that is carrying more than 3 passengers who are under the age of 20 and who are not members of the licensee’s immediate family (secondarily enforced).
  • Intermediate license holders are also prohibited from driving unsupervised between the hours of 1 a.m. and 5 a.m. for the first 12 months except when accompanied by a parent, guardian, or a licensed driver who is at least 25 years of age (secondarily enforced).

At age 17, drivers are eligible to have the passenger and nighttime driving restrictions lifted, and drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license at age 18.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

Virginia has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At 15 years and 6 months, individuals are eligible for a learner’s permit.

  • Individuals must hold the permit for at least 9 months (minimum age — 16 years and 3 months).
  • Permit holders must accumulate at least 45 (15 at night) hours of parental/guardian supervised driving before being eligible for an intermediate license.

At age 16 and 3 months, drivers who have held the permit for at least 9 months are eligible for a junior/intermediate license.

  • Provisional license holders may not drive unsupervised between the hours of midnight and 4 a.m. (secondarily enforced).
  • Provisional license holders under 18 are prohibited from transporting more than 1 passenger under 21 for the first year they hold their license. After the first year, provisional license holders are prohibited from transporting more than 3 passengers under 21 until they reach age 18, unless driving to and from a school activity or accompanied by a passenger age 21 or older (secondarily enforced). Family members are exempted from all passenger restrictions.

At 18, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license.

Driver education is required for all license applicants under age 19.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

Vermont has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15, individuals are eligible for a learner’s permit.

  • Permit holders must also accumulate at least 40 hours (10 at night) of driving supervised by a parental, guardian, driver education instructor, or adult age 25 or older.

At age 16, drivers who have held the permit for at least 1 year and have been conviction free for at least 6 months are eligible for a junior/intermediate license.

  • For the first 3 months of the junior/intermediate license, drivers may not transport any passengers except parents, guardians, or driver education instructors. During the second 3 months, drivers may only transport siblings when supervised (secondarily enforced).
  • Vermont does not have a restriction on nighttime driving.

At age 16½, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license if they have been suspension-free for at least 6 months.

Driver education is required for all license applicants under 18.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

Utah has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15, individuals who pass the knowledge, physical and mental fitness tests are eligible for a learner’s permit.

  • Learner’s permit holders may operate a motor vehicle if supervised by a driving instructor or a licensed driver who is at least 21 years of age.
  • Learner’s permit holders must complete a driver education program.
  • A person 17 years of age or younger shall hold a learner’s permit for 6 months before applying for a provisional Class D license.
  • Driver’s education students must complete at least 6 hours of behind-the-wheel driving using a dual-control motor vehicle with a certified driving instructor seated next to the student.
  • Drivers must accumulate at least 40 (10 at night) hours of parental supervised driving.

At age 16, drivers are eligible for a Class D/Intermediate license.

  • For the first 6 months, license holders may not transport any passenger under 21 who is not an immediate family member unless accompanied by a licensed driver at least 21 years of age (secondarily enforced).
  • Class D/Intermediate license holders under the age of 17 may not operate a motor vehicle upon any highway between the hours of midnight and 5 a.m. unless accompanied by a licensed driver at least 21 years of age, or to and from the driver’s place of employment and their place of residence. Drivers may drive directly home from the school building if returning from school or from a school sponsored event.

At age 17, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license.

Driver education is required for all license applicants under age 18.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

Texas has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15, individuals enrolled in driver education and have passed vision, sign recognition, and knowledge tests are eligible for a learner’s permit.

  • A permit holder may only operate a vehicle when supervised by a person occupying the seat next to the operator who holds a license that qualifies the operator to operate that type of vehicle, is 21 years old, and has at least 1 year of driving experience.
  • Permit holders must accumulate 30 hours (with 10 hours at night) of behind the wheel practice, supervised by an adult over the age of 21.

At age 16, drivers who have held a learner’s permit for at least 6 months are eligible for an intermediate license.

  • Intermediate license holders may not drive unsupervised between the hours of midnight and 5 a.m. (secondarily enforced).
  • Intermediate license holders may not transport more than 1 passenger under age 21, except family (secondarily enforced), and are prohibited from using a cell phone.

At age 18, drivers who have successfully completed the intermediate license phase are eligible for an unrestricted license.

Driver education is required for all license applicants under age 18.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

Tennessee has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15, individuals are eligible for a learner’s permit.

  • Individuals with a learner’s permit are prohibited from using a cell phone while driving.
  • A permit holder may only drive when supervised and may not drive between 10 p.m. to 6 a.m.
  • Permit holders must accumulate 50 hours (10 at night) of parental/guardian supervised driving.

At age 16, after holding a permit for 6 months, drivers are eligible for an intermediate license as long as they do not accumulate 6 or more points on the permit.

  • Individuals who move to Tennessee are eligible for an intermediate license if they have held a valid learner’s permit for at least 180 days in another state.
  • Intermediate driver’s license holders may not operate a motor vehicle between the hours of 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. unless accompanied by a parent or legal guardian or by a licensed driver who is at least 21 and has been designated by the person’s parent or guardian.
  • Intermediate driver’s license holders may not operate a motor vehicle with more than 1 passenger unless: 1 or more passengers are 21 or older and possesses a valid unrestricted license; or the additional passengers are siblings of the driver.

At age 17, drivers who have held an intermediate license for at least a year, have maintained a safe driving record with no less than 6 points, and have not contributed to an accident are eligible for an unrestricted license.

Safety belt use is mandatory for all GDL license holders and passengers 4 to 17.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

South Dakota has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 14, individuals are eligible for an instruction/learner’s permit.

  • From 6 a.m. to 10 p.m. the permit holder must be accompanied by a person holding a valid operator’s license who is at least 18 years of age, that has at least 1 year of driving experience, and who is occupying the front seat beside the applicant. From 10 p.m. to 6 a.m. a parent/legal guardian must accompany the permit holder.
  • South Dakota does not have requirement for supervised driving time.

At 14 years and 6 months (14 years and 3 months with approved driver education), individuals are eligible for a restricted minor’s permit/intermediate license who have: (1) held the permit for at least 6 months (3 months if successfully completed an approved driver education course); (2) passed all applicable tests; and (3) not been convicted of a traffic violation during the past 6 months.

  • A restricted minor’s permit/intermediate license holder is prohibited from driving unsupervised between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m.
  • South Dakota does not have a passenger restriction.

At age 16, drivers who have not been convicted of a traffic violation during the 6 months prior to application are eligible for an unrestricted license, after completion of the instruction permit requirements.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

South Carolina has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15, individuals are eligible for a beginner’s permit.

  • Beginner’s permit holders may drive from 6 a.m. to midnight if a licensed driver who is at least 21 years old and has at least 1 year of driving experience accompanies the driver in the front seat. Beginner’s permit holders may drive from midnight to 6 a.m. if a licensed parent or guardian accompanies him or her in the front seat.
  • Permit holders must accumulate 40 hours (10 hours at night) of supervised driving.

At 15 and 6 months, drivers are eligible for a conditional/restricted license if they have: (1) passed a certified driver’s education course; (2) successfully passed a road test; and (3) satisfied the school attendance requirement.

  • Restricted license holders may drive alone during daylight hours from 6 a.m. until 6 p.m. (or 8 p.m. during daylight savings time). From 6 p.m. (or 8 p.m. during daylight savings time) until midnight, the restricted license holder must be accompanied by a licensed driver who is at least 21 years of age. Between midnight and 6 a.m., restricted license holders may drive if a licensed parent or legal guardian accompanies them.
  • Drivers may not transport more than 2 passengers under the age of 21 unless they are accompanied by a licensed adult who is at least 21 years old. Family members and fellow students being transported to and from school are exempt.

At age 16 and 6 months, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license. Drivers applying for a full unrestricted license must have held a restricted license for 1 year and have no traffic offenses or have ever been involved in any at-fault collisions.

Driver education is required for all license applicants under age 17.

Graduated Driver’s Licensing

Rhode Island has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 16, individuals who have completed a driver training course and passed a standardized written examination are eligible for an instruction/learner’s permit.

  • Permit holders must always be in the company of a supervising driver who must sit in the front seat. Permit holders and their passengers must be properly restrained.
  • Permit holders must complete 50 hours of supervised driving, including 10 hours during the nighttime.

At 16 and 6 months, drivers are eligible for a limited provisional/intermediate license who have: (1) held a permit for at least 6 months; (2) passed a road test; and (3) not been convicted of a moving or seat belt violation in the preceding 6 months.

  • Limited provisional/intermediate license holders are prohibited from driving unsupervised between the hours of 1 a.m. and 5 a.m.
  • Limited provisional/intermediate license holders and their passengers must be properly restrained.
  • Drivers are prohibited from transporting more than 1 passenger under the age of 21 within the first year of provisional licensure (family members exempt).

At age 17 years and 6 months, drivers who have held the limited provisional/intermediate license for at least 12 months and have been moving and seat belt violation free during the preceding 6 months are eligible for an unrestricted license.

Driver education is required for all license applicants under age 18. Parents of applicants must take a short driver education course.

Graduated Driver’s Licensing

Pennsylvania has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 16, individuals are eligible for a learner’s permit.

  • A learner’s permit holder can operate the class of vehicle the permit allows him or her to operate under the direct supervision of a person who meets the following conditions: (1) is at least 21 years of age or, if a spouse of the permit holder, is at least 18 years of age; (2) is licensed in Pennsylvania to drive a vehicle of the class being driven by the holder of the learner’s permit; and (3) is seated beside the holder of the learner’s permit unless the vehicle is a motorcycle.
  • A learner’s permit holder must obtain certification, signed by the parent, guardian, or spouse of the minor, stating that the minor has completed 65 hours of practice driving, including 10 hours at night and 5 hours of bad weather.

Drivers under age 18 must hold a learner’s permit for that class of vehicle for at least 6 months before becoming eligible for an intermediate or junior driver’s license.

  • Junior driver’s license holders may not drive unsupervised between the hours of 11 p.m. and 5 a.m.
  • During the first 6 months of holding a junior driver’s license, individuals may not drive with more than 1 unrelated passenger under age 18, unless accompanied by a parent or guardian. After the first 6 months, if crash and conviction free, individuals may drive with no more than 3 unrelated passengers under 18, unless accompanied by a parent or guardian.

At or after age 17 and 6 months, a driver is eligible for an unrestricted license if: (1) he/she completed an approved driver education course; and (2) for a period of 12 months after receiving a junior driver’s license was not the cause of a reportable accident, and has not been convicted of any driving violations.  Without completing driver education, drivers must wait until age 18 to be eligible for an unrestricted license.

Graduated Driver Licensing

Oregon has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15, individuals are eligible for an instruction/learner’s permit.

  • Permit holders may only drive when accompanied by a licensed driver who is at least 21 years old and who is occupying the front passenger seat.
  • Drivers must hold the permit for at least 6 months and accumulate at least 50 hours of certified driving (100 if person doesn’t complete an approved driver education course) under the supervision of a person who is at least 21 years old who has had a license for at least 3 years before being eligible for a provisional license.

At age 16, drivers are eligible for a provisional license.

  • The holder of a provisional license may not, for the first 6 months after issuance of the license, operate a vehicle that is carrying a passenger under 20 years of age who is not a member of the licensee’s immediate family.
  • For the second 6 months, the licensee may not operate a motor vehicle that is carrying more than 3 passengers who are under 20 years of age and who are not members of the licensee’s immediate family.
  • For the first year of the intermediate license, individuals may not drive between midnight and 5 a.m. unless driving to and from a school event for which no other transportation is available, for employment purposes, or when accompanied by a licensed driver who is at least 25 years of age.

At age 17, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

Nevada has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15 ½, individuals are eligible for a learner’s permit.

  • During this stage individuals must be supervised by a driver at least 21 years old.
  • Drivers must hold the permit for at least 6 months, complete an approved driver education course and certify that they’ve received 50 hours (10 at night) of supervised driving practice before being eligible for an intermediate license.

At age 16, drivers are eligible for an intermediate license.

  • Intermediate license holders are prohibited from driving unsupervised from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m. (secondarily enforced).
  • For the first 6 months, intermediate license holders are also prohibited from transporting any passengers under age 18, family members excepted (secondarily enforced).

At age 18, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license.

Driver education is required for all license applicants under age 18, unless no program is offered within 30 miles of the home.

Graduated Driver’s Licensing

Nebraska has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 14, individuals may apply for a school learner’s permit.  This permit allows the individual to legally practice driving for a school permit and is valid for three months. Drivers must be accompanied by a licensed driver who is at least 21 years old. Applicants must have held the school learner’s permit for at least two months prior to making application for the school permit.

Individuals at least 14 years and 2 months of age, but younger than 16, may apply for a school permit for the purpose of allowing a student to legally practice driving if he/she  either resides or attends a school located outside a city with a population of 5,000 or more.  Applicants for a school permit must complete an approved driver safety course and pass a driving test given by the driver safety course instructor, or complete 50 hours (10 hours at night) of certified driving time and pass a drive test administered by a driver license examiner.

School permit holders can transport such person or any family member who resides with such person to school or extracurricular activities at the school the school permit holder attends.

At age 15, individuals may apply for a learner’s permit, which is valid for 1 year.  Applicants must have held a school permit or learner’s permit for at least six months prior to making application for the provisional operator’s permit.

At age 16, drivers may apply for a provisional operator’s permit.

  • Applicants must complete an approved driver safety course and pass a written and driving test given by the driver safety course instructor, or complete 50 hours (10 hours at night) of certified driving time and pass a drive test administered by a driver license examiner.
  • Provisional license holders may not drive between midnight and 6 a.m. unless they are driving to or from home, work or a school activity, or unless accompanied by licensed driver who is at least 21 years of age. During the first 6 months of POP, the holder can only operate a motor vehicle with no more than 1 passenger who is not an immediate family member and who is under 19 years of age (secondarily enforced).
  • All persons being transported are required to ride secured in an occupant protection system.

At age 17, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license if they have held a provisional permit for at least 12 months and have not accumulated 3 or more points on their driving records during the previous 12 month period.

If the driver is holding an LPE, SCP, LPD, or POP, seat belts are required for the driver and all passengers front and rear seats (secondary enforcement).

Graduated Driver's Licensing

Montana has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 14 and 6 months, individuals may apply for a learner’s permit.

  • Drivers must hold the permit for at least 6 months and complete 50 hours (10 nighttime) of certified driving.

At age 15, drivers may apply for an intermediate license.

  • Drivers are restricted from transporting more than 1 unrelated passenger under age 18 for the first 6 months, and more than 3 unrelated passengers under age 18 for the second 6 months.
  • Drivers are prohibited from operating a vehicle from 11 p.m. to 5 a.m.

At age 16, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license.

Driver education is required for all license applicants under age 16.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

Arizona has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At 15 years and 6 months, residents are eligible for a learner’s permit.

  • During this stage, novice drivers may only drive when supervised by a licensed driver age 21 or older.

At age 16, drivers are eligible for an intermediate license after holding a learner’s permit for at least 6 months and upon completion of a driver education course or upon written certification that the applicant has completed at least 30 hours (10 at night) of supervised driving.

  • For the first 6 months of licensure in the intermediate phase, individuals may not drive between the hours of midnight and 5 a.m. unless accompanied by a parent or legal guardian or traveling to or from a school, family or religious activity or other qualifying emergency (secondarily enforced).
  • During the first 6 months of licensure in the intermediate phase, individuals may not have more than 1 non-related passenger who is under age 18 unless accompanied by licensed parent or legal guardian (secondarily enforced).

At age 16 and 6 months, drivers who have held an intermediate license for at least 6 months are eligible for an unrestricted license.

Graduated Driver’s Licensing

Missouri has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15, individuals are eligible for a learner’s permit. Permit holders must pass a written, vision and road sign tests and may only drive when accompanied by a parent, guardian, certified driver trainer, or a driver age 25 or older with written permission from a parent.

  • Permit holders must accumulate at least 40 hours (10 at night) of certified driving.

At age 16, after holding the learner’s permit for 6 months, drivers are eligible for an intermediate license. Applicants pass vision, road sign, written, and driving tests, and must not have an alcohol-related offense within the last 12 months and not have a traffic conviction in last 6 months.

  • Intermediate license holders may not drive unsupervised between the hours of 1 a.m. to 5 a.m. (except to and from a school activity, job, or an emergency).
  • For the first 6 months after being issued their intermediate permit, intermediate license holders may only have 1 passenger who is under the age of 19 (family member exempt). After the first 6 months, intermediate license holders may have no more than 3 passengers under the age of 19.

Drivers and their passengers are also required to wear seat belts.

At age 18, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license if they: (1) pass a vision test; (2) have not had the intermediate license suspended, revoked, or denied; and (3) have not any alcohol related offenses or traffic convictions within the last 12 months.

An applicant cannot receive an unrestricted license if the intermediate license is suspended, revoked, or denied when applying for a full driver’s license.

Graduated Driver’s Licensing

Minnesota has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15, an individual is eligible for an instruction/learner’s permit. A permit can be issued if that person meets the following requirements: (1) has completed a driver’s education course in another state, has previously been issued a valid license from another state, or is enrolled in a certified driver education program that includes classroom and behind the wheel training; and (2) has completed the classroom phase of instruction in the driver education program and has passed an eye examination, and has passed a knowledge test.

  • The permit enables a person to operate a motor vehicle, but the applicant must be accompanied by a certified driver education instructor, the permit holder’s parent or guardian, or another licensed driver 21 years of age or older. The adult licensed driver must be sitting in the passenger seat next to the permit holder.
  • Instruction permit holders must accumulate at least 40 hours (15 at night)  of parental/guardian certified driving.  Instruction permit holders must provide an approved supervised driving log, plus 10 additional driving hours unless the primary driving supervisor has a certification of supplemental parental curriculum.

At age 16, after holding the instruction/learner’s permit for 6 months, drivers are eligible for a provisional license.

  • Provisional license holders may not drive between the hours of midnight and 5 a.m.
  • Provisional license holders are allowed no more than 1 passenger under age 20 for first 6 months of licensure, and no more than 3 passengers under age 20 for the next 6 months. Family members are exempt.

A person under 18 years of age is eligible for a driver’s license under 1 of the following conditions: (1) the applicant has a valid license from another state; or (2) the applicant has held a provisional license for 12 consecutive months before the license application and has incurred no conviction for a crash-related moving violation, and not more than 1 conviction for a moving violation that is not crash-related; and the application is approved by a parent or guardian.

Driver education is required for all license applicants under age 18.

Graduated Driver’s Licensing

Michigan has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 14 and 9 months, individuals who have completed the first segment of driver education, including 6 hours of on-the-road driving with an instructor, and pass a vision test and health standards are eligible for a learner’s license/permit.

  • An individual with a learner’s license/permit may drive only when accompanied either by a licensed parent or legal guardian or, with the permission of the parent or legal guardian, a licensed driver 21 years of age or older.

At age 16, drivers are eligible for an intermediate license who have: (1) held the permit for at least 6 months; (2) accumulated 50 hours (10 at night) of parental/guardian certified driving; (3) completed segment 2 of driver education; (4) no convictions/civil infractions, license suspensions, or crashes during the 90-day period immediately prior to applying for an intermediate license; and (5) passed a road test.

  • Intermediate license holders are prohibited from driving unsupervised between the hours of 10 p.m. and 5 a.m. unless driving to or from employment.
  • Intermediate license holders may not transport more than 1 non-family passenger under age 21 unless traveling to or from work, school, or a school-sanctioned event.

At age 17, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license who have held an intermediate license for at least 6 months and completed 12 consecutive months of driving without a moving violation, an at-fault crash (even if no citation is issued), a license suspension, or a violation of the graduated license restrictions.

Throughout graduated licensing program, parents receive a separate notice of traffic offenses from the Department of State.

Driver education is required for all license applicants under age 18.

Graduated Driver’s Licensing

Massachusetts has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 16, individuals are eligible for a learner’s permit. Permit holders may not drive unsupervised.

At age 16 and 6 months, drivers are eligible for a junior operator’s/intermediate license who have: (1) held a permit for a period of 6 months; (2) completed an approved driver’s education course; (3) completed 40 or more (30 if an approved driver skills development program is completed) additional hours of behind-the-wheel experience driving supervised by a licensed driver age 21 or older; and (4) a clean driving record for a minimum of 6 months.

  • Junior operator’s/intermediate license holders are prohibited from driving unsupervised between the hours of 12:30 a.m. and 5 a.m. (secondarily enforced).
  • For the first 6 months of the junior operator’s/intermediate license phase, drivers may not transport any      passengers (other than family members) under the age of 18 unless supervised by a licensed driver age 21 or older (secondarily enforced).
  • A junior operator’s/intermediate license holder who violates the passenger restriction shall be subject to a license suspension of up to 60 days. The 6-month passenger restriction period will stop running when the suspension begins and the remainder of the restriction period will start running again when the suspension is completed.
  • Junior operators/intermediate license holders face a license suspension for a 2nd or subsequent offense for speeding or drag racing violations.

At age 18, drivers who have held a junior operator’s/intermediate license for at least 12 months are eligible for an unrestricted license.

Driver education is required for all license applicants under age 18. Parents of applicants must take a two hour driver education course.

Graduated Driver’s Licensing

Maryland has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At 15 and 9 months, individuals are eligible for a learner’s permit.

  • While driving, learner’s permit holders must be accompanied by a qualified supervising driver who is 21 years or older and has held a license for a minimum of 3 years. The person must be seated beside the new driver at all times, with no other front seat occupants.
  • Drivers must hold the learner’s permit for at least 9 months and accumulate at least 60 hours (10 nighttime) of parental/guardian certified driving before being eligible for a provisional license.

At 16 and 6 months, drivers are eligible for a provisional license, providing they remain conviction-free or do not have a PBJ (probation before judgment) for a moving violation.

  • Provisional license holders may not drive unsupervised during the hours of midnight to 5 a.m. unless for school, sports, job or volunteer work. The nighttime driving restriction only applies to provisional license holders under 18.
  • For the first 5 months during this stage, drivers are prohibited from transporting passengers under the age of 18 (immediate family exempt and secondarily enforced).

At age 18, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license.

An individual under the age of 19 years who holds a learner’s instructional permit must hold the permit 9 months before taking a driver skills examination or driver road examination, and must complete driver education. An individual between the ages of 19-25 must hold the permit 3 months, and must complete driver education.

Driver education and certification of practice driving are required of all initial applicants.

Graduated Driver’s Licensing

Maine has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15, individuals are eligible for a learner’s permit.

  • Permit holders may not drive unless supervised by a driver who is at least 25 years old and has held a license for at least 3 years and is occupying the seat beside the driver.
  • Permit holders must also accumulate at least 70 hours (10 at night) of parental/guardian supervised driving.

At age 16, individuals holding the permit for at least 12 months are eligible for a probationary/intermediate license.  Unless supervised by a driver at least 20 years old who has held a license for at least 3 years, drivers may not:

  • Transport any passengers, except immediate family during the first 270 days of licensure
  • Drive unsupervised between midnight and 5 a.m.

At age 16 and 9 months, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted driver’s license.

Driver education is required for all license applicants under age 18.

Holders of intermediate licenses may be provided two decals and may voluntarily display them on their vehicle to indicate the licensee holds an intermediate license.

Graduated Driver’s Licensing

Mississippi has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15, individuals are eligible for a learner’s permit, or age 14 if enrolled in driver education. Permit holders may not drive unsupervised.

At age 16, drivers who have held the learner’s permit for at least 12 months are eligible for an intermediate license.

  • Intermediate license holders are prohibited from driving unsupervised between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. Thursday through Sunday nights and 11:30 p.m. and 6 a.m. Friday and Saturday nights.
  • Mississippi does not have a passenger restriction for intermediate license holders.
  • Intermediate licensees must hold their license for 6 months before applying for an unrestricted license.

At age 16 and 6 months, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license.  License applicants 17 years old or older are exempt from the 12-month learner’s permit holding period and the intermediate license phase.

Graduated Driver’s Licensing

Louisiana has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15, individuals are eligible to receive a learner’s permit provided they have completed a 38-hour state approved driver education course and have passed a driving knowledge test and vision test. Learner’s permit holders must be accompanied by a licensed driver over age 21. Effective August 1, 2016, individuals must apply for a temporary learner’s permit before participating in a driver education course.

At age 16, drivers who have held a permit for at least 6 months, accumulated 50 hours (including 15 hours at night) of certified driving time, and have passed a road test are eligible for an intermediate license.

  • Intermediate license holders may not drive unsupervised between 11 p.m. and 5 a.m.
  • Individuals may not drive with more than one non-family passenger under age 21 between 6 p.m. and 5 a.m. A supervising adult must be a parent, guardian, or be at least 21 years old and have a valid license.
  • Drivers must hold the intermediate license for at least 12 months.

At age 17, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted driver’s license.

Driver education is required for all license applicants under age 18.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

Kentucky has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 16, individuals are eligible for a learner’s permit.

  • During this stage, individuals may not drive unless supervised by a person 21 years of age or older, or a driving instructor on a driver training range.
  • Learner’s permit holders may not drive between the hours of midnight and 6 a.m. and may only have 1 unrelated passenger under 20 years of age.

At age 16 and 6 months, drivers who have held a permit for at least 6 months, accumulated 60 hours (10 at night) of parental/guardian certified driving are eligible to apply for an intermediate license.

  • Intermediate license holders may not drive between the hours of midnight and 6 a.m. unless they can demonstrate “good cause” for driving such as emergencies or participation in school or work-related activities.
  • Permit and intermediate license holders must complete a mandatory 4 hour graduated license safety class.
  • During the intermediate state, drivers are permitted only 1 unrelated passenger under 20 years of age (secondarily enforced).

At age 17, after holding an intermediate license for 6 months, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license.

Under state law, 16-and 17-year olds who are identified for academic deficiency, have 9 or more unexcused absences from school, or who have dropped out will not be eligible to receive a learner’s permit or intermediate license. Drivers who already hold a permit or intermediate license can have it revoked for the same reasons.

Driver education is required for all license applicants under age 18.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

Kansas has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 14, and individual may apply for a learner’s permit.

  • Vision and written tests are required to obtain a learner’s permit.
  • Learner’s permit holders may drive at any time when accompanied by a licensed driver 21 years of age or older.

Drivers who have held a learner’s permit for at least 12 months are eligible to receive a restricted license. Applicants for a restricted license must be at least 15 years of age, but less than 16, and have completed driver’s education. Drivers must complete at least 50 (10 at night) hours of supervised driving to move to the next stage at age 16.

  • Restricted license holders under 16 may drive to and from school (not school activities); to, from or in connection with any employment religious service, or farm-related work, or at any time when accompanied by a licensed adult driver in the front seat.
  • Restricted license holders 16 and older have a night time limit of 9 p.m. to 5 a.m., except to or from employment, farm-related work, religious service, or school-related activities, or when accompanied by a licensed adult driver.
  • Restricted license holders under 16 may not have any non-sibling minor passengers. Restricted license holders 16 and older are not permitted to transport more than 1 non-immediate family member under 18.

At age 16 and 6 months, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

Alaska has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At 14, residents are eligible for a learner’s permit.

  • During this stage, drivers must be supervised by a parent or guardian at all times, and must accumulate 40 hours of supervised driving during the permit stage—including 10 hours in “progressively challenging circumstances” such as inclement weather and nighttime conditions.

At 16, drivers holding a learner’s permit for at least 6 months are eligible for a provisional license.

  • Provisional license holders are restricted from driving between 1 a.m. and 5 a.m. and transporting passengers under age 21, with the exception of family members.

At age 16 and 6 months, drivers are eligible for a full unrestricted license if they have not been convicted of a violation of a traffic law, or at age 18.

Graduated Driver’s Licensing

Iowa has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 14, individuals are eligible for an instruction/learner’s permit.

  • Permit holders may not drive unsupervised and must accumulate at least 20 (2 at night) hours of parental/guardian certified driving hours. Supervised drivers include a parent, guardian, custodian, an immediate family member at least 21 years of age, a driver education instructor, or a person at least 25 years with written permission from your parent, guardian, or custodian.
  • A person possessing an instruction permit when he or she committed a moving violation or was involved in a collision must remain free of moving violations and not be involved in a collision for 6 months before he or she may be issued an intermediate license.

At age 16, individuals who have held a permit for at least 12 months, have completed driver education, and have passed the appropriate driving, written, and vision tests are eligible for an intermediate license.

  • Intermediate license holders may not drive unsupervised between 12:30 a.m. and 5 a.m.
  • For the first 6 months of licensure, intermediate license holders may not drive with more than one unrelated passenger under age 18, unless waved by a parent or guardian.
  • Individuals must also accumulate an additional 10 (2 at night) hours of parental/guardian supervised driving in the intermediate stage.

Persons who were convicted of a moving violation or involved in a contributive traffic collision while holding an instruction permit or intermediate license are subject to a remedial driver improvement action or suspension of the permit or intermediate license.

At age 17, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license who: (1) have held an intermediate license or a comparable license from another state for at least 12 months; (2) have been accident- and violation-free for at least 12 months; (3) have not had their license suspended or revoked; (4) have permission from a parent or guardian; and (5) present an affidavit by a parent/guardian attesting to the applicant’s driving experience.

Driver education is required for all license applicants under age 18.

Graduated Driver’s Licensing

Indiana has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15, a learner’s permit may be issued if the applicant is enrolled in an approved driver education course, or age 16 without driver education.

  • This permit allows a holder to operate a motor vehicle while the holder is participating in an approved driver education course, with a certified driving instructor in the front seat of a vehicle equipped with dual brake controls, or when a licensed driver at least 25 years old and related by blood, marriage or legal status, or a spouse over age 21 with valid driving privileges is seated in the vehicle’s front passenger seat. If the permit holder is at least 18 years or older, they may also drive with any non-relative who is at least age 25 with valid driving privileges.
  • If the learner’s permit applicant is school age, and either habitually misses class, is under suspension for a second time during the same school year, is under expulsion from school, or withdrawn from school for reasons other than proven financial hardship, then the applicant is not eligible to receive his or her learner’s permit until age 18.
  • Regardless of age, the permit holder must hold the permit for 180 days and complete 50 hours of certified driving practice (10 hours at night) before receiving an intermediate license.

Drivers are eligible for an intermediate license at age 16 years and 90 days upon successful completion of an approved driver education program or 16 years and 270 days without driver education.

  • During the first 180 days of the intermediate stage, unless accompanied by a licensed adult over the age of 25, or a spouse over the age of 21, or for lawful employment, school sanctioned activities, or a religious event, individuals under age 21 may not drive between the hours of 10 p.m. and 5 a.m. Thereafter, until age 18, individuals may not drive between the hours of 1 a.m and 5 a.m. Saturday and Sunday (“late night” Friday and Saturday) or between 11 p.m. and 5 a.m. Sunday through Friday.
  • Also, intermediate license holders under age 21 may not have any passengers other than a sibling, step-sibling, their child or step-child, or spouse of the driver for the first 180 days, unless supervised by a licensed instructor, licensed driver with valid driving privileges at least 25 years old or if the licensed driver is the holder’s spouse, age 21.

At age 21, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted driver’s license. Intermediate licenses automatically expire 30 days after a driver’s 21st birthday.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

Idaho has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 14 and 6 months, individuals are eligible for a driver’s training instruction permit. The driver’s training instruction permit is held by the driver training instructor and the individual may only drive with the training instructor until the driver training course has been successfully completed. After successful completion of driver training, the permit is given to the individuals, which is then used as a supervised instruction permit.

  • During the supervised permit phase, individuals may only drive when supervised by a person who holds a valid driver’s license and is at least 21 years of age.
  • The supervising driver must be the only passenger in the front seat. Drivers must accumulate at least 50 hours (10 at night) of supervised driving over a minimum 6-month period.

At 15 years of age, individuals are eligible for a driver’s license if they have successfully completed an approved driver education course and have completed at least 50 hours of supervised driving over a minimum period of 6 months.

  • Drivers under 16 are restricted to daylight driving only, unless accompanied by a supervising person who holds a valid driver’s license and is at least 21 years of age. Daylight hours are considered as 1/2 hour before sunrise to 1/2 hour after sunset. There are no exceptions to this restriction.
  • Drivers under 17 are restricted to carrying no more than 1 passenger who is under 17 years of age during the first 6 months of licensure, unless the passenger is related by blood, marriage or adoption.

At age 17, or after the first 6 months of licensure, supervised driving is no longer required and drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license. Any violation, including an alcohol violation, during the supervised permit period, will result in cancellation of the permit. The individual must purchase a new permit and start the 6-month supervised driving period over again.

Driver education is required for all license applicants under age 17.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

Hawaii has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15 and 6 months, individuals are eligible for a learner’s permit.

  • Permit holders must hold it for at least 6 months, and must practice driving for at least 50 hours, including 10 hours at night.

At age 16, drivers are eligible for an intermediate license.

  • During this stage, individuals may not drive between 11 p.m. and 5 a.m. (exceptions include driving to and from work or authorized school activities).
  • Transportation of more than 1 passenger under age 18 who is not a family member also is prohibited during this stage.
  • Drivers must remain free of convictions for traffic related offenses and may not be at fault for any crashes in order to progress in the graduated licensing program.

Drivers who have held a provisional license for 6 months and are at least 17 years of age, or have turned age 18, are eligible for an unrestricted license.

Driver education is required for all license applicants under age 18.

Graduated Driver’s Licensing

Illinois has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15, individuals enrolled in driver education are eligible for an instruction/learner’s permit. While operating with a learner’s permit, drivers may not drive unsupervised between 11 p.m. Friday and 6 a.m. Saturday, between 11 p.m. Saturday and 6 a.m. Sunday or between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. Sunday through Thursday.

  • Learner’s permit holders must accumulate 50 hours (10 at night) of supervised driving, supervised by a parent or an adult age 21 or older with a valid driver’s license, who must be sitting in the front passenger seat and may not be intoxicated.
  • The learner’s permit must be held for a minimum of 9 months before becoming eligible for an intermediate license without acquiring any driving convictions during the 9 month permit phase.

Learner’s permit holders who have completed the learner’s permit stage as well as a state-approved driver education course and have their parent’s or guardian’s permission may apply for an intermediate license.

  • Intermediate license holders may not drive unsupervised between 11 p.m. Friday and 6 a.m. Saturday, between 11 p.m. Saturday and 6 a.m. Sunday or between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. Sunday through Thursday.
  • For the first year of licensing, or until the driver is age 18, whichever occurs first, the number of passengers is limited to 1 person under age 20, unless the additional passenger(s) is a sibling, step-sibling, child, or step-child of the driver. After this period, the number of passengers is limited to 1 in the front seat and the number of safety belts in the back seat. The intermediate license must be held for 12 months and may be extended for 6 months if driver receives a moving violation.
  • All occupants must wear safety belts.

At age 18, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license as long as they have not received any moving violations in the last 6 months and have resolved all tickets.

All license applicants must complete driver education.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

Arkansas has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 14, individuals who have passed the knowledge and vision tests are eligible for an instruction/learner’s permit.

  • Permit holders may only drive when accompanied by a licensed driver, 18 years of age or older, who has at least 1 year of driving experience and is occupying a seat beside the driver, except in the event the permittee is operating a motorcycle.
  • Arkansas does not have required number of supervised driving hours.

At age 16, individuals are eligible for an intermediate license if they have been crash- and conviction-free for at least 6 months.

  • The intermediate license will automatically expire when the driver reaches age 18, provided that the driver has been free of a serious collision and conviction of a serious traffic violation for at least 1 year prior to his or her 18th birthday.
  • Drivers with an intermediate license may operate a vehicle only when all vehicle occupants are wearing passenger restraints.
  • Drivers with an intermediate license may not operate a vehicle between 11 p.m. and 4 a.m. unless accompanied by a licensed driver 21 or older.
  • Drivers with an intermediate license may not operate a vehicle with more than 1 unrelated passenger under 21 unless accompanied by a licensed driver 21 or older.

At age 18, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

California has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15 1/2, individuals are eligible for a state issued learner’s permit. During this stage, individuals may only drive when supervised by a parent, guardian, or licensed driver at least 25 years old.

  • Individuals 15 1/2 to 17 1/2 years of age must be simultaneously enrolled in or have passed a driver education course to be eligible for a learner’s permit.
  • Drivers must hold the permit for at least 6 months and accumulate at least 50 hours (10 at night) of parental/guardian certified driving experience. Individuals must also complete 6 hours of professional driver training.

At age 16, drivers are eligible for an intermediate license.

  • During the first year of the intermediate license stage individuals may not drive from 11 p.m. to 5 a.m., and individuals may not transport any passengers under 20 unless they are supervised by a driver at least 25 years old (secondarily enforced).

At age 17, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license. Exception allows a class C restricted license to enlistees in the California National Guard.

Exception allows a class C restricted license to enlistees in the California National Guard.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

Colorado has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

The learner’s permit eligibility is based on age and driver education.

  • At age 15, individuals may drive with a learner’s (instruction) permit if they have completed and passed the classroom portion of a state-approved driver education course within 6 months of applying for their permit and they are accompanied by a parent, legal guardian, or driving instructor.
  • Individuals 15 1/2 years of age may drive with a learner’s permit if they are supervised by a parent, legal guardian, or driving instructor and have completed a 4-hour driver awareness course.

At age 16, individuals who choose not to enroll in any formal driver’s education course may drive with a learner’s permit.

Learner’s permit holders must hold the permit for 1 year and log at least 50 hours of supervised driving time (with 10 hours of night driving) before applying for a restricted license.

  • If there is no approved driving school within 30 miles of the permit holder’s residence, a learner’s permit holder between 15 and 15 1/2 years of age may alternatively complete either 6 hours of behind the wheel instruction or 12 hours parental supervised training.
  • During the restricted or intermediate license phase, licensees may not drive between midnight and 5 a.m. for the first year of licensure unless accompanied by a parent or legal guardian (secondarily enforced). Travel between the individual’s place of employment, education, or residence is exempt with a signed statement.
  • Drivers with intermediate licenses may not have any passengers under 21 years of age for the first 6 months of licensure, and only 1 non-family passenger under 21 during next 6 months of licensure (secondarily enforced).

At age 17, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license.

Graduated Driver's Licensing

Delaware has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 16, individuals who have successfully completed an approved driver education course and have passed both a written and road skills test are eligible for a learner’s permit.

  • A learner’s permit holder must be supervised by a licensed driver age 25 or older riding in the front passenger seat and who has held a Class D license for at least 5 years.
  • No passengers other than the adult supervisor and 1 other passenger may be in the vehicle during the first 12 months of holding the learner’s permit (immediate family members are exempt).

After 6 months, learner’s permit holders are eligible for an intermediate license as long as they have completed 50 hours (10 at night) of supervised driving time.

  • In the intermediate stage, drivers may drive unsupervised between 6 a.m. and 10 p.m. Intermediate stage drivers may drive between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. only when supervised, unless they are traveling to or from church activities, work activities, or the license holder’s school.
  • Intermediate license holders may not transport more than 1 passenger who is not a family member.

At the age of 17 and after 6 months of holding an intermediate license, a driver in the intermediate stage may apply for a Class D license.

Driver education is required for all license applicants under 18.


Driver's License Issuance/Application

Each application shall include the applicant’s full name, date of birth, sex, social security number, address, and brief physical description of the applicant.

Applicants for a learner’s permit or driver’s license must display a birth certificate and social security card or other documentary evidence of the date of birth and social security number of the applicant, but an applicant for a renewal license or an applicant with a valid out-of-state license need only show a social security card.

Applicants under the age of 18 must have consent from a parent or guardian.

Each license shall include the licensee’s full name, address, social security number, date of birth, physical description, expiration date, a distinguishing number assigned to the licensee, and a signature of the licensee.

Each license will also contain an imprinted photograph of the licensee, with a profile of the licensee if under 21 years of age, and a frontal photograph if the licensee is 21 years of age.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

Each application for a Driver’s license shall be made in a format designated by the FLHSMV and sworn to or affirmed by the applicant as to the truth of the statements made in the application.

Each application shall include the following information regarding the applicant: full name, digital photo (full face), gender, social security number, residence and mailing address, a brief description of the individual, proof of birth date, proof of identity, legal presence in the U.S., whether the applicant has previously been licensed to drive, and, if so when and by what state. Each application shall also include a consent to release driving record information.

Social security number not required on license.

The FLHSMV may not issue a driver’s license to a person who has never been issued a driver’s license in any jurisdiction until he or she successfully completes the traffic law and substance abuse class.

The expiration date of a non-citizen’s driver’s license is linked to the expiration date of that person’s visa.

Driver’s License Issuance/Application

Driver’s license is valid for a period of 6 years.

For license, operator must be 18 years of age; for learner’s permit, operator must be 16 years of age and will be able to get driver’s license after holding the permit for 6 months and passing a road test.

For license, operator must (1) be mentally and physically able; (2) know how to read and write; and (3) hold learner’s permit that, on the day of examination, is not more than 2 years, but not less than 6 months, before the date of issuance.

A person who is unable to read or write may be issued license if individual (1) passes oral course and examination on highway and traffic safety rules; (2) holds learner’s license; and (3) passes practical examination.

Driver’s license must contain: (1) name and descriptive data of operator; (2) identification of license; (3) issuance and expiration date of license; and (4) operator’s photograph.

For driver’s license, a new medical certificate is required if more than 2 years have passed since submittal of previous certificate; if applicant exempted from learner’s permit requirement, certificate is required.

For learner’s permit, applicant must submit medical certificate verifying his or her physical and mental fitness for license.

Non-resident who is authorized to drive a motor vehicle in a U.S. state or foreign country with similar laws may operate vehicle for 120 days from date of arrival; but after 120 days, he or she must meet license requirements. Persons exempt from license requirement include members of the active and reserve U.S. Armed Forces, and the National Guard of Puerto Rico.

Learner’s license permits an operator over 16 years of age but under 18 to operate automobile under patria potestas (the term ‘patria potestas’ refers to the custody or guardianship over a non-emancipated child) for private use. Person with patria potestas over minor is liable for damage or losses resulting from operation of vehicle by minor. Permit valid for 2 years.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

No motor vehicle operator’s license shall be issued until the applicant signs and files the application under oath, has proven that he or she is at least 16 years old and has proven that he or she has sufficient knowledge of the mechanism of the motor vehicle to ensure safe operation and satisfactory knowledge of the rules of the road.

Applicants 18 years of age and older who have never been licensed must apply for an adult learner’s permit that must be held at least 90 days before taking an on-the-road skills test. The permit is required for practice driving and is valid for 2 years.

An operator’s license shall contain a picture of the licensee.

License does not usually include a social security number.

For operators under the age of 21, a license shall contain the date of the licensee’s 21st birthday.

Military personnel and dependents assigned to Connecticut do not have to obtain a Connecticut license.

Driver’s License Issuance/Application

Driver’s license is required before driving motor vehicle in state.

New residents must obtain driver’s license within 30 days of establishing residence.

Foreign nationals seeking driver licenses and other issued state identification must come to a district driver license office for service, with all immigration documents.

License shall contain licensee’s assigned number, class of license, color photograph, name, birth date, address, personal description, and signature.

At issuance, oath administered and color photograph taken by the driver license examiner at designated driver license office.

License shall not be issued to habitual drug or alcohol user.

A person 16 years of age or older, having met all state requirements, is eligible to obtain a driver’s license pursuant to conditions of the graduated driver license law.

Applicants who are at least 70 years old or have an expired license may elect to obtain a license good for either 4 years ($12) or 8 years ($24). CDL learner’s permits are good for 1 year.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

Applications for a Driver’s license must be made to the MVC designated agent in the county of residence.

Applications for a driver’s license require passage of an eye examination and written and road tests.

A person must apply within 60 days of establishing residence, or before your current license expires, to transfer a non-commercial license from another state. Drivers under age 18 cannot transfer a license but must complete New Jersey’s Graduated Driver License (GDL) program requirements.

A person must apply within 30 days of establishing residence to transfer a commercial driver’s license from another state.

Expiration date of non-citizen’s driver’s license and identification cards is linked to the expiration date of the person’s visa.

License does not include social security number.

All applicants for driver licenses must present proof of age, identity, and address using primary and secondary documents outlined under the “Six Point ID Verification System.” For more information, contact the MVC.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

The applicant is required to state whether his or her driver’s license has ever been revoked or suspended in any jurisdictions and whether he or she has any previous convictions for violation of motor vehicle laws. All applicants will be screened through the National Driver Registry, and if they are found to be in suspension, revocation, or cancellation in their former licensing jurisdiction, then their Georgia driver’s license will be subsequently suspended, revoked, or cancelled and they could be punished for the commission of a misdemeanor.

Any person who is a resident of the state for 30 days shall obtain a Georgia driver’s license before operating a motor vehicle in the state.

An applicant for an initial Georgia driver’s license or change in license class must meet Secure ID requirements. A new color photograph is required on all new licenses.

Applicants and licensees have 60 days to notify the DDS of a change of name or address.

License exemptions exist for military personnel, their spouses, and children and for non-residents who have a valid license issued by their home state. Military personnel on active duty may drive on an expired license for up to 6 months after returning to the state.

Persons under 18 years of age who have dropped out of school or been suspended or expelled may be denied a license.

A person must be 18 years of age to receive a C, E, or F non-commercial license, or a Class A, B, or C commercial license.

Social security number on license is not allowed.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

Every application for a driver’s license or motorcycle operator’s license or endorsement, or duplicate of any such license or endorsement, is made upon the approved form furnished by the Registrar of Motor Vehicles and must be signed by the applicant and filed with the office of the Registrar of Motor Vehicles or of a deputy registrar.

Notification of change of address is to be made to the registrar within 10 days following the change.

License includes 2 color photographs, a primary image, and a “ghost” image.

Social security number printed on license is optional.

Licenses issued to temporary residents of Ohio are non-renewable/non-transferable and expire on the date indicated on the appropriate document issued by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).

Driver's License Issuance/Application

A person must be licensed to operate a motor vehicle in North Dakota.

Applications for a driver’s license must include the full name, date of birth, sex, social security number, residence, mailing address, and brief description of the applicant. Name and date of birth must be verified by a certified birth certificate or other satisfactory evidence.

The application of any minor for an instruction permit or driver’s license must be signed and verified before a person authorized to administer oaths or the director’s agent, and by the parent or guardian or responsible adult willing to assume obligation for the minor.

A driver’s license must contain a distinguishing number assigned to the licensee, a color photograph of the licensee, the full name, date of birth, residence address, a brief description of the licensee, and either a facsimile of the licensee’s signature or a space upon which the licensee must sign. The director may not issue a license number that is, contains, can be converted to, or is an encrypted version of the applicant’s social security number.

A licensee has 10 days to notify the director of a name or address change. A corrected license must be obtained in the event of a name change.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

A new resident of North Carolina who has a valid driver’s license from another jurisdiction must obtain a North Carolina driver’s license within 60 days of becoming a resident.

To obtain a driver’s license, an applicant must complete an application, present at least 2 forms of identification, be a North Carolina resident, and demonstrate his physical and mental ability to drive a motor vehicle safely.

A driver’s license application must contain the applicant’s full name; mailing address and residence address; a physical description including sex, height, eye color, and hair color; date of birth; social security number; and the applicant’s signature.

The DMV may not issue a license to a person until that person has furnished proof of financial responsibility.

A driver’s license issued by the DMV must be tamperproof and must also contain a color photograph of the license holder and an identifying number for the license holder that is not the holder’s social security number.

A person whose address or name changes shall notify the DMV within 60 days after the change occurs.

An application for a commercial license must include the same information as a regular license, as well as consent to release the applicant’s driving record.

A first driver’s license may be issued for period shorter than 4 years if the DMV determines that a license of shorter duration should be issued because the applicant holds a visa of limited duration issued by the United States Department of State.

The expiration dates on non-citizen’s driver’s licenses and ID cards are linked to the expiration date of the person’s visa.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

The application for a driver’s license shall be made to the DMV on a form prescribed by the DMV.

An applicant for license is required to provide his name, birth date, sex, height, eye color, social security number, phone number, residential address, mailing address, any name change, and if under the age of 18, parental consent or with certificate of driver’s education completion.

Applicants are required to present proof of identity, age, and fitness. Proof of fitness is defined as: (a) the applicant has not lost consciousness within the previous 12 months, (b) applicant has experienced loss of consciousness within the previous 12 months and an applicant submits a statement from a physician confirming that and stating that the condition was due to a change in medication or that the condition will not interfere with such person’s safe operation of a vehicle on the highway.

An applicant for any class of driver’s license, except a learner’s permit, is required to submit to a photo imaging process as part of the licensing procedure. Such applicant must not wear dark eyeglasses, makeup or any apparel which when photographed would obscure the applicant’s face or make identification difficult. An applicant may apply for an exemption from submitting to a photograph if the applicant (a) presents a statement from a licensed physician that states why the applicant cannot visit the DMV to have a picture taken or (b) presents satisfactory evidence that the taking of a photograph is a violation of sincerely held religious beliefs forbidding the making of photo images.

A member of the U.S. Armed Forces who has been issued a license to operate a motor vehicle or motorcycle by the military may operate a motor vehicle or motorcycle on the highways for a period of 60 days before application for a New York license must be made.

License normally includes a photograph. License does not normally include a social security number or a social insurance number.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

Applications are to be made on forms furnished by and submitted to the MVD.

Applications must include disclosure of any past DUI/DWI convictions.

A notice of change of address or name changes should be made to the MVD within 10 days.

Applicants must be at least 18 years old to be issued a license except under certain conditions.

License normally includes a color photograph.

License application must include social security number or an individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN).

License applicants younger than 18 must complete driver education.

Social security number on license is optional.

Driver’s License Issuance/Application

Applicants for a driver’s license must provide the following on a form provided by the DMV: (1) legal name; (2) residence address; (3) mailing address; (4) social security number, unless a waiver is requested and granted; (5) date of birth; (6) sex, height, weight, color of eyes, color of hair; (7) class(es) of driver’s license(s) desired; (8) where last driver’s license, if any, was held; and (9) proof of completion of an approved driver education course as a prerequisite of a non-resident. Licenses may be available for applicants without a permanent street address in certain circumstances.

The following certified statements are also required: the applicant has paid all resident taxes for which he is liable; the applicant, if required, has filed with the DMV an insurance certificate; the applicant has no physical or mental handicap that would be detrimental or incapacitate the applicant from holding a license; the applicant does not hold a license in any other jurisdiction; and the applicant’s driving privileges are not subject to or under disqualification, suspension, or revocation by any jurisdiction. The signature of the applicant is also required.

No person shall drive any motor vehicle unless such person has a valid driver’s license.

Every person driving a motor vehicle shall have their driver’s license on their person or in the vehicle in some easily accessible place.

License normally includes a digital image. License does not include social security number.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

No person, unless otherwise exempt, may drive, steer, or exercise any degree of physical control of any motor vehicle or a vehicle being towed by a motor vehicle on a highway in the state unless the person has been issued a driver’s license for the class and type and applicable endorsements valid for the motor vehicle being driven.

No person may have more than 1 valid driver’s license at any time. A person must surrender to WYDOT all valid driver’s licenses in his or her possession before receiving a Wyoming driver’s license.

The following persons are exempt from licensing requirements: (1) a non-resident who has a valid license issued by the licensing authority in his or her possession; (2) a non-resident on active duty in the armed forces of the United States who has a valid license issued by his or her state of residence and the non-resident’s spouse or dependent child who has a valid license issued by the person’s state of residence; (3) any person on active duty in the armed forces of the United States who has in his or her immediate possession a valid license issued in a foreign country by the armed forces but only for a period of 45 days; and (4) a non-resident full-time student at a licensed institution offering post-secondary education.

A resident possessing a driver’s license issued by a member state of the Driver’s License Compact (of which Wyoming is a member) is exempt from the licensing requirement for 1 year.

Every application for an instruction permit or license must include the full legal name and current mailing address of the applicant; a physical description of the applicant including sex, height and weight; date of birth; a color photograph; the applicant’s social security number or other numbers or letters deemed appropriate; the applicant’s signature; whether the applicant has previously been licensed as a driver specifying the state or country; and information regarding suspension, revocation, or cancellation of a driver’s license.

If the applicant has not been previously issued a license in Wyoming or another jurisdiction, the applicant must supply a certified copy of the applicant’s birth certificate.

The application of any person under the age of 18 for an instruction permit or driver’s license must be signed by a parent or guardian having custody of the applicant. If there is no parent or guardian the application may be signed by the circuit court judge of the applicant’s county of residence upon petition to the court and upon a finding that the applicant is sufficiently mature to handle the responsibilities of driving a motor vehicle.

A licensee has 10 days to notify WYDOT of a change of name or address.

Social security number on license is optional.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

An application for a license must include the full name and address of the applicant, the applicant’s date of birth, eye color, hair color, sex, height, weight, race, and social security number.

If an applicant is under the age of 18, the application must also include documentary proof that the applicant is enrolled in a school program or high school equivalency program, or has graduated from high school or is enrolled in a home-school program. The applicant must also have accumulated at least 30 hours of behind-the-wheel driving experience, including 10 hours of driving during darkness, and the application must be signed by the applicant’s parent, step-parent, or adult sponsor.

A special restricted license may be issued to a person who is at least 14 and physically disabled, or at least 16 years old, and has passed all required examinations. Special restricted licenses are issued only for motor bicycles or mopeds, or specially designed vehicles having a maximum speed of 35 mph. A special restricted license expires 2 years after the date of issuance.

Non-residents who are at least 16 years of age and hold a valid driver’s license from their home jurisdiction need not apply for a Wisconsin driver’s license.

Persons operating a motor home, a vehicle towing a 5th-wheel mobile home, or a single-unit recreational vehicle need not obtain a commercial driver’s license if the vehicle is operated and controlled by the person and is transporting only members of the person’s family, guests, or their personal property.

Licenses must be carried at all times while operating a motor vehicle.

Licenses must include a photograph. Social security number is not required.

A restricted license may be issued to a person under 18 but at least 14 years of age if the DOT is satisfied that it is necessary to allow the applicant to operate a vehicle, the applicant has appeared in person with his or her parent or guardian with a birth certificate showing the applicant to be at least 14 years of age, and the applicant has passed all necessary examinations. A restricted license is valid until the applicant obtains a regular driver’s license or reaches the age of 18 and does not permit operation of any authorized vehicle during the hours of darkness.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

The application for a license or permit must contain the applicant’s: (1) full name, date of birth, sex, and residence address; (2) description; and (3) license history and status.

Each license issued shall contain the following: (1) a coded number assigned to the licensee; and (2) the full name, date of birth, residence address, description, signature, and color photograph of the licensee. Does not include social security number.

The license must indicate the type, general class, or class of vehicles the licensee is authorized to operate.

Driver’s licenses shall be issued in different colors for drivers under the age of 18, those drivers between the ages of 18 and 21, and those adult drivers over 21.

The DMV must not issue a license to a person who holds a valid license to operate a motor vehicle issued by another jurisdiction or state unless the applicant surrenders the license, or has submitted an affidavit verifying that the person has surrendered the license to the DMV.

Within 30 days of taking up residence in the state, a driver must apply to the DMV for a driver’s license unless exempt from the requirement.

A person must present his or her social security card to the DMV when applying for a license or instruction permit.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

Application information must include whether or not the applicant has previously been licensed as a driver and, if so, when and by what state, and whether or not his or her license has ever been suspended or revoked and, if so, the date of and reason for such suspension or revocation. Applicant must also provide signature and disclosure of whether or not the applicant has ever been convicted of a felony.

Initial applicants older than 19 years of age must have held a learner’s permit issued by the DMV for at least 60 days or have completed driver’s education before issuance of a driver’s license.

A resident must notify the DMV within 30 days of a change of address. Persons moving to Virginia have 60 days to obtain a Virginia license.

License includes a photograph or a statement “valid without photo pending licensee’s return to Virginia.”

Licenses are prohibited from displaying a social security number.

When applying for a DMV document, applicants may not use immigration visas and written statements (whether notarized or not) where another person “vouches” for the applicant’s Virginia residency.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

An individual must be 18 years of age to obtain an operator’s license and must not have had any recalls, suspensions, or revocations during the previous 6-month period.

A license that is issued to an individual under the age of 18 shall be distinguishable by color from a license that is issued to an individual over the age of 21.

Each applicant for an original learner’s permit or operator’s license is required to show documentary proof of identity and date and place of birth. Proof of identity must be 1 primary document and 1 secondary document or 2 primary documents.

  • Primary documents include: photo driver’s license or state, province, or territory issued photo ID that is not expired more than 1 year; U.S. or Canadian birth certificate; approved INS documents; court order containing full name, date of birth, and court seal; military ID; Vermont issued learner’s permit; and Canadian Dept. of Indian Affairs ID card.
  • Secondary documents include: photo driver’s license or ID card expired more than 1 year; court order; employer or student ID; social security card; marriage certificate or license; parent or guardian affidavit; vehicle title; and certain other approved documents.

First time license holders must have a photograph on their license. Current license holders are grandfathered. License certificate does not include social security number.

A licensee must notify the DMV within 30 days of any change of mailing address, legal name, or legal residence.

If a person holds a license from another state or Canada, they must surrender that license when applying for a Vermont license.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

An application for any original license, provisional license, or endorsement shall be made at the DLD on a form furnished by the DLD.

All applicants applying for an original, duplicate, or renewal driver’s license, driving privilege card, or Utah identification card must furnish proof of identity, fingerprints, a photograph, proof of social security number or ITIN, proof of legal/lawful presence, evidence of name change, if applicable, and if address is different than the address on one’s current Utah record, two proofs of Utah residence address (not more than 60 days old).

License applicants age 18 and younger must have completed driver education but applicants age 19 and older do not have to complete driver education if they have held a learner permit for three months before applying and certify that they have completed at least 40 hours (with 10 at night) of practice driving.

The application for a license shall contain: the applicant’s full legal name, birth date, sex, social security number, and a brief description of the applicant; a statement of whether the applicant has previously been licensed to drive a motor vehicle and, if so, by what state or country; the applicant’s signature; and the mailing and residential address of the applicant.

The application form must be accompanied by proof of the applicant’s name and birth date by at least 1 of the following means: current driver’s license; birth certificate; Selective Service registration; or other proof, including church records, family Bible notations, school records, or other evidence approved by the DLD.

When the DLD issues a new driver’s license, the applicant is assigned a distinguishing number. A photograph of the licensee is required.

The licensee shall have his license in his immediate possession at all times when driving a motor vehicle.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

An application for an original license must state the applicant’s full name and place and date of birth. This information must be verified by presentation of proof of identity. The application must include the applicant’s thumbprint or index fingerprint and a brief description of the applicant. The applicant must state the applicant’s sex; the applicant’s residence address; whether the applicant has been licensed to drive a motor vehicle before; if previously licensed, when and by what state or country; whether that license has been suspended or revoked or a license application denied; the date and reason for the suspension, revocation, or denial; whether the applicant is a citizen of the United States; and the county of residence of the applicant.

A person who is at least 15 years old but less than 18 years old must be enrolled in school to obtain a learner’s permit.

A person must be at least 18 years old to apply for a commercial driver’s license.

Applicants under age 21 must submit proof of passing an approved driver education and traffic safety course.

If the applicant owns a motor vehicle, he or she must provide proof of insurance or financial responsibility.

The following persons are exempt from holding a Texas driver’s license while operating a vehicle in the state: a person in the military forces operating an official vehicle in the scope of that service; a person operating a non-commercial road machine or piece of farm equipment on a highway; a non-resident on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces who holds a license issued by the person’s state or Canadian province of residence; and a person who is the spouse or dependent child of a nonresident on active military duty who holds a license issued by the person’s state or province.

A person who enters Texas as a new resident may operate a motor vehicle in the state for no more than 90 days after the date on which the person enters the state if the person is at least 16 years of age and has in his possession a driver’s license issued to him by his state or country of previous residence.

A non-resident who is at least 18 years old and who has in his possession a license issued to him by his state or country of residence that is recognized by the DPS that is similar to a Class A or Class B driver’s license issued by the state of Texas is not required to hold a Class A or Class B driver’s license if that state or country of residence recognizes a Class A or Class B license issued by the state of Texas and exempts the holder from securing a license issued by the state or foreign country.

A non-resident who is at least 16 years old and who holds a driver’s license issued by the person’s state or Canadian province of residence may operate a type of motor vehicle that is permitted to be operated with a Class C or Class M driver’s license in Texas if the license held by the non-resident permits operation of that type of vehicle in the person’s state or province of residence.

All original applicants for driver’s licenses must present proof of identity satisfactory to the DPS including a valid or expired Texas driver’s license or identification with photo; a U.S. passport; a U.S. citizenship certificate with identifiable photo; an INS document with verified data and identifiable photo; a valid photo driver’s license or identification issued by another U.S. state, Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, or a Canadian province; or a U.S. military ID card with an identifiable photo.

A person must notify the DPS of a change of address or change of name within 30 days.

License normally includes a photograph.

License does not include a social security or social insurance number.

Driver’s License Issuance/Application

Every application for any type of license or instruction permit must be accompanied by a birth certificate or other proof of the applicant’s date of birth, and the applicant’s name, sex, county of residence, address, height, weight, hair and eye color, and social security number.

A license bears an assigned number, as well as the licensee’s date of birth, address, full name, signature, and a brief description and a color photograph of the licensee.

Whenever a licensee moves, the licensee must notify the DOS within 10 days of a change of address.

Licenses must be in a person’s immediate possession when in operation of a motor vehicle and must be displayed upon demand of a police officer.

Prohibits the issuance of driver licenses to anyone who is not legally in the United States.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

Every application for a driver’s license or permit must: (1) be made upon the form furnished by the Department; (2) be accompanied by the proper fee and any identification required by the Department; (3) contain the full name, date of birth, sex, race, and residence address of the applicant and briefly describe the applicant; (4) state whether the applicant has been licensed as an operator or chauffeur and, if so, when and by what state or country; and (5) state whether a license or permit has been suspended or revoked or whether an application has been refused and, if so, the date of and reason for the suspension, revocation, or reason for refusal.

School attendance is a requirement for the issuance of a conditional license. The Department may not issue a license to a person unless the person has a high school diploma or certificate, or a General Education Development Certificate, or is enrolled in a public or private school which has been approved by the State Board of Education or a member school of the South Carolina Independent School’s Association, a parochial, denominational, church-related school, or other programs which are accepted by the State Board of Education. Also to obtain a conditional license a person must do the following: (1) conform to the attendance laws, regulations, and policies of the school, school district, and the State Board of Education, as applicable; and (2) the person must not be suspended or expelled from school.

The Department may issue a special restricted driver’s license to a person who is between 16 years of age and 17 years of age, who has held a beginner’s permit for 180 days and who has successfully passed the road test or other requirements the Department may require. The special restricted driver’s license allows the license holder to operate a vehicle between 6 a.m. and 6 p.m. (or 8 p.m. during daylight savings time). The holder of a special restricted driver’s license may not drive between midnight and 6 a.m., unless accompanied by the holder’s licensed parent or guardian. The restrictions on a special restricted license may be modified or waived by the Department if the restricted licensee proves to the Department’s satisfaction that the restriction interferes with the license holder’s employment, opportunity for employment, or ability to attend school.

License includes a color photograph. Social security number is not displayed on license.

The following persons do not have to obtain a beginner’s/learner’s permit to operate a motor vehicle: (1) students regularly enrolled in a South Carolina high school that conducts a driver’s training course while the student is participating in the course and when accompanied by a qualified instructor of the course; and (2) a person 15 years or older enrolled in a driver training course conducted by a licensed driver training school. This person must be accompanied by an instructor of the school and can only drive the school’s automobile.

The expiration dates on non-citizens’ driver’s licenses and I.D. cards are linked to the expiration date of the person’s visa.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

Rhode Island is a Real ID Compliant State. All persons operating a motor vehicle must have a valid driver’s license.

Any resident is required to obtain a Rhode Island operator’s or chauffeur’s license within 30 days of establishing residency.

A person must be at least 16 years of age to apply for an operator’s license and 18 years of age to apply for a chauffeur’s license.

Driver’s License Issuance/Application

Every application for a driver’s license must contain the following: the required fee; the full name, date of birth, address, and brief physical description of the applicant; and an indication of whether the applicant has ever been licensed to drive before, and if so, by what state and whether the license has ever been suspended or revoked. In addition, the applicant must furnish proof of age by showing a birth certificate, and also provide proof of his or her social security number.

Upon passage of the examination and payment of the required fees, the DMV shall issue a license that indicates the type or class of vehicles the licensee may drive, a unique number assigned to the licensee, a color photograph, full name, date of birth, mailing address, brief physical description, and the licensee’s signature.

A person may request that the state change his or her full legal name on a driver’s license, including a motorcycle driver’s license, issued by the Department upon adoption, marriage, divorce or the death of a spouse.

The application of any person under the age of 18 must be signed and verified by a parent or guardian, but if the applicant has neither, by his or her employer or any responsible person willing to assume liability.

A person shall not drive any motor vehicle upon a highway unless he or she has a valid license.

The state may refuse to accept a driver’s license issued by another state or the District of Columbia if it is determined that the other state or the District of Columbia has less stringent licensing standards.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

An application for a Driver’s license or permit must be made to Driver Licensing Staff at any Driver Licensing Office. The application must include the applicant’s name, residential address, mailing address, physical description, birth information, and social security number.

An application for a driver’s license or permit must be accompanied by proof of age, identity and citizenship, and two forms of proof of address. If the applicant is under the age of 18, this must be his or her certified birth certificate. Only original documents will be accepted by the DMV as proof of age, identity and citizenship.

A driver’s license shall at all times be carried by the licensee when operating a motor vehicle.

Any valid driver’s license issued to a member of the U.S. Armed Forces on active duty, or the person’s dependents, is effective without the requirement for renewal up to  60 days after the date of the person’s discharge from the service.

License does not include social security number.

License includes color photograph.

A 30 day temporary license is issued to the applicant upon successful completion of tests and payment of fees. The permanent license is sent to the applicant via U.S. mail within 20 days.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

Each application must include the full legal name, date of birth, sex, residence address, and social security number of the applicant. The application must include a statement as to when and where the applicant has been previously licensed; whether the applicant has ever had a driver’s license suspended or revoked; and whether the applicant has any physical or mental disability that may impair the applicant’s ability to maintain ordinary and reasonable control over a vehicle.

The application of a person who is under 18 years of age must be signed by a parent or by some other responsible person who is willing to assume liability. Any negligence or willful misconduct of a driver under 18 years of age must be imputed to the person who has signed the minor’s application. The adult signing the application may later request that the minor’s license be cancelled and be relieved from any subsequent liability for the actions of the minor while operating a motor vehicle.

The MVD will conduct a check of the applicant’s driving record through the national driver register.

A person has 10 days to notify the MVD of change of name or change of address.

Exempt from license: any person who is a member of the U.S. Armed Forces, while operating a motor vehicle owned or leased to the United States government and being operated on official business.

License includes a color photograph and may include a Social Security Number.

A license issued to a person under the age of 18 is marked as a “provisional license.” Any provisional license may be suspended for not more than 12 months if the licensee has been found guilty of careless or negligent driving.

Driver’s License Issuance/Application

A first-time applicant applying for a Missouri driver’s license must bring 1 document for proof of identity. An applicant must also provide proof of a Social Security Number.

Primary documents acceptable as proof of identity are as follows: (1) U.S. or Canadian birth certificate; (2) current approved INS document.

Acceptable documents for proof of Identity:

(1) Certified copy of US Birth Certificate, (2) US Passport (not stamped cancelled) (3) Birth abroad certificate, (4) Certificate of Citizenship, (5) Certificate of Naturalization, (6) copy of US birth certificate with valid Military ID.

Current license holders in MO are required to have a document showing name and date of birth, Name and social security number, or Name and picture to renew or duplicate driver or non driver.

Secondary documents acceptable as proof of identity include the following: (1) court order containing full name, date of birth, and court seal; (2) approved INS documents that are expired 1 year or less; (3) U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs Card/Indian Treaty Card; (4) employer photo identification card; (5) non-English language birth certificate; (6) health insurance card; (7) IRS/state tax form; (8) marriage certificate/license; (9) medical records; (10) military discharge/separation papers; (11) parent/guardian affidavit; (12) gun permit; (13) pilot’s license; (14) certified school record/transcript; (15) social security card; (16) student photo identification; (17) vehicle title; (18) photo public assistance card; or (19) prison release documents.

The following persons are exempt from holding a driver’s license: (1) any person operating any farm tractor or implement of husbandry temporarily operated or moved on a highway; (2) a non-resident who is at least 16 years of age and who has in his immediate possession a valid license issued to him in his home state or country; (3) a non-resident who is at least 18 years of age and who has in his immediate possession a valid license issued to him in his home state or country which allows such person to operate a motor vehicle in the transportation of persons or property; and (4) convicted offenders of the Department of Corrections who have not been convicted of a motor vehicle felony and are operating state-owned vehicles for the benefit of the correctional facilities while accompanied by a correctional officer or other staff person in the vehicle.

License normally includes a color photograph. Contains a non objector number issued by DVSB.

Proof of address is also required.

 

Driver’s License Issuance/Application

Every application for an instruction permit, for a provisional license, or for a driver’s license must be made on a form prescribed by the Department, and every application must be accompanied by the appropriate fee.

First-time Minnesota applicants must present a primary and a secondary form of identification to verify both identity and residency status.

Visitors who are in the U.S. as temporary residents will have the words “Status Check” and a visa expiration date on their state-issued cards. Proof of extended authorization to remain in the country will be required when the authorization date indicated on a card expires. Immigrants granted permanent or indefinite residency will not have a status check designation appear on their state-issued cards.

Social Security Numbers are not displayed on licenses.

License includes a color photograph. All applicants must have a full-face photograph taken, with the face unobscured, as part of the identification process. This does not require the complete removal of headwear. However, individuals are required to pull headwear back far enough so as not to obscure the face.

Out-of-state driver’s licenses are viewed as secondary identification documents.

An applicant who is over 18 years of age who received an instruction permit, and has not been previously licensed to drive in Minnesota or any other jurisdiction, must possess the instruction permit for at least 3 months.

Any valid driver’s license issued to a person on active duty with the U.S. Armed Forces, or the person’s spouse, is effective without requirement for renewal until 90 days after the date of the person’s discharge from the service.

Driver’s License Issuance/Application

The application must include the applicant’s full name, date of birth, residence address, height, sex, eye color, signature, photo, and, to the extent required to comply with federal law, the applicant’s Social Security Number.

A license may not be issued to a person under 18 years of age unless that person successfully passes a driver education course and examination given by a public school, nonpublic school, or an equivalent course approved by the Department of State given by a licensed driver training school.

A license may not be issued to anyone over 18 years of age who has not held a temporary instruction permit for at least 30 days.

A student while enrolled in an approved driver education program and who has successfully completed 10 hours of classroom instruction and the equivalent of 2 hours of behind-the-wheel training may be issued a temporary driver education certificate furnished by the Department of State that authorizes a student to drive a motor vehicle when accompanied by a licensed parent or guardian. If the person is over the age of 18, any licensed adult driver may accompany them.

The Secretary of State may issue an original operator’s license and designate level 1, 2, or 3 graduated licensing provisions to a person who is less than 18 years of age and has been licensed in another state or country.

The licensee shall have his or her operator’s or chauffeur’s license, in his or her immediate possession at all times when operating a motor vehicle.

License includes color photograph. Does not include Social Security Number.

License may also include a digitized code for voter information.

Driver’s License Issuance/Application

Driver’s License Issuance/Application

Each application for a driver’s license shall state the full name, address, race, sex, height, weight, general physical condition, and date of birth of the applicant; whether the applicant previously has been refused a license to drive; whether the applicant has previously been licensed to drive, and if so, whether the applicant has ever had a license suspended or revoked; a signature; and proof of age and identity, to include a verifiable social security number. Maryland also requires proof of legal presence.

Applications of a minor for a license shall be cosigned by a parent, guardian, or if the minor does not have a parent or guardian or is married, by an adult employer of the applicant or any other responsible adult.

The MVA shall suspend a license of a minor until he reaches 18 years of age, upon either a request by or the death of the signing adult.

A new resident holding a valid out-of-state driver’s license or a license expired for less than one year must obtain a Maryland license within 60 days. The applicant must submit an original age and identity document with a verifiable social security number, and pass a vision test.

A non-commercial Class A, B, C, or M license shall include the name and address of the licensee; date of birth; a description of the licensee, including height, weight, and sex; a color photograph; type or class of vehicles the licensee is authorized to drive; and the signatures of the issuing agent and the licensee.

The MVA may not include or encode an individual’s social security number on the license. License includes color photograph.

Licenses are to be carried at all times while operating a motor vehicle, and shall be displayed to any uniformed police officer upon demand.

Driver’s License Issuance/Application

A Driver’s license is required before driving a motor vehicle in this state.

A person must apply for a driver’s license within 30 days of becoming a resident of Maine.

Applicant must pass a written exam and a physical examination by actual demonstration of ability to operate a motor vehicle.

Social security numbers are required to be collected to apply for or renew a driver’s license or nondriver identification card. Social security numbers will be used solely for identification purposes and will be kept confidential.

Person must provide acceptable documentary evidence of residence or domicile in state, exemption may include person on active duty in US armed forces, spouse or child of such, student enrolled in a university college or school.

A driver’s license is required to have the applicant’s name, date of birth, place of resident or mailing address, signature, and permanent assigned license number.

Full-face color photographs or digital images are required on all licenses except for a temporary license or a person who renews a license on or after the 65th birthday.

A person under 21 years has a distinctive color-coded license.

Driver’s License Issuance/Application

A person must have a driver’s license to operate a vehicle in Mississippi.

To lawfully operate a motorcycle, a person must have a restricted motorcycle license or motorcycle endorsement.

A person under 18 years of age applying for a driver’s license must submit the appropriate form with the application, indicating that the person is attending school or not attending school under acceptable circumstances.

An application for a driver’s license is made to the Department of Public Safety and shall include the name, date of birth, sex, race, color of eyes, color of hair, weight, height, residence address, and information regarding whether or not the applicant’s driving privileges have ever been suspended or revoked, whether any previous application has been denied, and whether the applicant has any physical defects that would interfere with the safe operation of a vehicle.

A social security number must be provided to the Commissioner of Public Safety; however, a licensee may choose to use or not use his or her social security number as his or her driver’s license number.

Each license must contain a full-face color photograph in such form that the license and the photograph cannot be separated.

A driver’s license must contain signatures of the Commissioner, assistant commissioner, or authorized deputy and an ink signature of the applicant.

No person shall be issued a commercial driver’s license unless that person is a resident of Mississippi, is 21 years of age or older, has passed a knowledge and skills test, and has satisfied any additional state or federal requirements.

A person 17 years of age or older who meets all requirements for a commercial driver’s license may be issued an endorsement that authorizes the licensee to operate a commercial vehicle only within the geographic boundaries of Mississippi.

The licenses of documented aliens that do not possess social security numbers are valid for only 1 year.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

A first-time applicant of at least 18 years of age must show completion of a full 36-hour driver’s education course or an approved 8-hour prelicensing training course.  An applicant age 18 or older, or the parents of a 17 year old, must submit a signed statement that the applicant has completed at least 50 hours of practice driving (including 15 hours at night) with a licensed driver age 21 or older.

New applicants transferring into Louisiana with an out-of-state, foreign, or military license do not have to take a driver’s education course or an approved 6-hour prelicensing training course.

All applicants transferring to Louisiana whose out-of-state license has been expired for 6 months or longer must successfully complete the knowledge test. After 2 year’s expiration, the driving test must also be successfully completed.

Every person 60 years of age or older who is applying for a license must attach to his or her application a detailed medical report from a physician or optometrist discussing the applicant’s physical condition and any problems that might impair the applicant’s ability to drive. This rule does not apply to people over 60 who apply for a renewal license.

Every physically or mentally handicapped person applying for a license for the 1st time must include a detailed medical report from a physician indicating the severity of the disability and any problems that might impair the applicant’s ability to drive. If the impairment is visual, a report from an optometrist can be attached to application instead of a physician’s report.

License includes a color photo and optional printing of social security number.

Non-citizens must provide proof of legal presence in the U.S.

  • The expiration date of a non-citizen’s driver’s license is linked to the expiration date of that person’s visa.
  • Licenses of non-citizens contain a restriction code which declares that the license holder is a legal alien.

Driver’s License Issuance/Application

All licenses are issued by the Transportation Cabinet.

Only persons with legal CIS status are issued Kentucky licenses or I.D.’s.

Application for original or renewal licenses are made at the office of the circuit clerk in the county wherein the applicant resides.

The application must contain the person’s full name, signature, date of birth, social security number, sex, address, voter application information, and a brief physical description. All licenses bear a color photograph of the applicant.

An application for a driver’s license, motorcycle license, or instruction permit by a person under the age of 18 must be accompanied by the signature of the applicant’s parent or legal guardian.

An applicant for an identification card must indicate whether they possess an identification card, permit or license from another state or country. The applicant must surrender the card, permit or license from another state.

Non-residents that are at least 16 years old and are licensed in another state may operate a vehicle in Kentucky without obtaining a Kentucky learner’s permit or operator’s license as long as his or her home state accords similar privileges to licensed residents of Kentucky. If the non-resident’s home state does not afford such privileges to licensed residents of Kentucky, the non-resident may operate a motor vehicle, motorcycle, or moped for not more than 30 days in any 1 year without obtaining a Kentucky license.

Whenever a licensee’s address or name is changed from that which appears on a license, the licensee must apply for a corrected license within 10 days of the change.

Social security number not displayed on license.

Non-citizens who are non-residents of Kentucky may drive for 1 year on the license issued by their home country.

Licenses of non-citizens are linked to the expiration dates of the person’s visa.

Driver’s License Issuance/Application

Persons with conventionally corrected vision must wear corrective lenses at all times while driving.

Application for license and driver’s license must contain a photo image of the applicant.

License exemptions exist for military personnel and non-residents duly licensed in other states or foreign countries.

The MVD may not accept another state license as a primary source of identification.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

Every applicant shall indicate for which category of license he or she is applying.

Each applicant must provide the following: name, proof of age, sex, address, a brief physical description, whether the applicant has been licensed before, and whether the applicant has ever had a license suspended or revoked.

Commercial applicants must also provide a social security number, color photograph, and consent to release driving record information.  A waiver of the skills test for a commercial driver’s license will be allowed if the applicant can provide evidence of certain recent military commercial vehicle driving experience and meets additional qualifications.

Applicants for driver’s licenses to submit their social security or taxpayer identification number. If an applicant does not have either document, the person must submit a sworn statement stating they do not have either one.

Licensees shall submit to an examination for a license whenever the DMV has good cause to believe that such person is incompetent or otherwise not qualified to be licensed, or if the person has had a license suspended.

Upon payment of the required fee, the DMV shall issue to every qualified applicant a driver’s license that contains the class or classes of motor vehicles that the licensee is entitled to drive, a distinguishing number that may be a social security number, the name, date of birth, address, brief physical description, color photograph, and signature of the licensee.

Licenses of persons under age 18, between the ages of 18 through 21, and 21 and over shall be distinguishable from each other.

Licenses are to be carried and exhibited on demand.

Social security number on license is not allowed.

No person shall operate a vehicle without a valid Driver’s license.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

The application of an individual younger than 18 years must be signed and affirmed by a parent having custody of the minor applicant, or by a guardian having custody of the minor applicant. If neither parent lives in Indiana and there is no guardian, then any adult willing to assume this responsibility can do so.

A chauffeur’s license may be issued to an individual who is 18 years of age, if that individual has operated a motor vehicle for more than 1 year, makes proper application on the Bureau’s form, passes the examination and tests required for issuance of a chauffeur’s license, and pays the fees prescribed by the Bureau.

A commercial driver’s license for transportation of individuals may be issued if an individual is at least 21 years of age and has at least 1 year of driving experience as a licensed driver.

A public passenger chauffeur’s license can be issued at 21 years of age. A taxicab license can be issued for driving a taxicab. Additionally, the applicant must have at least 1 year of driving experience as a licensed driver.

License includes a color photograph, a signature, and a state assigned number. Social security number may be added upon request.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

A driver’s license is required prior to driving in the state.  Idaho has reciprocity with other states for driver’s licenses and permits, provided that all conditions of the licenses or permits are followed.

Licenses shall not be issued to persons under 18 years of age not enrolled in school, in vocational school, or in a job training program or not having satisfactorily completed school.

Driver’s licenses will contain a distinguishing number (not social security number), full name, date of birth, Idaho residence address, sex, weight, height, eye color, hair color, color photograph, dates of issuance and expiration, license class, endorsements, restrictions, and the applicant’s signature.

New residents who will be operating motor vehicles must obtain an Idaho license after establishing residency even if they hold a valid unexpired driver’s license from another state. This can occur before 90 days but residency is considered established after living 90 continuous days in Idaho (30 days for Commercial Driver’s licenses). Foreign visitors on a limited-time visa (90 days or less) are not considered Idaho residents and are not eligible for licensure in Idaho.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

A license will not be issued to any person whose license has been suspended or revoked, or has within 2 years been convicted of driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

Learner’s permit may be issued to a person who is at least 15 years old; such permits are valid for 1 year and allow the holder to operate a vehicle, other than a motorcycle, only when a licensed driver at least 18 years old accompanies the permit holder in the vehicle.

A driver’s license may be issued to a person who is at least 16 years old, but less than 18 years old, but such persons must provide proof that they have completed an approved driver education program and a behind-the-wheel training course in this state or a prior state.

An application by any person under 18 years of age for a driver’s license or instruction permit must be signed by the applicant’s father and mother, the custodial parent or guardian(s), or any responsible individual who is willing to assume obligation for negligence or misconduct of the minor applicant; whichever individual(s) signs for the applicant will be held jointly and severally liable for any negligence or misconduct by the minor applicant when driving a motor vehicle.

All applicants must produce a valid motor vehicle or liability insurance identification card; the examiner of drivers will not issue a license without such liability card.

An application for a driver’s license or temporary permit must include such information as necessary to allow the examiner of drivers to register the applicant with the United States Selective Service System; failure to include such information will cause the examiner of drivers to refuse to issue a license or permit.

A license must include a color photograph. License does not include social security number.

Anyone applying for an original or renewal of their Hawaii driver’s license or permit must show proof of legal presence in the U.S.

Allows a person who does not have a social security number to receive a driver’s license if they have a Social Security Administration letter stating that the applicant is ineligible to obtain a social security number; and either show a government issued photo identification document or other identification documents deemed as acceptable by the DMV Director.

If the holder of a license changes residence or his or her name, the licensee must notify the examiner of drivers, in writing, of the person’s old and new addresses, or former and new name, within 30 days of the change; failure to comply with these rules carries a fine of not more than $25.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

A learner’s permit is required for 30 days prior to a first license application, unless under age 18. For drivers under 18, the learner’s permit is required for 6 months.

  • Drivers under age 18 are also required to show receipt of a high school diploma, or, if the driver is still a student, he must have at least a “C” average and regular attendance.
  • New drivers can have eligibility postponed due to alcohol/drug offenses.

New residents must obtain license within 30 days of becoming a resident.

License issued with an assigned 9-digit number. Social security number does not appear on the license.

Requires proof of citizenship, social security account number or verification of a person’s legal status to receive a driver’s license.

The license must be carried whenever operating a vehicle.

License includes color photograph.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

Application for license must be made not more than 10 days after establishing residence.

Application must contain a legible print of the applicant’s thumb or finger and applicant’s social security number. Social security number does not appear on license.

DMV must require all applicants to provide proof of legal presence in the U.S., including presence in the U.S. when authorized under federal law pursuant to the federal Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals Program.

Prior to issuing or renewing a license, the DMV must check the applicant’s record for traffic violations, accidents, failure to appear in court, or reports indicating incapacity to drive.

All licenses must bear an engraved picture or photograph of the licensee. Applicants may self-certify their chosen gender category of male, female or non-binary in the application

License is issued with a magnetic strip containing driver information.

A non-commercial Class B license or endorsement must be obtained in order to operate a motor home of over 40 feet in length. Persons licensed to drive motor homes must submit medical information verifying minimal health requirements upon initial license application and every 2 years thereafter.

License applicants that do not take driver education must wait until age 18 for license.

They are not required to go through the intermediate license stage.

Driver’s License Issuance/Application

Driver’s license is required before driving a motor vehicle in the state.

Driver shall have his or her license in immediate possession when operating a motor vehicle.

Non-residents are exempt from license requirement if they have in their possession a valid driver’s license from their state of residence.

Licenses shall include the licensee’s photograph, distinguishing number (may be social security number), full name, date of birth, residence, brief description, type or class of vehicles that licensee may drive, any restrictions, expiration date, official seal, and licensee’s signature.

No person under the age of 18 shall operate a motor vehicle used to transport explosives or inflammable material or any motor vehicle used as a school bus for the transportation of pupils to or from school. No person under the age of 18 shall drive a motor vehicle used as a commercial, private, or common carrier of personal property unless such person is certified to drive such vehicle.

Applicants that submit, as proof of age or identity, a driver’s license or identification card issued by a state that issues licenses and identification cards to people not lawfully in the United States must submit additional proof of age and identity.

Qualified applicants who have a disability and require a special vehicle may obtain an instruction permit, which is good for 3 years.

Driver's License Issuance/Application

Drug or alcohol motor vehicle offenses can cause postponement of new driver’s license eligibility.

License is valid for 5 years, and expires on the birthday of the licensee.

Non-residents have 90 days before they are required to apply for an Alaskan license.

A photo is required on driver’s licenses, except in special circumstances.

Individuals on active duty military orders stationed in Alaska that choose to remain a resident of another state are not required to obtain a license in Alaska. This applies only to active duty personnel and not to dependents. Military dependents are required to surrender their out-of-state license and obtain a license in Alaska.

Licenses do not normally include social security numbers.

Driver’s License Issuance Application

Application for license or permit requires the following: Social Security Number (or a valid passport), date of birth, full name, sex, height, mailing address, and residential address.

Applicant must also present 3 identifying documents.

License normally includes photograph.

License number is usually an assigned number unless social security number is requested.

Non-citizens who are non-residents of Massachusetts may drive for 1 year on the license issued by their home country.


Driver’s License Renewal

Driver’s licenses are in effect for a period of 8 years.

When an application for a license renewal is made, the driver must surrender the expired license, fill out an application, and pass a vision test.

Military personnel, their dependents, and students may renew licenses by calling (302) 744-2506 or by mail.

Military personnel and their dependents are not required to acquire Delaware driver licenses and vehicle registrations until 60 days after separation from the service.

The DMV shall not renew a license when the licensee has failed to pay outstanding fines or fees for traffic offenses.

Driver's License Renewal

Driver’s licenses shall expire on the licensee’s birth date occurring in the 8th year of the license term.

Any subsequent renewals may be renewed for up to an 8-year period ending on the licensee’s birth date.

For every other renewal, an applicant may renew online or by mail if the license holder already holds a DC DMV REAL ID and so long as he or she certifies that he or she meets the visual requirements, and that there has been no change in his or her physical condition.

Licensees who have reached the age of 70 have the following renewal requirements: at age 70 or the nearest renewal date thereafter, the applicant shall complete the eye test and may be required to pass the reaction test, and must show a physician’s certification that the applicant is physically and mentally competent to operate a motor vehicle.

Each person applying for a renewal must pass a vision test.

Driver's License Renewal

Driver’s licenses are valid for a period of 8 years and expire at midnight on the licensee’s birthday, which next occurs on or after the 8th anniversary of the date of issue.

Drivers who have not had any moving violation convictions for the last 3 years preceding renewal and whose driving privilege in Florida has not been revoked, disqualified, or suspended at any time during the 7 years preceding renewal, are only required to have tested their eyesight and hearing upon renewal. Those drivers who have had moving violation convictions in the last 3 years or who have had their license suspended during the 7 years preceding renewal are required to, in addition to the eyesight and hearing tests, pass a test of their ability to read and under-stand highway signs.

Drivers age 80 and older are issued licenses for 6 years and must pass a vision test administered at any driver’s license office. If applying for an renewal by mail, such drivers must submit proof that they have passed a vision test administered by a licensed physician or optometrist.

Only one electronic or mail-in renewal may be made between in-person renewals, regardless of age.

Active duty members of the U.S. Armed Forces and their dependents (spouses, children, and step-children under 21 living in the same household) stationed out of state may request a license extension. The license extension card keeps class D and E licenses valid until 90 days after discharge from military service. Extension card must be kept with driver’s license and presented with your military ID. The extension card is only available to military personnel who are stationed outside Florida and have a license which expired after July 1, 1995. Members of the military may renew their motor vehicle or motor home registration without penalty, if the service member was on active duty more than 35 miles away from home.

Driver’s License Renewal

After expiration of license but before 2 years and 1 month from expiration date, license may be renewed without examination provided fees are paid. After that period a written test is required.

Driver's License Renewal

New driver’s licenses are valid for 5 1/2 or 7 years and expire on the driver’s birthday. Renewals are valid for 6 years.

A personal appearance at renewal generally is required.

Vision screenings are required at the first application, and not at further renewals.

A licensed driver age 65 and over has the option to renew a license every 2 years.

Military personnel and residents of the state temporarily living outside of the state may renew a license by mail.

Driver’s License Renewal

Renewal license issued after the expiration of original license does not require examination if renewed within 3 years of expiration.

After original license expires, subsequent renewals are required 4 years from the expiration date of the original license, regardless of when the preceding license is issued. Exception: CDL permits are not renewable.

Renewal notice mailed to each licensee 30 days after expiration date of license, if not yet renewed.

Grace period of 60 days granted after the expiration of license for purpose of renewal, and license is valid during this period.

Renewal of license may occur from 60 days (effective August 1, 2016, 180 days) prior to expiration to 3 years after date; afterwards, applicant required to take and pass examination.

Any valid driver license in the possession of a person on active duty with the U.S. Armed Forces, their dependents, or any person temporarily out of Alabama at time of license renewal may be eligible to renew by mail, but must have a photo on file taken within the last 8 years. Military personnel may renew up to 60 days prior to the license expiration date. Upon return to the state, the licensee should apply for a duplicate license with photo at the office of the license commissioner.

A valid home state license of military personnel and their dependents is honored while based in state.

Driver’s License Renewal

Application for renewal of a passenger automobile or motorcycle Driver’s license may be directly made to any agent of the MVC.

A licensed driver has 1 week to notify the MVC of change of residence.

A driver’s license is issued for a 4-year period.

Active military personnel and their immediate family members may apply for license renewal up to 6 months before deployment, and their licenses will remain valid 90 days after return from duty.

Driver’s License Renewal

Every driver’s license will expire on the licensee’s birthday in 8th year. Every person age 65 and older applying for a renewal in person must successfully complete an eyesight exam.  Driver’s licenses may be issued to non-citizens for their authorized period of lawful presence, up to a maximum of 5 years.

Licenses are renewable 150 days prior to expiration.

Active-duty military and full-time students (or dependent of same) living out-of-state may obtain a non-photo renewal of their Georgia driver’s license by mail.

Driver’s License Renewal

A licensee may renew a license by application, furnishing 2 forms of identification, and payment of the required fee.

License fees for non-commercial licenses are reduced for drivers age 62-64 and waived for drivers age 65 and over.

Licensees applying for renewal may be required to take an examination if they have proven accident records or apparent physical defects.

Renewal by mail is only permitted for every other renewal though the OK DPS has authority to develop a procedure for online renewal.

In the event a license is lost or destroyed, a replacement may be obtained by paying the required fee and furnishing 2 forms of identification.

Any person or spouse of a person on active duty or civilian contractor with the U.S. Armed Forces living outside of Oklahoma having a valid driver’s license issued by the State of Oklahoma for the operation of motor vehicles upon the highways of the state shall have, without additional charge, a valid license for the duration of such service or employment and for a period of 60 days from and after the return of the person or spouse of the person to Oklahoma from such service or employment. Does not confer driving privileges in any jurisdictions other than Oklahoma.

Any person or the spouse or dependent of a person who is on active duty with the Armed Forces of the United States or who is currently employed as a civilian contractor with the Armed Forces of the United States living outside of Oklahoma and who has a valid Class D driver license and does not require any material changes may apply for up to 3 consecutive renewals or replacements by mail or online.

Driver's License Renewal

Every non-CDL driver’s license expires on the birthday of the applicant in the 4th year after the date it is issued, but for applicants over 16, the license expires on their 21st birthday. The exception being the non-renewable/non-transferable license which should never exceed 4 years.

The Registrar of Motor Vehicles shall notify each person 40 days prior to expiration of their driver’s license and those whose driver’s license has expired within 45 days after the date of expiration.

Every driver’s license is renewable within 90 days prior to its expiration upon payment of fees.

Licenses of active duty military personnel, Peace Corps volunteers, foreign service employees and their dependents are valid for up to 6 months after their date of discharge or separation.

Driver’s License Renewal

A Class D driver’s license expires at midnight on the 6-year anniversary of the licensee’s birthday or the “duration of stay” date if an immigration document is presented for proof of identity. The licenses of drivers age 78 and older expire at midnight on the 4-year anniversary of the licensee’s birthday.

All applications for renewal of a driver’s license must be accompanied by a certificate from either the driver licensing or examining authorities or a physician or optometrist stating the corrected and uncorrected vision of the applicant.

A noncommercial applicant may apply by mail or electronically for renewal of a license during every other renewal cycle. The director may use vision information provided by the applicant to meet vision requirements for applicants under 65 years of age.

A North Dakota licensed driver who is a member of the U.S. Armed Forces and stationed out of state may continue to use his or her non-commercial North Dakota driver license until 90 days after separation without renewing, provided the license is accompanied by military identification and has not been suspended, revoked, or cancelled. Upon return to state, leave or separation papers and the North Dakota license must be presented to obtain new license.  North Dakota military spouses may renew by mail.

Driver’s License Renewal

Applicants for renewal prior to the license expiring may not be required to take a written or road test unless the applicant has been convicted of a traffic violation since the person’s license was last issued or the applicant suffers from a mental or physical condition that impairs the person’s ability to drive a vehicle.

A current or expired license is required at renewal. In the absence of a license, an applicant for renewal must present two documents of identification.

A driver’s license issued to a person at least 18 years old but less than 66 years old expires eight years after the date it was issued. A driver’s license issued to a person at least 66 years old expires five years after the date it was issued.  Licenses may be renewed remotely every other renewal. Vision testing is required at in-person renewals.

The first license the DMV issues to a person expires on the person’s 4th or subsequent birthday that occurs after the license is issued and on which the individual’s age is evenly divisible by 5.

Before a license expires, the DMV mails a reminder card explaining the number of years it will be valid. The reminder card is not required in order to renew. If DMV does not have your social security number on file, you must present your social security card at the time of issuance. If you are not eligible for a social security card, you must present documentation issued by the US Government indicating legal presence. If you do not have your current or expired license at renewal, you will be required to show the examiner two required documents of identification.

Resident on active duty or their dependents may renew their driver’s license by mail no more than two times during a license holder’s lifetime. A driver’s license with a military designation on it issued to a person on active duty may be renewed up to 1 year prior to its expiration upon presentation of military or Department of Defense credentials.

Driver's License Renewal

A valid driver’s license may be renewed if the applicant is qualified for a renewal of the license by making an application on a form provided by the DMV 6 months prior to 2 years after the date of expiration, paying the appropriate fees, passing a vision test, and having his or her photo image taken.

Driver’s licenses are valid for a period of 8 years.

A valid driver’s license is automatically extended when a person is out of state on active military duty. The driver’s license of active duty military personnel is also extended for a maximum of 6 months after discharge or return to the state. Active duty military personnel must file form MV-75 (Military Service Notification).

Driver's License Renewal

All driver’s licenses are issued for a period of 4 years unless the applicant elects to have an 8-year issuance period, and each license shall expire 30 days after the applicant’s birthday in the 4th or 8th year after the effective date of the license. Each license is renewable within 90 days prior to its expiration or at an earlier date approved by the MVD. The MVD may require an examination upon renewal.

Licenses issued to drivers under age 21 will have the license expire 30 days after the driver’s 21st birthday and may be renewed for a period of up to five years.

Military personnel out of the state should request a non-photo renewal via mail 60 days prior to the expiration of their current license. Requests should be mailed to: Driver Services, P.O. Box 1028, Santa Fe, NM 87504.

Every renewal requires an eyesight test unless done over the phone or internet.

All licenses expire 30 days after a driver’s 75th birthday. Drivers over 75 must renew licenses annually but the license fee is waived.

Driver's License Renewal

All licenses shall expire on the 5th anniversary of the license holder’s date of birth following the date of issuance.

The DMV shall notify each holder of a license by mail addressed to the holder’s last known address, 30 days prior to the expiration date of a place and time where he or she shall appear for the issuance of a new license.

An applicant for a renewal driver’s license shall complete the vision screening examination. The DMV may require applicants for a license renewal to complete a road performance evaluation.

Any person who is a member of the U.S. Armed Forces and who, at the time of induction, call to active duty, or enlistment into the U.S. Armed Forces for 2 or more years, was a resident of New Hampshire and was a holder of a valid New Hampshire license to drive a motor vehicle in New Hampshire, is entitled to renewal of such license without cost. The spouse of any resident of New Hampshire on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces is able to renew his or her driver’s license through the mail; however, the fee is not waived.

Driver's License Renewal

Every driver’s license will expire on the licensee’s birthday in the 4th year following the issuance of the license. Every driver’s license is renewable within 120 days before its expiration. An applicant may renew his or her license more than 120 days before its expiration if the applicant states in writing that he or she will not be in the state during the 120 days before the license expires.

Every person applying for renewal of a driver’s license must take and successfully complete an eyesight test.

The state is prohibited from issuing a license to a person whose physician or optometrist has concluded he or she is not capable of safely operating a motor vehicle.

The driver’s license of any person who had not attained his or her 21st birthday may be renewed within 30 days prior to the date of his or her 21st birthday.

Resident military personnel and their dependents temporarily out of state may obtain an extension on their license, extending it for 4 years from the date of expiration. The fee is $15. Nonresident military personnel may use home state driver’s license.

Driver’s License Renewal

All original licenses, reinstated licenses, and probationary licenses expire 2 years from the date of the applicant’s next birthday. All other licenses and license endorsements expire 8 years after the date of issuance.

A renewal photograph must also be taken every 8 years.

The DOT is responsible for mailing a notice of expiration at least 30 days in advance to the licensee’s last known address.

Upon change of address or name, a licensee must apply for a duplicate license within 10 days of the change.

Any license issued to a person on active military duty does not expire. Active duty military licenses expire 30 days after return to Wisconsin or 90 days after discharge from active duty, whichever is earlier. This extension does not apply to military dependents.

Driver's License Renewal

A driver’s license is valid for a period of 5 years.

The DMV shall notify each person who holds a valid driver’s license 90 days before the license expires and shall include in the notice a renewal application form.

A Level 1 Instruction Permit is not renewable.

  • An instruction permit (age 18 or over) is valid for 90 days and may be renewed one time prior to expiration, however, if expired a driver must retest, taking both the vision and written tests to obtain another instruction Permit valid for 90 days.

The driver’s license of any person in the U.S. Armed Forces is extended for a period of 6 months from the date the person is discharged under honorable circumstances from active duty.

Driver’s License Renewal

A person’s 1st Washington driver’s license expires on the person’s 6th birthday after it was issued.

A license may be renewed at any Licensing Services Office (LSO). The applicant must appear in person and pass a vision test. If the license has a corrective lens restriction, and the applicant would like to have it removed, he or she may request that his or her vision be tested without corrective lenses.

A license may be renewed as much as 1 year ahead of its expiration date.

An application for driver’s license renewal may be submitted by means of personal appearance before the department or via mail or online if permitted by department rule and the applicant did not renew his or her license by mail or online when it last expired. If a qualified person submits an application by mail or online, he or she is not required to pass an examination nor provide an updated photograph.

No online renewals permitted after age 70. No online renewal permitted if a medical condition exists that requires monitoring.

A Washington driver’s license issued to a service member, or the spouse or dependent child living with the service member, remains in effect while the person is serving in the U.S. Armed Forces on active duty.

  • The license is valid until 90 days after the honorable discharge from service duty, unless it is suspended, cancelled, or revoked for cause as provided by law. If separation from the service is other than honorable, the military expiration is immediately void and you must apply for a renewal license. A license with a military expiration issued to a reservist who has been called to active duty, or the spouse or dependent child of the reservist, only remains in effect while the person remains on active duty.

Driver’s License Renewal

Every driver’s license expires on the last day of the birth month of the applicant every 8 years, or every 5 years for drivers age 75 and older.

Any driver’s license may be renewed by application, which must include the applicant’s certification of Virginia residency, after the applicant has taken and successfully completed all required examinations.

Applications for license renewal may be submitted online, by phone, or by mail every other time, except for drivers age 75 and older which must renew in person. All licenses will be issued by mail.

Applicants 75 years of age or older must undergo vision examinations either in person or provide a report of the examination to renew a driver’s license.

Out-of-state military personnel can apply for a license extension in the mail. Licenses must be renewed within 60 days of returning to the Commonwealth. The validity of driver’s licenses can be extended for persons serving outside Virginia in the U.S. Armed Forces or the diplomatic service as well as for the spouses and dependents accompanying them. The license shall be valid during the period the person is outside of the Commonwealth and 60 days thereafter, but no extension can be for more than 3 years after date of expiration shown on the license.

Driver's License Renewal

Operators have the option to renew their operator’s license after 2 or 4 years. At least 30 days before a license expires, the DMV shall mail an application for license renewal.

A person may not operate a motor vehicle if their license has expired.

Driver's License Renewal

A renewal or extension of a license expires on the birth date of the licensee in the 5th year following the year the license was issued or the date of expiration of the applicant’s foreign visa or permit. The license may be renewed at any time within 6 months before the license expires. The vision test is required once every 10 years, and the DLD may require the applicant for renewal to take a written examination. Vision tests are required for every renewal by drivers age 65 and older.

Drivers may renew by mail or internet every other renewal if they have a good driving records.

Drivers will be contacted by the DLD approximately 90 days prior to the expiration of their driver’s license.

Military personnel, civilian employees of the U.S. Department of State and U.S. Department of Defense, and their immediate family members and dependents, who had a valid Utah license at the time of entry into the service may continue to use that license up to 90 days after discharge if stationed outside of Utah.

Driver’s License Renewal

A driver’s license expires on the 1st birthday of the license holder occurring after the 6th anniversary of the date of the application. A provisional license expires the earlier of the 18th birthday of the license holder or the 1st birthday of the license holder occurring after the date of the application. An instruction permit expires on the 1st birthday of the license holder occurring after the date of the application.

The driver’s licenses of drivers 85 or older expire on the license holder’s second birthday after the date of issuance. Mail or electronic renewal not available to drivers 79 and older. Drivers 85 years of age and older must pass a vision test.

Driver’s License Renewal

Every driver’s license is valid for 8 year, excluding Class P licenses which expire 1 year from the date of issuance.

If a licensee is under the age of 18, the license expires on the licensee’s 21st birthday. Upon attaining the age of 21, any licensee may obtain a license printed in a horizontal or landscape format.

Licenses are renewable on or before their expiration date upon application and payment of the appropriate fee.

An application for renewal that is filed more than 30 days carries a late renewal fee and if a license is expired for more than 5 years, the license holder must apply as for an original license.

Licenses may be renewed up to 12 months before the expiration date.

Licenses issued to people age 65 and older do not expire. Fees are reduced for drivers age 60 and older.

A driver’s license issued to someone who is on active military duty and stationed outside of Tennessee does not expire “so long as such person’s service continues and such person is stationed outside this state.” Military personnel (not military dependents) may have a “Code 30” added to their license which will give it a non-expiring status.

Driver’s License Renewal

Each operator’s license, motorcycle operator’s license, restricted minor’s permit, or motorcycle restricted minor’s permit expires on the licensee’s birthday in the 5th year following the date the license was issued, or on the same date as the expiration date on the valid documents authorizing the applicant’s presence in the United States, whichever occurs first.

Any license issued to a person under 21 expires 30 days after the person’s 21st birthday.

Each operator’s license, motorcycle operator’s license, restricted minor’s permit, or motorcycle restricted minor’s permit is renewable 180 days before its expiration, except when the licensee is turning 21 years of age.

The Department will waive the knowledge and driving tests for renewal, if the licensee applies and makes payment of the required fee within 30 days following the license expiration date.

If the licensee applies and makes payment of the required fees 31 or more days after the expiration date of the license, the licensee must take the knowledge test.

For renewal of an operator’s license, motorcycle operator’s license, restricted minor’s permit, and motorcycle restricted minor’s permit, the Department requires an eye examination.

Any person who holds a valid operator’s license, motorcycle operator’s license, or nondriver identification card may apply by mail or electronically for a replacement or updated license or identification card and a renewal once in any ten year period if the applicant:

(1) is a citizen or national or is an alien who has permanent resident status;
(2) has not had a material change in any personally identifiable information;
(3) is not applying for reinstatement after a revocation, disqualification, or cancellation;
(4) submits two forms of proof of current address; and
(5) submits a vision statement signed by a licensed optometrist or ophthalmologist that supplies proof that the applicant has adequate eyesight, if the applicant is sixty-five years of age or older at the time of renewal.

The licenses of active duty military personnel remain valid for the length of their service outside the state and 30 days following the date on which the holder of such license is honorably separated from such service or returns to this state, unless revoked for cause as provided by law. The license is valid only when in the immediate possession of the licensee while driving; and if the licensee has been discharged, his separation papers must also be in his immediate possession. This extension does not apply to military dependents.

Driver’s License Renewal

Every license expires on the licensee’s birth date on the 8th year after the year in which the license was issued. Every license is renewable on or before its expiration date by filling out an application and the payment of the required fee.

The Department requires all applicants obtaining their initial license to take a vision test. The vision examination can be waived if the license holder submits a certificate from a person authorized by law to examine eyes. When renewing a license, certification that the vision of the person screened meets the minimum standards required by the department or have been corrected to meet these requirements if a screening is required.

The department may renew a driver’s license of a resident by mail or electronically upon payment of the required fee, if the renewal is a digitized license.

Any person licensed to drive a motor vehicle in this state who is involved in 4 accidents in any 24-month period, may, at the discretion of the Department, be required to take any portion of the driver’s license examination. Any person who has had 4 accidents and fails to submit to such test within 30 days after having been notified by the Department will have his or her driver’s license suspended until he or she takes and passes the examination.

If a person’s license expires and he is unable to renew it before its expiration date because he is on active military duty outside this State for a continuous period of at least 30 days immediately before the expiration date or because he is the spouse or dependent living for a continuous period of at least 30 days immediately before the expiration date with a person on active military duty outside this State, within 60 days after returning to this State, the person may renew his license in the manner permitted by this section as though the license had not expired. The department may require proof from the person that he qualifies for renewal of his license under this paragraph. Upon request, the person shall provide the department with a copy of his military service record, a document of his branch of military service showing the date of active military duty outside the State, or other evidence presented by the person showing the dates of service.

Any valid driver’s license issued to a person on active duty out of the state, or the person’s spouse, is effective without requirement for renewal until 90 days after the date of the person’s discharge from the service.

For cause shown, the department may require the submission by the applicant of evidence satisfactory to the department of the applicant’s mental and physical fitness to drive and his knowledge of traffic laws and regulations. If the evidence is not satisfactory to the department, the department may require an examination of the applicant as upon an original application. Parallel parking is not required as a part of the driver’s test.

The renewal license forms distributed by the department must be designed to contain a certification that the vision of the person screened meets the minimum standards required by the department or have been corrected to meet these requirements if a screening is required. The certification must be executed by the person conducting the screening. The minimum standards of the department shall not require a greater degree of vision than 20/40 corrected in one eye.

Driver's License Renewal

Every operator’s first license is issued as a temporary license valid from the date of issuance until the licensee’s birthday in the second year following the issuance of the temporary license. Every operator’s license after the temporary license shall expire on the birthday of the licensee 5 years after issuance, with the exception of any person 75 years of age or older whose license shall expire on the birthday 2 years after issuance.

New license will not be issued during any period of suspension.

Driver’s licenses for active duty military personnel are valid for 30 days after discharge or return to the state of Rhode Island, whichever occurs first.

Any person serving in the U.S. Armed Forces may apply for a special license that is valid until 30 days after discharge.

Driver's License Renewal

U.S. citizens’ and permanent residents’ driver’s license expire on the day after the licensee’s birthday at intervals of 4 years or less, as determined by the Department. Driver’s 65 and older may choose a 2-year or 4-year renewal cycle.  Other non-U.S. citizens’ license expire on the same day as their immigration documents expire.

Licenses of active duty military personnel, their spouses, and children outside of the state are valid for the length of their active duty, 45 days after returning to the state, or 45 days after separation from the Armed Services. Service assignments must be carried with expired licenses.

Driver License Renewal

A first license, or renewal of expired license within 1 year, is valid for 8 years.  A limited term license is valid for the licensee’s authorized length of stay in the United States as verified using the Systematic Alien Verification for Entitlements (SAVE) program.

The DMV is required to provide reasonable notice of pending expiration by mail, unless the person’s license has been suspended, cancelled, or revoked, or the person has failed to notify the DMV of a change of address.  In addition, DMV is not required to notify the holder of a limited-term license of an approaching expiration date if the limited-term license was issued for a period of less than one year.

An application for renewal of an expired license must be completed within 1 year of expiration otherwise the licensee does not qualify for renewal and must apply as for an original license.

Drivers age 50 and over are subject to a vision screening at renewal.

Driver’s License Renewal

Current driver’s licenses expire on the 4th anniversary of the licensee’s birthday nearest the date of issuance or renewal.

Nevada is transitioning to licenses that will be valid for eight years instead of four.

Drivers born in an even-numbered year will receive an eight-year license at the next renewal. Drivers born in an odd-numbered year will receive a four-year license at any renewal through 2017 and eight-year license with renewal in 2018 or later.

Motorists age 65 and older will receive a 4-year license only.

The new expiration terms do not apply to license with a shorter term issued to immigrants and certain other motorists.

The DMV may require an applicant for a renewal license to pass a vision test.

Every license is renewable at any time before its expiration upon application and payment of the required fee.

No later than 30 days before the expiration of a licensee’s license, the DMV shall mail an expiration notice.

The DMV shall allow for renewal of a license by mail, in exchange for an additional fee. The licensee shall provide a vision report with the application from an ophthalmologist, optometrist, or agency of the state taken within 90 days of the application.

All persons who renew a license after it has expired may be required to complete all portions of the original license examination.

Driver authorization cards expire on the fourth anniversary of the holder’s birthday, measured in the case of initial issuance or renewal from the birthday nearest the date of issuance or renewal.

Driver’s License Renewal

An operator’s license issued to a person 21 years of age or older expires on the licensee’s birthday in the 5th year after issuance.

An operator’s license issued to a person under the age of 21 expires on that person’s 21st birthday.

Upon renewal, a vision test is required. The written and driving tests may be waived by the DMV.   Licensees under age 72 may be eligible to renew or obtain replacements of their license online.

Operator’s licenses issued to persons required to use bioptic or telescoptic lenses shall expire annually on the licensee’s birthday. License duration may be extended for up to two years based upon required review by an optometrist or ophthalmologist.

A 30 day temporary license is issued to the applicant upon successful completion of tests and payment of fees. The permanent license is sent to the applicant via U.S. mail within 20 days.

Driver’s License Renewal

When a person applies for renewal of a driver’s license, the MVD will conduct a records check through the national driver register and test the applicant’s eyesight. The MVD may also require a knowledge and skills test if (1) the applicant has a mental or physical disability that may impair the applicant’s ability to operate a vehicle; (2) the expired or expiring license does not include adaptive equipment or operational restrictions appropriate to the applicant’s functional abilities; or (3) the applicant wants to remove or modify the restrictions stated on the expired or expiring license.

A person can apply to renew his or her driver’s license within 6 months before or 3 months after the expiration of the person’s license.

A person may renew a driver’s license by mail or online if the person and submits an approved vision examination and medical evaluation from a licensed physician. A person may not renew by mail or online for consecutive terms.

A license expires on the anniversary of the licensee’s birthday 8 years or less after the date of issue or on the licensee’s 67th birthday, whichever occurs first.

A license issued to a person who is 68 – 74 years old expires on the anniversary of the licensee’s birthday 6 years or less after the date of issue. All drivers 75 and older receive 4-year licenses.

A license issued to a person who is under 21 years of age expires on the licensee’s 21st birthday.

Any person who has a valid Montana driver’s license at the time of entering active duty with the Armed Forces may apply for a military renewal. The military renewal is valid so long as the person is assigned to active duty not to exceed 30 days following the date of release from active duty.

Driver’s License Renewal

Renewal drivers ages 18-20: 3-year driver license issued that will expire on the applicant’s date of birth in the 3rd year after date of issuance. 21-69: applicants get a 6-year license. 70 and over: driver license will expire on the applicant’s date of birth in the 3rd year after date of issuance.

All persons renewing their license must pass a vision test and a sign recognition test.

Military personnel and their dependents out of state when their licenses expire may renew their driver’s license by mail.

Applicants that are not U.S. citizens may receive an expiration date less than the terms above based on the expiration date of the documents submitted.

Driver’s License Renewal

The license expiration date for drivers under the age of 21 is the 21st birthday of the licensee.

The license expiration date for drivers over the age of 21 is the birthday of the driver in the 4th year following the date of issuance of the license.

Driver’s License Renewal

A driver’s license expires on the birthday of the driver on the 4th year following issuance unless suspended or revoked.

A first operator’s license will expire on the driver’s 21st birthday. Under 21 licenses are vertical; over 21 licenses are horizontal.

A person holding a license at any time within 45 days before the expiration of his or her license may make application for a new license. However, if the licensee will be out of the state during the 45 days immediately preceding expiration of the license or for other good cause shown cannot apply for a license within the 45-day period, application for a new license may be made not more than 6 months before expiration of the license.

A person who will be out-of-state for more than 90 days beyond the expiration date of his or her operator’s license may apply for a 2-year extension of his or her driving privileges.

A member of the U.S. Armed Forces, while on active duty, may use an expired Michigan driver’s license in conjunction with his/her military papers for a period not to exceed:

  • 30 days from the person’s first leave of absence following the expiration of his/her license (the leave does not have to be to Michigan; this refers to any leave of absence), or
  • 30 days from the date of the person’s discharge following the expiration of his/her license.

Spouses and dependents of active military personnel are not granted the same extension allowed for military personnel. A spouse or dependent’s driver’s license expires on his/her birthday in the expiration year. The license may be renewed through the mail.

Driver’s License Renewal

An operator’s license is valid for 5 years and expires on the holder’s birthday.

Renewal of license may be done up to 1 year prior to the expiration date.

Application for renewal includes: social security number, date of birth, license number, full name, mailing address, and residential address of the applicant.

Vision testing required for each in-person renewal.

Applicants age 75 and older must apply in-person.

Active duty military personnel may drive on an expired license for up to 60 days after honorable discharge from military service or return to Massachusetts. Active duty military personnel may be issued renewed non-photo driver’s license if stationed outside Massachusetts.

Driver’s License Renewal

A license issued to a driver at least 21 years of age shall expire on the birth date of the licensee in the 8th year following the issuance of the license (as Maryland converts licenses from a 5-to-8-year period of validity, a license issued to a driver at least 21 years of age shall expire on the birth date of the licensee during this timeframe).

A license issued to a driver under the age of 21 shall expire 60 days after the driver’s 21st birthday.

The MVA may renew a license within 1 year after the expiration date without requiring a driving test.

Individuals between 21 and 40 years old are required to complete a vision test every other time their license is renewed. The MVA shall require every individual age 40 and older applying for renewal of a license to pass a vision test. The vision test may be waived if the applicant has passed an acceptable vision examination within the last 12 months.

Applicants age 70 and older must provide proof of previous satisfactory operation of a vehicle or physician’s certificate of fitness.

People out of state during the renewal process may renew by mail. A valid non-photo license is issued to people who renew by mail. The license must be exchanged for a photo license within 15 days after returning to the state.

A license held by active military personnel or a dependent outside of the state is valid for 30 days after re-entering the state. The license can also be renewed by mail.

Driver’s License Renewal

Prior to expiration of a license, the Secretary of State will send the license holder a renewal application.

A driver’s license issued to a person under 65 expires at midnight on the license holder’s 6th birthday following the date of issuance. Until June 30, 2014 for the equalization of 6 year cycles for drivers that have chosen an 8-year renewal period, a 2 year license may have been issued.

A driver’s license issued to a person 65 or older expires at midnight on the license holder’s 4th birthday following the date of issuance.

Vision tests are required at the first renewal after the driver’s 40th birthday and at every second renewal until age 62; thereafter, at every renewal.

Any valid driver’s license issued to a person on active duty with the U.S. Armed Forces, or the person’s spouse, is effective without requirement for renewal until 180 days after the date of the person’s discharge from the service.

Driver’s License Renewal

A driver’s license may be renewed electronically according to rules set by the Commissioner of Public Safety.

All licenses of persons 18 years of age or older shall be issued for a 4-year or 8-year period and may be renewed any time within 6 months before the expiration, which is midnight on the licensee’s birthday.

All licenses of persons under 18 years of age shall be issued for a 1-year period and may be renewed any time within 2 months before the expiration, which is midnight on the licensee’s birthday.

An expired license may be renewed any time within 18 months after expiration upon application, payment of the required fee, and payment of a delinquent fee in lieu of a driver examination, unless an examination is required.

Any person in the U.S. Armed Forces and their dependents who are out of state due to military service at the time of expiration may renew the license any time within 90 days after being discharged from such military service or upon returning to the state.

Any person holding a valid license who is going overseas for 2 to 4 years and whose license is going to expire during the overseas stay, may renew the license for 4 years or 8 years) prior to leaving with proper proof of such overseas travel.

Any person in the U.S. Armed Forces and their dependents who are out of state due to military service at the time of expiration may renew the license any time within 90 days after being discharged from military service or upon returning to the state.

Driver’s License Renewal

All motor vehicle driver’s licenses expire on the anniversary of the birthday of the applicant which is closest to a period of 6 years subsequent to the issuing of the license, unless this license has been suspended, revoked, or cancelled prior to that time.

Mail renewal is not available to drivers age 70 and older and drivers whose previous renewal was by mail.

Louisiana driver’s license of members of the U.S. Armed Forces/Peace Corps and their dependents who serve outside of Louisiana shall remain valid for 60 days after discharge, provided license was valid upon entrance to service and not expired, suspended, or revoked. The driver’s license will be expired/delinquent on the 61st day after discharge. Last license issued and proof of discharge shall be accepted to renew license. This applies to class “E” operator’s license only.

A resident dependent of any person on active duty with the U.S. Armed Forces and stationed within Louisiana, but who is domiciled in another state and has in his immediate possession both a valid license issued to him by his home state and a current military dependent identification card, shall be exempt from obtaining a Louisiana driver’s license during the period of residency with the supporting member of the U.S. Armed Forces while stationed in Louisiana. Dependents must comply with normal renewal procedure of their home state.

Driver's License Renewal

An application for renewal must be made every 4 years within 30 days after the birth date of the applicant.

An applicant under the age of 21 will be issued a license that is valid until the applicant attains the age of 21 and the applicant must apply for a renewal within 30 days of his or her 21st birthday.

Military personnel on active duty out of the state and their dependents may renew their driver’s licenses by mail.

Driver's License Renewal

Upon issuance, a driver’s license is valid until the applicant’s 65th birthday and is renewable thereafter for successive 5-year periods.

Any valid driver’s license issued to a person on active duty is effective without requirement for renewal until 6 months after the date of the person’s discharge from the service.

Persons 70 and older may not renew by mail. Persons 65 or older renewing by mail must submit a vision test verification form, or a verification of an eyesight examination conducted not more than 3 months before.

Driver's License Renewal

Licenses issued to persons less than 21 years of age or more than 65 years of age shall expire on the 4th anniversary of the license that is nearest the date of application. Licenses that expire on the 21st birthday of the holder must be renewed within 45 days of the date of expiration.

Commercial driver’s licenses shall expire on the 4th anniversary of the date of birth of the licensee nearest the date of application.

Every license shall be renewable on or before its expiration upon application and payment of the required fee and successful completion of required examinations.

Prior to renewal, the applicant shall pass a vision test. In lieu of this provision, the applicant can submit a vision test from a licensed physician or optometrist taken within 3 months of the application, and can complete the examination furnished with the notice of expiration of license and submit it with the application.

For licenses that expire while the holder is outside the country, a renewal will be provided by mail.

For military personnel, the Kansas DMV will renew their driver’s licenses regardless of whether their license is currently expired (no time limitation). For military dependents, license is renewed only if it has been expired for less than 1 year. Licensure terms are the same for military persons as the general public. If they are stationed out of state and their license expires, they must contact the Kansas DMV, fax a copy of their driver’s license and military id, give their current mailing address, and the test and booklet will be mailed to them to complete and return. Dependents use the same process. Their previous photo will be used from the DMV’s files to produce the new license.

Licenses issued to persons between the ages of 21 and 65 expire on the 6th anniversary of the date of birth of the licensee that is nearest the date of application.

Driver’s License Renewal

Except as otherwise provided, a driver’s license will have a random expiration date of 5, 6, 7 or 8 years from the issue year and expires on the licensee’s birthdate, and not to exceed the licensee’s 74th birthday. If the licensee is under the age of 17 years 11 months, the license expires 2 years from the licensee’s birthday in the year of issuance. If the licensee is 72 years of age or older, the license expires 2 years from the licensee’s birthday in the year of issuance. Licensees age 70 or older must appear in person for each renewal.

A person has 60 days to renew his or her license after the expiration date.  Electronic renewal is permitted every other renewal.

Applicants with vision or other physical restrictions may be required to renew their license every 2 years.

A vision test or vision report signed by a licensed vision specialist is required.

The expiration date for persons who enter military service while holding a valid Iowa driver’s license is 6 months after separation from active duty.

The licenses of active duty military personnel may be extended until 6 months after separation from the military. Active duty military personnel must obtain a military service extension. A 5-year extension is available for military personnel and their families.

Driver’s License Renewal

The application for renewal may be filed up to 1 year prior to the license’s expiration date.

All individuals must provide verification of social security number and 2 proof of residency documents upon application for renewal.

An individual who applies for a license renewal must pass an eye exam.

If an applicant is under 21 years of age and has 6 active points on his or her license, he or she must also pass a written examination.

License expires after 4, 5, or 6 years on date of birth for people 18-74; 3 years on date of birth for people 75-84; 2 years on date of birth for people 85 and older.

Drivers under age 75 may renew licenses by mail or over the internet. Mail and electronic option available only every other renewal and only if the name and address have remained the same and the license holder does not require testing.

If an active military person or military family member has an Indiana driver’s license, it does not expire until 90 days after his/her discharge from the military. As far as their family is concerned, their licenses do expire. They can renew by mail with a “photo exempt” license. Military families are the only Indiana motorists who have the privilege of renewing by mail

Driver's License Renewal

All driver’s licenses for persons 21 years of age and over are renewable on or before expiration with application, payment of fee, and satisfactory completion of the required vision screening.

For persons 21 and over, the license shall expire on the licensee’s birthday 4 years after issuance. A person between the ages of 21 and 62 may opt to have their license expire on their birthday 4 or 8 years after issuance.

For persons under 18 years of age, the license shall expire 5 days after the licensee’s 18th birthday.

For persons between the ages of 18 and 21 years, the license shall expire 5 days after the licensee’s 21st birthday.

Vision will be checked at each renewal in person, and if the examiner thinks it is necessary, a skills test, visual examination and/or medical examination may be requested.

Drivers age 63 and older will have licenses expire on their birthday every 4 years.

Drivers age 70 and older must renew their license in person.

For foreign nationals without permanent resident status, licenses expire at the end of legal stay in the U.S.

Active duty or a dependent of military personnel in the U.S. Armed Forces may apply for a license extension of up to 4 years. The extension will expire 60 days from the date of discharge from active military duty or the expiration date on the extension card, whichever comes first.

After this time, military personnel or their accompanying dependents are not required to take the written examination and skills tests for renewal of an Idaho driver’s license if the Idaho driver’s license has expired while on active duty.

Driver's License Renewal

Licenses expire on the first birthday of the licensee not less than 8 years after the license was issued. If the licensee is 24 years old or younger, the license will expire on the first birthday of the licensee not less than 4 years after the license was issued. If the licensee is 72 years old or older the license expires 2 years after the date of issuance. An application for renewal may not be made more than 6 months prior to expiration of a license, and an application for renewal that is made more than 90 days after expiration of an old license will be treated as an application for a new license and the applicant will be examined as such.

A license holder seeking renewal must apply in person before the examiner of drivers but is not required to undergo re-examination of the person’s driving skills.

No driver’s license will be renewed until the applicant has passed the vision test.

Application for renewal may be made by mail if the licensee holds a category (1), (2), or (3) license and is temporarily absent from the state when the license expires. The licensee must submit a statement from a licensed physician not more than 6 months prior to the date of expiration of the license indicating the applicant meets the necessary physical requirements to operate a vehicle and the licensee must also include a notarized statement certifying he or she is a resident of the state and does not hold a valid license from any other jurisdiction.

Active duty military personnel and their accompanying dependents are exempt from renewal requirements if their drivers license expires while they are deployed outside of the United States until 30 days after return to the U.S.

Driver’s License Renewal

For new applicants aged 21 to 80, the expiration date is 4 years from the applicant’s next day of birth. For renewal applicants, the expiration date is 4 years from the present expiration date. Drivers between the ages of 81 to 86 will be issued a 2-year license and drivers aged 87 and older will be issued a 1-year license.

The Secretary of State’s office mails a renewal letter to driver’s license holders 60 to 90 days prior to the expiration of your license. The letter is mailed to the address in the office’s driving record file. The letter contains the information needed to renew a license.

Each original or renewal driver’s license issued to a licensee under 21 years of age shall expire 3 months after the licensee’s 21st birthday.

Renewal applicants 75 and older must take a road test.

Members of the U.S. Armed Forces on active duty and civilian employees of the Armed Forces outside Illinois, as well as their spouses and children may drive with an expired license for up to 120 days after their return to the state. A Military Deferral Certificate(s) must be carried with an expired Illinois driver’s license. Certificates are available at no charge and may be mailed to an out-of-state address.

Driver’s License Renewal

Licenses are valid for 8 years, expire on the licensee’s date of birth, and are obtainable only at County Revenue Offices.

Applicants ages 70 years or older may elect to obtain a Class D license or a Class M license for a period of either 4 years or 8 years if he/she has an expired Class D license or Class M license.

Military personnel on active duty out of the state and their dependents may renew their driver’s licenses by mail.

Military personnel on active duty may be granted an extension of expiration for a driver’s license not to exceed 30 days after the applicant’s first tour of duty, or release from active duty, whichever occurs first.

Driver's License Renewal

All original licenses expire on the 5th birthday of the applicant following the date of the application for license and are renewable for successive 5-year periods.

License renewal may be done by mail if licensee is not probationary and the licensee’s records for the 2 years preceding renewal show no violation of specified traffic laws, a point count of not more than 1, no refusal to submit to a chemical test, and no suspension of the license. No more than 2 sequential mail renewals are permitted. A person who is required to pass a knowledge examination in order to renew the driver’s license must be provided written notice of that requirement.

At age 70, mail renewal is prohibited.

Spouse and/or dependents of military personnel may apply for a renewal of their license by calling DMV or requesting a no-fee 1-year extension by writing to the DMV.

Licenses of out-of-state active military personnel are valid beyond their normal expiration date. Active military personnel with expired licenses must carry a DL 236 card with their licenses. Extended licenses are good for 30 days after return to California.

Driver's License Renewal

Driver’s license expires every 5 years on date of birth.

Eye test required on renewal.

A driver’s license is eligible for renewal by mail or electronically every other renewal period to those drivers at least 21 years and under 66 years of age, if the applicant can attest to having an eye exam within 6 months of the application.

If license has been suspended during the period of that license, written test is also required.

Military personnel and their dependents are entitled to one 3-year extension. This extension is free of charge.

Driver's License Renewal

Renewal by mail is not allowed for persons age 69 and older or for drivers whose previous renewal was by mail.

Non-commercial driver’s licenses for military personnel are valid for 90 days after discharge or return to the State of Alaska, whichever occurs first. License remains valid as long as resident remains on active duty.


Types of Driver’s Licenses

Driver Education Learner Permit: Authorizes the holder to operate the same vehicles as a Class D license while taking an approved driver education course.

Class D Operator’s License: Authorizes license holders to operate any vehicle with a Gross Weight Rating (GWR) of less than 26,001 lbs., and cannot be designed to transport more than 15 passengers or carry hazardous material.

Driving Privilege Card or Learner’s Permit:  Authorizes holder to operate any vehicle permitted by a Class D Learner’s Permit or Operator’s License.

CDL Class A: Any combination of vehicles with a GWR of 26,001 lbs. or more, provided that the GWR of the vehicle(s) being towed is in excess of 10,000 lbs.

CDL Class B: Any single vehicle with a GWR of 26,001 lbs. or more.

Endorsements and Restrictions: H — authorizes driver to carry hazardous materials; L — restricts the driver to vehicles not equipped with airbrakes; T — authorizes driving double and triple trailers; P — authorizes driving vehicle carrying passengers; N — authorizes driving tank vehicles; and X — combines both H and N endorsements.

Types of Driver’s Licenses

Commercial Licenses:

  • Group A: Any combination of vehicles with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) greater than 26,000 lbs.; where the GVWR of the vehicle being towed is in excess of 10,000 lbs., or is a semitrailer or trailer with 2 or more axles.
  • Group B: Any single vehicle with a GVWR greater than 26,000 lbs. and any such vehicle towing a vehicle not in excess of 10,000 lbs. GVWR.
  • Group C: Any vehicle that is designed to transport 16 or more passengers (including the driver) or is used in the transportation of materials classified as hazardous in the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act.

Non-Commercial Licenses:

  • Class D: All non-commercial motor vehicles, except those in Class M.
  • Class M: Motorcycles.
  • Class N: Mopeds and motor-driven cycles.

Types of Driver's Licenses

Class E: Holder can operate a noncommercial vehicle with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) less than 26,001 lbs. , including passenger cars, 15 passenger vans including the driver, trucks or recreational vehicles and two or three wheel motor vehicles 50 cc or less, such as mopeds or small scooters.

Class E-Learner: Holder can operate motor vehicles less than 8,000 lbs.

Motorcycle Endorsement: “MTCY ALSO” or “MTCY ONLY.”

Commercial Class A: Holder can operate a vehicle with a GWR of 26,001 or more, only if the tow is greater than 10,000 lbs.

Commercial Class B: Holder can operate any single vehicle with a GWR of 26,001 lbs.

Commercial Class C: Holder can operate a vehicles transporting placardable amounts of hazardous materials, or vehicles designed to transport more than 15 persons including the driver with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating of less than 26,001 lbs

Types of Driver’s Licenses

Driver’s license grants individual authority to operate private motor vehicles, with the exception of heavy motor vehicles, without pay.

Chauffeur’s license authorizes individual to operate motor vehicles, except for heavy motor vehicles, with or without pay.

Heavy motor vehicle driver’s license authorizes individual to operate any motor vehicle, subject to certain statutory provisions.

Motorcycle driver’s license authorizes the operation of motorcycles, motor-driven bicycles, or motor scooters.

Learner’s license authorizes individual to drive motor vehicle if accompanied by authorized individual.

Types of Driver's Licenses

Class 1: Any non-commercial motor vehicle.

Class 2: Any non-commercial motor vehicle, including a combination of motor vehicle and trailer or trailing unit used exclusively for camping or any other recreational purpose.

Commercial Licenses (must be renewed every 4 years):

  • Class A: Any combination of vehicles with GVWR of more than 26,000 lbs., where the towing vehicle is in excess of 10,000 lbs.
  • Class B: Any combination of vehicles with GVWR of more than 26,000 lbs.; or any vehicle towing a vehicle less than 10,000 lbs.
  • Class C: Any single commercial vehicle with a GVWR of 26,000 lbs. or more, or any vehicle towing a vehicle less than 10,000 lbs. that is designed to carry at least 16 passengers; or vehicles carrying hazardous materials.

Types of Driver’s Licenses

Class A, B, C, D, M, and V licenses valid for 4 years. CDL permit valid for 1 year.

Class A is valid for driver with combination of vehicles with Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of 26,001 lbs. or more, if vehicle is towing an excess of 10,000 lbs.

Class B is valid for single vehicle with GVWR of 26,001 lbs. or more, and vehicle is not towing an excess of 10,000 lbs. GVWR.

Class C is valid for single vehicle with GVWR of less than 26,001 lbs. or vehicle towing another vehicle that has a GVWR that does not exceed 10,000 lbs., which includes vehicles designed to carry 16 or more passengers with the driver, and vehicles used to transport hazardous materials.

Class M is valid for motorcycle and motor-driven cycles.

Class V is valid for motorized watercraft.

Types of Driver's Licenses

A Basic Automobile License (Class D) may be issued to a person 18 years of age and older for all types of motor vehicles registered by the MVC, except motorcycles.

A Commercial Driver’s License (Class A, B, C) is for large trucks, buses, and vehicles hauling hazardous materials.

A Class A Commercial Driver’s License (CDL) is necessary for the operation of tractor trailers or any truck or trailer with a Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR) of 26,001 lbs. or more, provided the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of the vehicle being towed is more than 10,000 lbs., and allows the driver to operate all vehicles in the Class B, C, and D categories.

A Class B CDL is necessary for the operation of any vehicle with a GVWR of 26,001 lbs. or more or a vehicle with a GVWR of 26,001 lbs. or more towing a trailer with a GVWR of less than 10,000 lbs., or a bus with a GVWR of 26,001 lbs. or more designed to transport 16 or more passengers, including the driver, and allows the driver to operate all vehicles in the Class C and D categories.

A Class C CDL is necessary for any vehicle with a GVWR of less than 26,001 lbs. used and placarded to transport hazardous material, or any bus, including school buses, designed to carry 16 or more passengers, including the driver, and with a GVWR of less than 26,001 lbs. and all school vehicles designed for 15 or fewer passengers, including the driver, or any bus or other vehicle designed to transport 8 to 15 passengers, including the driver, which is used for hire.

There are 6 commercial license endorsements available: (T) double and triple trailer, which is for operators of vehicles pulling 2 or 3 trailers and requires a Class A license; (P) passenger, which is for operators of all buses or similar vehicles used to transport passengers; (S) School Bus, needed for all school bus drivers; (N) tank vehicle, for operators of vehicles that transport liquids or gas in bulk; (H) hazardous materials, for operators of vehicles transporting hazardous materials; and (L) air brakes, needed for any vehicle equipped with air breaks, special road test is federally required.

A bus driver license shall be issued to a person 18 years of age and older that has passed a satisfactory examination of driving ability and familiarity with the mechanism of the bus and has presented evidence, satisfactory to the director of the MVC of at least 3 years of driving experience, good character, and physical fitness.

A Motorcycle License (Class E) or Endorsement (M) is for most vehicles with less than 4 wheels, including motor bikes and scooters. The endorsement is for individuals already holding a basic New Jersey automobile license; otherwise, an individual must obtain a separate license.  Applicants under age 18 are required to take the Motorcycle Safety Education Program Basic Rider Course.

A Motorized Bicycle License (Class F) is for unlicensed drivers, 15 years and older, and is not needed if the operator has a Class A, B, C, D, or E license.

An Agricultural License (Class G) is for farming purposes only and may be granted to persons between 16 and 17 years of age and can be exchanged for a Class D license at age 17.

Types of Driver's Licenses

Classes A & B: Vehicles with a GVWR of 26,001 lbs. or more.

Class C: Any single vehicle with a GVWR not in excess of 26,000 lbs. or any such vehicle towing a vehicle with a GVWR not in excess of 10,000 lbs. and any self-propelled or towed vehicle that is equipped to serve as temporary living quarters for recreational, camping, or travel purposes and is used solely as a family or personal conveyance. Any combination of vehicles with a GVWR not in excess of 26,000 lbs may be operated under a Class C license if operated by a farmer, used to transport agricultural products, livestock, farm machinery or farm supplies and are not used in the operation of a common or contract carrier.

Class D: Provisional license applicable to non-commercial Class C vehicles for which an applicant desires a driver’s license but is not presently licensed to drive.

Class E: Any combination of vehicles with a GVWR of 26,001 pounds or more, provided the gross vehicle weight rating of the vehicle or vehicles being towed is in excess of 10,000 pounds, and all vehicles included within Class F and Class C.

Class F: Any single vehicle with a GVWR of 26,001 lbs. or more, any such vehicle towing a vehicle with a GVWR not in excess of 10,000 pounds, and all vehicles included within Class C

Class P: Instructional/learner’s permit applicable to all types of vehicles for which an applicant desires a driver’s license but is not presently licensed to drive.

Class M: Motorcycles, motor-driven cycles, and 3-wheeled motorcycles.

Types of Driver's Licenses

Commercial Licenses:

  • Class A: must be 18 years of age. The holder of a Class A license may drive any vehicle in Classes A, B, C, or D. A Class A motor vehicle includes any combination of vehicles not listed as a Class D vehicle with a GVWR of at least 26,001 lbs., provided that the GVWR of the vehicle(s) being towed is in excess of 10,000 lbs.
  • Class B: must be 18 years of age. The holder of a Class B license may drive any vehicle in Classes B, C, or D. A Class B motor vehicle includes any single vehicle not listed as a Class D vehicle with a GVWR of at least 26,001 lbs., or any such vehicle towing a vehicle with a GVWR of 10,000 lbs. or less. This class also applies to a bus with a GVWR of at least 26,001 lbs. and designed to transport 16 or more persons.
  • Class C: must be 18 years of age. The holder of a Class C license may drive any vehicle in Classes C or D. A Class C motor vehicle includes any single or combination of vehicles not listed as a Class D vehicle, other than a Class A or B vehicle, that is either required to be placarded for hazardous materials or designed to transport 16 or more persons.

No person may drive a hazardous vehicle unless that person is at least 21 years of age and holds a Class A, B, or C license with a hazardous material endorsement.

Non-Commercial License: A Class D license is given to persons at least 16 years of age who are eligible to drive a Class D non-commercial motor vehicle. Class D vehicles include any vehicle marked and used as a firefighting or law enforcement vehicle; designed and used solely as a recreational vehicle; is a single or combination vehicle with a GVWR of 26,000 lbs. or less; or is a single or combination vehicle with a GVWR of 26,001 lbs. or more, and is used for agricultural purposes.

In order to operate a motorcycle, licensees must obtain a motorcycle endorsement on their regular license.

Types of Driver's Licenses

Types of non-commercial licenses are Passenger Class D (Driver’s); motorcycle endorsement on a license, and a motorcycle-only license.

Types of commercial licenses are:

  • Class A — any combination of vehicles with a combined Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of 26,001 lbs. or more, if the GVWR of the vehicle or vehicles being towed is in excess of 10,000 lbs.
  • Class B — any single vehicle with a GVWR of 26,001 lbs. or more or any such vehicle towing a vehicle having a GVWR that is not in excess of 10,000 lbs.
  • Class C — any single vehicle, or combination of vehicles, designed to transport 16 or more passengers, including the driver, or is placarded for hazardous materials and any school bus with a GVWR of less than 26,001 lbs. that is designed to transport fewer than 16 passengers including the driver.
  • Types of endorsements are: H — authorizes the driver to drive a vehicle transporting hazardous materials; K — restricts the driver to only intrastate operation; L — restricts the driver to vehicles not equipped with air brakes; T — authorizes the driver to drive double and triple trailers; P — authorizes the driver to drive vehicles carrying passengers; N — authorizes the driver to drive tank vehicles; S — authorizes the driver to drive school buses; and X — authorizes the driver to drive tank vehicles transporting hazardous materials.

Types of Driver's Licenses

A Class D license allows a person to operate any single vehicle with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of 26,000 lbs. or less or any such vehicle towing a vehicle with a GVWR not in excess of 10,000 lbs. (note: must be at least 18 years of age or under farm exemption if combined weight exceeds 26,000 pounds). Trucks towing trailers over 10,000 pounds provided the combined weight does not exceed 26,000 lbs. Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR). A camper or a vehicle towing a travel trailer being used solely for personal purposes, emergency vehicle, or a vehicle driven by active duty member for military purposes may be driven with a Class D license.

A Class M license allows a person to operate a motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than 3 wheels in contact with the ground, but excluding motorized bicycles and tractors. A Class M vehicle may not be operated under a Class A, B, C, or D license.

A Class M endorsement, giving the holder the same privileges as a Class M license, may be issued to the holder of a Class A, B, C, or D license upon successful completion of an examination.

A person holding a commercial driver’s license (CDL) may drive all vehicles in the class for the license that is issued and all lesser classes of vehicles except motorcycles.

A Class A, B, or C license may not be issued to anyone under 18 years of age, except that a Class A, B, or C license specially restricted to use for custom harvest purposes may be issued to a person at least 16 years of age who satisfactorily completes the appropriate examinations.

A Class A CDL allows a person to operate any combination of vehicles with a GVWR of more than 26,000 lbs., provided the GVWR of the vehicles being towed is in excess of 10,000 lbs.

A Class B CDL allows a person to operate any single vehicle with a GVWR of more than 26,000 lbs., and any such vehicle towing a vehicle not in excess of 10,000 lbs.

A Class C CDL allows a person to operate any single vehicle with a GVWR of 26,000 lbs. or less or any such vehicle towing a vehicle with a GVWR not in excess of 10,000 lbs., including vehicles designed to transport 16 or more passengers, including the driver, and vehicles used to transport hazardous materials that require the vehicle to be placarded under federal law.

Commercial endorsements include: (1) H, authorizing the driver to drive a vehicle transporting hazardous materials; (2) T, authorizing the driving of double and triple trailers; (3) P, authorizing the driving of vehicles carrying passengers; (4) N, authorizing the driving of tank vehicles; (5) S, authorizing the driving of a school bus.

Types of Driver's Licenses

Non-Commercial:

  • Class A: Authorizes the holder to drive any class A motor vehicle exempt from the commercial license requirements, or a class A motor vehicle that has a combined Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of less than 26,001 lbs. and includes as part of the combination a towed unit that has a GVWR of at least 10,001 lbs.
  • Class B: Authorizes the holder to drive any class B motor vehicle exempt from the commercial license requirements.
  • Class C: Authorizes the holder to drive any class C motor vehicle that is not a commercial motor vehicle; or a class A or B fire-fighting, rescue, or EMS vehicle when operated by a volunteer member of a fire department, rescue squad, or EMS; or a combination of noncommercial motor vehicles that have a GVWR of more than 10,000 lbs. but less than 26,001 lbs. Commercial Drivers’ Licenses (CDL):

Class A CDL: Authorizes the holder to drive any class A motor vehicle.

Class B CDL: Authorizes the holder to drive any class B motor vehicle.

Class C CDL: Authorizes the holder to drive any class C motor vehicle.

H Endorsement: Authorizes the holder to drive vehicles, regardless of size or class, except tank vehicles when transporting hazardous material that requires the vehicle to be placarded.

M Endorsement: Authorizes the holder to drive a motorcycle.

N Endorsement: Authorizes the holder to drive tank vehicles not carrying hazardous materials.

P Endorsement: Authorizes the holder to drive vehicles carrying passengers.

T Endorsement: Authorizes the holder to drive double trailers.

X Endorsement: Authorizes the holder to drive tank vehicles carrying hazardous materials.

Out-of-state restricted license holders who are between the ages of 16 and 18 may be eligible for any of the 3 provisional licenses, depending on the driving experience of the driver.

Types of Driver's Licenses

Class D: The holder may operate any passenger vehicle, limited use automobile or any truck with a GVWR of not more than 26,000 lbs., or any such vehicle towing another vehicle with a GVWR of not more than 10,000 lbs. provided that such combination of vehicles has a GVWR of not more than 26,000 lbs., except it shall not be valid to operate a tractor, a tow truck, a motorcycle other than a Class B or Class C limited use motorcycle, a vehicle used to transport passengers for hire or for which a hazardous materials endorsement is required, or a vehicle defined as a bus. The holder shall be at least 18 years of age, or 17 years of age if he or she has successfully completed a driver’s education course.

Class DJ: The holder may operate any passenger vehicle or any truck with a GVWR of not more than 10,000 lbs., or any such vehicle towing another vehicle with a GVWR of not more than 3,000 lbs., except it shall not be valid to operate a tractor, a tow truck, a motorcycle other than a Class B or Class C limited use motorcycle, a vehicle used to transport passengers for hire or for which a hazardous materials endorsement is required, or a vehicle defined as a bus. The holder shall be at least 16 years of age.

Class M: The holder may operate a motorcycle, or a motorcycle towing a trailer. The holder shall be at least 18 years of age, or 17 years of age if he or she has successfully completed a driver’s education course.

Class MJ: The holder shall be at least 16 years of age. This license allows holder to operate any motorcycle. The holder may not drive in the city of New York. Such license will automatically become a class M license when the holder turns 18.

Class E: The holder may operate the same vehicles as a Class D license holder, in addition to for-hire vehicles that carry 14 passengers or less.

Commercial Class A: The holder may operate any motor vehicle or any combination of vehicles with a combined GVWR of more than 26,000, provided the towed vehicle’s GVWR is more than 10,000 lbs. The holder must be at least 21 years of age.

Commercial Class B: The holder may operate any motor vehicle with a GVWR of more than 26,000, and may tow vehicles with a GVWR of less than 10,000 lbs. provided the combined GVWR is under 26,000.  The holder must be at least 18 years of age, or 21 years of age to travel in interstate commerce, transport hazardous materials, or operate a school bus.

Commercial Class C:  The holder may operate any vehicle with a  a GVWR of not more than 26,000 lbs. or a combination of vehicles with a combined GVWR or not more than 26, 000 lbs., transporting 15 passengers or more, or hazardous materials.   The holder must be at least 18 years of age, or 21 years of age to travel in interstate commerce, transport hazardous materials, or operate a school bus.

Types of Driver's Licenses

Class A allows the holder to drive any combination of vehicles with a gross combination weight rating of more than 26,000 lbs.

Class B allows the holder to drive any single vehicle with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR)of more than 26,000 lbs.

Class C allows the holder to drive any vehicle designed to transport 16 or more passengers or hazardous materials.

Class D allows the holder to drive any single vehicle weighing less than 26,001 lbs., or vehicles towing 10,000 lbs. or less.

Types of Driver's Licenses

Class D: Non-Commercial Operator’s License. May also be “moped only,” “motorcycle only,” or “motorcycle also.”

Class A Commercial: Authorizes holder to drive a combination of vehicles with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of over 26,000 lbs. while towing over 10,000 lbs.

Class B Commercial: Authorizes holder to drive a single vehicle or a combination of vehicles with a GVWR over 26,000 lbs. while towing under 10,000 lbs.

Class C Commercial: Authorizes holder to drive a vehicle with a GVWR under 26,000 lbs. while transporting hazardous wastes or 16 or more passengers.

Types of Driver's Licenses

Classes A and B: For vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of more than 26,000 lbs. Class S: For drivers operating a school bus.

Class C: For vehicles with a GVWR of less than 26,000 lbs. excluding motorcycles, designed to transport less than 16 passengers including the driver, and not placarded for the transportation of hazardous materials.

Class I: Instruction permit.

Restricted License: WYDOT may issue a restricted Class C or M license, or both, to a person who is between the ages of 14 and 16 if the applicant can show “extreme inconvenience” which includes the following: (1) the person must drive to school and the person’s residence is more than 5 miles from school; (2) the person has a regular job more than 5 miles from the person’s residence; (3) the person must have the license to work in his or her parent’s business; or (4) any other circumstance that the highway patrol finds is an extreme inconvenience. The licensee may drive a vehicle only between the hours of 5 a.m. and 8 p.m.

Types of Driver's Licenses

Driver’s licenses are separated into the following classes:

  • Class A: Commercial license permits the operation of any combination of vehicles with a Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) rating of over 26,000 lbs. if the GVW rating of the vehicle or vehicles being towed is in excess of 10,000 lbs.
  • Class B: Commercial license permits the operation of any single vehicle with a GVW rating of over 26,000 lbs. and any such vehicle towing a vehicle or vehicles with an aggregate GVW rating of 10,000 lbs.
  • Class C: Commercial license permits the operation of any single vehicle with a GVW rating of 26,000 lbs. or less, including any such vehicle towing a vehicle with a GVW rating of less than 10,000 lbs. if the vehicle is designed to transport more than 16 passengers or the vehicle is transporting hazardous materials.
  • Class D: Permits operation of any motor vehicle not included in Class A, B, C, or M.
  • Class M Permits operation of a motorcycle.

Types of Driver's Licenses

A license may authorize the use of the following vehicles as indicated by the respective letters:

  • “A”–Combination Commercial Vehicles over 26,000 lbs.
  • “B”–Single Commercial Motor Vehicles over 26,000 lbs.
  • “C”–All other Commercial Vehicles and Buses
  • “D”–Non-Commercial Vehicles for Hire
  • “E”–Passenger Vehicles
  • “F”–Motorcycles Only
  • “G”–for persons using bioptic telescopic devices; and
  • “X”–Identification Card.

Types of Driver’s Licenses

A basic non-commercial driver’s license is issued to a driver who has sufficient experience operating a non-commercial passenger vehicle.

  • Instruction Permits permit a person to drive a vehicle under 26,001 pounds with a licensed driver that has a valid license and 5 years of experience. Their license doesn’t have to be from Washington State.
  • Intermediate Driver Licenses are for people 16 or 17 years old and can drive if they follow specific restrictions.
  • Driver Licenses permit a person to drive a vehicle under 26,001 pounds. This doesn’t apply to motorcycles or commercial vehicles.
  • Enhanced Driver License (EDL) confirm your identity and citizenship. It’s an acceptable alternative to a passport for re-entry into the U.S. a person can only use it when they cross borders by land or sea.
  • Motorcycle licenses permit a person to drive a motorcycle.
  • A Class A commercial driver’s license is for a combination of vehicles with a Gross Combined Weight Rating (GCWR) of more than 26,000 lbs. if the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of the vehicle being towed is in excess of 10,000 lbs.
  • A Class B commercial driver’s license is for a combination of vehicles with a GCWR of more than 26,000 lbs. if the GVWR of the vehicle being towed is not in excess of 10,000 lbs.
  • A Class C commercial driver’s license is for vehicles carrying 16 or more persons including the driver, or vehicles carrying hazardous materials with a weight rating of 26,001 pounds or less.  Class C licenses require special endorsements.

Types of Driver's Licenses

Types of non-commercial licenses are driver’s licenses, driver’s licenses with a Class M motorcycle, and a motorcycle-only license. Types of commercial licenses are:

  • Class A: Any combination of vehicles with a Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR) of 26,001 lbs. or more if the vehicle(s) being towed has a GVWR of more than 10,000 lbs. If an operator holds a Class A license and has the correct endorsements, he or she may also operate vehicles listed in Classes B and C.
  • Class B: Any single vehicle with a GVWR of 26,001 lbs. or more. Any single vehicle with a GVWR of 26,001 lbs. or more towing another vehicle with a GVWR of 10,000 lbs. or less.
  • Class C: Any vehicle that is not included in Classes A or B that carries hazardous materials or is designed to carry 16 or more passengers, including the driver.
  • Types of endorsements are: H — permits driving a vehicle that transports hazardous materials; N — permits driving a tanker; P — permits driving a passenger-carrying vehicle; S — permits driving a school bus; or T — permits driving a double or triple trailer.