Railroad Crossing (Click here for Canada)

United States

Alabama

Driver shall keep to the right half of highway at railroad crossing unless area is obstructed or impassable.

School buses, vehicles carrying explosives, and buses or trucks carrying passengers must stop at all railroad crossings.

Alaska

All vehicles are required to stop when warning signs indicate to stop.

School buses and vehicles carrying fuel or hazardous material are required to stop at all railroad crossings.

Arizona

A person approaching a railroad grade crossing shall stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of the railroad and may not proceed if a clearly visible electric or mechanical signal device gives warning of the immediate approach of a train, a crossing gate is lowered or a human flagman gives or continues to give a signal of the approach or passage of a train, or a train approaching within approximately 1500 feet of the highway crossing emits a signal audible, an approaching train is plainly visible and is in hazardous proximity to the crossing, or any other unsafe conditions exist.

A driver suspecting a malfunctioning signal device where there is no gate or barrier may cross if there is a clear line of sight at least one mile in all directions and there is no evidence of an approaching train.

Motor vehicles carrying passengers for hire, school buses, and vehicles containing explosive or flammable materials must stop at all crossings except those in business or residential districts, or where a police officer or signal directs traffic to proceed.

Arkansas

Vehicles are not required to stop unless directed by warning signals or when train is approaching.

Buses transporting passengers and vehicles transporting hazardous waste must stop.

California

Buses carrying passengers, motortrucks transporting employees, school buses, and vehicles carrying flammable materials, farm labor vehicles carrying passengers, commercial motor vehicles carrying chlorine, commercial motor vehicles requiring markings or placards according to federal regulations, cargo tank motor vehicles transporting a commodity that at time of loading had a temperature above its flashpoint, and cargo tankers whether loaded or empty must stop less than 50 feet but more than 15 feet from the nearest rail before proceeding, unless otherwise directed by a traffic officer or traffic control device.

All other vehicles need only stop when directed to do so by traffic signal or traffic officer.

Colorado

Any driver of a motor vehicle approaching a railroad crossing sign shall slow down to a reasonable speed.

If required to stop, driver shall stop at the marked stop line. If there is no line, driver shall stop no less than 15 feet nor more than 50 feet from the railroad crossing.

The driver of a school bus, or the driver of any vehicle carrying hazardous materials, is required to stop vehicle, listen, and look before proceeding across railroad tracks.

Connecticut

Commercial vehicles transporting passengers, school buses, and operators of vehicles carrying hazardous materials must stop at railroad crossings.

Delaware

Whenever any person driving a vehicle approaches a railroad grade crossing, drawbridge, or automatic signal system controlling the flow of traffic, the driver of such vehicle shall stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of such railroad, and shall not proceed until the driver can do so safely.

District of Columbia

All drivers must stop between 15 and 50 feet of a railroad crossing before safely crossing it, in any of the following circumstances:

A clearly visible electric or mechanical signal gives warning of an approaching train,

A crossing gate is lowered or human flagman gives a signal of an approaching train,

A train approaching within 1,500 feet emits an audible signal and is an immediate hazard, or

An approaching train is plainly visible and in hazardous proximity to the crossing.

Florida

Any person driving a school bus and approaching a railroad-highway grade crossing shall stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of such railroad and shall not proceed until he or she can do so safely when a highway sign is indicating that a train is approaching or when the driver can hear or see an approaching train. Drivers of commercial vehicles shall slow before crossing the tracks and check that the tracks are clear of an approaching train.

Georgia

A driver must stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of a railroad when: (1) a clearly visible device gives warning of the immediate approach of a train; (2) a crossing gate is lowered or a human flagman signals the approach of a train; (3) an approaching train is plainly visible and is in hazardous proximity to the crossing; or (4) a stop sign is posted.

Motor vehicles carrying passengers for hire, school buses, and vehicles containing hazardous substances, explosive substances, or flammable liquids must stop at all railroad crossings and look and listen in both directions.

Hawaii

Vehicles approaching a railroad crossing must stop within 55 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail when a signal device indicates the immediate approach of a train, a crossing gate is lowered or a flagman signals stop, a train within 1,500 feet signals that it is approaching, or is in hazardous proximity to the crossing.

Idaho

Whenever a person driving a vehicle approaches a railroad crossing and there is a signal indicating an approaching train, the driver must stop within 50 feet, but not less than 15 feet, from the nearest rail of the railroad and must not proceed until he or she can do so safely. It is unlawful to drive through, around, or under any crossing gate or barrier while the gate or barrier is closed or is being opened or closed.

A school bus must come to a complete stop before crossing any railroad track.

Illinois

Driver’s are required to stop between 15 and 50 feet of the nearest rail of a railroad crossing when a signal indicates the approach of a train, or an approaching train is plainly visible.

All drivers of vehicles for hire carrying passengers, buses, or vehicles carrying hazardous materials must stop between 15 and 50 feet of the nearest rail before proceeding.

Indiana

Passenger vehicles, buses carrying passengers, motortrucks carrying employees, school buses, and vehicles carrying flammable material must stop between 15 and 50 feet from the nearest railroad tracks before proceeding, unless directed to do otherwise by a traffic signal or traffic officer.

Iowa

All vehicles must stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet of a railroad crossing when warning of the immediate approach of a train or railroad equipment is given by automatic signal, crossing gates, a flag person, or otherwise. The vehicle must stop, remain standing, and not traverse the crossing when a crossing gate is lowered or when a human flagman continues to give a signal of the approach or passage of a train or railroad equipment.

Kansas

All drivers must stop between 15 and 50 feet of a railroad crossing in any of the following circumstances: a clearly visible electric or mechanical signal gives warning; a crossing gate is lowered or a human flagman gives warning; a train approaching within 1,500 feet gives an audible signal; or an approaching train is plainly visible and in hazardous proximity to the railroad crossing.

Buses, motor vehicles carrying hazardous materials, and trucks carrying hazardous materials must stop at all railroad crossings.

Kentucky

The operator of a vehicle must stop at a railroad crossing when a signal device warns of the immediate approach of a train, an approaching train is visible and in hazardous proximity, or a human flagman signals the approach of a train.

The operator of any bus or motor vehicle used for transporting children must stop not less than 10 feet nor more than 30 feet from the nearest track before crossing any railroad, except where crossing is protected by gates or a flagman is employed.

Louisiana

Any person driving a motor vehicle that approaches a railroad crossing must stop between 15 and 50 feet of the railroad crossing if 1 of the following occurs: (1) a clearly visible signal device gives warning of the approach of a railroad train; (2) a crossing gate is lowered, or a human flagman stops traffic; (3) a fast moving railroad train approaching within approximately 900 feet of the highway crossing emits a signal; (4) an approaching train is plainly visible and is in hazardous proximity to such crossing; and (5) a stop signal is at the railroad grade crossing.

Any motor vehicle carrying passengers for hire, school buses, and any vehicle carrying hazardous material must stop between 15 and 50 feet of all railroad crossings and then proceed when it is safe to do so.

Maryland

A driver of a vehicle shall stop between 15-50 feet of a railroad crossing whenever a crossing gate is lowered, a flagman signals the approach or passage of a railroad train, a railroad train approaching within 1,500 feet of the crossing gives an audible signal that because of its speed or nearness it is an immediate danger, or a railroad train is plainly visible and is approaching dangerously near to the crossing.

The following vehicles are to stop at all railroad crossings: vehicles carrying passengers for hire; school vehicles carrying any passengers; every bus owned or operated by a church and carrying any passenger; every vehicle carrying flammable liquids or explosives; and every vehicle carrying hazardous materials.

Massachusetts

Every person operating a motor vehicle, upon approaching a railroad crossing shall reduce the speed of the vehicle to a reasonable and proper rate before proceeding over the crossing, and shall proceed over the crossing at a rate of speed and with such care as is reasonable and proper under the circumstances.

Every person operating a school bus or any motor vehicle carrying explosive substances or flammable liquids as cargo, upon approaching a railroad crossing, shall bring his vehicle to a full stop not less than 15 feet and not more than 50 feet from the nearest track of the railroad and shall not proceed to cross until it is safe to do so.

Michigan

Vehicles must stop between 15 and 50 feet from the nearest rail when a signal indicates the approach of a train or if a train is clearly visible.

All motor vehicles carrying passengers for hire or hazardous material must stop before crossing.

Minnesota

When a stop sign has been erected at a railroad crossing, the driver of a vehicle approaching a railroad crossing shall stop   or yield between 10 and 50 feet from the nearest track of the crossing and can only proceed upon exercising due care and when the roadway is clear of traffic so that the vehicle can proceed without stopping until the rear of the vehicle is at least 10 feet past the farthest railroad track.

When any person driving a vehicle approaches a railroad grade crossing, the driver must stop at least 10 feet away from the nearest railroad track if a clearly visible electric or mechanical signal device warns of the immediate approach of the railroad train, or an approaching train is visible and is in a hazardous proximity.

Mississippi

Whenever a person driving a vehicle approaches a railroad crossing and a clearly visible electric or mechanical signal device gives warning of the immediate approach of a train, the driver of such vehicle shall stop within 50 feet but not less than 10 feet from the nearest track of the railroad and shall not proceed until he can do so safely.

The driver of a vehicle shall stop and remain standing and not traverse a railroad crossing when a crossing gate is lowered or when a human flagman gives or continues to give a signal of the approach or passage of a train.

The State Highway Commission is authorized to designate particularly dangerous highway railroad crossings and to erect stop signs thereat. When such stop signs are erected, the driver of any vehicle shall stop within 50 feet but not less than 10 feet from the nearest track and shall proceed only upon exercise of due care.

The driver of any motor vehicle for hire carrying passengers or any school bus carrying any school child must stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of a crossing to listen and look in both directions for any approaching train or signals indicating the approach of a train and shall not proceed until he can do so safely.

The driver of any motor vehicle for hire carrying passengers or any school bus carrying any school child does not need to stop at a railroad crossing where a police officer or a traffic control signal directs traffic to proceed.

Missouri

The driver of a vehicle must approach a railroad crossing in a manner so that he will be able to stop if necessary. The driver must stop the vehicle not less than 15 feet and not more than 50 feet from the nearest rail of the railroad track and must not proceed until he can do so safely if: (1) a clearly visible electric or mechanical signal device warns of the approach of a train; (2) a crossing gate is lowered or a human flagman gives or continues to give a signal or warning of the approach or passage of a train; (3) a train is visible and is in hazardous proximity to the crossing; or (4) any other sign, device, or law requires the vehicle to stop.

No person may drive any vehicle through, around, or under any crossing gate or barrier at a railroad crossing when a train is approaching while such gate or barrier is closed or is being opened or closed.

No person may drive a vehicle through a railroad crossing when there is not sufficient space to drive completely through the crossing.

No person may drive a vehicle through a railroad crossing unless the vehicle has sufficient undercarriage clearance necessary to prevent the undercarriage of the vehicle from contacting the railroad crossing.

Maine

Whenever a person driving a vehicle approaches a railroad crossing shall at a distance of 100 feet slowdown to a reasonable speed, check in both directions and proceed cautiously. At a signal indicating an approaching train, the driver must stop not less than 10 feet from the nearest rail of the railroad and must not proceed until he can do so safely.

A bus transporting passengers, a motor vehicle transporting any quantity of chlorine, a motor vehicle required to be marked or placarded according to federal law, or a cargo tank vehicle whether loaded or empty, must come to a complete stop before crossing any railroad track.

School buses are required to stop at railroad track crossings not more than 50 feet or less than 15 feet from the nearest rail.

Montana

When stop signs are erected at railroad crossings, the driver of a vehicle must stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of the railroad and may proceed only upon exercising due care.

At all railroad crossings outside of corporate limits of incorporated cities or towns where a flagman or a mechanical device is not maintained and where the view is obscured or when a moving train is within sight or hearing, the driver must bring the vehicle to a full stop not less than 10 or more than 100 feet from the intersection of the highway and the railroad tracks before crossing the railroad tracks.

Unless a police officer or traffic-control signal directs traffic to proceed, vehicles carrying 7 or more passengers for hire, school buses, and vehicles carrying explosives or flammable liquids as cargo must stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of the railroad. The driver must listen and look in both directions along the track for an approaching train and for signals indicating the approach of a train and may not proceed until he or she can do so safely. The driver may not shift gears while crossing the track or tracks.

Nebraska

Driver shall stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the railroad track if any of the following conditions are present: (1) a clearly visible electric or mechanical signal device is giving warning of the immediate approach of a train; (2) a crossing gate is lowered or a flag-person is giving warning of an approaching train; or (3) an approaching train is plainly visible or audible and is in hazardous proximity.

No person shall drive any vehicle through, around, or under any crossing gate or barrier at a railroad crossing while such gate or barrier is closed or being opened or closed.

The driver of any bus for hire carrying passengers or of any school bus, shall stop such vehicle within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the railroad and shall not proceed until he or she can do so safely.

Nevada

Whenever a person driving a vehicle approaches a railroad crossing and a clearly visible traffic-control or railroad device gives warning of the immediate approach of a train, the driver shall stop the vehicle 15-50 feet from the nearest track of the railroad.

A driver is also required to stop whenever a crossing gate is lowered or a flagman gives a signal of the approach or passage of a train, whenever a train approaching within 1,500 feet of the highway crossing emits an audible signal and the train is an immediate hazard, or whenever an approaching train is plainly visible and is in hazardous proximity to such crossing.

Any motor vehicle carrying passengers for hire, any school bus carrying any school child, any vehicle having a normal operating speed of 10 mph or less, or any vehicle carrying an explosive or flammable liquid must stop 15-50 feet from the nearest track of the railroad at all railroad crossings.

New Hampshire

Driver’s approaching a railroad grade crossing under any of the following circumstances shall stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail: a clearly visible electric or mechanical signal device gives warning of the immediate approach of a train; a crossing gate is lowered or a flagman gives or continues to give a signal of approach; a railroad train approaching within approximately 1,500 feet of the crossing emits a signal audible from such a distance that such train is an immediate hazard; or an approaching train is plainly visible and is in hazardous proximity to such crossing.

No person shall drive any vehicle through, around, or under any crossing or barrier at a railroad crossing while such a gate or barrier is closed or is being opened or closed.

The driver of any vehicle carrying passengers for hire, or any school bus carrying any school child, before crossing any railroad tracks, shall stop the vehicle within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of such railroad and, while stopped, shall listen and look in both directions for any approaching train, and for signals indicating the approach of a train, and shall not proceed until driver can do so safely.

New Jersey

A person driving a vehicle approaching a railroad grade crossing must stop between 50 feet and 15 feet from the nearest rail and shall not proceed until he can do so safely whenever: (1) a clearly visible electric or mechanical signal device gives warning of the immediate approach of a railroad train; (2) a crossing gate is lowered or when a human flagman gives or continues to give a signal of the approach or passage of a railroad train; (3) a railroad train approaching within approximately 1,500 feet of the highway crossing emits a signal audible from such distance and such railroad train, by reason of its speed or nearness to such crossing, is an immediate hazard; or (4) an approaching railroad train is plainly visible and is in hazardous proximity to such crossing.

Any school bus carrying any child or children must stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of every railroad crossing to listen and look in both directions for any approaching train or signals indicating the approach of a train.

New Mexico

Drivers must stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail when signaled to do so or an approaching train is plainly visible and in hazardous proximity to a crossing.

Vehicles for hire carrying passengers or vehicles carrying hazardous material must stop at all crossings.

New York

Whenever any person driving a vehicle approaches a railroad grade crossing under any of the following circumstances, the driver of such vehicle shall stop, not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail and shall not proceed until he or she can do so safely. This applies when (1) an audible or clearly visible electronic or mechanical signal device gives warning of the immediate approach of a train; (2) a crossing gate is lowered or a human flagman gives a signal of the approach of a train; (3) a train approaches within 1,500 feet, and by its proximity is a hazard; or (4) a train emits a warning sound, and by its proximity is a hazard.

The driver of any bus carrying passengers, of any school bus, any vehicle carrying explosive materials or flammable liquids, any crawler-type tractor, steam shovel, derrick roller, or any equipment or structure having a normal operating speed of 10 mph or less, or a vertical body or a load clearance of less than 1/2 inch per foot of the distance between any 2 adjacent axles shall stop such vehicle within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of the railroad and while stopped shall listen and look in both directions for any approaching train and shall not proceed until he or she can do so safely.

North Carolina

The driver of any vehicle shall stop the vehicle within 15-50 feet of a railroad crossing when there is a stop sign, clearly visible electrical or mechanical signal device giving warning of the immediate approach of a train, a crossing gate is lowered, a human flagman gives a signal of the approach of a train, a train approaching within 1,500 feet emits a signal audible from that distance and is an immediate hazard, or an approaching train is plainly visible and in hazardous proximity to the crossing.

Vehicles other than a school bus, activity bus, motor vehicle carrying passengers for compensation, vehicle over 10,000 lbs. that is carrying hazardous materials, and any motor vehicle with a capacity of at least 16 persons do not need to stop at railroad tracks used for industrial switching purposes, where a police officer or flagman directs traffic to proceed, if there is a railroad gate that flashes to indicate an approaching train, or at an industrial or spur line crossing marked with a sign reading “Exempt.”

North Dakota

A person driving a vehicle must stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of a railroad, and may not proceed until he can do so safely, whenever: (1) a clearly visible electric or mechanical signal gives warning of the immediate approach of a train; (2) a crossing gate is lowered or when a human flagman gives or continues to give a signal of the approach or passage of a train; (3) a train approaching within approximately 1/4 mile emits an audible signal; or (4) an approaching railroad train is plainly visible and is in hazardous proximity to the crossing.

Driving through, around, or under any crossing gate or barrier at a railroad crossing while such gate or barrier is closed or is being opened or closed is not permitted. Driving past any human flagman is not permitted until the flagman signals that the way is clear.

A bus carrying passengers or any school bus must stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of a railroad to look and listen for signals indicating the approach of a train and may not proceed until it is safe.

Ohio

Vehicles must stop within 50 feet, but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail if signaled to do so or if an approaching train is plainly visible.

Special vehicles, buses, or motortrucks transporting employees, buses transporting passengers, school buses, and vehicles transporting hazardous materials are required to stop.

Oklahoma

A driver must stop between 15 and 50 feet from a railroad crossing whenever a clearly visible electric or mechanical signal gives warning of the immediate approach of a train; a crossing gate is lowered; a human flagman gives a signal of the approach or passage of a train; a train approaching within 1,500 feet of the crossing emits a signal audible from such distance and the train is an immediate hazard; or when the approaching train is plainly visible and is in hazardous proximity to the crossing.

The following vehicles are required to stop at all railroad crossings: motor vehicles carrying passengers for hire; commercial and school buses; vehicles carrying explosive substances or flammable liquids; and commercial vehicles carrying hazardous materials.

Oregon

The operator of a vehicle must stop at a clearly marked stop line on the nearest side of a railroad crossing or, if there is no clearly marked stop line, not less than 15 feet or more than 50 feet from the nearest rail of a railroad crossing under any of the following circumstances: an electric signal warning of a coming train is given; a crossing gate is lowered; a flagman indicates the approach of a train; an approaching train is clearly visible; or an approaching train has given an audible signal.

The operator of a school bus, a school activity vehicle, a worker transport bus, any bus used to transport children to and from church or a church activity, a commercial bus, any vehicle used for transportation of persons for hire for a nonprofit entity, and any vehicle carrying hazardous materials must stop at a clearly marked stop line on the nearest side of a railroad crossing or, if there is no clearly marked stop line, not less than 15 or more than 50 feet from the nearest rail of a railroad crossing and may proceed only if it is safe to do so without manually changing gears.

Pennsylvania

The driver of a vehicle approaching a railroad crossing must stop within 50 feet but no less than 15 feet under the following circumstances: (1) a clearly visible electric or mechanical signal device gives warning of the immediate approach of a railroad train; (2) a crossing gate is lowered or a flagman gives or continues to give a signal of the approach of a railroad train; (3) a railroad train approaching within approximately 1,500 feet of the highway crossing emits a signal audible from that distance; and (4) the railroad train, by reason of its speed or nearness to the crossing, is a hazard.

Rhode Island

Every vehicle must stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of a railroad crossing when: (1) a clearly visible electric or mechanical signal device gives warning of the immediate approach of a train; (2) a crossing gate is lowered or a human flag-person gives or continues to give signal of the approach or passage of a train; (3) a train approaching within approximately 1,500 feet of the crossing emits an audible signal; or (4) an approaching train is plainly visible and in hazardous proximity to the crossing. A vehicle may not proceed over the tracks until it is safe to do so.

No person may drive a vehicle through, around, or under any crossing gate or barrier while it is closed or being opened or closed.

The driver of any motor vehicle carrying passengers for hire, any school bus carrying any child, any vehicle carrying any cargo or explosive or flammable substances, must stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of the railroad to listen and look for an approaching train and may not proceed until it is safe to do so.

South Carolina

Whenever any person driving a vehicle approaches a railroad grade crossing, the driver of the vehicle must stop within 50 feet, but not less than 15 feet, from the nearest rail of the railroad and must not proceed until he or she can do so safely. The requirements apply when: (1) a clearly visible electric or mechanical signal device gives warning of the immediate approach of a railroad train; (2) a crossing gate is lowered or when a flagman gives or continues to give a signal of the approach or passage of a railroad train; (3) a railroad train approaching within approximately 1,500 feet of the highway crossing emits a signal audible from such distance and the train, by reason of its speed or nearness to the crossing, is an immediate hazard; or (4) an approaching railroad train is plainly visible and is in hazardous proximity to the crossing.

A person must not drive any vehicle through, around, or under any crossing gate or barrier at a railroad crossing while the gate or barrier is closed or is being opened or closed.

The DOT and local authorities with the approval of DOT may designate particularly dangerous highway grade crossings of railroads and erect stop signs at those crossings. When such signs are erected, the driver of any vehicle must stop between 15 and 50 feet from the nearest rail of the railroad and must proceed with care.

Notwithstanding the indication of a traffic signal to proceed, a driver must not enter an intersection, a marked crosswalk, or drive onto a railroad grade crossing unless there is sufficient space on the other side of the intersection, crosswalk, or railroad grade crossing to accommodate the vehicle the driver is operating without obstructing the passage of the other vehicles, pedestrians, or railroad trains.

When stopping as required at a railroad crossing, the driver must keep as far to the right of the highway as possible and must not form 2 lanes of traffic unless the roadway is marked for 2 or more lanes of traffic on the driver’s side of the center line of the highway.

South Dakota

If any person driving a motor vehicle approaches a railroad grade crossing and a clearly visible or audible signal gives warning of the immediate approach of a railway train, he or she must bring the vehicle to a complete stop 15 to 50 feet from the nearest rail of the railroad. The driver must not proceed until it is safe to do so.

Tennessee

At railroad crossings that have been deemed particularly dangerous and marked with stop signs, all vehicles must stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of the railroad, and may proceed only upon exercising due care.

The driver of any vehicle carrying passengers for hire, or of any school bus, or of any vehicle carrying hazardous materials, must stop such vehicle within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of the railroad, and must not proceed until it is safe to do so.

Failure to obey these provisions may result in a fine of at least $250 but not more than $1,000.

Texas

A driver approaching a railroad crossing must stop not closer than 15 feet or farther than 50 feet from the nearest rail if: (1) a clearly visible railroad signal warns of the approach of a railroad train; (2) a crossing gate is lowered, or a flagger warns of an approach; (3) a railroad engine approaching within approximately 1,500 feet of the highway crossing emits a signal audible from that distance and the engine is an immediate hazard because of its speed or proximity to the crossing; (4) an approaching railroad train is plainly visible and is in hazardous proximity to the crossing; or (5) the driver is required to stop by a traffic-control device or signal. A driver must remain stopped until permitted to proceed and it is safe to proceed.

The driver of a vehicle who approaches a railroad crossing equipped with railroad crossbuck signs without automatic, electric, or mechanical signal devices, crossing gates, or a flagger warning of the approach or passage of a train must yield the right-of-way to a train in hazardous proximity to the crossing, and proceed at a speed that is reasonable for the existing conditions. If required for safety, the driver must stop at a clearly marked stop line before the grade crossing or, if no stop line exists, not closer than 15 feet or farther than 50 feet from the nearest rail.

Utah

Whenever any person driving a vehicle approaches a railroad grade crossing, the driver of the vehicle shall stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of the railroad track and may not proceed if: a clearly visible electric or mechanical signal device gives warning of the immediate approach of a train; a crossing gate is lowered, or a human flagman gives a signal of the approach of a train; a railroad train approaching within approximately 1,500 feet of the highway crossing emits a signal audible from such a distance and the train by reason of its speed or nearness to the crossing is an immediate hazard; an approaching train is plainly visible and is in hazardous proximity to the crossing; or there is any other condition which makes it unsafe to continue through the crossing.

A person may not drive any vehicle through, around, or under any crossing gate or barrier at a railroad grade crossing gate or barrier is closed or is being opened or closed, warning lights are flashing, audible warning devices are being sounded, or other traffic control devices signal the approach of a railroad train.

Vermont

When an electronic or mechanical signal device gives warning of an approaching train, a crossing gate is lowered, a train approaching emits a signal that is audible, or a stop sign has been erected, then a driver approaching a railroad crossing shall stop within 50 feet, but no less than 15 feet, of such crossing and may not proceed until he can do so safely.

The driver of any motor vehicle carrying passengers, any bus, any vehicle carrying explosive substances or flammable liquids shall stop within 50 feet, but no less than 15 feet, from the nearest rail of the railroad crossing.

Virginia

All vehicles must stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail on a railroad crossing if either signaled to do so or if an approaching train is plainly visible.

Except in cities or towns, the driver of any motor vehicle carrying passengers for hire, or of any vehicle carrying explosive substances or flammable liquids, must stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of a railroad.

Washington

A driver must stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of a railroad under any of the following circumstances: when a clearly visible electric or mechanical signal device gives warning of the immediate approach of a train; when a crossing gate is lowered or a human flagman gives or continues to give a signal of the approach or passage of a train; or when an approaching train is plainly visible and is in hazardous proximity to such crossing. The driver must not proceed until the crossing can be made safely.

No person may drive any vehicle through, around, or under any crossing gate or barrier at a railroad crossing while the gate or barrier is closed or is being opened or closed.

When a stop sign is erected at a railroad crossing, the driver of a vehicle must stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of the railroad and must proceed only upon exercising due care.

West Virginia

The driver of a vehicle must stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of a railroad when: (1) a clearly visible electric or mechanical signal device gives warning of the immediate approach of a railroad train; (2) a crossing gate is lowered or when a human flagman gives or continues to give a signal of the approach of the passage of a railroad train; (3) a railroad train approaching within 1,500 feet of the highway crossing emits a signal audible from such a distance; or (4) an approaching railroad train is plainly visible and is in hazardous proximity to such a crossing.

It is not permissible to drive a vehicle through, around, or under a crossing gate or barrier at a railroad crossing while a gate or barrier is closed, or is being opened or closed.

The driver of a motor vehicle carrying passengers for hire, or of any bus, or of any vehicle carrying explosive substances, flammable liquids, or hazardous materials as cargo, or any vehicle owned by an employer which, in carrying out business, is carrying more than 6 employees of the employer must, before crossing at any track or tracks of the railroad, stop the vehicle within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet of the nearest rail. While stopped, the driver shall listen and look in both directions for an approaching train, or signals of an approaching train, and must not proceed until it is safe to do so. The driver must cross the tracks in a gear that does not require changing of the gears, and must not change gears while crossing.

Wisconsin

The operator of a vehicle must stop at a railroad crossing when a traffic officer or railroad employee signals stop or when a warning device signals stop.

A motor bus transporting passengers, school buses, and any vehicle transporting hazardous materials must stop within 50 feet, but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of a railroad crossing. Such stop need not be made when a police officer or flagman directs traffic to proceed, or a traffic control signal directs traffic to proceed.

Wyoming

The driver of a vehicle must stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of the railroad and must not proceed until he or she can do so safely when: (1) a clearly visible electric or mechanical signal device gives warning of the immediate approach of a train; (2) a crossing gate is lowered or a flagman gives a signal of the approach or passage of a train; and (3) an approaching train is visible or gives an audible warning.

No person may drive a vehicle through, around, or under any crossing gate or barrier at a railroad crossing while the gate or barrier is closed or is being opened or closed.

Puerto Rico

Driver of vehicle may not stop, stand, or park vehicle at a distance of 15 meters or less of the nearest rail of railroad crossing.


Canada

Alberta

At a railroad crossing when: (1) a clearly visible electrical or mechanical signal device gives warning; (2) a crossing gate is lowered or a flagman is giving a signal to indicate approach or passage; (3) a railway train within 500 meters of the crossing is approaching and either sounds an audible signal or is visible; or (4) a railway train is visible and approaching the crossing and by reason of its speed or nearness is an immediate hazard; the driver approaching the crossing must stop the vehicle no closer than 5 meters from the nearest rail of the railway and must not proceed until the train has passed the crossing or has come to a stop.

If a stop sign is erected at a railway crossing, a driver approaching the crossing must stop the vehicle between 5 and 15 meters from the nearest rail of the railway and must not proceed until he can do so safely.

At a railway crossing not controlled by a traffic control signal, the driver of a vehicle that: (1) is a school bus; (2) is carrying explosive substances as cargo; or (3) is used for inflammable liquids or gas, must stop the vehicle between 5 and 15 meters from the nearest rail of the railway. The driver must remain stopped, listen and look in both directions along the railway for an approaching train and for signals indicating the approach of a train, and must not proceed unless the vehicle can cross safely. In the case of a school bus, the driver before proceeding must open the front door and if practicable to do so with 1 hand, must open the window immediately to the left.

Drivers must cross the tracks in a gear that will not need to be changed while crossing the tracks and must not shift gears while crossing.

British Columbia

Drivers must yield to all trains and must stop if a signal or flag person so indicates and not proceed until it is safe to do so. Stop between 5 and 15 meters from the closest rail. If there is a crossing gate down, drivers must wait for it to go up before proceeding.

Manitoba

A driver approaching a railway crossing where a stop or warning sign has been erected must stop the vehicle: (1) not less than 5 meters from the nearest rail of the railway if the crossing is a restricted area; and (2) not less than 15 meters from the nearest rail if the crossing is not in a restricted speed area, and may not proceed until the driver can do so safely, until a traffic control device or flagman ceases to give warning of an approaching train or until a crossing gate is raised.

The driver of a vehicle carrying passengers for compensation, a school bus carrying children, or a vehicle carrying flammable liquids or gas, whether or not full, who is approaching a railway crossing must: (1) stop and look in both directions; (2) listen for signals indicating the approach of a train; and (3) in the case of a bus, open the door of the vehicle. The driver must not proceed unless the driver can do so safely.

It is not permissible to cross the railway tracks in a gear that needs to be changed while crossing the track.

New Brunswick

The driver of a vehicle approaching a railroad crossing must stop the vehicle between 15 and 5 meters from the nearest rail of the railroad, when: (1) an electric or mechanical signal device is exhibiting a warning signal; (2) a crossing gate is lowered or when a human flagman gives or continues to give a signal of the approach of a train; (3) a train is approaching within 500 meters of the crossing that emits an audible signal; and (4) an approaching train is plainly visible and is in hazardous proximity to the crossing. The driver must not cross until the signal is no longer given or the train traffic ceases to exist.

The driver of a motor vehicle carrying passengers for hire, of any bus, or any vehicle carrying explosive substances, or flammable liquid as cargo must stop between 15 and 5 meters from the nearest rail of the roadway. At a stop, the driver must listen and look in both directions for any visible or audible signals of an approaching train, and must not proceed until the driver can do so safely. The driver of these vehicles must not cross in gears that must be shifted when traversing and the driver must not shift gears while crossing.

Newfoundland and Labrador

When a driver of a vehicle is approaching a railway crossing at a time when a clearly visible electrical or mechanical signal device gives warning of the approach of a railway train, a crossing gate is lowered or a person holding a flag is giving a signal of the approach or passage of a railway train, a stop sign has been erected at the crossing, or a railway train in dangerous proximity to a crossing is approaching the crossing and emits an audible signal or is visible, the driver must stop the vehicle at least 5 meters from the nearest rail of the railway and must proceed only when it is safe to do so.

Northwest Territories

When a driver approaches a railway crossing and a warning device or flag operator indicates that a train is approaching, or a train that is approaching is visible or is emitting an audible signal and it is not possible to cross the railway crossing in safety, the driver must stop his vehicle not less than 5 meters from the nearest rail of the railway. The driver must not proceed across the railway crossing until it is safe to do so.

No driver may drive through, around, or under a crossing gate or barrier at a railway crossing when the gate or barrier is closed or is being opened or closed.

Where a stop sign has been erected at a railway crossing, a driver must stop his or her vehicle not less than 5 meters from the nearest rail of the railway and must not proceed until it is safe to do so.

A driver approaching a railway crossing must listen and look in both directions of the crossing for an approaching train.

No driver shall turn his or her vehicle so as to proceed in the opposite direction if he or she is driving on a railway crossing or within 30 m of a railway crossing.

Nova Scotia

Whenever a person driving approaches a railway crossing that gives a clearly visible signal warning of an oncoming train, the driver must stop before crossing the railroad tracks.

A driver must not enter a highway or railway crossing unless there is enough space on the other side to accommodate the vehicle without obstructing the oncoming railroad trains.

Nunavut

Where a driver approaches a railway crossing and a warning device or flag operator indicates that a train is approaching, or a train that is approaching is visible or is emitting an audible signal and it is not possible to cross the railway crossing in safety, or a stop sign has been erected at the railway crossing, the driver shall stop his or her vehicle not less than 5 m from the nearest rail of the railway.

The driver shall not proceed across the railway crossing until it is safe to do so.

Ontario

When the driver of a vehicle is approaching a railway crossing at a time when a clearly visible electrical or mechanical signal device or a flagman is giving warning of the approach of a railway train, he or she must stop the vehicle not less than 5 meters from the nearest rail of the railway and must not proceed until he or she can do so safely.

No person may drive a vehicle through, around, or under a crossing gate or barrier at a railway crossing while the gate or barrier is closed or is being opened or closed.

Prince Edward Island

Although there are no railways in Prince Edward Island, drivers are cautioned when approaching a railway crossing where a signal device or flag person is warning of the approach of a train, to stop not less than five meters from the nearest rail.

Quebec

At a railroad crossing, the driver of a road vehicle or any person riding a bicycle must stop his or her vehicle not less than 5 meters from the railway where a sign, signal, lowered gate, or railway employee signals an approaching rail vehicle, or where the driver or cyclist sees or hears a rail vehicle approaching the railroad crossing.

Even if so authorized by traffic lights, no driver of a road vehicle may enter a railroad crossing if there is not sufficient space ahead of the vehicle to allow him or her to cross the level crossing.

Saskatchewan

The driver of a vehicle must bring the vehicle to a stop when approaching a railway crossing when a signal person or an automatic signal indicates an approaching train.

Yukon

At a railway crossing at any time when (1) a clearly visible electrical or mechanical signal device gives warning of the approach of a railway train, (2) a crossing gate is lowered or a flagman is giving a signal, (3) a train within approximately 500 meters of the crossing is approaching the crossing and either sounds an audible signal or is visible, or (4) a train is visible and approaching the crossing and by reason of its speed or nearness is an immediate hazard, a driver approaching the crossing must not proceed until the train has passed or come to a stop and the driver can proceed safely.

Where a stop sign is erected at a railway crossing, a driver approaching the railway crossing must stop his or her vehicle no closer than 5 meters and no further than 15 meters from the nearest rail of the railway and must proceed until he can do so safely.

When a driver has stopped at a railway crossing, he or she must cross the railway tracks in a gear that he or she will not need to change while crossing the tracks and must not shift gears while crossing.