Search Results for: tow dolly

British Columbia Trailer Brakes

Independent trailer braking system required where licensed weight of a trailer (excluding tow dollies) exceeds 1,400 kg or over 50% of licensed weight of towing vehicle; not required with motorhome towing with a towbar a motor vehicle weighing less than 2,000 kg that is also less than 40% of motorhome GVWR.

Tow dolly braking systems are required where the aggregate net weight of the tow dolly and the GVW of the towed vehicle exceeds 1,400 kg except where the GVWR on the towing vehicle is greater than the combined net weight of the tow dolly, the GVW of the motor vehicle being towed and the GVW of the towing vehicle.


Maryland Types of Driver’s Licenses

Commercial:

  • Class A: authorizes a licensee to drive any combination of vehicles (except motorcycles) and tow any trailer. Must have GVW 26,001 lbs or more or combined weight is 26,001 lbs or more and trailer is 10,000 lbs or more.
  • Class B: authorizes a licensee to drive vehicles with a registered GVW of 26,001 lbs. or more and tow trailers 10,000 lbs. or less. Exceptions include motorcycles and any combination of Class F tractors and Class G trailers.
  • Class C: authorizes a licensee to drive vehicles with a registered GVW under 26,001 lbs. and tow trailers 10,000 lbs. or less (except motorcycles).

Non-Commercial:

  • Class A: authorizes the licensee to drive any non-commercial vehicle (except motorcycles) and tow any non-commercial trailer. Must have GVW 26,001 lbs or more or combined weight is 26,0001 lbs or more and trailer is 10,000 LBS or more.
  • Class B: authorizes the licensee to drive any single or combination of non-commercial vehicles and tow any non-commercial trailers. Exceptions include motorcycles and any combination of Class F tractors and Class G trailers. Truck must have GVW of 26,0001 lbs or more, trailer must be 10,000 lbs or less.
  • Class C: authorizes the licensee to drive any non-commercial vehicle or combination of vehicles with a GVW less than 26,001 lbs. (except motorcycles) and tow any non-commercial trailer. Trailer must be 10,000 lbs or less.
  • Class M: authorizes the licensee to drive motorcycles.

Holders of Classes A-C non-commercial licenses may tow travel trailers, camping trailers, or boat trailers.

In Maryland, special provisions have been established for holders of Non-Commercial Class A-B licenses. Outside of their normal driving privilege, these holders can only operate vehicles in their respective class only for agriculture, emergency, United States Department of Defense, or recreational purposes.


Maryland Trailer Hitch/Signals

Every full trailer shall be equipped with a tow bar and means of attaching the tow bar to the towing and towed units.

The tow bar and means of attaching the tow bar to the units shall be structurally adequate for the weight drawn; be mounted properly and securely, without excessive slack, but with enough play to allow for universal action of the connection; and have a suitable locking device to prevent accidental separation of the towed and towing vehicles.

The mounting of the trailer hitch of the towing vehicle shall include sufficient reinforcement or bracing of the frame to provide sufficient strength and rigidity to prevent undue distortion of the frame.

Every trailer and semitrailer equipped with a tow bar and any special mobile equipment being towed shall be coupled directly to the frame of the towing vehicle with 1 or more safety chains or cables, and the chains or cables shall be connected to the towed or towing vehicle and to the tow bar to prevent the tow bar from dropping to the ground if it fails.


New York Trailer Towing

No vehicle shall be towed with the use of a dolly, unless the dolly is secured to the towing vehicle by safety chains or cables which will prevent the dolly from separating from the towing vehicle.

It is unlawful to operate any open truck or trailer transporting loose materials, unless the truck or trailer has a cover, tarpaulin, or other device that covers the opening on the truck or trailer to prevent the falling of any material. However, if the load is arranged so that no loose material can fall from or blow out of the truck or trailer, the covering is not necessary.


New Hampshire Trailer Towing

Every trailer or semitrailer, including farm and agricultural vehicles, shall have, in addition to the towbar or coupling device, a safety chain or cable to prevent breakaway from the towing vehicle. Each chain or cable shall have an ultimate strength at least equal to the gross weight of the trailer and the load being towed. Chains or cables shall be connected to the towed and towing vehicle to prevent the towbar from dropping to the ground in the event the towbar fails.

Except for duly registered wrecking vehicles and transporters or motor vehicles towing with a chain or cable for no more than 1 mile another vehicle which is disabled and unable to proceed under its own power, no motor vehicle shall be used to tow another vehicle on any road unless the 2 vehicles are connected by a tow bar of sufficient strength to control the movements of the vehicle being towed without manual steering of said towed vehicle.

No vehicle may tow on any road more than 1 vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer, except one used exclusively for agricultural purposes or authorized by the DMV to do so.

No person or persons shall occupy any type of house trailer or automobile utility trailer while it is towed.


New York Types of Driver's Licenses

Class D: The holder may operate any passenger vehicle, limited use automobile or any truck with a GVWR of not more than 26,000 lbs., or any such vehicle towing another vehicle with a GVWR of not more than 10,000 lbs. provided that such combination of vehicles has a GVWR of not more than 26,000 lbs., except it shall not be valid to operate a tractor, a tow truck, a motorcycle other than a Class B or Class C limited use motorcycle, a vehicle used to transport passengers for hire or for which a hazardous materials endorsement is required, or a vehicle defined as a bus. The holder shall be at least 18 years of age, or 17 years of age if he or she has successfully completed a driver’s education course.

Class DJ: The holder may operate any passenger vehicle or any truck with a GVWR of not more than 10,000 lbs., or any such vehicle towing another vehicle with a GVWR of not more than 3,000 lbs., except it shall not be valid to operate a tractor, a tow truck, a motorcycle other than a Class B or Class C limited use motorcycle, a vehicle used to transport passengers for hire or for which a hazardous materials endorsement is required, or a vehicle defined as a bus. The holder shall be at least 16 years of age.

Class M: The holder may operate a motorcycle, or a motorcycle towing a trailer. The holder shall be at least 18 years of age, or 17 years of age if he or she has successfully completed a driver’s education course.

Class MJ: The holder shall be at least 16 years of age. This license allows holder to operate any motorcycle. The holder may not drive in the city of New York. Such license will automatically become a class M license when the holder turns 18.

Class E: The holder may operate the same vehicles as a Class D license holder, in addition to for-hire vehicles that carry 14 passengers or less.

Commercial Class A: The holder may operate any motor vehicle or any combination of vehicles with a combined GVWR of more than 26,000, provided the towed vehicle’s GVWR is more than 10,000 lbs. The holder must be at least 21 years of age.

Commercial Class B: The holder may operate any motor vehicle with a GVWR of more than 26,000, and may tow vehicles with a GVWR of less than 10,000 lbs. provided the combined GVWR is under 26,000.  The holder must be at least 18 years of age, or 21 years of age to travel in interstate commerce, transport hazardous materials, or operate a school bus.

Commercial Class C:  The holder may operate any vehicle with a  a GVWR of not more than 26,000 lbs. or a combination of vehicles with a combined GVWR or not more than 26, 000 lbs., transporting 15 passengers or more, or hazardous materials.   The holder must be at least 18 years of age, or 21 years of age to travel in interstate commerce, transport hazardous materials, or operate a school bus.


Texas Types of Driver's Licenses

A Class A driver’s license authorizes the holder to operate a vehicle or combination of vehicles with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of 26,001 lbs. or more.

A Class B driver’s license authorizes the holder to operate a vehicle with a GVWR of more than 26,000 lbs. or a bus with a seating capacity of 24 passengers or more. The vehicle may tow a trailer with a GVWR of not more than 10,000 lbs. or a farm trailer of not more than 20,000 lbs.

A Class C driver’s license authorizes the holder to operate a vehicle or combination of vehicles with a GVWR not in excess of 26,000 lbs., a bus with a seating capacity of 23 passengers or less, and tow a farm trailer with a GVWR of not more than 20,000 lbs.

A Class M driver’s license authorizes the holder to operate a motorcycle or moped.  Special licensing and training is required for three-wheel motorcycles. A restricted Class M license will be issued upon completion of a required driver training course.

A provisional license is issued to anyone under 18 years old.


Alberta Move Over Law

A motorist may not drive more than 60 kph or the maximum speed limit, whichever is lower, if the vehicle is travelling on the same side of the highway and in the lane immediately adjacent as a stopped emergency vehicle or tow truck, and is passing the stopped emergency vehicle or tow truck when its flashing lamps are operating.


Minnesota Types of Driver’s Licenses

There are 4 classes of Driver’s licenses: D, C, B, and A.

A Class D license holder can drive the following vehicles: (1) all farm trucks operated by the owner, an immediate family member of the owner, or an employee of the owner within 150 miles of the farm; (2) an authorized emergency vehicle; (3) recreational equipment that is operated for personal use; (4) all single vehicles except vehicles with a Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) of more than 26,000 lbs., vehicles designed to carry more than 15 passengers including the driver, and vehicles that carry hazardous materials. The holder of a Class D license may also tow vehicles if: the towed vehicle(s) has a GVW of 10,000 lbs. or less; or (2) the combination of vehicles has a GVW of 26,000 lbs. or less.

A Class C license holder can drive the following vehicles: (1) all Class D vehicles; (2) Class D vehicles with a hazardous material endorsement; and (3) with a passenger endorsement, operating buses; and with a passenger endorsement and school bus endorsement, operating school buses.

A Class B license holder can drive the following vehicles: (1) all Class D and C vehicles; (2) all other single-unit vehicles including, with any passenger endorsement, buses; and (3) can tow vehicles with a GVW of 10,000 lbs. or less.

A Class A license holder can drive any vehicle or combination of vehicles.


Nevada Trailer Brakes

Every trailer, semitrailer, or pole trailer at least 1,500 lbs. and manufactured after July 1, 1975 must be equipped with service brakes on all wheels.

Trailers, semitrailers, house trailers, or pole trailers, manufactured before July 1, 1975 and weighing less than 3,000 lbs. need not have brakes on all wheels.

Every trailer, semitrailer, house trailer, and pole trailer equipped with air or vacuum-actuated brakes and every trailer, semitrailer, house trailer, and pole trailer exceeding 3,000 lbs. and manufactured after July 1, 1969 must be equipped with brakes acting on all wheels, and of such character as to be applied automatically and remain applied for 15 minutes in the event of a breakaway from the towing vehicle.

All trailers weighing more than 3,000 lbs. must be equipped with parking brakes adequate to hold the trailer on any grade on which it is operated, and in all conditions.

Every towing vehicle, when used to tow another vehicle equipped with air-controlled brakes, shall be equipped with 2 means for emergency application of the trailer brakes. One of these means shall apply the brakes automatically in the event of a reduction of the towing vehicle air supply. The other means shall be a manually controlled device for applying and releasing the brakes, readily operable by a person seated in the driver seat.

Every towing vehicle used to tow other vehicles equipped with vacuum brakes shall have a second control device that can be used to operate the brakes on towed vehicles in emergencies. The second control shall be independent of brake air, hydraulic and other pressure, and independent of other controls, unless the braking system is so arranged that failure of the pressure upon which the second control depends will cause the brakes to be applied automatically.


Florida Trailer Brakes

Every such vehicle and combination of vehicles shall be equipped with service brakes adequate to control the movement of and to stop and hold such vehicle under all conditions of loading, and on any grade incident to its operation.

Every vehicle shall be equipped with brakes acting on all wheels except trailers, semitrailers, or pole trailers of a gross weight not exceeding 3,000 lbs., provided that the total weight on and including the wheels of the trailer or trailers shall not exceed 40 percent of the gross weight of the towing vehicle when connected to the trailer or trailers; and the combination of vehicles, consisting of the towing vehicle and its total towed load, is capable of complying with the performance requirements of the law.

Pole trailers with a gross weight in excess of 3,000 lbs. manufactured prior to January 1, 1972, need not be equipped with brakes.

Every towing vehicle, when used to tow another vehicle equipped with air-controlled brakes, in other than driveway or tow-away operations, shall be equipped with 2 means for emergency application of the trailer brakes.


Minnesota Registration Type

The following registration types are typical of passenger vehicles. Park trailer and mobile homes are not plated.

  • Pass – All passenger automobiles and vans, station wagons, ambulances, and hearses. Also all pickup trucks with a manufacturer’s rated capacity of 3/4 ton or less.
  • M – All motorcycles, motorbikes, mini-bikes, and motor-scooters.
  • Mp – All motorized bicycles, which do not exceed 50 cubic centimeters or 2 brake horsepower.
  • Rv – Self-propelled vehicle is a vehicle with permanently installed life support systems designed to be used for temporary living quarters while engaged in recreational or vacation activities which uses the public streets or highways incidental to such activities and is not used as the residence of the owner or occupant.
  • Rl – Towed vehicle used for temporary living quarters while engaged in recreational or vacation activities which uses the public streets or highways incidental to such activities and not used as the residence of the owner or occupant. Limited to trailers up to 102” in width and 45’ in length.
  • Ct – Trailer with a gross weight of more than 3,000 pounds (except those registered in the b (utility), recreational, farm, or semi trailer classes) or an equipment dolly used to transport the owner’s construction machinery, equipment, implements and other objects used on a construction project, but not to be incorporated in or to become a part of a completed project.
  • B – Trailer with a maximum gross weight of 3,000 pounds (except those registered in the recreational or farm classes). Permanent registration.


Montana Types of Driver's Licenses

An endorsement is an addition to a commercial driver’s license which indicates that the driver meets all of the qualifications required to operate a vehicle other than a normal passenger car. Type 1 allows a driver to operate a commercial motor vehicle in interstate commerce; Type 2 allows a driver to operate a commercial motor vehicle only within the State of Montana. Vehicles are categorized by class:

  • Class A: a combination of 2 or more vehicles, including a trailer(s) in excess of 10,000 lbs., articulated buses with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) exceeding 26,000 lbs., and all vehicles authorized to be driven under Class B and C, or with a regular driver’s license, Class D.
  • Class B: any single vehicle in excess of 26,000 lbs. GVWR, or any such vehicle towing a vehicle not in excess of 10,000 lbs. GVWR, or any bus, and any vehicle designed to carry and is capable of carrying more than 16 passengers, including the driver, and all vehicles under Class C or D.
  • Class C: a single vehicle under 26,000 lbs. GVWR which may tow a trailer under 10,000 lbs. GVWR which hauls hazardous materials in an amount sufficient to require placarding, and any vehicle which hauls 16 or more passengers, including the driver, and all school buses.
  • Class D is a regular non-commercial license.

Endorsements are as follows: (N)-Tank, (H)-Hazardous, (T)-Double/triple, (P)-Passenger, (M)-Motorcycle, (O)-Endorsement for Other. Restrictions: (A)-Airbrake.

Military personnel having a valid Montana license upon entry into service may use such license until 30 days following honorable discharge. Must obtain military endorsement.


Texas Trailer Mirrors

A motor vehicle, including a motor vehicle used to tow another vehicle, must be equipped with a mirror located to reflect to the driver a view of the highway for a distance of at least 200 feet from the rear of the vehicle.


Texas Trailer Hitch/Signals

The drawbar or other connection between a vehicle towing another vehicle and the towed vehicle must be strong enough to pull all weight towed and may not exceed 15 feet between the vehicles except for the connection between 2 vehicles transporting poles, pipe, machinery, or other objects of a structural nature that cannot be readily dismembered.

A driver towing another vehicle and using a chain, rope, or cable to connect the vehicles must display on the connection a white flag or cloth not less than 12 inches square.

A driver of a passenger car or light truck may not tow a trailer, semitrailer, house trailer, or another motor vehicle unless safety chains of a type approved by the DPS are attached in an approved manner from the trailer, semitrailer, house trailer, or towed motor vehicle to the towing vehicle.


Connecticut Move Over Law

State law requires drivers approaching one or more emergency vehicles, including tow trucks, that are stationary or traveling significantly below the speed limit, to reduce speed to a reasonable level below the posted speed limit and, if safe and reasonable to do so, vacate the lane closest to the emergency vehicle. Drivers approaching one or more stationary nonemergency vehicles are required to, if safe and reasonable to do so, vacate the lane closest to the stationary vehicle.


New York Move Over Law

Drivers traveling in the same direction must exercise due care, include moving from a lane immediately adjacent, and reducing speed, to avoid colliding with a vehicle parked, stopped, or standing on the shoulder or any portion of the highway when the vehicle is an authorized emergency response, tow truck, or maintenance vehicle with its lights flashing.


Idaho Trailer Towing

Passenger or pleasure vehicles may tow 2 units behind them.


Nunavut Trailer Hitch/Signals

A towing vehicle must be equipped with a coupling device in the form of a 5thwheel hitch, pintle hook, drawbar hitch, ball hitch, or other approved coupling device that is designed to support the trailer the person intends to tow.

Any coupling device, other than a 5th-wheel hitch, must be equipped with an alternate coupling device that is designed to support the same weight as the main coupling device.

No person may operate a vehicle equipped with a coupling device unless it is securely mounted to the frame of the vehicle, has no missing or ineffective fasteners, and is free of cracks or breaks in the assembly.


Maryland Registration Type

A vehicle owner is required to carry the registration card in the vehicle at all times while operating the vehicle. A vehicle owner must display the registration card on demand of a police officer.

Registration expires at midnight on the date indicated on the registration card.

Holders of vehicle registrations have 30 days to apply for a corrected registration after a change of name or residence.

The registration of a vehicle expires upon transfer of title, unless the owner gives the transferee written permission to use the existing plates. A transferee that has been given permission to use the existing plates may not use them for more than 10 days. Within 10 days, the transferee shall return the plates to the MVA or the former owner. The former owner may transfer the plates from one vehicle to another. The transferee must apply for and obtain a new registration prior to using the vehicle on a highway.

Each registration renewal shall be for 2 years for non-commercial vehicles.

Vehicle registration classifications:

  • Class A: Passenger cars and station wagons.
  • Class B: “For hire” vehicles.
  • Class D: Motorcycles.
  • Class E: Single unit trucks with 2 or more axles (includes tow trucks).
  • Class F: Truck tractors.
  • Class G: Trailers and semitrailers.
  • Class L: Historic motor vehicles.
  • Class M: Multipurpose passenger vehicles.
  • Class N: Street rod vehicle
  • Class P: Passenger buses, charter or for hire.


West Virginia Move Over Law

State law requires drivers approaching and traveling in the same direction as a stationary authorized emergency vehicle, including a tow truck, displaying flashing lights, to change to a non-adjacent lane if safe to do so, or to slow to no more than 15 mph on a non-divided highway or 25 mph on a divided highway.


Alabama Trailer Brakes

Independent braking system required over 3,000 lbs, if weight of trailer exceeds 40% of tow vehicle weight.


Nunavut Trailer Towing

No person operating a vehicle of 4,500 kg GVWR or less shall tow more than one vehicle.

No person shall occupy and no driver whose motor vehicle is pulling a trailer shall permit a person to occupy a trailer while it is being moved on a highway.


Texas Move Over Law

State law requires drivers approaching a stationary authorized emergency vehicle, including a tow truck and TX DMV vehicles and workers, using approved visual signals, and traveling in the same direction, to reduce speed (not to exceed 20 mph less than a posted speed limit of 25 mph or more, or not more than five mph when the posted speed limit under 25 mph) and vacate the lane closest to the emergency vehicles.


California Move Over Law

State law requires drivers to slow down and vacate the lane closest to a stationary emergency response vehicle flashing emergency lights if safe to do so. This includes tow trucks and Caltrans vehicles if displaying flashing amber warning lights, as well as waste service vehicles.


Newfoundland and Labrador Move Over Law

Upon approaching an emergency vehicle, including a tow truck, that is stopped on a highway with its emergency lights activated, the driver of a vehicle travelling on the same side of the highway shall slow down and proceed with caution and move to a non-adjacent lane if it is safe to do so.


Michigan Plate Disbursement

The plate is required to be attached to the rear of the vehicle. The plate must be attached at a height of not less than 12 inches from the ground, measured from the bottom of the plate, in a place and position which is clearly visible. The attachment to the rear of a vehicle of a tow ball, bicycle rack, removable hitch, or any other device designed to carry an object on the rear of a vehicle, including the object being carried, is allowed.

The color scheme of the standard license plate is blue on white.

Plates are validated by stickers.

Special license plate or windshield placard disabled drivers is available upon application with doctor’s statement to Secretary of State.

The Secretary of State shall issue to the owner 1 registration plate.

Vehicle registration plates become ineligible for renewal 10 years after they are issued. An owner of a registered vehicle with a registration plate that is ineligible for renewal must acquire a replacement plate upon paying appropriate fees.


Alaska Move Over Law

State law requires drivers approaching stationary emergency vehicles that are displaying flashing flights, including tow trucks, traveling in the same direction, to vacate the lane closest if safe and possible to do so, or to slow to a speed reasonable and prudent for traffic, road, and weather conditions. Also included in the law are road maintenance and animal control vehicles.


Montana Trailer Dimensions

Total length: 65 feet; trailer length: not specified; motor home length: 55 feet; width: 8 feet 6 inches (excluding safety equipment and appurtenances up to the width of the rear view mirror); height: 14 feet.

Passenger vehicles less than 2,000 lbs. GVW may tow 1 trailer; this combination shall not exceed 65 feet. Three-unit combinations shall not exceed 65 feet. Three-unit combinations permitted if rear unit is equipped with breakaway brakes.


Northwest Territories Trailer Towing

The certificate of registration for a trailer must be kept in the trailer or in the vehicle towing the trailer.

No person may occupy and no driver whose motor vehicle is pulling a trailer may permit a person to occupy a trailer while it is being moved on a highway.

No person operating a vehicle of 4,500 kg GVWR or less may tow more than 1 vehicle.


Maryland Trailer Towing

If a trailer is towed by a Class E truck, it must have a GVW of 20,000 lbs. or less.

If a trailer is towed by a Class A passenger vehicle or a Class M multipurpose vehicle, it must have a GVW of 10,000 lbs. or less.

Class A and Class M vehicles may only tow the following: boat trailers; camping trailers; travel trailers; house trailers; or utility trailers.


British Columbia Move Over Law

Drivers approaching a stopped emergency vehicle, including tow trucks, displaying flashing lights must slow down, and if traffic permits, move over into the adjacent lane in order to pass by.


Wisconsin Trailer Towing

It is unlawful for any person to operate a motor vehicle towing a 5th-wheel mobile home when any person under the age of 12 is in the 5th-wheel mobile home, unless that person is accompanied by at least 1 person who is at least 16 years old.

No vehicle with a load or fixture which extends more than 4 feet beyond the rear of the bed or body of the vehicle may be operated during the hours of darkness unless a red light or lantern, visible from a distance of 500 feet, is displayed on the extreme rear of the load or fixture. When such vehicle is operated at a time other than during the hours of darkness, a red flag not less than 12 inches square must be displayed on the extreme rear of the load or fixture.

A motor vehicle may be towed without being equipped with brakes if the GVW of the towed vehicle is not more than 40% of the GVW of the towing vehicle and the towing vehicle has brakes adequate enough to stop the combination of vehicles.

It is unlawful for a single vehicle to tow more than 1 vehicle unless the vehicles are being towed by the drive-away method and their overall length does not exceed 65 feet.


Arkansas Move Over Law

State law requires drivers approaching stationary emergency response vehicles that are displaying flashing lights, including wreckers or tow vehicles, traveling in the same direction, to move to the farthest lane from the vehicle if safe and possible to do so, or to slow to a speed appropriate for road and weather conditions. Also included in the law are utility vehicles.


Wisconsin Trailer Lighting

A mobile home, trailer, or semitrailer must be equipped with at least 1 red tail lamp, mounted on the rear that is plainly visible from a distance of 500 feet. If a vehicle was originally equipped with 2 red tail lamps, it is unlawful for such vehicle to be operated or towed unless both tail lamps are in proper working order.

All mobile homes, trailers, and semitrailers sold after January 1, 1968 must be equipped with at least 2 direction signal lamps to the front and 2 direction signal lamps to the rear which must be visible from a distance of 300 feet.

Any trailer having a width at any part of 80 inches must be equipped with 2 amber clearance lamps mounted on the front of the vehicle, 2 red clearance lamps mounted on the rear of the vehicle, and 2 red reflectors mounted on the rear.

It is unlawful to tow or operate any trailer during the hours of darkness if not equipped with 1 red reflector on each side of the rear of the trailer.


British Columbia Types of Drivers Licenses

The types of licenses are classes 1 through 8.

A Class 1 license holder can drive a semitrailer truck and all motor vehicles or combinations except motorcycles.

A Class 2 license holder can drive all buses and vehicles in Classes 4 and 5.

A Class 3 license holder can drive trucks with more than 2 axles, including dump trucks, large tow trucks, and Class 5 vehicles.

A Class 4 license holder can drive taxis, limousines, ambulances, special buses used to transport people with disabilities, and also Class 5 vehicles.

A Class 5 or 7 license holder can drive 2-axle vehicles except for Class 4 vehicles and motorcycles. These include cars, vans, 2-axle trucks, and utility vehicles, motor homes (including those with more than 2 axles), limited speed motorcycles (e.g., mopeds or mini-scooters), all-terrain vehicles, construction vehicles, trailers 4,600 kg or less, and buses or vans seating not more than 10 people.

A Class 6 or 8 license holder can drive motorcycles, all-terrain cycles, and all-terrain vehicles.


Florida Types of Driver's Licenses

Class E: Holder can operate a noncommercial vehicle with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) less than 26,001 lbs. , including passenger cars, 15 passenger vans including the driver, trucks or recreational vehicles and two or three wheel motor vehicles 50 cc or less, such as mopeds or small scooters.

Class E-Learner: Holder can operate motor vehicles less than 8,000 lbs.

Motorcycle Endorsement: “MTCY ALSO” or “MTCY ONLY.”

Commercial Class A: Holder can operate a vehicle with a GWR of 26,001 or more, only if the tow is greater than 10,000 lbs.

Commercial Class B: Holder can operate any single vehicle with a GWR of 26,001 lbs.

Commercial Class C: Holder can operate a vehicles transporting placardable amounts of hazardous materials, or vehicles designed to transport more than 15 persons including the driver with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating of less than 26,001 lbs


Maryland Move Over Law

State law requires drivers traveling in the same direction and approaching a stopped emergency vehicle using flashing lights, including tow trucks or service vehicles, to change into a lane not immediately adjacent to the vehicle, if possible, or to slow to a speed safe for weather, road, and traffic conditions. Also included in the law are municipal vehicles, such a waste or recycling vehicles.


Northwest Territories Trailer Hitch/Signals

A towing vehicle must be equipped with a coupling device in the form of a 5thwheel hitch, pintle hook, drawbar hitch, ball hitch, or other approved coupling device that is designed to support the trailer the person intends to tow.

Any coupling device, other than a 5th-wheel hitch, must be equipped with an alternate coupling device that is designed to support the same weight as the main coupling device.

No person may operate a vehicle equipped with a coupling device unless it is securely mounted to the frame of the vehicle, has no missing or ineffective fasteners, and is free of cracks or breaks in the assembly.


Rhode Island Trailer Towing

A tow truck or any vehicle towing another, except when designed to be in combination, when on any public highway divided into multiple lanes for travel in the same direction, may travel only in the right lane of a 2-lane highway, or the 2 right lanes of a 3- or more lane highway.


Nebraska Move Over Law

A driver approaching a stopped emergency vehicle, including tow trucks, with flashing lights and traveling in the same direction to vacate the lane closest to the vehicle or reduce speed and maintain a safe speed while passing the vehicle. If vacating the closest lane is not possible, a driver must slow to a safe speed. Also included in the law are utility vehicles.


Idaho Move Over Law

State law requires drivers traveling in the same direction to slow below the posted speed limit and vacate the lane closest to a stationary emergency vehicle displaying flashing lights if safe to do so. This includes tow trucks, wreckers, other recovery vehicles, and municipal vehicles.


Wisconsin Move Over Law

State law requires drivers traveling in the same direction and approaching an authorized emergency vehicle or roadside service vehicle, including a tow truck, that is displaying flashing lights and parked or standing on or within 12 feet of a roadway, to vacate the lane closest to the stationary vehicle, if safe to do so, or reduce speed. Also included in the law are utility vehicles and road maintenance vehicles.


Alberta Trailer Hitch/Signals

Two separate means of attachment (i.e., tow bar and safety chains) are required so that the failure of 1 will not affect the other.


Utah Move Over Law

State law requires drivers approaching a stationary authorized emergency vehicle, tow truck or highway maintenance vehicle displaying flashing lights, and traveling in the same direction, to reduce speed and, if safe to do so, vacate the lane closest to stationary vehicles.


Pennsylvania Move Over Law

State law requires drivers approaching an emergency response area, including areas in which a tow truck is offering assistance, to pass in a non-adjacent lane if safe and possible to do so, or slow to a safe speed. Also included in the law are utility vehicles within the first 72 hours after a declared emergency or until the expiration of a declared emergency, whichever is later.


Tennessee Move Over Law

State law requires drivers approaching a stationary authorized emergency, utility vehicle, municipal vehicle, road maintenance vehicle, or a tow truck or recovery vehicle, displaying flashing lights and traveling in the same direction, to reduce speed and, if safe to do so, vacate the lane closest to the vehicles.


Colorado Move Over Law

State law requires drivers approaching stationary emergency vehicles that are displaying flashing lights, including tow trucks, traveling in the same direction, to vacate the lane closest, if safe and possible to do so, or to reduce to a speed safe for weather, road, and traffic conditions. Also included in the law are utility vehicles and road maintenance vehicles.


Nevada Types of Driver's Licenses

Class A: any combination of vehicles with a Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR) of 26,001 lbs., if the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of the trailing vehicle is over 10,000 lbs. The holder may also drive a Class B or Class C vehicle, but not a motorcycle unless he or she has an appropriate endorsement.

Class B: any single vehicle with a GVWR of 26,001 lbs. or more, or any vehicle which is towing another vehicle that does not have a GVWR of more than 10,000 lbs. The holder may also drive a Class C vehicle, but not a motorcycle unless he or she has an appropriate endorsement.

Class C: any single vehicle, or combination of vehicles, which does not meet the definition of a Class A or Class B vehicle, including passenger vehicles and mopeds. The holder of a Class C license may not drive a motorcycle without the appropriate endorsement, tow a vehicle with a GVWR of less than 10,000 lbs. unless the holder obtains an R endorsement, or drive a combination of vehicles exceeding 70 feet in length.

Class M: the holder may drive a motorcycle, trimobile, or moped.


Quebec Move Over Law

Upon approaching an emergency vehicle, including a tow truck, that is stopped on a highway with its emergency lights activated, the driver of a vehicle travelling on the same side of the highway shall slow down and proceed with caution and move to a non-adjacent lane if it is safe to do so.


Saskatchewan Motorcycle Licenses

Anyone wishing to obtain a motorcycle license must hold a valid Class 5 or higher license. They will be required to successfully complete written and vision tests. In addition they will be required to pass a basic ability road test or complete an SGI-approved motorcycle training course prior to becoming a motorcycle learner. A holder of a motorcycle endorsement will precede through the Motorcycle Graduated Driver’s Licensing program: Learner, Novice 1 and Novice 2. Riders in the motorcycle GDL program may not tow a vehicle or consume any amount of alcohol or have any level of drug impairment, regardless of age, while operating a motorcycle. Riders and their passengers, if applicable, must have arms and legs covered and wear hand-covering gloves, ankle-covering boots and an approved ¾, modular or full-face helmet. A red “L” (learner) placard or a green “N” (novice) placard must be displayed on their licence plate

Endorsement 6—Learner License has a duration of at least 1 year to a maximum of 2 years (730 days), excluding interruptions (non-renewal, refusal, or license suspension). Learner License holders must pass written and vision tests, and must pass a basic ability road test or complete an SGI-approved motorcycle training course.  Riders must be a minimum of 16 years of age, with written parental consent if under 18. Learners may not transport passengers or ride at night ( ½ hour before sunset to ½ after sunrise).

Endorsement M – Novice 1 has a duration of at least 1 year, excluding interruptions (non-renewal, refusal, license suspension). Riders must pass a motorcycle road test and have at least 12 months without any at-fault collisions, suspensions, or convictions, which would cause the rider to restart the Novice 1 stage.  Novice 1 license holders may not transport passengers and may not ride between midnight and 5 a.m.

Endorsement M – Novice 2 has a duration of at least one year, excluding interruptions (non-renewal, refusal or license suspension).  Riders must have 12 months without any at-fault collisions, suspensions, or convictions, which would cause the rider to restart the Novice 2 stage.

 


Louisiana Trailer Hitch/Signals

No requirements by law as to type of hitch or mount. Safety chains required on all trailers under 6,000 lbs. Tow bar not required.


Quebec Plate Disbursement

Vehicle owners are issued 1 reflectorized registration plate. When the plate is issued, the owner must firmly attach the plate to the rear of the vehicle.

The color scheme for license plates is blue on white.

Where a vehicle is essentially designed to tow a trailer, the license plate must be affixed to the front of the vehicle.

No registration plate may bear any inscription other than those determined by the SAAQ. The registration plate must be free of any object or matter that could impair its legibility. If the plate is attached to the rear of the vehicle, it must be sufficiently lighted.

No plate that may be confused with a registration plate issued by the SAAQ or by any other competent administrative authority may be attached to a road vehicle or affixed to a plate, except in the case of a plate required by another law in force in Québec.

The owner of a road vehicle must place the temporary registration certificate issued to him or her in the upper left-hand part of the rear window of the vehicle.

Where it is impossible to affix a temporary registration certificate in the upper left portion of a vehicle’s rear window, the temporary registration must be affixed in the upper left portion of the windshield.


Nevada Move Over Law

State law requires drivers traveling in the same direction to reduce speed below the posted speed limit and, if safe and possible to do so, vacate the lane closest to stationary emergency vehicles and tow vehicles displaying flashing lights.


Quebec Safety Inspection

A safety inspection is required for disused vehicles, a vehicle stored or prohibited from travelling on public roads for more than 12 consecutives months, a vehicle designed to travel on a public road that was registered with an off-road plate, a used vehicle imported from out-of-province, a vehicle that was formerly discarded or scrapped, a used truck for which the cab, hood, front axle and chassis have been replaced by a “Slider kit”, a recycled or restored vehicle, and a vehicle built or modified by a person other than an authorized manufacturer.

Vehicles severely damaged in an accident must pass a technical appraisal before they are put back in operation.

Inspections are required every year for emergency vehicles, motorcycles used by a driving school, trucks and trailers with a GVWR of 4 500 kg or more, and tow trucks with a GVWR less than 4 500 kg.

Inspection are required every six months for buses and minibuses, vehicles engaged in the transportation of school children, vehicles other than motorcycles used by a driving school, and taxis.

A peace officer or the SAAQ can order an owner to submit his vehicle to a safety inspection if there is reason to believe the vehicle is in such a condition that it constitutes a hazard.


South Carolina Trailer Brakes

Every combination of vehicles must be equipped with service brakes that are capable and adequate to control the movement of and to stop and hold the vehicle with any load and on any grade on which it is operated.

Every vehicle manufactured or assembled after June 7, 1949 must be equipped with brakes on all wheels except trailers and semitrailers of a gross weight less than 3,001 lbs. as long as the total weight on and including the wheels of the trailers does not exceed 40% of the gross weight of the towing vehicle when connected to the trailer.

Every motor vehicle manufactured after July 1, 1964 and used to tow a trailer or semitrailer must be equipped with a means for providing that the towing vehicle is capable of being stopped by the use of its service brakes.

Every motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer must be equipped with brakes that have a braking system arranged so that 1 control device can be used to operate all service brakes.


Arizona Move Over Law

State law requires drivers to reduce speed and, if safe to do so, vacate the lane closest to any stationary vehicles with flashing or warning lights, including emergency vehicles and tow trucks.


Wyoming Move Over Law

State law requires drivers approaching an official stationary emergency vehicle making use of appropriate visual signals, including tow trucks, to merge into the lane farthest from the vehicle when traveling in the same direction, if safe to do so, or to slow to a speed that is 20 miles per hour less than the posted speed limit. Also included in the law are municipal, utility, and road maintenance vehicles.