Motorcycle Equipment (Click here for Canada)

United States

Alabama

Motor-driven cycle includes every motorcycle that, when equipped, weighs less than 200 lbs., motor scooters, and bicycles with a motor attached.

Motor-driven cycle shall have brakes adequate to control movement and stopping of vehicle.

Motorcycle carrying passengers, except in sidecar or enclosed cab, shall have footrests for passenger.

No person shall operate motorcycle with handlebars more than 15 inches in height above seat.

Protective headgear and shoes required for motorcycle operators and passengers.

No parent or legal guardian of juvenile shall knowingly permit or allow juvenile to operate or ride motorcycle without protective headgear or shoes.

Alaska

Glasses, goggles, or a windscreen is required.

Reflectorized helmets are required for operators age 17 and under, for passengers of all ages, and for operators with learner or instructional permits.

Left and right rearview mirrors are required.

Passenger seat and footrests are required if carrying passengers.

A license plate is required.

Daytime headlights must be on while the motorcycle is in operation.

Helmet speakers are prohibited.

Taillights are required.

Arizona

All motorcycle operators under 18 years of age must wear a protective helmet; all operators must wear protective glasses, goggles, or a transparent face shield unless the motorcycle is equipped with a transparent windshield.

A rearview mirror, seat for the operator and passengers, and footrests for both operator and passengers are required; handrails for passengers are required.

Handlebars cannot be above the height of the operator’s shoulders.

License plates shall be displayed on the back of a motorcycle.

Headlamp modulators are permitted.

Arkansas

Driver is required to display lighted lamps at all times though, between sunrise and sunset, may operate either a continuous or pulsating beam.

Every motorcycle shall have either 1 or 2 headlights; a red rear light; electrical turn signals; and at least 1 reflector.

Goggles or face shield is required.

Safety helmet is required for riders under 21.

1 rearview mirror is required.

Passenger seat and footrests are required if carrying a passenger.

California

After 1973, motorcycles must be equipped with lamp-type turn signal systems.

Headlamp modulators are permitted but may not be used during darkness.

After 1978, motorcycles must be equipped with at least 1 and not more than 2 head-lamps that turn on automatically when the engine is started and remain lighted while the engine is running.

Motorcycles must have at least 1 mirror located so as to give the driver a view of at least 200 feet to the rear of the vehicle.

Prohibits a seat position too high for a motorcyclist’s feet to reach the ground while driving.

All riders and passengers of motorcycles and mopeds must wear a safety helmet.

Colorado

Every motorized bicycle shall be equipped with a lamp on the front, which shall emit a white light visible from a distance of at least 500 feet from the front, and a red reflector in the rear.

Riders under 18 and passengers under 18 must wear safety helmets.

Any motorcycle carrying a passenger, other than in a sidecar or enclosed cab, shall be equipped with footrests for such passengers.

Any driver or passenger on a motorcycle or motor-driven cycle on any public highway shall wear goggles or eyeglasses with lenses made of safety glass or plastic.

Connecticut

All motorcycles must have at least 1 brake, and those manufactured after 1973 must have brakes on both the front and rear wheels.

Every motorcycle must have either 1 or 2 headlamps.

All headlamps must be of sufficient intensity to reveal a person or vehicle at a distance of at least 100 feet when the motorcycle is operating below 25 mph, at least 200 feet between 25-35 mph, and 300 feet when traveling 35 mph or more.

Every motorcycle must have at least 1 tail lamp and 1 rear stop lamp.

Every motorcycle must have at least 1 red rear reflector.

A person operating a motorcycle shall not carry another person unless the motorcycle has a seat designed for 2 persons or there is a second seat firmly attached to the rear or side of the operator’s seat.

All motorcycle operators must either have a safety shield installed on the motorcycle, a helmet shield, or wear safety goggles.

All motorcycle operators must wear a protective helmet if they are in their 1st year of licensure, holding learner’s or instructor’s permits, or under age 18.  Passengers under age 18 are required to wear a protective helmet.

Delaware

A person operating a motorcycle shall ride only on the permanent and regular seat.

If the motorcycle is designed for passengers, it must be equipped with passenger footrests.

Every person under age 19 operating or riding on a motorcycle shall have a safety helmet and wear an eye protection approved by the DOT.

Every motorcycle shall be equipped with at least 1 and not more than 2 headlamps.

District of Columbia

Motorcycles must have 1 or 2 headlamps; 1 tail lamp and 1 stop lamp; and 1 red rear reflector.

Motorcycle helmets are required for all riders.

Florida

Every motorcycle shall have brakes capable of developing a brake force that is not less than 43.5% of its gross weight, decelerating to a stop from not more than 20 mph and not less than 14 feet per second, and stopping from a speed of 20 mph in not more than 30 feet. These requirements are based on a surface that is substantially level and is a dry, hard, smooth surface free from loose material.

Every motorcycle shall be equipped with at least 1 and not more than 2 headlamps.

Every motorcycle shall carry on the rear, either as part of the tail lamp or separately at least 1 red reflector.

Every motorcycle shall have at least 1 tail lamp which shall be located at a height of not more than 72 inches and not less than 20 inches measured from the ground.

Either a tail lamp or a separate lamp shall be so constructed and placed as to illuminate with a white light the rear registration plate and render it clearly legible from a distance of 50 feet from the rear.

Any person who operates a motorcycle on the public streets shall, while so engaged, have the headlight or headlights of the motorcycle turned on.

Any motorcycle carrying a passenger, other than in a sidecar or enclosed cab, shall be equipped with footrests for such passenger.

No person shall operate any motorcycle with handlebars that are higher than the top of the shoulders of the person operating the motorcycle.

A person may not operate or ride upon a motorcycle unless the person is properly wearing protective headgear unless the operator is 21 years of age or older and is covered by an insurance policy providing at least $10,000 in medical benefits for injuries incurred as a result of a crash while operating or riding on a motorcycle.

A person may not operate a motorcycle unless the person is wearing an eye-protective device over his or her eyes of a type approved by the DMV.

A person operating a motorcycle shall ride only upon the permanent and regular seat attached and shall not carry any other person unless the motorcycle is specifically designed to carry more than 1 person.

Georgia

A person may wear a headset or headphone for communication purposes while operating a motorcycle.

No person may operate or ride upon a motorcycle unless he or she is wearing protective headgear that complies with standards established by the Commissioner of Public Safety.

No person may operate or ride upon a motorcycle that is not equipped with a windshield unless he or she is wearing an eye protective device that complies with standards established by the Commissioner of Public Safety.

Any motorcycle carrying a passenger, other than in a sidecar or enclosed cab, must be equipped with footrests for such passenger.

Motorcycle handlebars cannot be more than 15 inches in height above that portion of the seat occupied by the operator. Motorcycles cannot be equipped with a backrest more commonly known as a sissy bar that is designed in such a way as to create a sharp point at its apex.

A person must ride a motorcycle only upon the permanent and regular seat; and the operator must not carry any other person unless the motorcycle is designed to carry more than 1 person.

Hawaii

Operators and passengers on motorcycles must wear safety glasses, goggles, or a face shield, unless the motorcycle is equipped with a windscreen.

No person less than 18 years of age may operate or ride as a passenger on a motorcycle or moped unless the person wears a safety helmet.

It is unlawful for any motorcycle or motor scooter driver to carry as a passenger a person under the age of 7 years.

Every motorcycle or motor scooter must have at least 1 lighted headlight which must be in use from 30 minutes after sunset until 30 minutes before sunrise, and must be powerful enough to reveal a person, vehicle, or substantial object at least 200 feet ahead.

Every motorcycle or motor scooter must have at least 1 lighted, red taillight which must be in use from 30 minutes after sunset until 30 minutes before sunrise and must be powerful enough so as to be visible from a distance of 200 feet to the rear.

If carrying a passenger, a motorcycle must be equipped with footrests, unless the passenger is riding in a sidecar.

Idaho

A helmet of a type and quality equal to or better than the standards established for helmets by the director of the ITD must be worn by operators or passengers under 18 years of age.

Motorcycles are required to have at least 1 and not more than 2 headlamps.

A motorcycle may be equipped with either single-beam or multiple-beam lighting, provided that it be of sufficient intensity to reveal a person or vehicle not less than 100 feet away when the motorcycle is traveling at a speed less than 25 mph, or at a distance of not less than 200 feet when the motorcycle is traveling at a speed of 25 mph or more, or at a distance of 300 feet when the motorcycle is traveling at a speed of 35 mph or more.

Every motorcycle must have 1 red reflector on the rear. The reflector must be visible at night from all distances within 350 feet to 100 feet from the vehicle when seen by the upper beams of another vehicle’s headlamps.

Every motorcycle must be equipped with at least 1 stop lamp but is not required to have mechanical or electrical turn signals.

To lawfully carry a passenger, a motorcycle must be equipped with footrests specifically designed for said passenger.

Illinois

A person operating a motorcycle shall ride only upon the permanent and regular attached seat and such operator shall not carry any other person nor shall any other person ride on a motorcycle unless such motorcycle is designed for that purpose.

Any motorcycle carrying a passenger, other than in a sidecar or enclosed cab, must be equipped with footrests for such passenger.

No person shall operate any motorcycle with handlebars higher than the height of the shoulders of the operator when seated on the motorcycle.

Every driver and passenger must be protected by glasses, goggles, or a transparent shield.

Motorcycles and motor-driven cycles need not be equipped with electric turn signals.

Indiana

Helmets and eye protection are required for all riders and passengers under the age of 18.

A motorcycle operated on the roads of Indiana must be equipped with handlebars that are not higher than the shoulders of the driver when seated in the saddle.

Additionally, the motorcycle must have good working front and rear brakes, and be equipped with lights and reflectors meeting the standards of the U.S. Department of Transportation.

Motorcycles that were manufactured before January 1, 1956, are not required to be equipped with headlights and other light devices if they are not operated when these lights are necessary for safety.

Iowa

A person must not operate or ride a motorcycle on the highways with another person on the motorcycle unless the motorcycle is designed to carry more than 1 person. The additional passenger may ride upon the permanent and regular seat if designed for 2 persons, or upon another seat firmly attached to the motorcycle at the rear of the operator. The motorcycle must be equipped with footrests for the passenger unless the passenger is riding in a sidecar or enclosed cab. The motorcycle operator must not carry any person nor may any other person ride in a position that will interfere with the operation or control of the motorcycle or the view of the operator.

Kansas

All persons operating or riding on a motorcycle or motorized bicycle under the age of 18 shall wear a helmet.

No person shall operate a motorcycle unless that person is either wearing protective glasses, goggles, or transparent windshields, or whose motorcycle is equipped with a windscreen with a 10-inch minimum height. Passengers under age 18 must wear an eye-protective device which shall consist of protective glasses, goggles or transparent face shields that are shatter proof and impact resistant.

Motorcycles, motor-driven cycles, and motorized bicycles manufactured after January 1, 1978, shall display lighted head- and taillights at all times that such vehicles are operated on roadways.

All motorcycles and motor-driven cycles shall be equipped with at least 1 headlamp, 1 tail lamp, and 1 white light capable of illuminating the rear license plate from at least 50 feet.

All motorcycles and motor-driven cycles shall be equipped with at least 1 red rear reflector and 1 rear stop lamp.

All motorcycles shall be equipped with multiple-beam headlights that can reveal persons and vehicles at least 300 feet ahead of the upper beam and 150 feet ahead of the lower beam.

All motorcycles and motor-driven cycles shall be equipped with a braking system that will stop the cycle within 40 feet from an initial speed of 20 mph.

A person operating a motorcycle shall ride only upon the permanent and regular seat, and shall not carry another person unless the motorcycle has either a permanent and regular seat designed for 2 persons or has a second seat and footrests firmly attached to the rear or side of the front driver’s seat.

The driver of a motorcycle or a person riding a bicycle facing any steady red signal, which fails to change to a green light within a reasonable period of time because of a signal malfunction or because the signal has failed to detect the arrival of the motorcycle or bicycle because of its size or weight, shall have the right to proceed after stopping, yielding the right-of-way to any vehicle in, near, or approaching the intersection; to pedestrians lawfully crossing the intersection within an adjacent crosswalk; and to any other traffic lawfully using the intersection.

Kentucky

Every motorcycle or moped must be equipped with at least 1 headlamp.

All motorcycles must be equipped with a rearview mirror.

All persons operating a motorcycle must wear protective eye gear and any rider under the age of 21, or any person operating a motorcycle with an instruction permit, or any person who has held a motorcycle license for less than 1 year must wear a safety helmet. Riders 21 and older may ride without a helmet if they can provide proof of a medical insurance policy.

Louisiana

Every motorcycle must have 2 properly equipped white headlights on the front of the motorcycle that emit a white beam.

Every new motorcycle sold in Louisiana must have 2 red reflectors. All other motorcycles must have at least 1 reflector, which must be mounted properly so that it is visible for at least 100 feet.

All stop lights and turn signals are required on new motor vehicles.

All motorcycle riders must wear a properly equipped safety helmet.

All motorcycle operators must wear protective eye gear, unless the motorcycle is equipped with a windshield of sufficient height to protect the operator’s eyes.

All motorcycles carrying a passenger must have a footrest for that passenger.

No motorcycle may be equipped with handlebars that require the hands of the operator to be above the operator’s shoulder height when the operator is sitting astride the seat and the operator’s hands are on the handlebar grips.

Missouri

Every person riding on or operating a motorcycle or motor-tricycle shall wear protective headgear.

Every motorcycle shall be equipped with at least 1 and not more than 2 headlamps. Every motorcycle equipped with a sidecar or other attachment shall be equipped with a lamp on the outside limit of such attachment capable of displaying a white light to the front.

Required equipment: 1 rearview mirror, horn, fuel tank cap, license plate, muffler, registration card, tires approved for highway use, and turn signals (if equipped by manufacturer).

Maine

A motorcycle must have 1 front-mounted headlight.

A motorcycle must have a mirror mounted and adjusted to allow the driver a clear, reflected view of the highway in the rear for a distance of at least 200 feet.

A driver of a motorcycle may ride only on the permanent and regular attached seat.

No more than 2 persons may ride on a motorcycle and the passenger must be on a permanent seat provided for said passenger.

No more than 2 persons may ride in a sidecar, provided that the sidecar is designed with permanent seats for 2 passengers.

Handlebars of a motorcycle may not be higher than shoulder level of the driver.

Protective headgear is required for all riders under 18 and passengers of operators under 18, and operators with a learner’s permit or within 1 year of successfully completing a driving test.

Maryland

The operator of a motorcycle may not carry any other person on the motorcycle unless it has a permanent seat to the side or behind the operator.

If any motorcycle carries a passenger other than in a sidecar or enclosed cab, the motorcycle shall be equipped with footrests for the passenger.

A person may not operate a motorcycle with handlebars more than 15 inches in height above the seat.

An individual may not operate or ride on a motorcycle unless the individual is wearing protective headgear.

An individual may not operate or ride on a motorcycle unless the individual is wearing protective eye gear, or the motorcycle is equipped with a windscreen.

All face shields and protective eye gear must allow the wearer an angle of vision of not less than 105 degrees.

Every motorcycle shall be equipped with 1 or 2 headlamps, which shall be of sufficient intensity so that they can be seen from 100 feet if the motorcycle is traveling less than 25 mph, 200 feet if the motorcycle is traveling between 25-34 mph, and at least 300 feet if the motorcycle is traveling 35 mph or more.

Every motorcycle shall be equipped with 2 tail lamps, visible from a distance of 1,000 feet to the rear.

Every motorcycle shall be equipped with a white light capable of illuminating the rear registration plate from a distance of 50 feet to the rear.

Every motorcycle shall be equipped with at least 1 red rear reflector, visible from distances 100-600 feet to the rear.

Every motorcycle shall be equipped with at least 1 stop lamp mounted on the rear.

Motorcycles need not be equipped with electric turn signals.

Every motorcycle shall be equipped with 2 rearview mirrors, 1 each attached on the right and left handlebars.

A person may not operate a motorcycle that has 1.5 horsepower or less, or a capacity of less than 70 cubic centimeters piston displacement on a roadway where the speed limit is more than 50 mph, or on any expressway or controlled access highway.

Massachusetts

Every motorcycle must be equipped with either a split service brake system or 2 independently actuated service brake systems, as well as: 1 white headlamp; 1 red rear lamp; 1 rear stop lamp; and a registration plate illuminator.

Every operator of or rider on a motorcycle must wear protective headgear and eye-goggles if motorcycle is not equipped with a windshield or screen.

Motorcyclists are exempt from wearing protective headgear when participating in a parade.

Michigan

A motorcycle must be equipped with adequate seats and foot rests or pegs for each designated seating position.

Handlebars may not be higher than 15 inches from the lowest point of the undepressed saddle to the highest point of the handle grip of the operator.

A person under age 21 operating or riding on a motorcycle on a public thoroughfare shall wear a U.S. DOT approved crash helmet.  Persons age 21 and older must wear a helmet unless they have had a motorcycle endorsement for at least 2 years or have passed a motorcycle safety course, and have $20,000 in insurance.

Minnesota

An operator of a motorcycle must ride on a permanent and regular seat.

Any motorcycle with a seat designed or suited for use by a passenger must be equipped with foot rests for the passenger, reachable by both feet.

A motorcycle operator must not carry more passengers than there are designated seats for those passengers.

Every motorcycle must be equipped with at least 1 properly adjusted rear view mirror that is adjusted to reflect to the operator a view of the roadway for a distance of at least 200 feet.

Anyone under the age of 18 riding a motorcycle and all operators of motorcycles with instructional permits must wear protective headgear.

All motorcycle operators must wear protective eye wear.

Every motorcycle must be equipped with at least 1 hand or foot brake.

Every motorcycle must be equipped with at least 1 and not more than 2 properly mounted headlamps.

Mississippi

All riders of a motorcycle or motor scooter are required to wear a crash helmet that is designed, inspected, and approved by the American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators.

Montana

A person operating a motorcycle or quadricycle on public streets or highways may ride only on the permanent and regular seat. The operator may not carry a passenger unless the passenger is seated on a seat designed for 2 persons or on another seat firmly attached to the side or rear of the operator.

Motorcycles and quadricycles must be operated with lights on at all times unless the vehicle is registered as a collector’s item. If the vehicle is registered as a collector’s item, it is only required to be operated with lights at nighttime and during periods of poor visibility.

Motorcycles, quadricycles, and motor-driven cycles must be equipped with at least 1 properly functioning taillamp mounted on the rear that emits a red light plainly visible from a distance of 500 feet to the rear of the vehicle.

All operators and passengers under 18 years of age of a motorcycle or quadricycle must wear protective headgear approved by the DOJ.

Nebraska

A person shall not operate or be a passenger on a motorcycle unless such person is wearing a protective helmet of the type and design meeting U.S. Department of Transportation standards. The helmet must also be secured properly on the operator or passenger’s head with a chin strap.

Nevada

A motorcycle shall not be driven while carrying more than 1 person unless such motorcycle is designed to carry more than 1 person.

Passengers shall ride behind the driver and astride the regular seat that was designed for 2 persons, astride another seat firmly attached to the rear of the driver, or in an attached sidecar. Passengers must have footrests.

A rider shall be able to reach the ground with both feet simultaneously when sitting astride the seat in a stopped or upright position.

Handlebars may not extend above the uppermost portion of the driver’s shoulders when the driver sits on the seat.

The driver of a motorcycle or moped shall drive with at least 1 hand on a handlebar at all times.

Whenever operating a motorcycle, the driver and passenger shall wear a securely fastened helmet and protective glasses, goggles, or face shields.

If a motorcycle is equipped with a transparent windscreen, the driver need not wear glasses, goggles, or face shields.

Every motorcycle must be equipped with:

  • At least 1 and not more than 2 headlamps.
  • Fenders on both wheels.
  • At least 1 rear tail lamp that emits a red light visible from 500 feet to the rear and is wired to be lighted whenever the headlamp is lighted.
  • Electric turn signal lamps on both the front and rear of the motorcycle.
  • At least 1 rear reflector, visible from all distances within 300 feet when directly in front of lower headlamp beams.
  • Brakes.
  • Two mirrors, 1 on each handlebar, in positions enabling the driver to view clearly the highway for at least 200 feet to the rear.

Every motorcycle or moped operated upon a highway at any time from one-half hour after sunset to one-half hour before sunrise, and at any other time when persons and vehicles are not visible from 1,000 feet away, must display lighted lamps and illuminating devices.

New Hampshire

If a motorcycle is not equipped with a windshield or screen which protects the driver’s eyes and face when the driver is sitting erect, the driver shall wear either eyeglasses, goggles, or a protective face shield when driving the motorcycle.  Protective headgear is required for motorcycle operators or passengers under age 18.

Every motorcycle, driven during the period between one-half hour after sunset to one-half hour before sunrise, and whenever rain, snow, or fog shall interfere with the proper view of the road so that persons and vehicles on the road are not clearly discernible at a distance of 1,000 feet ahead, shall display at least 1 lighted head-lamp on the front. The headlamp shall throw sufficient light ahead to make clearly visible all vehicles, persons, or substantial objects within a distance of 150 feet. All headlamps shall be designed to prevent glaring rays. All headlamps shall be located at a height of not more than 54 inches or less than 24 inches from the ground.

Motorcycles must be equipped with:

  • A stop lamp in working order at all times.
  • Directional signals, if registered in New Hampshire, which was manufactured after January 1, 1973.
  • On the rear, whether as part of the tail lamps or separately, 1 red reflector.

No person shall drive a motorcycle of which the grips are higher than the shoulder level of the driver when in the seat or saddle. It shall be illegal to drive a motorcycle with improvised, defective, or repaired handlebars.

Every motorcycle shall have footrests for each person driving or riding.

Every motorcycle shall have a rearview mirror.

A person operating a motorcycle shall ride only upon the permanent and regular seat attached thereto. Such driver shall not carry any other person nor shall any other person ride on a motorcycle unless such motorcycle is designed to carry more than 1 person.

A person shall ride upon a motorcycle only while sitting astride the seat, facing forward, with 1 leg on each side of the motorcycle.

While driving a motorcycle, the driver must keep both hands on the handlebars.

New Jersey

Every motorcycle shall be equipped with at least 1 and not more than 2 headlamps, 1 tail lamp, 1 stop lamp, at least 1 reflector on the rear, adequate license plate illumination, and a white light displaying to the front on any side car or other extension attached to the side.

Every motorcycle must have at least 1 brake adequate to control the movement of and to stop the motorcycle.

No person shall operate a motorcycle which has handle bar grips higher than the shoulder height of the operator when seated.

A person operating a motorcycle shall ride only upon the permanent and regular seat attached to the motorcycle; passengers shall ride on the permanent and regular seat if designed for 2 persons, or on another seat firmly attached to the rear or side of the driver.

An operator of a motorcycle must not carry any other person unless the motorcycle is designed to carry more than 1 person and has adequate footrests for each passenger.

A motorcycle operator and passenger must wear goggles or a face shield, unless the motorcycle is equipped with a wind screen meeting specifications established by the director, and a securely fitted helmet that is equipped with either a neck or chin strap.

New Mexico

Persons under the age of 18 are required to wear a helmet while riding on a motorcycle.

The motorcycle must have a permanent and regular seat for each rider along with footrests and must be equipped with at least 1 headlamp on the front.

No motorcycle shall be equipped in a manner such that it is incapable of turning a 90º angle within a circle having a radius of not more than 14 feet.

New York

Every motorcycle shall have adequate brakes in good working order to control the motorcycle at all times. Motorcycles manufactured after January 1, 1971 shall be equipped with brakes acting both on the front and rear wheels.

All motorcycles must have the following equipment: a bell, horn, or other device for signaling; at least 1 red reflector attached to the rear, 1 red or amber stop lamp, and shall, whenever the motorcycle is being operated, display 1 lighted lamp either white or yellow in color, visible for at least 200 feet on the front and 1 red light on the rear visible for at least 50 feet.

No motorcycle shall be operated with handlebars or grips more than the height of the operator’s shoulders.

No person may operate a motorcycle without a helmet, goggles, or a face shield, and a rearview mirror so adjusted that the driver has a clear view of the road and condition of traffic behind such motorcycle.

A person operating a motorcycle shall ride only upon the permanent and regular seat attached, shall not carry any other person unless the motorcycle is designed to carry more than 1 person, and shall ride only when sitting astride the seat, facing forward with 1 leg on each side of the motorcycle.

No person shall operate a motorcycle while carrying any article which prevents him from keeping both hands on the handlebars.

No person riding upon a motorcycle shall attach themselves or the motorcycle to any other vehicle or streetcar on a roadway.

North Carolina

Every motorcycle and motor-driven cycle shall be equipped with:

  • At least 1 brake operated either by hand or foot.
  • A rearview mirror that provides the operator with a clear, undistorted, and unobstructed view of at least 200 feet to the rear of the motorcycle.
  • Either 1 or 2 headlamps that shall be lighted at all times when the motorcycle is in operation.
  • If manufactured after December 31, 1955, a stop lamp on the rear of the vehicle that displays a red or amber light visible from a distance of at least 100 feet when operated in the sunlight. The stop lamp shall be activated upon application of the foot brake and may be incorporated into a unit with other rear lamps. No person shall operate a motorcycle or moped when the number of persons on board exceeds the number it was designed to carry.

The operator and all passengers of a motorcycle or moped must wear a protective helmet.

Lights must be on at all times.

North Dakota

A person operating a motorcycle shall ride only on the permanent and regular attached seat.

An operator may not carry more persons than the motorcycle was designed to carry. In the event a passenger may ride, it must be on the permanent and regular seat if designed for 2 persons, or on another seat firmly attached to the motorcycle at the rear or side of the operator.

A motorcycle must be equipped with footrests for each passenger not in a sidecar or enclosed cab that can support a weight of 250 lbs.

No person under the age of 18 years may operate or ride on a motorcycle unless a helmet is being worn on the head of the operator and rider. If the operator of a motorcycle is required to wear a helmet, any passenger must also wear a helmet regardless of the age of the passenger.

Every motorcycle and motor-driven cycle must have at least 1 brake, which may be operated by hand or foot, and at least 1 tail light and brake light.

Three-wheeled motorcycles must have a parking brake of a friction type with a mechanical means to retain engagement.

Motorcycle handlebars must have nonslip handgrips that may not be located above the shoulder height of the seated operator. The handlebars must provide a minimum of 18 inches between grips after final assembly.

Every motorcycle must have at least 1 mirror attached to the handlebar that will reflect an image of at least the horizon and the road surface to the rear of the motorcycle with a minimum reflective surface of 10 square inches.

The seat or saddle for the operator must be securely attached and may not be less than 25 inches above a level road surface when measured to the lowest point on top of the cushion.

If a gearbox indicator light is on the vehicle it must be located in the driver’s field of vision. If a headlamp beam indicator light is on the vehicle it must be located in the driver’s field of vision and automatically lit when the high beam of the lamp is on.

Ohio

Each rider must ride on a permanently attached regular seat.

Each rider must wear safety glasses or other protective eye device.

No person who is under the age of 18 years, or who holds a motorcycle operator’s endorsement or license bearing a “novice,” shall operate a motorcycle on a highway, or be a passenger on a motorcycle, unless wearing a protective helmet on his or her head, and no other person shall be a passenger on a motorcycle operated by such a person unless similarly wearing a protective helmet.

The following equipment is required: 1 and no more than 2 headlights, at least 1 taillight/brake light, a horn that can be heard for at least 200 feet, and at least 1 rearview mirror.

Handlebars may be no higher than the shoulders of the operator when seated.

Motorcycles manufactured after 1968 must be equipped with turn signals.

Oklahoma

Every person under the age of 18 years must wear a helmet.

No person shall drive a motorcycle, motor scooter, or motorbicycle unless factory designed for the purpose of carrying additional passengers.

Lighted lamps and illuminating devices are required at all times.

Every motorcycle and motor-driven cycle shall be equipped with either 1 or 2 head-lamps. Headlamps or lamps shall be capable of revealing a person or vehicle from a distance of at least 100 feet when driving up to 25 mph, a distance of at least 200 feet when driving between 25 and 35 mph, and 300 feet when driving 35 mph or more.

One brake light is required on the rear of the vehicle. At least 1 taillight and 1 rear reflector are also required.

No driver of any 2-wheeled motor vehicle may carry any other person on the vehicle, unless the vehicle has a wheel diameter of at least 12 inches, and either a double seating device with double footrests or a side car attachment.

Handlebars on motorcycles and motor scooters shall not exceed the eye level of the operator.

Two rearview mirrors with a reflection surface of at least 3 inches in diameter are required. One mirror shall be mounted on each side of the vehicle, and positioned to allow the operator to clearly view the roadway for a distance of 200 feet to the rear.

A windshield of such dimensions as to protect the operator from foreign objects is required, unless the operator wears either goggles or a face shield.

Both wheels must have brakes installed, with separate controls to operate each brake.

A properly operating speedometer, capable of registering at least the maximum legal speed limit is required.

A fender is required over each wheel.

Oregon

The operator of a motorcycle, and all passengers on a motorcycle, must wear an approved safety helmet.

Motorcycles and mopeds must be equipped with at least 1 and no more than 3 headlights, 1 tail light, 1 brake light, a registration plate light, turn signal lights, and rear reflectors.

Motorcycles manufactured before 1973 are not required to be equipped with turn signals.  Operators must use hand signals and may not operate the vehicle during periods of limited visibility.

A moped may not be equipped with more than 2 headlights.

At all times that a motorcycle or moped is operated on a highway, it must display a lighted headlight(s). Modulated headlights may be used during daylight hours.

It is unlawful to carry a passenger on a motorcycle unless the motorcycle is equipped with footrests for the passenger, and the passenger is seated on a permanent and regular seat.

Pennsylvania

Any motorcycle carrying a passenger, other than in a sidecar or enclosed cab, must be equipped with footrests and a handhold for the passenger.

All motorcyclists under 21 must wear a helmet. Motorcyclists 21 years of age or older who have either been licensed to operate a motorcycle for at least 2 years or who have completed the motorcycle safety program are exempt from wearing a helmet. If the motorcyclist is exempt, their passenger is also exempt as long as they are at least 21 years of age.

All motorcycle riders and passengers must wear protective eye gear.

An occupant of a 3-wheel motorcycle with an enclosed cab does not have to wear a safety helmet or protective eye gear.

Rhode Island

Drivers of motorcycles or motor scooters are required to use eye protection when operating the vehicle.

Any operator under 21 years of age, and any passenger of any age, must wear a helmet.

All new operators, regardless of age, must wear a helmet for 1 year from the date of issuance of the first license.

Every motorcycle or motor scooter must have a rearview mirror.

Handlebars are not permitted more than 15 inches in height above the seat.

No person shall drive a motorcycle at night at a speed greater than 35 mph unless the motorcycle is equipped with a headlamp that is able to reveal a person or vehicle at a distance of 300 feet ahead.

The operator of a motorcycle shall ride only upon the permanent and regular seat attached.

A motorcycle shall not carry more persons than it was designed to carry. A passenger must ride on the permanent and regular seat if designed for 2 persons, or on another seat firmly attached to the rear or side of the operator.

Any passenger on a motorcycle or motor scooter must be in a sidecar or have a separate rear seat, a separate footrest, an appropriate handlebar or grip for his or her use, and a helmet. A passenger under 12 years of age must have a properly secured backrest or equivalent unless seated in a sidecar.

Every motorcycle must have at least 1 brake that may be operated by hand or foot that is adequate to slow and stop the motorcycle.

Every motorcycle must have at least 1 and not more than 2 headlamps and at least 1 red reflector on the rear either as part of the tail lamps or separately.

All motorcycles must have stop lamps.

Motorcycles may have single or multiple beam headlamps, provided that they be of sufficient intensity to reveal a person or vehicle at a distance of not less than 100 feet when the motorcycle is operated at any speed less than 25 mph and at a distance of not less than 200 feet when the motorcycle is operated at a speed of 25 mph or more.

South Carolina

Any motorcycle carrying a passenger, other than in a sidecar or enclosed cab, must be equipped with footrests for that passenger.

A person must not operate a motorcycle unless it is equipped with a rearview mirror which will afford the operator ample rear vision at all times.

It is illegal for any person under the age of 21 to operate or ride on a motorcycle or a moped unless he or she wears a protective helmet approved by the Department. Such a helmet must be equipped with either a neck or chin strap and be reflectorized on both sides.

It is illegal for any person under the age of 21 to operate a moped or a motorcycle unless he or she wears goggles or a face shield of a type approved by the Department.

The provisions with respect to goggles and face shields do not apply to the operator of moped or a motorcycle equipped with a wind screen.

Any person who operates a motorcycle or moped must have the headlights on at all times.

Every motorcycle and every moped must have at least 1 rear reflector.

Every motorcycle and every moped must be equipped with at least 1 and not more than 2 headlamps.

The headlamp or headlamps upon every motorcycle and moped may be of the single-beam or multiple-beam type and must be of sufficient intensity to reveal a person or a vehicle at a distance of at least 100 feet when the motorcycle or moped is operated at any speed less than 25 mph and at a distance of at least 200 feet when the motorcycle or moped is operated at a speed of 25 mph.

Helmets are required for riders under 21.

South Dakota

Every motorcycle must be equipped with at least 1 but no more than 2 headlamps.

The handlebars of a motorcycle must be no higher than the shoulder height of the person operating the motorcycle.

All persons under the age of 18 must wear motorcycle safety helmets that are approved by the Department of Transportation.

A person riding in an enclosed cab attached to a motorcycle does not have to wear a safety helmet.

A motorcycle operator must wear an eye protective device unless the motorcycle is equipped with a windscreen of sufficient height and design that protects the motorcycle operator. When headlights are required to be on, a motorcycle operator cannot wear protective eye devices that are tinted or shaded to reduce the light transmission of the device below 35%.

Motorcycles must have at least 1 tail lamp, which when lighted emits a red light visible for a distance of 500 feet. A motorcycle may display a blue light of up to 1-inch diameter as part of the motorcycle’s rear brake light.

Motorcycle helmets are required for riders under 18 years of age.

Tennessee

Any motor-driven cycle, which produces not more than 5 horsepower, may not be driven at a speed of more than 35 mph unless the cycle is equipped with a headlamp which is adequate to reveal a person or vehicle at a distance of 300 feet ahead.

Every motorcycle must be equipped with at least 1 and not more than 2 headlamps, which must be on at all times during operation.

It is unlawful to operate a motorcycle unless the person is seated upon the permanent and regular seat with one leg on each side and with the headlamp illuminated.

It is unlawful to carry a passenger on a motorcycle unless a proper seat for the passenger is installed on the motorcycle.

All motorcycle operators and passengers on a motorcycle must wear a safety helmet, unless the person is over age 21 and in an enclosed cab.

Every motorcycle must be equipped with a windshield, or the operator and any passenger must wear safety goggles, face shields, or glasses containing impact resistant lenses.

All motorcycles must be equipped with a rearview mirror mounted on the left handlebar in an upright position and securely attached footrests for the driver and passenger.

Texas

The DMV may refuse to register a motorcycle and may suspend or revoke the registration if the DMV determines that the motorcycle’s braking system does not comply with safety requirements.

An operator of a motorcycle must ride on the permanent and regular seat attached to the motorcycle.

A passenger may ride only on the permanent and regular seat, if designed for 2 persons, or on another seat firmly attached to the motorcycle behind or to the side of the operator. No passengers under age 5 permitted.

A motorcycle, including a motor-driven cycle, must be equipped with not more than 2 headlamps, at least 1 tail lamp, a separate rear license plate lamp, at least 1 stop lamp, and at least 1 rear red reflector.

A motorcycle, other than a motor-driven cycle, must be equipped with multiple-beam headlamps.

A motorcycle may not be operated at any time unless at least 1 headlamp is illuminated.

The operator and any passenger on a motorcycle or moped are required to wear an approved helmet. However, a person is exempt from wearing a helmet if the person is at least 21 years old, and has successfully completed a motorcycle operator and training safety course or is covered by at least $10,000 in medical benefits for injuries incurred as a result of an accident while operating or riding on a motorcycle.

Utah

A person under the age of 18 may not operate or ride, unless within an enclosed cab, a motorcycle upon a highway unless that person is wearing protective headgear.

Every motorcycle shall be equipped with the following items: 1 headlamp; 1 tail-lamp; either a tail lamp or a separate lamp shall be so constructed and placed as to illuminate with a white light the rear registration plate; 1 red reflector on the rear, either as part of the tail lamp or separate; 1 stop lamp; a braking system; a horn or warning device; and a mirror.

A person operating a motorcycle shall ride only upon the permanent seat attached to the motorcycle and such operator shall not carry any other person unless the motorcycle is designed to carry more than 1 person.

A person shall ride a motorcycle while sitting astride the seat, facing forward.

No person shall operate a motorcycle while carrying anything preventing him or her from keeping both hands on the handlebars.

No operator shall carry any person, nor shall any person ride, in a position that will interfere with the operation or control of the motorcycle or the view of the operator.

Every motorcycle shall be equipped with footrests for each passenger and no person shall operate any motorcycle with handlebars above shoulder height.

Vermont

No person may operate or ride upon a motorcycle upon a highway unless he or she wears upon his head protective headgear reflectorized in part and of a type that conforms to Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards. The headgear shall be equipped with either a neck or chin strap.  The operator must also wear eye protection, if the vehicle is not equipped with a windshield.

Any motorcycle or motor-driven cycle carrying a passenger, other than in a sidecar or enclosed cab, must be equipped with footrests for such passenger.

No person may operate any motorcycle or motor-driven cycle with handlebars more than 15 inches in height above that portion of the seat occupied by the operator.

All motorcycles and motor-driven cycle must be equipped with at least 1 headlight, taillight, brake light, and license plate lamp.

Virginia

Each passenger is required to have a permanently affixed seat and footrest.

Every person operating a motorcycle must wear a face shield, safety glasses, or goggles, or have his motorcycle equipped with safety glass or a windshield, at all times while operating the vehicle.

Operators and any passengers thereon must wear protective helmets.

Handlebars may not be higher than 15 inches above the level of the motorcycle’s seat.

Washington

Every motorcycle and motor-driven cycle must have its headlamps and tail-lamps lighted whenever the vehicle is in motion on a highway.

Every motorcycle and every motor-driven cycle must be equipped with at least 1 headlamp. Every motorcycle other than a motor-driven cycle must be equipped with multiple-beam road-lighting equipment.

Every motorcycle and motor-driven cycle must be equipped with a license plate lamp, a rear red reflector, and a stop lamp.

Any motorcycle 25 years old or less must be equipped with mirrors on the left and right side of the motorcycle that provide the driver a complete view of the highway for a distance of not less than 200 feet to the rear of the motorcycle.

Any person riding or operating a motorcycle, motor-driven cycle, or moped must wear an approved helmet.

No person may transport a person under the age of 5 on a motorcycle or motor-driven cycle.

No person may operate any motor-driven cycle during nighttime or periods of poor visibility at a speed of greater than 35 mph unless the motor-driven cycle is equipped with a headlamp or lamps which are adequate to reveal a person or vehicle at a distance of 300 feet ahead.

A person operating a motorcycle must ride only upon the permanent and regular seat, and the operator must not carry any other person nor may any other person ride on a motorcycle unless the motorcycle is designed to carry more than 1 person. The motorcycle must contain foot pegs for each person the motorcycle is designed to carry.

No person may operate on a public highway a motorcycle with handlebars or grips that are more than 30 inches higher than the seat of the saddle for the operator.

West Virginia

Every motorcycle, motor-driven cycle, and moped must display lighted headlamps at all times when on the highway.

Every motorcycle, motor-driven cycle, and moped must be equipped with: (1) at least 1 but not more than 2 headlamps; (2) at least 1 brake operated by hand or foot; and (3) a rearview mirror affixed to the handlebars or fairings, and adjusted so that the operator has a clear view of 200 feet.

The operator or passengers on a motorcycle or motor-driven cycle must wear a protective helmet with a neck or chin-strap; and safety, shatter-resistant eyeglasses, eye goggles, or face shields.

If any motorcycle, motor-driven cycle, or moped is equipped with a windshield or windscreen, the windshield or windscreen must be constructed of safety, shatter-resistant material.

It is not permissible to operate a motorcycle, motor-driven cycle, or moped with handlebars or grips that are more than 15 inches higher than the uppermost part of the operator’s seat.

An operator of a motorcycle, motor-driven cycle, or moped may carry as many passengers as the vehicle or sidecar is designed for.

Wisconsin

Motorcycles must be equipped with footrests or pegs such that any passenger can rest his or her feet when the motorcycle is in motion.

Every motorcycle must be equipped with at least 1 and not more than 2 headlamps. The headlamps on a motorcycle must be in use whenever the motorcycle is in operation. A headlamp modulator is permissible, but may not be used during the hours of darkness.

All motorcycles must be equipped with at least 2 direction signal lamps to the front and 2 direction signal lamps to the rear which must be visible from a distance of 300 feet.

No person who holds an instruction permit or who is under the age of 18 may operate a motorcycle unless the person is wearing protective headgear, and no person may carry a passenger under 18 years of age unless the passenger is wearing protective headgear.

No person may operate a motorcycle without wearing a protective face shield attached to headgear, glasses, or goggles.

It is unlawful to operate a motorcycle if the handgrips are more than 30 inches above the lowest point of the top of the driver’s seat.

Wyoming

A person operating a motorcycle must ride only upon the permanent and regular seat and must not carry any other person unless the motorcycle is designed to carry more than 1 person.

Any motorcycle carrying a passenger, other than in a sidecar or enclosed cab, must be equipped with footrests for the passenger.

Handlebars must not be positioned so that the grips are above the shoulder height of the operator.

Drivers 18 years or under operating a motorcycle on public streets, highways, or thoroughfares must wear protective headgear.

Any person operating a motorcycle must have the headlamps activated at all times including daylight hours.

A motorcycle, motor-driven cycle, or moped must be equipped with at least 1 head-lamp, at least 1 tail lamp, a white light that illuminates the license plate, at least 1 rear red reflector, and at least 1 stop lamp.

Puerto Rico

Operators or passengers of motorcycles, motor-driven bicycles, or motor scooters must use helmet while vehicle is moving.

Driver must wear boots, gloves, and reflective gear while riding at night.

Driver must use eyeglasses or spectacles, or must install windshield.

Minimum of 1 but not more than 2 white lamps must be equipped on front.

One red reflector must be displayed on rear.

‘Motor-driven bicycle or scooter’ includes a scooter or motor scooter, if the engine capacity does not exceed 5 horsepower, and a bicycle with an engine attached.

Motorcycles, motor-driven bicycles, or motor scooters have right to full use of lane and must not drive so as to deprive full use from other vehicles. It is not permitted to operate motorcycle, motor-driven bicycle, or scooter between traffic lanes, or between adjacent lines or rows of vehicles.


Canada

Alberta

Every headlamp of a moped must have a single beam light that when illuminated reveals persons and vehicles at a distance of 60 meters.

Every motorcycle, moped, or power bicycle must be equipped with at least 1 but not more than 2 headlamps; 1 tail lamp mounted at the rear of the vehicle; and at least 1 stop lamp mounted on the rear of the vehicle.

Tail and stop lamps on every motorcycle, moped, or power bicycle must be permanently mounted on the rigid part of the vehicle, and the distance between the ground and the center of the lamp must not be less than 38 cm or more than 200 cm. Lamps must be located on the vertical center line unless more than 1 stop lamp is used. If more than 1 stop lamp is used, they must be symmetrically disposed about the vertical center line. These provisions do not apply to vehicles manufactured before January 1, 1971.

Every motorcycle, moped, and power bicycle must not travel on the highway unless each wheel is equipped with an adequate service brake.

Service brakes on a moped or power bicycle must be capable of bringing the vehicle to a standstill within 12 meters on a level surface consisting of dry paving of asphalt or concrete free of loose materials at a speed of 30 km/h.

Operators and passengers on a motorcycle, moped, or bicycle must wear a safety helmet.

Every motorcycle, moped, or power bicycle must be equipped with a horn or bell to warn persons on or approaching the highway in the immediate vicinity.

British Columbia

All riders and passengers under 16 must wear a motorcycle safety helmet. Motorcycle handlebars must be below the shoulder height of the operator when the operator is properly seated on the motorcycle.

All motorcycles and mopeds must be equipped with at least 1 headlamp and 1 stop lamp. Those manufactured after December 31, 1974 must be equipped with a head-lamp or headlamps, which automatically turn on when the motorcycle’s engine is started. The headlamp(s) must remain on as long as the engine is running.

Any motorcycle carrying a passenger must be equipped with footrests.

Manitoba

Every motorcycle and moped must display 1 but no more than 2 headlamps that reveals persons and vehicles at a distance of 30 meters; 1 reflector on the back having a diameter of not less than 75 mm, and that illuminates a red reflection visible from 150 meters; and front and rear lamps that signal that the vehicle is to turn right or left. Front lamp must cast a white or amber light; and rear lamp must cast a red or amber light. The requirement to have signal lamps does not apply to a motorcycle of 1974 or earlier model, or to a moped.

Motorcycles of the model year 1975 or later and mopeds must light headlamps at all times when operating on the highway.

Every moped must be equipped with brakes on the front and rear wheels. A motorcycle and moped must have brakes capable of stopping movement when traveling at a speed of 30 km/h within a distance of 9 meters as if on a dry, smooth, level road, free from loose material. Each set of brakes must have a separate means of application.

Every motorcycle or moped must have pneumatic rubber tires in safe operating condition; free from bulges, cracks, or cuts that might render the tire hazardous; and the tire must have at least .8 mm of tread when measured on a tire tread wear indicator device at 3 points of the circumference of the tire.

Motorcycles must be equipped with handlebars with a width of not more than 920 mm and not less than 530 mm. The height of handlebars and the controls must not be more than 390 mm above the portion of the seat occupied by the operator.

The operator and passenger of a motorcycle, moped, or motor-assisted bicycle must wear a helmet when driving on the highway. Safety helmet is not required when the motorcycle is equipped with a cab that encloses the operator and passengers.

New Brunswick

Every motorcycle and motor-driven cycle must be equipped with at least 1 but not more than 3 headlamps displaying white lights. The height of the headlamps must be not more than 140 cm and not less than 60 cm from the ground.

The driver and any passenger of a motorcycle and motor-driven cycle must wear a safety helmet.

Every motorcycle and motor-driven cycle must be equipped with a least 1 brake that may be operated by either hand or foot.

A person may not operate a motor-driven cycle on the highway unless the cycle weighs less than 55 kg, and is equipped with: (1) wheels having rims that measure 25 cm or more in diameter; (2) a seat or saddle being 70 cm above the level surface where the vehicle stands; (3) a motor not capable of propelling the motor-driven cycle at a speed in excess of 55 km/h; (4) at least 1 and not more than 3 headlamps displaying a white light; (5) at least 1 tail lamp that when lit emits a light visible to 150 meters; and (6) an automatic transmission.

The headlamp or headlamps of a motorcycle or motor-driven cycle may be either a single-beam or multiple-beam type, but must be of a sufficient intensity to reveal a person or a vehicle at a distance of not less than: (1) 30 meters when operated at any speed less than 40 km/h; (2) 60 meters when operated between the speeds of 40 and 60 km/h; and (3) 100 meters when operated at a speed of more than 60 km/h.

No person may operate a motor-driven cycle at night at a speed greater than 60 km/h unless the motor-driven cycle is equipped with a headlamp or lamps that reveal a person or a vehicle at a distance of 100 meters.

A person operating a motorcycle may only ride on the permanent and regular seat attached, and the driver may not carry any other person unless the motorcycle is designed to carry more than 1 person, or a sidecar is attached.

Newfoundland and Labrador

A motorcycle must be equipped with at least 1 but not more than 2 head-lamps. These headlamps must be lighted at all times when the vehicle is in motion on the highway.

A motorcycle on a highway must be equipped with headlamps arranged so that when the motorcycle is traveling less than 40 km/h a white light will be emitted to reveal a person or a vehicle at a distance of 30 meters; when a motorcycle is travelling more than 40 km/h a white light will be emitted to reveal a person or a vehicle at a distance of 60 meters.

The headlamps of a motorcycle must be arranged and directed so that the high-intensity portion of the beams of light are emitted by the headlamps at a distance of 7.5 meters from the lamps higher than the height of the lamp.

Every motorcycle and moped must be equipped with at least 1 tail lamp mounted at the rear of the vehicle which will emit a red light visible from a distance of 150 meters to the rear.

A motorcycle assembled before December 31, 1958 must be equipped with 1 stop lamp. A motorcycle assembled after December 31, 1958 must be equipped with 2 stop lamps.

Motorcycles must be equipped with adequate brakes, and each wheel must be equipped with an adequate service brake.

A person riding on a motorcycle must wear a helmet that complies with all safety regulations and the helmet must be properly worn by the motorcycle rider.

Northwest Territories

No passenger may ride on a motorcycle unless the motorcycle is designed and equipped with a seat to carry more than one person, and the person rides on that seat, or the passenger rides in a side car that is attached to the motorcycle.

No person may drive or ride on a motorcycle unless the person is wearing a helmet.

No person may operate a motorcycle unless it is equipped with at least one headlight capable of clearly illuminating objects at a distance of 100 meters between sunset and sunrise.

No person shall operate a motorcycle with only one means of application of the service brake unless the means applies to both wheels on the motorcycle at the same time.

No person may operate a motorcycle unless it is equipped with one red taillight at the rear of the vehicle.

No person may operate a motorcycle designed to carry passengers unless it is equipped with the footpegs for the passenger.

A motorcycle must be equipped with a drive chain, drive belt or driveshaft guard to prevent injury to the operator and passenger from moving parts.

A motorcycle must be equipped with one stop light at the rear of the vehicle.

Nova Scotia

Every motorcycle must be equipped with securely fastened handlebars, which are not more than 12 inches in height measured vertically from where the handlebars are attached to the frame.

The frame or forks must not be altered in any way that will prevent the safe operation of the motorcycle.

Every motorcycle must be equipped with footrests for the driver and footrests for any passengers. These footrests must be properly positioned.

The motorcycle must have a chain or a drive-shaft guard, or the motorcycle must be constructed to protect the operator and any passengers from the chain or driveshaftguard.

All operators and passengers on motorcycles must wear safety helmets conforming to a safety standard.

Every motorcycle must be equipped with at least 1 and not more than 2 properly mounted white headlamps.

Nunavut

No person shall drive or ride on a motorcycle unless the person wears a prescribed helmet in the prescribed manner.

No driver or passenger of a motorcycle shall stand up while riding on the motorcycle.

No passenger shall ride on a motorcycle unless the motorcycle has passenger foot pegs, is designed and equipped with a seat to carry more than one person, and the person rides on that seat, or the passenger rides in a side car that is attached to the motorcycle.

Ontario

When on a highway at any time every motorcycle must have 2 lighted lamps, 1 white lamp on the front of the vehicle, and 1 red lamp on the rear of the vehicle.

A motorcycle with a side car must have at all times a lighted lamp on each side of the front of the vehicle.

Motorcycles manufactured prior to 1970 are required only to have lighted lamps at nighttime and other periods of poor visibility.

No person may ride on or operate a motorcycle or motor-assisted bicycle on a highway unless all riders are wearing a helmet that complies with the regulations and the chin strap of the helmet is securely fastened under the chin.

Prince Edward Island

Every motorcycle must be equipped with at least 1 and not more than 2 headlamps.

Every headlamp must be located at a height of not more than 1,400 mm nor less than 600 mm.

Every headlamp must be of sufficient intensity to reveal a person or a vehicle at a distance of not less than 30 meters when the motorcycle is driven less than 40 km/h, 60 meters when the motorcycle is operated at a speed of 40 km/h, and at a distance of not less than 90 meters when the motorcycle is operated at a speed of 60 km/h or more.

If a motorcycle is equipped with a single-beam headlamp or headlamps, the lamp or lamps must be aimed so that the high-intensity portion of the light does not project higher than the level of the center of the lamp at a distance of 10 meters.

The headlamps of a motorcycle must not be covered with any material to color or tint the lamp if this coloring or tint reduces the intensity of the light.

Every motorcycle must have rear red tail lamps that become illuminated when the driver applies pressure to the brakes.

Every motorcycle must be equipped with brakes on at least 2 wheels.

All motorcycle riders must wear helmets approved by the Canadian Department of Transportation.

Quebec

Every motorcycle or moped must carry at least: (1) 1 headlight; (2) 1 red taillight; (3) 2 white or amber turn-signal lights on the front and 2 red or amber turn-signal lights at the rear; and (4) 1 red stop light at the rear.

When a motorcycle is equipped with a sidecar, the sidecar must carry a red tail light, which must be as near as practicable to the right extremity of the sidecar.

Every motorcycle or moped must be equipped with 2 rear view mirrors, 1 solidly attached to each side of the vehicle.

No driver of a motorcycle or moped may carry any other person unless his or her vehicle is equipped with permanently fixed seats designed for that purpose and with footrests fixed on each side of the vehicle.

The driver of a motorcycle or moped must keep the headlight of his or her vehicle on at all times.

Every person riding on a motorcycle or moped or in a sidecar must wear a protective helmet.

Saskatchewan

All motorcycle operators and passengers must wear helmets.

If a motorcycle is not equipped with a windshield, the driver and any passengers must wear protective eye goggles or have face shields on their helmets.

All motorcycles must have at least 1 brake system. If the motorcycle has 1 brake system, the application of the brakes must be to both the front and the rear wheels.

If the motorcycle has 2 brake systems, each brake system must have a separate means of application; 1 brake system must be effective on the front wheels and 1 brake system must be effective on the rear wheels.

All lamps, except for headlamps, must emit a light that is visible from a distance of 200 meters on a clear night.

Motorcycles must have 1 or more headlamps that have a high and low beam, although limited speed motorcycles are not required to have a high beam.

The headlamps must, while on high beams or low beams, emit a white light visible from a distance of 500 meters on a clear night.

For motorcycles 1975 and newer, the headlamp must be automatically activated when any forward gear is engaged while the engine is running.

A motorcycle must have red tail lamps that emit a red light that is visible from any point along a 180 degree horizontal arc. This lamp must be activated by a headlamp control.

A motorcycle must have a rear brake lamp that emits a red light and is activated by the application of brakes on any wheel.

A motorcycle must not carry a passenger unless the seat is designed to carry an additional passenger.

Yukon

Any person operating or riding as a passenger on a motorcycle, moped, or snowmobile is required to wear an approved helmet.

Every motorcycle, moped, and snowmobile must be equipped with at least 1 headlamp but not more than 2 headlamps, and at least 1 tail lamp mounted at the rear of the vehicle.

A person who is operating a motorcycle, moped, or snowmobile on a highway: (1) must keep both hands on the handlebars, except when making a signal; (2) must keep both feet on the pedals or footrests; (3) must not ride other than upon or astride the regular seat, and must not use the vehicle to carry more people at 1 time than the number for which it is designed or equipped.

No motorcycle may be in motion on a highway at any time unless the lamp or lamps with which it is equipped are alight.

A person who is riding as a passenger on a motorcycle, moped, or snowmobile must not ride other than upon a regular seat of the vehicle intended for a passenger, and must keep both feet on the footrests provided for the use of a passenger riding on the seat.

Every motorcycle, moped, and snowmobile must be equipped with at least 1 brake light.