Seat Belts (Click here for Canada)

United States

Alabama

Seat belts are required for the driver and front seat passengers age 15 and older.

The seat belt law is standard enforcement.

Riding in the back of an unenclosed pickup truck is permitted.

Alaska

Seat belts or child restraints are required for the driver and all passengers age 16 and older.

Violation of seat belt law is a standard offense.

Riding in the back of a pickup truck bed is permitted.

Arizona

Seat belts are required for the driver and front seat passengers age 16 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law is a secondary offense.

Riding in a pickup truck bed is permitted.

Arkansas

Seat belts are required for the driver and front seat passengers age 15 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law is a standard offense.

Riding in back of an unenclosed pickup truck is not permitted, except for employees on duty; some other exceptions apply.

California

Seats belts are required for the driver and all passengers age 16 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law is a standard offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is not permitted; some exceptions apply.

Colorado

Seats belts are required for the driver and front seat passengers age 16 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law is a secondary offense.

Riding in a pickup truck bed is not permitted unless a person is seated in an enclosed cargo area.

Connecticut

Seat belts are required for the driver and all front seat passengers age 16 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law is a standard offense.

Riding in a pickup truck bed is not permitted for drivers under age 16 unless belted; some other exceptions apply.

Delaware

Seat belts are required for the driver and all passengers age 8 and older or over 65 lbs.

Violation of the seat belt law is a standard offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is permitted.

District of Columbia

Seat belts are required for the driver and all passengers age 16 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law is a standard offense.

Riding in the bed of a pickup truck is prohibited, except for employees on duty.

Florida

It is unlawful for any person to operate a motor vehicle unless the driver and all front seat passengers 18 years and older are restrained by a safety belt.

Violation of the seat belt law is a standard offense.

Riding in pickup truck beds is not permitted for persons under age 18 unless in an enclosed area, except employees on duty; some other exceptions apply.

Georgia

Each occupant age 18 and older in the front seat of a passenger vehicle shall wear a seat belt when the vehicle is in motion.

Violation of the seat belt law is a standard offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is not permitted on an interstate for persons under age 18 unless in an enclosed area.

Hawaii

Seat belts are required for the driver and all passengers.

Violations of the seat belt law are standard offenses.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is prohibited, unless there are no available seats in the cab.

Idaho

Seat belts are required for the driver and all passengers age 7 and older when a vehicle is in motion.

Violation of the seat belt law is a secondary offense.

Riding in pickup truck beds is permitted.

Illinois

Seat belts are required for all passengers in all seating positions.

Violation of the seat belt laws is a standard offense.

Riding in pickup truck beds is permitted.

Indiana

Seat belts are required for the driver and all passengers age 16 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law is a standard offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is not permitted; some exceptions apply.

Iowa

Seat belts are required for the driver and front seat passengers age 18 and older.

Violation of the seat belt is a standard offense.

Riding in the beds of pickup trucks is permitted

Kansas

Seat belts are required for the driver and passengers age 14 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law in the backseat is a secondary offense. Other violations of the seat belt law are standard offenses.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is not permitted for persons under age 18; some other exceptions apply.

Kentucky

Seat belts are required for the driver and all passengers age 7 and older and over 50 inches tall.

Violation of the seat belt law is a standard offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck bed is permitted.

Louisiana

Seat belts are required for the driver and all passengers age 13 and older.

Violations of the seat belt law are standard offenses.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is not permitted on an interstate highway for any passengers.  No person under age 12 is permitted to be a passenger in the open bed of a pickup truck while moving upon any highway in Louisiana; some other exceptions apply

Maine

Seat belts are required for the driver and all passengers age 18 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law is a standard offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is not permitted for persons under age 19; some other exceptions apply.

Maryland

Seat belts required for driver and all passengers age 16 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law in the backseat is a secondary offense. Other violations of the seat belt law are standard offenses.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is not permitted form persons under age 16 if the vehicle is traveling more than 25 mph; proper child restraints are still required; some other exceptions apply.

Massachusetts

Seat belts are required for the driver and all passengers age 13 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law is a secondary offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is not permitted for persons under age 12 if the vehicle is being driven less than 5 miles and less than 5 mph; some other exceptions apply.

Michigan

Seat belts are required for the driver and all front seat passengers age 16 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law is a standard offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is not permitted for persons under age 18 unless the vehicle is moving under 16 mph; some other exceptions apply.

Minnesota

Seat belts are required for the driver and passengers age 8 or older.

Violations of the seat belt laws are standard offenses.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is permitted.

Mississippi

Seat belts or appropriate child restraints are required for the driver and all front seat passengers.

Violation of the seat belt law is a standard offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is permitted.

Missouri

Seat belts are required for the driver and all front seat passengers age 16 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law is a secondary offense; however, it is a standard offense for children under age 16.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is not permitted for persons under age 18 on interstates or urban areas; some other exceptions apply.

Montana

Seat belts are required for the driver and all passengers age 6 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law is a secondary offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is permitted.

Nebraska

Seat belts are required for the driver and all front seat passengers age 18 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law is a secondary offense.

Riding in the cargo area of any vehicle, including a pickup truck, is not permitted for persons under age 18; some other exceptions apply.

Nevada

Seat belts are required for the driver and all passengers age 6 and older and weighing more than 60 lbs.

Violation of the seat belt law is a secondary offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is not permitted for persons under age 18 unless in farming or parade operations; other exceptions apply.

New Hampshire

The state does not have a seat belt law for adults.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is permitted.

New Jersey

The driver and all passengers age 8 and older or over 80 lbs. shall wear a properly adjusted and fastened safety seat belt system in all seating positions.

Violation of the seat belt is a standard offense, except for passengers over 18 seated in the backseat, for whom the law is secondary.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is not permitted, except for employees on duty.

New Mexico

Seat belts are required for the driver and all passengers age 18 and older.

Violation of the seat belt is a standard offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is not permitted for persons under age 18.

New York

Front seat occupants age 16 and older must wear a seat belt.

Violation of the seat belt law is a standard offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pick-up truck is not permitted; some exceptions apply.

North Carolina

Seat belts are required for the driver and all passengers age 16 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law is a standard offense, but secondary for rear seat occupants age 16 and older.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is not permitted for persons under age 17 unless belted or with a supervising adult; some other exceptions apply.

North Dakota

Seat belts are required for the driver and front seat passengers age 18 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law is a secondary offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is permitted.

Ohio

Seat belts are required for the driver and all front seat passengers age 15 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law is a secondary offense;

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is not permitted if the tailgate is unlatched, or for persons under 16 if the vehicle is traveling more than 25 mph; some other exceptions apply.

Oklahoma

Seat belts are required for the driver and all front seat passengers age 13 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law is a standard offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is permitted.

Oregon

Seat belts are required for the driver and all passengers age 8 and older or over 4 feet 9 inches.

Violation of the seat belt law is a standard offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is not permitted for persons under age 18 unless secured by passenger restraint; some other exceptions apply.

Pennsylvania

Seat belts are required for the driver and all front seat passengers age 18 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law is a standard offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is not permitted for persons under age 18 if the vehicle is traveling more than 34 mph; some other exceptions apply.

Rhode Island

Seat belts are required for the driver and all passengers age 18 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law is a standard offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is not permitted for persons under age 16 unless secured by passenger restraint.

South Carolina

Seat belts are required for the driver and all passengers age 6 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law is a standard offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is not permitted for persons under age 15 unless an adult is present or when secured by passenger restraint; some other exceptions apply.

South Dakota

Seat belts are required for the driver and all passengers age 18 and older in the front seat.

Violation of the seat belt law is a secondary offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is permitted.

Tennessee

Seat belts are required for the driver and all front seat passengers age 16 and older.

Violation of seat belt law is a standard offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is not permitted for persons under age 12; some other exceptions apply.

Texas

Seat belts are required for drivers and all passengers ages 17 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law is a standard offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is not permitted for persons under age 18 or in vehicles that are the only vehicles owned by members of the household; other exceptions apply.

Utah

Seat belts or appropriate child safety seats are required for the driver and all passengers age 8 and older or 4 feet 9 inches or taller.

Violation of the seat belt law is a secondary offense; however, it is a standard offense for people under 19.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is not permitted, except for employees on duty; other exceptions apply.

Vermont

Seat belts are required for the driver and all passengers age 18 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law is a secondary offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is permitted.

Virginia

Seat belts are required for the driver and all front seat passengers age 18 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law is a secondary offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is not permitted for persons under age 16; some other exceptions apply.

Washington

Seat belts or appropriate child safety seats are required for the driver and all passengers.

Violation of the seat belt law is a standard offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is permitted.

West Virginia

Seat belts are required for the driver and all front seat passengers age 18 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law is a standard offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is permitted.

Wisconsin

All passengers in a motor vehicle need to be restrained, either with a seat belt, booster seat or a child seat.

Violation of the seat belt law is a standard offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck beds is not permitted, except for parades, hunting, farm operations, and employees on duty; some other exceptions apply.

Wyoming

Seat belts are required for the driver and all passengers age 9 and older.

Violation of the seat belt law is a secondary offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is permitted.

Puerto Rico

Any person who drives or rides as a passenger in a motor vehicle, which should be equipped with safety belts, shall be bound to fasten said belt around his or her body while the vehicle is being driven along the public thoroughfares.


Canada

Alberta

In a motor vehicle equipped with a seat belt assembly, the driver and the passengers must wear the complete seat belt assembly.

It is not permissible to remove, render partly or wholly inoperative, or modify a seat belt assembly in a motor vehicle to reduce its effectiveness.

A person may ride in the bed of a truck: (1) when the nature of the person’s occupation requires the person to ride in the bed; or (2) when the person is engaged or employed in agricultural, horticultural, or livestock raising operations and riding in the bed of the truck is related to one of these operations.

British Columbia

Where a vehicle is fitted with seat belts, the complete seat belt must be worn properly unless the person has an official exemption form signed by a medical practitioner.

Exemptions exist only for vehicles manufactured without seat belts, taxis, police, and emergency vehicles, buses made before 1995 weighing more than 4,536 kg, and for verified and certified medical reasons.

Manitoba

The driver and passengers of a motor vehicle must wear passenger restraints when the vehicle is driven on the highway. When a passenger restraint consists of a separate pelvic and torso restraint, the driver and passengers may wear the pelvic restraint only.

It is illegal to ride on a vehicle or on any portion not designed or intended for the use of passengers.

Failure to comply with the passenger restraint requirements may result in a fine of up to C$2,000.

New Brunswick

Every driver and passenger of a motor vehicle driven on the highway in which a seat belt assembly is provided must wear the complete seat belt assembly.

It is not permissible to operate a motor vehicle on a highway with a person in any portion of the motor vehicle not designed or used for carrying passengers, or to ride in a motor vehicle in the portion not designed for carrying passengers unless the motor vehicle is: (1) used in a parade approved by an appropriate government authority; (2) transporting persons who are working while being transported on the motor vehicle; or (3) transporting persons to or from a work site.

Newfoundland and Labrador

All drivers and front seat passengers must wear properly fastened seat belts unless a person is driving a vehicle in reverse, a person holds a certified report by a qualified physician stating that for medical reasons the person cannot wear a seat belt, or the person is engaged in work that requires the person to reenter the vehicle frequently, provided that he or she is driving below 50 km/h.

Riding in pickup truck beds is permitted.

Northwest Territories

Seat belts are required for all drivers and passengers.

No person may ride and no driver may permit a person to ride in the box of a truck unless the truck is being operated within a municipality or settlement the has a by-law permitting a person to do so and is travelling at less than 25 km/h; or is a vehicle engaged in highway maintenance, an enforcement or emergency vehicle, part of an approved parade, or a garbage disposal vehicle being used to collect garbage.

Nova Scotia

All occupants must wear a seat belt or an age-appropriate child restraint seat.

Except for employees engaged in the necessary discharge of a duty passengers are not permitted to be transported in space intended for merchandise unless the trucks have secure seating accommodation and all such persons are seated while being so transported.

Nunavut

Seat belts are required for the driver and all passengers.

Passengers may ride in the box of a truck if the box is totally enclosed, the truck is being operated within a municipality or settlement at less than 30 km/h, or on a motor vehicle forming part of a parade that has been approved by the proper authority.

Ontario

Every person who drives on a highway a motor vehicle in which a seat belt assembly is provided for the driver must wear the complete seat belt assembly in a properly adjusted and securely fastened manner.

Every person who is a passenger on a highway in a motor vehicle in which a seat belt assembly is provided for the seating position occupied by the passenger must wear the complete seat belt assembly in a properly adjusted and securely fastened manner.

Use of seat belts is not required for a person who: (1) is driving a motor vehicle in reverse; (2) holds a certificate signed by a legally qualified medical practitioner certifying that the person is unable to wear a seat belt because of a medical condition or physical limitations; or (3) is actually engaged in work that requires him or her to alight from and re-enter the vehicle at frequent intervals and is not driving at a speed exceeding 40 km/h.

Prince Edward Island

The driver and passengers of a motor vehicle must wear a seat belt.

The owner of a motor vehicle must make sure that all seat belts are in good working condition.

Quebec

Every person, while in a moving road vehicle, must wear, properly fastened, the seat belt with which his or her seat is equipped unless: (1) the person is driving in reverse; (2) the person is a taxi driver performing his or her functions on a numbered highway with a speed limit set by a municipality or on an unnumbered highway; or (3) after meeting certain conditions, the person has been issued a medical exemption certificate by the SAAQ.

In no case may the driver of a vehicle allow more passengers in his or her vehicle than there are places available for them to sit.

No person may drive a vehicle if the front seat is occupied by more than 3 persons or more than 2 persons if the front of the vehicle is equipped with chair seats.

Riding in pickup truck beds is not permitted.

Saskatchewan

The driver of a motor vehicle must wear a seat belt that is properly adjusted and securely fastened.

Yukon

Every person who drives on a highway a motor vehicle in which a seat belt is installed for the driver must be properly secured in a seat belt unless the person is doing work that requires him or her to get out of and re-enter the motor vehicle at frequent intervals and who, while doing that work, does not drive the motor vehicle faster than 30 km/h, does not drive through an intersection, and does not drive more than 250 meters without stopping.

Every person who is a passenger in a motor vehicle that is being operated on a highway must wear a seat belt if a seat belt is installed for the seat the passenger occupies, or if there is an unoccupied seat with a seat belt.

The following vehicles are exempted from the passenger restraint requirements: taxis, school buses, transit buses, motor coaches, emergency vehicles, rental vehicles, vehicles not licensed in the Yukon, and motor homes.

Riding in the bed of a truck is permitted.