Title Application

Alabama

Application is made to ADOR, effective January 1, 2017, for all motor vehicles less than 35 years old.

All applications contain certification from designated agent verifying (1) physical inspection of vehicle; (2) accuracy of vehicle identification number and descriptive data; and (3) identification of person signing application.

Application for certificate of title must contain (1) owner’s name, current residence, and mailing address; (2) description of vehicle; (3) date of purchase; (4) name and address of person vehicle acquired from; and (5) lienholder information, if relevant. First certificates other than for new vehicles must contain either copy of notarized bill of sale or certified copies of license tags and tax receipts from previous 2 years, in lieu of manufacturer statement of origin.

If vehicle purchased from dealer, must contain (1) name and address of lienholder; (2) date of security agreement; and (3) signature of dealer and owner.

If application for new vehicle, must contain manufacturer’s statement of origin.

If application refers to vehicle registered in another state or country, application must contain certificate of title issued by state or country, and information reasonably required to establish ownership.


Alaska

Application is made to the DMV, and must contain the signature of the vehicle owner and previous owner


Arizona

Application is made to ADOT within 15 days of purchase or transfer of vehicle.

Transferee must sign application.

If vehicle previously registered, application must contain odometer mileage disclosure statement.

If a new vehicle, must contain certificate from manufacturer showing date of sale to dealer, name of dealer, description of vehicle, statement certifying vehicle was new when sold.

Applicants that appear in person may be required to take a vision-screening test.

No certificate of title is required for mopeds.


Arkansas

Application is made to the Office of Motor Vehicles for all motor vehicles and shall include a description of the vehicle, a vehicle identification number, and a list of all liens or encumbrances on the vehicle. For new vehicles, an applicant must provide a certificate of origin, and if purchased from a dealer, the application should also include a statement by the dealer or a bill of sale showing any lien retained by the dealer.

Vehicle titles are permanent. There is no need to renew a title.


California

Certificate of ownership is issued by the DMV upon registration of vehicle.

The DMV may issue a title to a non-registered vehicle so long as the vehicle has not been driven, moved, or left standing on a highway and will not be driven or moved.

The vehicle title is valid until suspended, revoked, or canceled by the DMV or upon a transfer of interest in the vehicle.


Colorado

Application is made to the Department of Revenue.

All information contained on title application is required to be verified by a physical inspection by an agent of the DOR. Information includes: vehicle identification number; the vehicle’s make, model, type, year of manufacture; type of fuel used; and the odometer reading.

On a form provided by the DOR the applicant must also provide: owner’s name and address, the applicant’s source of title, as well as any mortgages or liens which exist on vehicle.

Application shall be verified by a statement signed by the applicant. The statement shall contain a written declaration that all information in the application is made under the penalties of perjury.


Connecticut

Application is made to the DMV and shall contain a description of the vehicle, including make, model, Vehicle Information Number (VIN), number of cylinders, type of body, and odometer statement.

Vehicle titles are permanent, and need not be renewed.

Title applications shall also contain the name and address from whom the vehicle was purchased, as well as the names and addresses of all lienholders.

Title applications may be mailed.


Delaware

The purchaser of a motor vehicle shall make an application for a new certificate of title immediately following the purchase and no later than 30 days after the purchase of the vehicle.

Every application for an original certificate of title shall be made upon the application form furnished or approved by the DOT and shall contain a full description of the motor vehicle including the name of the maker, the vehicle serial number, any distinguishing marks, whether the vehicle is new or used, and a statement of any liens or encumbrances upon the vehicle.


District of Columbia

Every application shall contain the owner’s full name, address, Driver’s license number, date of birth, description of vehicle (including make, model, year, type of body, VIN, weight, and whether new or used), odometer statement, date of purchase, and from whom it was purchased.

A certificate of title is valid for the life of the vehicle, as long as the title is held by the owner to whom the title is assigned.

If a certificate of title is lost, stolen, or destroyed, a vehicle owner shall make an application for a duplicate title.


Florida

Application for a certificate of title shall be made upon a form prescribed by the FLHSMV and shall include the applicant’s full name, date of birth, sex, personal identification number, and the license plate number of the vehicle to be titled.

The application shall also indicate if the motor vehicle is to be used as a taxicab, police vehicle, or if it is a rebuilt vehicle.

If a certificate of title has not previously been issued for a motor vehicle or mobile home, the application shall be accompanied by a proper bill of sale, a sworn statement of ownership, or a duly certified copy thereof, or a certificate of title. A sworn affidavit from the seller and purchaser must verify that the vehicle identification number shown on the affidavit is identical to the vehicle identification number shown on the motor vehicle. If such affidavit is not prepared, the application may be accompanied by an appropriate FLHSMV form indicating that a physical examination has been made by a law enforcement official, a licensed motor vehicle dealer, or a notary public and that the vehicle identification number shown on the form is identical to the vehicle identification number on the motor vehicle.

If the vehicle is a used car, a sworn affidavit from the owner is necessary to verify that the odometer reading shown on the affidavit is identical to the odometer reading shown on the motor vehicle at the time that the application for title is made.

The application for a certificate of title for a motor vehicle or mobile home previously titled or registered outside of Florida shall show on its face such fact and shall indicate the time and place of the last issuance of certificate of title or registration.


Georgia

An application for the first certificate of title in the state must be submitted to the DDS or the county tag agent within 90 days from the date of purchase.

An application for the first certificate of title in the state must be submitted to the DDS or the county tag agent within 90 days from the date of purchase.

The application must contain (1) the name, residence, and mailing address of the owner; (2) a description of the vehicle; (3) the date of purchase; and (4) the name and address of the person from whom the vehicle was acquired and the existence or non-existence of any liens on the vehicle.

If the vehicle was purchased from a dealer, the dealer is required to submit the application.

If the application is for a vehicle last previously registered in another state, the certificate of title issued by the other state or county must be included with the application. If the applicant is the last previously registered owner in such state, the application need not contain the name and address of the person from whom the vehicle was acquired.


Hawaii

Upon registration of a vehicle, the county director of finance issues a certificate of registration and a certificate of ownership.

A certificate of ownership does not need to be renewed each year and remains valid until replaced by a new certificate of ownership or cancelled by the director of finance.


Idaho

All applications must be made to the county assessor or Division of Motor Vehicles and contain a full description of the vehicle including make, identification number, odometer reading at the time of sale or transfer, and whether the vehicle is new or used, together with a title or other evidence of ownership. Applications must also include the owner’s Idaho driver’s license number, Idaho identification card number, social security number, or individual taxpayer identification number.  Business entities must provide their Federal Employer Identification Number.

If this is the 1st certificate of title in Idaho, the application must be accompanied by a certificate of title, and the bill of sale or evidence of ownership from the state in which the vehicle was originally owned. A vehicle identification number inspection must also be completed and submitted.

If the vehicle is being purchased new, the application must be accompanied by a manufacturer’s certificate of origin or manufacturer’s statement of origin. The certificate or statement of origin must contain the year of manufacture or model year, manufacturer’s vehicle identification number, name of the manufacturer, number of cylinders, general description, and type or model.

Additionally, all-terrain vehicles, motorcycles, snowmobiles, manufactured homes, utility type vehicles, motorbikes, campers, and some boats are required to be titled.


Illinois

The application for vehicle title is made to the Secretary of State and must include a description of the vehicle, date of purchase, odometer reading, and, if applicable, the name and address of the person from whom the vehicle was acquired and any lienholders.

If the vehicle was purchased from a dealer, the dealer must promptly mail and deliver the application to the Secretary of State.

The applicant must furnish proof of payment for all applicable taxes.

The Secretary of State shall refuse issuance of a certificate of title if any required fee is not paid or if he has reasonable grounds to believe that the applicant is not the owner of the vehicle; the application contains a false or fraudulent statement; the applicant fails to furnish required information or documents or any additional information the Secretary of State reasonably requires; or the applicant has not paid to the Secretary of State any fees or taxes due under this Act.

The application for certificate of title for trailers must include the square footage of the vehicle based upon the outside dimensions of the house trailer excluding the length of the tongue and hitch, and, if a new vehicle, the date of the first sale of the vehicle.


Indiana

The Bureau may issue a certificate of title when a vehicle is registered.

A person applying for a certificate of title must submit an application provided by the Bureau and provide to the Bureau a full description of the vehicle, including make, model, and year or manufacture; a statement of the existence of any liens or encumbrances on the vehicle; the vehicle identification number or special identification number of the vehicle; any former title number; the purchase or acquisition date; the name, residence address and/or mailing address and social security number or federal ID number of the person; and any other information that the Bureau might require.

If you buy a vehicle with an Indiana title, or receive as a gift a vehicle with an Indiana title, you must title it in your own name within 31 days.

If you have recently purchased a vehicle with an out-of-state title, or received as a gift a vehicle with an out-of-state title, you must title it in Indiana within 31 days. If you are a new Indiana resident, you must title your vehicles in Indiana within 60 days of becoming an Indiana resident.

If a certificate of title was previously issued for the vehicle in Indiana, then the application for certificate of title must be accompanied by the previously issued certificate of title. If that certificate of title does not exist, then the application must be accompanied by the manufacturer’s certificate of origin.

If a certificate of title was not previously issued for the vehicle in Indiana, the application for the certificate must be accompanied by the certificate of title issued for the vehicle from another state. If that state does not have a certificate of title law, a sworn bill of sale or dealer’s invoice fully describing the vehicle and the most recent registration receipt issued for the vehicle must accompany the application.

The Bureau will deliver a certificate of title to the person who owns the vehicle if no lien or encumbrances appear on the certificate of title.

In Indiana, a certificate of title is required for all motor vehicles, mobile homes, trailers and recreational vehicles.


Iowa

All motor vehicles, trailers, and motor homes, if driven upon the highways, must be registered and titled, except for mobile or manufactured homes.

Private school buses are required to be titled.

Non-travel trailers with an empty weight of 2,000 lbs. or less are exempt from title requirements.

Applications for registration and certificates of title are made to the county treasurer in the county of the owner or lessee’s residence.

The application for registration and certificate of title requires the owner’s name, social security number, driver’s license number, date of birth, bona fide residence, mailing address, vehicle description, statement of liens, and amount of use tax to be paid.

The application must be signed in ink.

The last issued certificate of title must be submitted with the application for a new certificate of title for a used vehicle.

If a certificate of title is lost or destroyed, the owner or lienholder must apply for a replacement of the original certificate of title. There is a 5-day waiting period unless the applicant surrenders the original to the MVD or the county treasurer. The application must be signed by the lienholder if there is a lien.


Kansas

An odometer reading and purchase price is required on a title application except for vehicles over 10 years old or for trucks with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) over 16,000 lbs.

All fees for a certificate of title shall be paid to the county treasurer where the applicant resides or has his or her principal place of business.

A certificate of title will not be granted until the applicant has shown proof that the sales tax on the motor vehicle has been paid.

Vehicles titled in another state must be inspected by a member of the Highway Patrol prior to receiving a Kansas title.

The application shall contain a statement of all liens or encumbrances on the vehicle, and any other information required by the DMV. For new vehicles, a dealer shall execute a manufacturer’s statement of origin stating the liens and encumbrances on the vehicle.


Kentucky

Prior to operation of a vehicle on the highways of the state, the owner must obtain motor vehicle insurance, a certificate of registration, and a license plate and apply for a certificate of title.

The owner of a new vehicle, the transferee of a vehicle, or the owner of a vehicle brought into the state for permanent use in the state must apply for registration within 15 days.

An application for vehicle title is made to the county clerk in the county in which the owner resides, or, if a new vehicle, in the county in which the dealer has his or her principal place of business.

Prior to application for a certificate of title, the owner of a vehicle must have the vehicle inspected by a certified inspector in the county in which the application for title is to be submitted to the county clerk. The inspection includes verification of the vehicle identification number, legibility of the application for title, and an odometer reading. 

 New motor vehicles sold by a dealer licensed in Kentucky do not require inspection.


Louisiana

A person applying for a certificate of title must submit an application provided by the Department with the appropriate fees attached.

If a Louisiana certificate of title has been previously issued for the vehicle, the application must be accompanied by a properly endorsed and certified certificate of title.

If a certificate of title has not been previously issued for the vehicle, the application must be accompanied by either a proper bill of sale, a sworn statement of ownership, or any other evidence of ownership the Department may require. If the vehicle is a new vehicle, the application must be accompanied by the manufacturer’s certificate.

The Department will issue a certificate of title to a vehicle even if there is no bill of sale and no current record of ownership upon which to provide a title if the following conditions are met: (1) the vehicle is 25 years or older; (2) the vehicle has not had its registration renewed in any state for 3 years from the date the title was applied for; (3) the applicant has submitted a sworn application that the vehicle has been abandoned for 3 years; and (4) the applicant has provided the Office of Motor Vehicles a statement from the state police auto theft division confirming that based upon a sufficient check the vehicle is not stolen.


Maine

Application should be made to the Secretary of State.

Applications must include name, residence and mailing address of the owner, description of the vehicle including make, model, year, vehicle identification number, type of body, current mileage, whether new or used and whether repaired or rebuilt, date of purchase and name and address from whom the vehicle was acquired, names and addresses of lienholders, and a certificate of origin for a new vehicle or previous certificate of title for a used vehicle.


Maryland

Application for certificate of title is required for all motor vehicles. Trailers (not including camping or trailers with a lien) weighing less than 2,500 lbs. have the option to apply for registration only.

Applications for title must contain the owner’s name; address; a description of the vehicle, including make, model, year, vehicle identification number, type of body, and number of cylinders; a statement of the applicant’s title to and each security interest in the vehicle, as well as the name and address of each secured party with any security interest in the vehicle; and the applicant’s signature.

For a new vehicle, along with the completed application, an applicant must provide the MVA with a certificate of origin, a dealer’s reassignment, a dealer’s bill of sale, and an odometer disclosure statement.

An application for title is to be accompanied by any outstanding certificates of title issued for the vehicle.

Each certificate of title shall include the date of issuance, the name and address of the owner, the names and addresses of all secured parties, in the order of priority, the title number assigned to the vehicle, a description of the vehicle listed above, and the classification and weight for which the vehicle is registered.

Certificates of title will be mailed to the applicant.

Holders of certificates of title have 30 days to apply for a corrected certificate after a change of name or residence.


Massachusetts

Whoever acquires a motor vehicle shall be required to make an application for a certificate of title. Such application shall be made within 10 days from the acquisition of ownership.

Certificate of title application must be made before registration application.

Application for the first certificate of title of a vehicle in Massachusetts shall be made by the owner to the RMV on such form as the RMV shall prescribe. The application shall contain: (1) the name, residence, and mailing address of the owner; (2) a description of the motor vehicle including, its make, model, identifying number, type of body, the number of cylinders, the mileage shown on the odometer, and whether the vehicle is new or used; (3) the date of purchase by applicant, the name and address of the person from whom the vehicle was acquired, and the names and addresses of any lienholders in the order of their priority and the dates of their security agreements; (4) any further information that the RMV may require to identify the vehicle and to enable him or her to determine whether the owner is entitled to a certificate of title; (5) if the application refers to a new vehicle, it shall be accompanied by a certificate of origin; and (6) if the application refers to a vehicle last previously registered in another state or country, the application shall be accompanied by a certificate of title issued by the other state or country.


Michigan

Every motor vehicle, pickup camper, trailer coach, trailer, semitrailer, and pole trailer, when driven or moved upon a highway, is subject to the registration and for trailers over 2500 pounds (empty weight) a certificate of title.

Applications are made to the Secretary of State, upon an appropriate form furnished by the Secretary of State or online and must include, among other things, the signature of the owner, a description of the vehicle, odometer miles, whether the vehicle has previously been issued a salvage or rebuilt certificate of title from this state or a comparable certificate of title from any other state or jurisdiction, and the names and addresses of the holders of security interests in the vehicle and in an accessory to the vehicle, in the order of their priority.


Minnesota

The Department issues the certificate of title upon registration of the vehicle.

The application for certificate of title must be made on a form provided by the Department.

The application must contain the name, date of birth, and address of all owners, a description of the vehicle including the type of make, vehicle model, vehicle year, vehicle identification number, vehicle body type, the date of purchase of the vehicle, the names and addresses of any secured parties, the mileage on the vehicle, any sustained vehicle damage, and any other information that the Department may request.

If the application refers to a vehicle purchased from a dealer it must contain the name and address of any secured party holding a security interest at the time of sale.

If the application refers to a new vehicle it must be accompanied by a manufacturer’s certificate of origin.

If the vehicle was previously registered out of state, the application must be accompanied by any certificate of title issued by the other state, any other information the Department reasonably requires to establish ownership, or certification by a person from the Department that the identifying number of the vehicle was inspected and found to conform to the description given in the application.


Mississippi

Application for certificate of title for a vehicle, manufactured home, or mobile home should be made to the State Tax Commission.

All vehicles in the state that are manufactured or assembled after July 1, 1969 or which are the subject of 1st sale for use after July 1, 1969, and every owner of a manufactured home which is in this state and which is manufactured or assembled after July 1, 1999, or which is the subject of 1st sale for use after July 1, 1999, must make application for a certificate of title.

Voluntary application for title may be made for any model motor vehicle which is in this state after July 1, 1969, and for any model manufactured home or mobile home which is in this state after July 1, 1999, and any person bringing a motor vehicle, manufactured home, or mobile home into this state from a state which required titling shall make application for title to the State Tax Commission within 30 days after arriving.

Application for certificate of title for a motor vehicle must include the name, current residence and mailing address of the owner, description of the vehicle including year, make, model, vehicle identification number, type of body, number of cylinders, odometer reading at the time of application and whether new or used, date of purchase by the applicant, name and address of the person from whom the vehicle was acquired, the names and addresses of any lienholders, an odometer disclosure statement made by the transferor, and a certified copy of the manufacturer’s statement of origin.


Missouri

No certificate of registration of any motor vehicle or trailer will be issued by the DVSB unless the applicant has applied for and been granted a certificate of ownership of such motor vehicle or trailer.

An application shall be made within 30 days after the applicant acquires the motor vehicle or trailer upon a blank form furnished by the DVSB and must contain: the applicant’s identification number; a full description of the motor vehicle or trailer; the vehicle identification number; and the mileage registered on the odometer at the time of transfer of ownership.

A statement of the applicant’s source of title and of any liens or encumbrances on the motor vehicle or trailer shall accompany the application.


Montana

Applications for certificate of ownership are made to the county treasurer. The certificate will contain the date issued, the name and mailing address of the owner or the names and addresses of joint owners, the name and address of any lien-holder, and a description of the vehicle including the year built and vehicle identification number.


Nebraska

An application must be submitted to the local county treasurer in the county where the vehicle is garaged.

The following information is required: Vehicle Identification Number, year, make, model, body style, color, and Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). The application also requires the owner’s full name, address, mailing address, signature, and any lien information. The DMV will establish regulations prior to 2020 to require the owner’s driver’s license number or state ID card number, and additional identification elements to be specified.

In some cases, an application for a certificate of title shall include a statement that an identification inspection has been conducted on the vehicle by an inspector designated by the sheriff.

If the motor vehicle has previously been titled, the application for title must be accompanied by the certificate of title duly assigned.

If a certificate of title has not been previously issued for the vehicle, the application for title must be accompanied by a manufacturer’s or importer’s certificate.


Nevada

The certificate of ownership must contain on its front the date issued, the name and address of the registered owner and the owner or lienholder, a description of the vehicle, and a reading of the vehicle’s odometer. The rear of the certificate shall contain forms for notice to the DMV of a transfer of title or interest of the owner or lienholder and an application for registration by the transferee.

If any certificate of ownership is lost, the registrant shall apply immediately for a duplicate.

When a new vehicle is sold in Nevada for the first time, the seller shall complete and execute a manufacturer’s certificate of origin or a manufacturer’s statement of origin and a dealer’s report of sale. The report of sale must include a description of the vehicle and the names and addresses of both the seller and buyer. If a security interest is taken by the seller or another party, the name and address of the secured party must be entered on the report of sale as well.

When a used vehicle is sold in Nevada by a dealer to any person, except a licensed dealer, the seller shall complete and execute a dealer’s report of sale that includes a description of the vehicle and the names and addresses of the seller and buyer. If a security interest exists at the time of sale, the name and address of the secured party must also be entered on the report of sale.

The seller or dealer shall collect the fee for a certificate of title, submit the original of the dealer’s report of sale and the manufacturer’s certificate or statement of origin, and remit the fee collected to the DMV within 20 days of the execution of the dealer’s report of sale for a new vehicle, and 30 days for a used vehicle. For used vehicles, the dealer must also remit the properly endorsed certificate of title or ownership previously issued for the vehicle.

Upon receipt of the completed application and payment of all fees, the DMV will issue a certificate of ownership. The buyer will receive the certificate if there is no security interest, but if there is, the secured party will receive it.

If a secured party receives the certificate of ownership, that party shall deliver it to the buyer within 15 days of the completed performance of the security agreement.


New Hampshire

An application for a certificate of title shall be made by the owner of a motor vehicle to the DMV, on a form prescribed by the DMV.

Residents of New Hampshire are required to apply for a New Hampshire title for any motor vehicle that meets state requirements for a title, including vehicles that are being registered in in the state and any motor vehicle whose manufacturer’s model year is 2000 or newer. All owners that purchase vehicles are required to apply for a new title within 20 days of the date of the sale. A title application must be mailed or delivered to the DMV Title Bureau after preparation by the New Hampshire selling dealer, the New Hampshire Town/City Clerk or the lien holder. Vehicles manufactured before 2000 are not titled, except for heavy trucks with 3 or more axles.

The title application shall contain: (a) the name, residence, and mailing address of the owner; (b) a description of the vehicle including, the make, model, vehicle identification number, model year, type of body, the number of cylinders, and whether the vehicle is new or used; (c) the date purchased by the applicant, the name and address of the person from whom the vehicle was acquired and the names and addresses of any lienholders in the order of their priority and the dates of their security agreements; and (d) if a new vehicle, the application shall be accompanied by the manufacturer’s or importer’s certificate of origin.

If the application for certificate of title refers to a vehicle last previously registered in another state or country, the application shall be accompanied by any certificate of title issued by the other state or country. The certificate shall either be in English or a notarized translation of the certificate shall be provided.


New Jersey

Application for a certificate of ownership should be made to the director of the MVC within 10 days of purchase of a motor vehicle.

An application for certificate of ownership should be accompanied by evidence of purchase, either a certificate of origin (displaying the sales tax-satisfied stamp, paid on actual price, though some vehicles are exempt), certificate of ownership, or bill of sale.

If a person has a certificate of ownership for a mobile or manufactured home that is located in a mobile home park that is being relocated to land that the owner of the home has an interest in or title to, that person shall file a notice of relocation with the director of the MVC at least 10 days prior to relocation. If the director deems the notice to be complete, the certificate of ownership will be cancelled on the date of relocation.


New Mexico

Applications are made to the MVD and shall be made upon the appropriate forms furnished by the MVD.

The application shall bear the signature of the owner written with pen and ink, the name and address of the owner, a description of the motor vehicle, an odometer reading, and a statement of all liens or encumbrances upon the vehicle.

The MVD shall issue a certificate of title that contains the date issued, the name and address of the owner, a description of the vehicle, a statement of the owner’s title and of all liens and encumbrances upon the vehicle.

The certificate of title shall contain a space for the release of any lien, a space for the assignment of title or interest and warranty by the owner, and a space for the notation of liens and encumbrances upon the vehicle at the time of transfer.


New York

An application for a certificate of title shall be made by the owner of a vehicle to the DMV on a form provided by the DMV.

The owner must provide his or her name, date of birth, sex, drivers license number, residential address, mailing address (if different), and social security number on the title application form. The form also requires the owner to give a description of the vehicle including its make, model year, vehicle identification number, body type, color, odometer reading, type of fuel, unladen weight, cylinders, and whether the vehicle is new or used. Also required is the date the applicant acquired the vehicle, the name and address of the person from whom the vehicle was acquired, and the names and addresses of any lien holders.

A title application must also be accompanied by a statement signed by the applicant stating either (a) any facts or information known to him that could reasonably affect the validity of the title or (b) that no such facts or information are known to him. The DMV may also require other information or documents to identify the vehicle and its proper ownership.

If the application for a title refers to a vehicle previously registered or licensed in another state or country, the application shall contain or be accompanied by, a certificate of title issued by the other state or country.

Every owner shall apply for the registration of his or her trailer(s). Such registration shall contain a statement showing the manufacturer’s number or other identification. No number plate issued for a trailer shall be transferred to or used for any other trailer.


North Carolina

An application for vehicle title shall be made at the same time as an application for vehicle registration. The application shall contain the following information: the owner’s name; mailing and residence addresses; a description of the vehicle, including make, model, type of body, and vehicle identification number; whether the vehicle is new or used, and if new, the dates the manufacturer or dealer sold and delivered the vehicle to the applicant; and a statement of the owner’s title and of all liens upon the vehicle, including the names, addresses, and date of all lienholders in order of priority.

Applications for new vehicles must also be accompanied by a manufacturer’s certificate of origin that is properly assigned to the applicant.

Upon receipt of a valid application for title, the DMV shall issue a certificate of title. The certificate shall contain the name and address of the owner, and a description of the vehicle. If there are more than 2 owners or lienholders, the names, dates of issuance, and all liens or encumbrances shall be included on the title.

The reverse side of the certificate of title shall contain a form for the assignment of title or interest and warranty by the registered owner or registered dealer.

A person must notify the DMV of a change of address or name within 60 days of the change.


North Dakota

Every owner of a vehicle in North Dakota for which no certificate of title has been issued shall apply to the DOT for a certificate of title to said vehicle.

All applications for certificate of title must be made to the DOT and contain: (1) a full description of the vehicle, including the name of the manufacturer, either the engine, serial, or identification number and any other distinguishing marks; (2) a statement as to whether the vehicle is new or used; (3) a statement of the applicant’s title and any liens upon the vehicle; (4) the name and address of the person to whom the certificate must be delivered; (5) names and addresses of any lienholders; (6) note whether the vehicle is a specialty-constructed, reconstructed, or foreign vehicle; (7) the buyer’s state-issued driver’s license number or non-driver identification card number, street address, city, and county or township of residence; (8) damage disclosure information; and (9) odometer disclosure information.


Ohio

Applications are made on a form prescribed by the Registrar of Motor Vehicles and must include among other things the county in which the certificate is issued; an indication that the certificate is an original, memorandum, duplicate, or salvage certificate; the date of issuance of the certificate; the name and address of the owner; the name and address of the previous owner; the previous certificate of title number; the state in which the vehicle previously was titled; the make, body type, year, model, and vehicle identification number of the vehicle; an odometer reading; and disclosure of all liens and encumbrances.

The application shall be filed with any clerk of the court of common pleas title office if the applicant is a resident of this state or, if not a resident, in the county in which the transaction is consummated. An application for a certificate of title may be filed electronically by a participating e-lien holder.

The Registrar shall prescribe an affidavit in which the transferor shall swear to the true selling price and the true odometer reading of the motor vehicle.

If the application for a certificate of title refers to a motor vehicle last registered in another state, the application shall be accompanied by a physical inspection certificate issued by the Department of Public Safety verifying the make, body type, model, and manufacturer’s vehicle identification number of the motor vehicle for which the certificate of title is desired. The physical inspection certificate shall be in a form as is designated by the Registrar of Motor Vehicles and made at a deputy registrar’s office or at an established place of business operated by a licensed motor vehicle dealer.

If the certificate of title is being obtained in the name of the buyer by a motor vehicle dealer or motor vehicle leasing dealer and there is a security interest to be noted on the certificate of title, the dealer or leasing dealer shall submit the application for the certificate of title and payment of the applicable tax to a clerk within 7 business days after the later of the delivery of the motor vehicle to the buyer or the date the dealer or leasing dealer obtains the manufacturer’s or importer’s certificate, or certificate of title issued in the name of the dealer or leasing dealer, for the motor vehicle. Submission of the application within the required 7 business days may be indicated by postmark or receipt by a clerk within that period.


Oklahoma

The owner of every vehicle in the state shall possess a certificate of title as proof of ownership of such vehicle.

Application for a certificate of title may be made to the Tax Commission or any motor license agent.

The application for a certificate of title shall contain the following information: a full description of the vehicle; the manufacturer’s serial or other identification number; the motor number and date on which the vehicle was first sold by the manufacturer or dealer to the owner; any distinguishing marks; a statement of the applicant’s source of title, and any security interest upon the title.

If the vehicle is within the last 7 model years, a declaration must be added to the application if the vehicle has been damaged or stolen, if the owner did or did not receive payment for the loss from an insurer, or the vehicle is titled or registered in a state that does not classify the vehicle or brand the title because of damage to or loss of the vehicle similar to the classifications or brands utilized by Oklahoma.

To obtain an original certificate of title for a vehicle being registered for the first time, the applicant must provide a manufacturer’s certificate of origin, which includes the manufacturer’s serial or identification number, the date on which the vehicle was first sold by the manufacturer to the dealer, any distinguishing marks, including the model and year the mark was made, and a statement of any security interests upon the vehicle.

Out-of-state vehicles being titled in Oklahoma must be inspected prior to issuing a certificate of title. The inspection consists of a comparison of the vehicle identification number on the vehicle with the number recorded on the ownership records, and a recording of the actual odometer reading.


Oregon

Title is required for most vehicles operated on the roads of the state, unless exempt. Snowmobiles must be titled and registered. DMV may issue titles for emergency fire apparatus providing public fire protection and ATVs. Titles are not issued for certain vehicles such as bicycles, golf carts, farm tractors and trailers, implements of husbandry, U.S. government owned vehicles, motor assisted scooters.

An application for title must be in the form specified by the DMV and must include: a full description of the vehicle, including the vehicle identification number (VIN); the name of the owner of the vehicle; the identity of any security interests in order of priority; the identity of the interest of any lessor; a disclosure of whether the vehicle is a replica or is constructed or assembled; and any other information the department may require.

A title does not require renewal and is valid until the vehicle is destroyed, dismantled, or substantially altered, or if any interest reflected on the title changes.

A replacement title may be issued if a certificate of title is lost, mutilated, or destroyed.

The DMV will not grant a title to a vehicle from another jurisdiction or any replica, assembled or reconstructed vehicle until a VIN inspection has been performed and the appropriate fee for such inspection has been paid.

If the name or address of a person changes from that displayed on the title, the person has 30 days to notify the DMV.


Pennsylvania

Application for certificate of title must be made on a form provided by PennDOT.

Application must contain a full description of the vehicle, the vehicle identification number, odometer reading, date of purchase, the actual or bona fide name and address of the owner, a statement of title of the applicant, and any other documents that PennDOT may require.

Application for a certificate of title must be made within 20 days of the sale or transfer of a vehicle or its entry into Pennsylvania, whichever is later.

Any necessary fees and/or taxes must accompany the executed application.


Rhode Island

Every owner of a vehicle registered in Rhode Island must apply for a certificate of title if none has previously been issued.

An application for the 1st certificate of title of a vehicle must be made to the Division and contain: (1) the name, residence, and mailing address of the owner; (2) a description of the vehicle, including make, model, identifying number, type of body, number of cylinders, and whether new or used; and (3) date of purchase by applicant, name and address of the person who sold the vehicle, and the names and addresses of any lienholders.

If an application is for a vehicle that was previously registered in another state or country, the application must be accompanied with any certificate of title issued by the other state or country.


South Carolina

Every owner of a vehicle in South Carolina for which the Department of Motor Vehicles has issued no certificate of title must apply for a certificate of title.

An application for a certificate of title for a vehicle must be made by the owner to the Department on the form it prescribes and must contain or be accompanied by: the name and residence and mailing address of the owner; (2) a description of the vehicle, including, so far as the following data exists, its make, model, year, vehicle identification number, type of body, odometer reading at the time of application, and whether the vehicle is new or used; (3) the date of acquisition by applicant, the name and address of the person from whom the vehicle was acquired, and the names and addresses of any lienholders in the order of their priority and the dates of their security agreements; (4) an odometer disclosure statement made by the transferor of the vehicle and acknowledged by the transferee; and (5) any further information or documentation the Department reasonably requires.

If the application is not for the 1st certificate of title, the last certificate of title previously issued for the vehicle must accompany it.

If the application refers to a vehicle purchased from a dealer, it must contain the name and address of any lienholder holding a security interest created or reserved at the time of the sale signed by the dealer as well as the owner, and the dealer must promptly mail or deliver the application to the Department. If the application refers to a new vehicle purchased from a dealer, the application must also be accompanied by the manufacturer’s certificate of origin.


South Dakota

An application for a certificate of title must be made to the applicant’s county treasurer on a form prescribed by the Department. This application must contain all of the following: (1) a full description of the vehicle; (2) the vehicle identification number; (3)  the county in which the vehicle is to be kept; (4) the names and addresses of the holders of all liens; and (5) any other information as the Department may require. If a certificate of title has previously been issued for the motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer in this state or any state, the application must be accompanied by that certificate of title.

A person is not required to obtain a certificate of title for a moped.

Each trailer or semitrailer pulled by a non-commercial motor vehicle upon which fees were paid under the non-commercial declared gross weight fee schedule must have a license plate displayed in a conspicuous manner. The license plate is valid for the useful life of the trailer or semitrailer. However, if the title to the trailer or semitrailer is transferred, the new owner must make an application for a new identification plate within 45 days of the date of transfer.


Tennessee

An application for certificate of title is made to the county clerk of the county where the vehicle is to be registered.

The application must contain: the applicant’s full name; the applicant’s residential address; a description of the vehicle, including the odometer reading, the make, model, type of body, vehicle serial number, whether the vehicle is new or used, and a statement of the vehicle’s gross vehicle weight (GVW) rating.

If the application refers to a new vehicle, the applicant must include a statement by the dealer or a bill of sale showing any lien retained by the dealer, a manufacturer’s certificate of origin, the new vehicle’s invoice, and a copy current registration if transferring a license plate.

If a certificate of title is lost, mutilated, or becomes illegible, the owner must make immediate application for a replacement title.


Texas

An applicant for an initial certificate of title must provide the vehicle’s description, odometer reading, previous owner’s name and city and state of residence, name and complete address of the applicant, name and mailing address of any lienholder, if applicable, signature of the seller of the motor vehicle, signature of the applicant, and the applicant’s social security number.

An applicant for a certificate of title on the first sale of a motor vehicle must provide the county assessor-collector with a manufacturer’s certificate showing the applicant as the last transferee.

A person may obtain a “title only” without registering a vehicle or providing proof of insurance, but the applicant must surrender the license plates and window validation stickers issued for that vehicle.

Before a motor vehicle that was last registered or titled in another state or country may be titled in Texas, the applicant must furnish the county assessor-collector with a verification of safety and emissions inspections.

The owner must record the vehicle’s current odometer reading on an application for a certificate of title.

The owner of a motor vehicle must apply for a certificate of title to the county assessor-collector in the county in which the owner lives, the motor vehicle is purchased, or the loan to purchase the motor vehicle is obtained.


Utah

The application for a certificate of title shall be made to the DMV on a form prescribed by the DMV.

The application for certificate of title shall contain: the signature of each person to be recorded on the certificate as an owner; the name, residence, and mailing address of the owner, or business address of the owner if the owner is an association or business; a description of the vehicle, including the make, model, body type, the model year as specified by the manufacturer; any other information required by the DMV to enable it to determine if the owner is entitled to a certificate of title; a statement of any lien or encumbrance on the vehicle; the names and addresses of all persons having any ownership interest in the vehicle; and if the application for certificate of title is for a new vehicle, it shall be accompanied by a statement by the dealer or a bill of sale showing any lien retained by the dealer.

An applicant for a certificate of title must provide evidence of: title or ownership evidenced by a properly assigned certificate of title or a manufacturer’s certificate of title if the vehicle has not been titled before. If the vehicle is from another state or foreign country that does not issue or require certificates of title, the owner shall submit a bill of sale or a sworn statement of ownership; payment of sales tax evidenced by a receipt from the DMV showing that the sales tax has been paid however, if a licensed dealer has made a report of a sale, no receipt is required; payment of all applicable fees; an identification number inspection; and an odometer statement signed by the transferee or automobile dealer.


Vermont

Application for vehicle title is required for all vehicles that are less than 15 years old. Vehicles older than 25 years are eligible for an exempt vehicle title.

Applications shall contain the name, residence, and address of the owner; a description of the vehicle including, its make, model, identification number, odometer reading, or hubometer; the date of purchase by the applicant; the name and address of the person from whom the vehicle was acquired; and the names and addresses of any lien holders in the order of their priority and the dates of their security agreements.

For new vehicles, the application shall be accompanied by a manufacturer’s or importer’s certificate of origin.

The certificate of title shall be mailed or personally delivered, upon proper identification of the individual, to the first lien holder named in it or, if none, to the owner.


Virginia

The owner of a vehicle, or his or her duly authorized attorney-in-fact, must apply for a certificate of title in the name of the owner on appropriate forms pre-scribed and furnished by the Commissioner of the DMV.

Certificate of title must contain all liens, security interests, or encumbrances on the vehicle.

The certificate of title shall contain the date issued; the registration number assigned to the motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer; the name and address of the owner; a description of the registered motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer; and other statements of fact as may be determined by the DMV.

Whenever any person who has applied for or obtained the registration or title to a vehicle moves from the address shown in his or her application, registration card, or certificate of title, he or she shall notify the DMV of his or her change of address within 30 days.

Every certificate of title issued under this chapter shall be valid for the life of the motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer so long as the owner to whom it is issued shall retain legal title or right of possession of or to the vehicle.


Washington

The application for a certificate of ownership must contain: (1) a description of the vehicle including the VIN, odometer reading at the time of delivery, and any distinguishing marks of identification; (2) the name and address of the registered owner and any lienholders; (3) pay application fees; (4) and any other information the DOL may require.

If a vehicle is titled in another state, the application must be accompanied by the most current title issued by that state. The DOL will accept a copy of the current title when it is being held by the lienholder and is not available.

If a certificate of ownership is lost, stolen, mutilated, or destroyed or becomes illegible; complete an Affidavit of Loss form and Vehicle Certificate of Ownership (Title) Application, if you’re still making payments, the lienholder must apply for the title and pay applicable fees for replacement.

It is unlawful for any person under the age of 18 to be the registered or legal owner of any motor vehicle unless the person is emancipated or became the registered or legal owner of a motor vehicle while a non-resident of the state.

It is unlawful for any person to convey, sell, or transfer the ownership of any motor vehicle to any person under the age of 18.


West Virginia

The application for a certificate of title must be made on a form furnished by the DMV and must contain the following: (1) a full description of the vehicle, which includes a manufacturer’s serial identification number, or any other number as determined by the Commissioner, and any distinguishing marks; (2) a statement of the applicant’s title and of any liens or encumbrances upon the vehicle; (3) the names and addresses of the holders of the liens; (4) the signature of the applicant; and (5) any other information as required by the DMV.

A certificate of title or a vehicle registration may not be issued to the owner of a new vehicle purchased outside the state unless the application is accompanied by a certificate of title or a manufacturer’s certificate of origin, or, if the state of purchase does not require a certificate of title, the application must be accompanied by a manufacturer’s certificate of origin with documentation to prove that the seller is a bona fide dealer of the state where the vehicle was purchased.

The DMV may issue a temporary permit to operate a vehicle for which the application for registration and certificate of title is pending.

The certificate of title issued by the Commissioner shall contain, on its face: (1) the date of issuance; (2) the name and address of the owner; (3) a description of the vehicle; (4) a statement of the owner’s title and of all the liens and encumbrances of the vehicle; and (5) a seal of the DMV. On the reverse side of a certificate of title, the following information shall be included: (1) the signature of the owner; and (2) forms for the assignment of the title or interest to a vehicle.


Wisconsin

A certificate of title must be applied for regardless of whether a vehicle is operated on the highways of Wisconsin, if it is a newly acquired vehicle, or if the owner of a vehicle applies for registration of the vehicle but does not hold a valid title in the owner’s name.

Application is made to the DOT and must include: the name and address of the owner; a description of the vehicle, including make and identification number; odometer reading for vehicles over 10 years old; the date of purchase of the vehicle; the name and address of the person from whom the vehicle was acquired, or the signature of the dealer who sold the vehicle if it is a new vehicle being registered for the first time; and the applicant’s social security number.


Wyoming

Applications for certificate of title must contain the name and address of the owner, the vehicle description, certification of applicant’s ownership and any liens, and the vehicle’s value. Applications for new vehicles must also include the manufacturer’s certificate of origin and certification by the dealer that the vehicle was new when sold to the applicant.

Applications for used vehicles must contain an assignment and warranty of title and an odometer statement.

In the case of a vehicle registered or titled in another state, the application must include a current statement made by a Wyoming law enforcement officer or licensed Wyoming dealer that the vehicle’s VIN is correct. If the vehicle is not in Wyoming at the time of application, an authorized law enforcement officer in that jurisdiction may make the statement.

The applicant must also present a receipt for payment of sales or use tax.


Puerto Rico

If application is made for new motor vehicle, (a motor vehicle is a self-propelled vehicle and does not include vehicles operated on private property) ownership is established by (1) notarized bill of sale; (2) manufacturer’s statement of origin; or (3) other documents, as provided by regulation.

If application is made for used vehicle, ownership is established by (1) title document, for title system states; (2) registration document, for states not using title system; (3) public auction document; (4) release certificate; (5) bill of sale from insurance company; or (6) other documents, as provided by regulation.

A motor vehicle is a self-propelled vehicle and does not include vehicles operated on private property.

Vehicle may not be operated on public highway without certificate of title, except for transferring vehicle from one private party to another.

Prior to issuance of certificate of title, verification of excise tax payment must be presented.


Alberta

(see Vehicle Registration)


British Columbia

(see Vehicle Registration)


Manitoba

(see Vehicle Registration)


New Brunswick

(see Vehicle Registration)


Newfoundland and Labrador

(see Vehicle Registration)


Northwest Territories

(see Vehicle Registration)


Nova Scotia

(see Vehicle Registration)


Nunavut

(see Vehicle Registration)


Ontario

(see Vehicle Registration)


Prince Edward Island

(see Vehicle Registration)


Quebec

(see Vehicle Registration)


Saskatchewan

(see Vehicle Registration)


Yukon

(see Vehicle Registration)