Utah

Motor Vehicle Division (DMV)
Utah State Tax Commission
210 North 1950 West
Salt Lake City, UT 84134
(801) 297-7780 | http://dmv.utah.gov

Driver License Division (DLD)
Third Floor – South
4501 South 2700 West
Salt Lake City, UT 84114
(801) 965-4437 | http://driverlicense.utah.gov

Utah Highway Patrol – Headquarters
First Floor – South
4501 South 2700 West
Salt Lake City, UT 84114-1775
(801) 965-4518 | http://highwaypatrol.utah.gov

Department of Transportation (DOT)
4501 South 2700 West
Salt Lake City, UT 84114-8240
(801) 965-4000 | www.dot.state.ut.us

Title Application

The application for a certificate of title shall be made to the DMV on a form prescribed by the DMV.

The application for certificate of title shall contain: the signature of each person to be recorded on the certificate as an owner; the name, residence, and mailing address of the owner, or business address of the owner if the owner is an association or business; a description of the vehicle, including the make, model, body type, the model year as specified by the manufacturer; any other information required by the DMV to enable it to determine if the owner is entitled to a certificate of title; a statement of any lien or encumbrance on the vehicle; the names and addresses of all persons having any ownership interest in the vehicle; and if the application for certificate of title is for a new vehicle, it shall be accompanied by a statement by the dealer or a bill of sale showing any lien retained by the dealer.

An applicant for a certificate of title must provide evidence of: title or ownership evidenced by a properly assigned certificate of title or a manufacturer’s certificate of title if the vehicle has not been titled before. If the vehicle is from another state or foreign country that does not issue or require certificates of title, the owner shall submit a bill of sale or a sworn statement of ownership; payment of sales tax evidenced by a receipt from the DMV showing that the sales tax has been paid however, if a licensed dealer has made a report of a sale, no receipt is required; payment of all applicable fees; an identification number inspection; and an odometer statement signed by the transferee or automobile dealer.


Title Transfer of Ownership

The transferee, before operating or permitting the operation of a transferred vehicle on a highway, shall present to the DMV the certificate of registration and the certificate of title, properly endorsed, and shall apply for a new certificate of title and obtain a new registration for the transferred vehicle.

At the time of any sale or transfer of a motor vehicle, the transferor shall furnish to the transferee a written odometer disclosure statement in a form prescribed by the DMV, usually on the face of the certificate of title issued to the transferor. This statement shall be signed and certified as to its truthfulness by the transferor, stating: the date of the transfer; the transferor’s name and address; the transferee’s name and address; the identity of the motor vehicle, including its make, model, year, body type, and identification number; the odometer reading at the time of the transfer; and that to the best of the transferor’s knowledge, the odometer reading reflects the amount of miles the vehicle has actually been driven or a warning if the transferor knows of a discrepancy. Each transferor and transferee shall acknowledge receipt of the odometer disclosure statement by signing it.

A person may not sell, offer for sale, or display for sale or exchange any vehicle or vessel unless the person is licensed under the Motor Vehicle Business Regulation Act; a motor vehicle auctioneer or holder of a statutory lien on the vehicle who is selling the vehicle through a motor vehicle auction; the lienholder or owner of the vehicle as evidenced by the person’s name being printed by the division on the certificate of title; has lawfully repossessed the vehicle; is lawfully donating the vehicle to a non-profit charitable organization or a non-profit that receives, sells or disposes donated vehicles; or a person lawfully selling the person’s immediate family member’s vehicle. Does not apply to a personal representative, trustee, guardian, executor, administrator, sheriff, government entity, or other person who sells a vehicle under the powers and duties granted or imposed by law.

All other new owners shall title a vehicle by completing an application and presenting to the DMV a properly endorsed certificate of title, duplicate certificate of title, or other document of authority along with any additional documents the division may require to transfer the title.


Titles for Mobile Homes

The owner of a manufactured home or mobile home shall apply to the DMV for a certificate of title if mobile home is not attached to any property, or an Affidavit of Mobile Home Affixture if the mobile home is attached to any property.

The odometer mileage does not need to be disclosed if: the vehicle is a single motor vehicle having a manufacturer specified gross laden weight rating (GLWR) of more than 16,000 lbs., or a motor vehicle registered in Utah with a GLWR of 18,000 lbs. or more; a motor vehicle that is 10 years old or older; a new motor vehicle prior to its first transfer for purposes other than resale.

An owner of a manufactured home or a mobile home previously issued a certificate of title who attached that home to property shall apply for an Affidavit of Mobile Home Affixture within 30 days of attaching to property.

The owner of a manufactured home or mobile home previously issued an Affidavit of Mobile Home Affixture who separates that home from the property shall apply for a certificate of title within 30 days of the separation, prior to any transfer of ownership of that home.

Registration Application

A person may not operate, and an owner may not give another person permission to operate, a motor vehicle unless it has been registered.

An application for the registration of a motor vehicle shall be made by the owner of the vehicle to the DMV on a form furnished by the DMV.

The application for registration shall include: the signature of an owner of the vehicle to be registered; the name, residence and mailing address of the owner, or business address of the owner if the owner is a firm, association, or corporation; a description of the vehicle including the make, model, body type, the model year as specified by the manufacturer, the number of cylinders, and the identification number of the vehicle; and any other information required by the DMV to determine whether the owner is entitled to register the vehicle.

The DMV shall require that the applicant or person making the application for registration has a valid driver’s license.

Prior to registration a vehicle must have: an identification number inspection done by a licensed dealer or a qualified identification number inspector; passed the safety inspection, if required in the current year; passed the emissions inspection, if required in the current year; paid property taxes, the fee, or received a property tax clearance; paid required sales and use tax; paid the automobile driver education tax; paid the uninsured motorist fee, if applicable; and a valid certificate of title for the vehicle being registered.

A registration card shall be signed by the owner in ink in the space provided and carried at all times in the vehicle to which it was issued.

The application for registration shall not contain any false or fraudulent statements. Such statements shall result in refusal of registration to the applicant.

There is no period of grace for late registration.

A trailer of 750 lbs. or less unladen weight and not designed, used, and maintained for hire or for the transportation of property or persons is not required to be registered.


Registration for Non-Residents

Registration is not required for any vehicle registered in another state and owned by a non-resident.

Registration of any vehicle is required within 60 days of the owner establishing residency.

In order to be eligible for a license, the applicant must be a resident of the state and remain in the state for 6 months or more during a calendar year.

Military personnel on active duty in Utah may maintain home state vehicle registration.


Registration Type

Registration renewal is on a staggered system. Every vehicle is registered for a 12- or 6-month time period, beginning with the 1st day of the calendar month of registration and expiring on the last day of the same month in the following year. If the last day of the registration period falls on a day in which the county offices are not open for business, the registration of the vehicle is extended to midnight of the next business day. The application for registration renewal shall be accompanied by an emissions inspection and safety certificate.


Emissions Inspection

Most diesel- and gas-powered cars and trucks manufactured in 1968 or later must have an annual emissions test, which can be completed at most service stations. New vehicles, motorcycles, and vehicles with a model year of 1967 and older are exempt from this requirement.

Emission certificates are required in Davis, Salt Lake, Utah, and Weber counties and are valid for 60 days. This certificate must be submitted to the appropriate DMV office as a condition of registration.

The frequency of the emissions inspection shall be determined based on the age of the vehicle as determined by model year and shall be required to the extent allowed under the current federally approved state implementation plan. In accordance with the federal Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. Sec. 7401 et seq., the legislative body of a county shall only require the emissions inspection every 2 years for each vehicle that is less than 6 years old on January 1, 2003.

If an emissions inspection is only required every 2 years for a vehicle, the inspection shall be required for the vehicle in odd-numbered years for vehicles with odd-numbered model years or in even-numbered years for vehicles with even-numbered model years.

The DMV may suspend a vehicle’s registration if the vehicle does not meet state or local air emissions standards.

Visit the Utah Division of Motor Vehicles for more information.

OBD is utilized as part of the state emissions inspection process.


Safety Inspection

Regular safety inspections are required of all vehicles.  The frequency of the safety inspection shall be determined based on the age of the vehicle determined by model year.  Vehicles 10 or more years old must have a safety inspection annually and vehicles less than 10 years old must have an inspection every 4th and 8th year.

Vehicle owners are issued 2 safety inspection certificates upon completion of an inspection. While driving, owners must have in the person’s immediate possession a safety inspection certificate or other evidence of compliance of the requirement to obtain an inspection.


Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: $6.00

Registration Fee: $43.00 + fee based on age of vehicle $10.00–$150.00.

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: $6.00

Registration Fee: $44.50 + fee based on age of vehicle $10.00–$95.00.

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $5.00

Registration Fee: $4.00

Driver’s License Fee: $18.00

Title Fee: $6.00

Special Plates: Up to $55.00

Plate Disbursement

The DMV upon registering a vehicle shall issue to the owner 1 license plate for a motorcycle, trailer, or semitrailer and 2 identical reflectorized license plates for every other vehicle. Each license plate shall have displayed on it: the registration number assigned to the vehicle for which it is issued; the name of the state; a designation of the county in which the vehicle is registered; and a registration decal showing the date of expiration.

Each original license plate that is not a special issuance plate shall be a statehood centennial license plate or a “Ski Utah” license plate. The color scheme for license plates is blue on orange and blue.

A person who is the registered owner of a vehicle may, upon payment of a fee, apply to the DMV for personalized license plates.

The owner of a motor vehicle that is a model year 1973 or older may apply to the DMV for permission to display an original issue license plate of a format and type issued by the state in the same year as the model year of the vehicle.

Every license plate shall at all times be securely fastened in a horizontal position at a height not less than 12 inches from the ground and maintained free from foreign materials and clearly legible from a distance of at least 100 feet during daylight. License plates may be reasonably obscured by a trailer hitch, a wheelchair lift or wheelchair carrier, a trailer being towed by the vehicle, a bicycle rack, ski rack, or luggage rack, or a similar cargo carrying device.

Disabled plates and placards are available by application to Customer Service Division. Affidavit by owner and disability certification by physician are required to accompany application.

Transfer of Plates

If the owner of a registered vehicle transfers his title or interest to the vehicle, the vehicle registration expires. The owner shall remove the license plates from the transferred vehicle. Within 20 days from the date of transfer the owner shall forward the plates to the DMV to be destroyed or may have the plates and the registration number assigned to another vehicle.

Driver's License Examination

The Driver License Division shall examine every applicant for a license by testing the applicant’s eyesight by the DMV or by allowing the applicant to furnish to the DLD a statement from a physician or optometrist licensed in Utah.

The Division requires the applicant be able to read and understand highway signs regulating, warning, and directing traffic. The state requires 20/40 vision and peripheral fields (side vision) of 120 degrees in each eye to pass the vision test. It also requires the applicant to be able to read and understand simple English used in highway traffic and directional signs and to have knowledge of the state traffic laws.

The Division is also allowed to assess other physical and mental abilities it finds necessary to determine the applicant’s fitness to drive a motor vehicle safely on the highways. The applicant must be able to exercise ordinary and reasonable control while driving a motor vehicle.


Graduated Driver's Licensing

Utah has a system of graduated licensing for novice drivers.

At age 15, individuals who pass the knowledge, physical and mental fitness tests are eligible for a learner’s permit.

  • Learner’s permit holders may operate a motor vehicle if supervised by a driving instructor or a licensed driver who is at least 21 years of age.
  • Learner’s permit holders must complete a driver education program.
  • A person 17 years of age or younger shall hold a learner’s permit for 6 months before applying for a provisional Class D license.
  • Driver’s education students must complete at least 6 hours of behind-the-wheel driving using a dual-control motor vehicle with a certified driving instructor seated next to the student.
  • Drivers must accumulate at least 40 (10 at night) hours of parental supervised driving.

At age 16, drivers are eligible for a Class D/Intermediate license.

  • For the first 6 months, license holders may not transport any passenger under 21 who is not an immediate family member unless accompanied by a licensed driver at least 21 years of age (secondarily enforced).
  • Class D/Intermediate license holders under the age of 17 may not operate a motor vehicle upon any highway between the hours of midnight and 5 a.m. unless accompanied by a licensed driver at least 21 years of age, or to and from the driver’s place of employment and their place of residence. Drivers may drive directly home from the school building if returning from school or from a school sponsored event.

At age 17, drivers are eligible for an unrestricted license.

Driver education is required for all license applicants under age 18.


Driver's License Issuance/Application

An application for any original license, provisional license, or endorsement shall be made at the DLD on a form furnished by the DLD.

All applicants applying for an original, duplicate, or renewal driver’s license, driving privilege card, or Utah identification card must furnish proof of identity, fingerprints, a photograph, proof of social security number or ITIN, proof of legal/lawful presence, evidence of name change, if applicable, and if address is different than the address on one’s current Utah record, two proofs of Utah residence address (not more than 60 days old).

License applicants age 18 and younger must have completed driver education but applicants age 19 and older do not have to complete driver education if they have held a learner permit for three months before applying and certify that they have completed at least 40 hours (with 10 at night) of practice driving.

The application for a license shall contain: the applicant’s full legal name, birth date, sex, social security number, and a brief description of the applicant; a statement of whether the applicant has previously been licensed to drive a motor vehicle and, if so, by what state or country; the applicant’s signature; and the mailing and residential address of the applicant.

The application form must be accompanied by proof of the applicant’s name and birth date by at least 1 of the following means: current driver’s license; birth certificate; Selective Service registration; or other proof, including church records, family Bible notations, school records, or other evidence approved by the DLD.

When the DLD issues a new driver’s license, the applicant is assigned a distinguishing number. A photograph of the licensee is required.

The licensee shall have his license in his immediate possession at all times when driving a motor vehicle.


Driver's License Renewal

A renewal or extension of a license expires on the birth date of the licensee in the 5th year following the year the license was issued or the date of expiration of the applicant’s foreign visa or permit. The license may be renewed at any time within 6 months before the license expires. The vision test is required once every 10 years, and the DLD may require the applicant for renewal to take a written examination. Vision tests are required for every renewal by drivers age 65 and older.

Drivers may renew by mail or internet every other renewal if they have a good driving records.

Drivers will be contacted by the DLD approximately 90 days prior to the expiration of their driver’s license.

Military personnel, civilian employees of the U.S. Department of State and U.S. Department of Defense, and their immediate family members and dependents, who had a valid Utah license at the time of entry into the service may continue to use that license up to 90 days after discharge if stationed outside of Utah.


Types of Driver’s Licenses

Class A license (Commercial) is issued to drive any combination of vehicles with a GVWR of 26,001 pounds or more, if the GVWR of the 1 or more vehicles being towed is in excess of 10,000 pounds.

Class B license (Commercial) is issued to drive any single motor vehicle with a GVWR of 26,001 pounds or more, including that motor vehicle when towing a vehicle with a GVWR of 10,000 pounds or less.

Class C license (Commercial) is issued to drive any single motor vehicle with a GVWR of less than 26,001 pounds or that motor vehicle when towing a vehicle with a GVWR of 10,000 pounds or less when the vehicle is designed or used:

  • to transport more than 15 passengers, including the driver;
  • as a school bus, and weighing less than 26,001 pounds GVWR; or
  • to transport hazardous materials.

Class D license (Non-Commercial) is issued to drive motor vehicles not defined as commercial motor vehicles or motorcycles.  A person may not drive a motor vehicle as a private passenger carrier for 15 or fewer passengers unless the person has a valid taxicab endorsement or a commercial driver license

Endorsements: H-hazardous materials; K-restricted to intrastate operation of commercial vehicles; L-restricted to vehicles not equipped with air brakes; M-motorcycle; N-tank vehicle; P-passenger vehicle; S-school bus; T-double or triple trailers; X-hazardous materials and tank combination; and Z-taxi.

Distracted Driving

The use of a hand-held wireless communications device for text messaging or e-mail communication while driving is prohibited.  Drivers under age 18 are prohibited from using a wireless telephone while driving.


Emergency Radio/Cellular

Citizen band radio is monitored for emergency calls. Emergency cell number is 911. Non-emergency cell number is *11.


Headsets

No prohibition on wearing of headsets while driving.


Impaired Driving

All 50 states and the District of Columbia prohibit the operation of a motor vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating beverages, with the illegal per se limit set at 0.08 percent blood alcohol content (.08 BAC). All 50 states and the District of Columbia set the legal drinking age at 21.

Every state’s chemical test law has ‘‘an implied consent’’ provision providing that any person operating a motor vehicle on a public highway, who is suspected of driving while intoxicated, consents to a chemical test to determine if he or she is inebriated. Failure to submit or pass such a test may cause the driver’s license to be suspended or revoked regardless of any court action finding the person innocent of the charge.

The most comprehensive resource on U.S. impaired driving laws is the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s Digest of Impaired Driving and Selected Beverage Control Laws.  NHTSA’s Digest is updated annually.

Utah requires the use of ignition interlocks for all impaired driving offenders.


Move Over Law

State law requires drivers approaching a stationary authorized emergency vehicle, tow truck or highway maintenance vehicle displaying flashing lights, and traveling in the same direction, to reduce speed and, if safe to do so, vacate the lane closest to stationary vehicles.


Seat Belts

Seat belts or appropriate child safety seats are required for the driver and all passengers age 8 and older or 4 feet 9 inches or taller.

Violation of the seat belt law is a standard offense.

Riding in the cargo area of a pickup truck is not permitted, except for employees on duty; other exceptions apply.


Child Passenger Safety

Children under age 8 are required to use a child restraint system unless the child is at least 4 feet 9 inches tall.

Violation of the child restraint law is a standard offense.


Railroad Crossing

Whenever any person driving a vehicle approaches a railroad grade crossing, the driver of the vehicle shall stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of the railroad track and may not proceed if: a clearly visible electric or mechanical signal device gives warning of the immediate approach of a train; a crossing gate is lowered, or a human flagman gives a signal of the approach of a train; a railroad train approaching within approximately 1,500 feet of the highway crossing emits a signal audible from such a distance and the train by reason of its speed or nearness to the crossing is an immediate hazard; an approaching train is plainly visible and is in hazardous proximity to the crossing; or there is any other condition which makes it unsafe to continue through the crossing.

A person may not drive any vehicle through, around, or under any crossing gate or barrier at a railroad grade crossing gate or barrier is closed or is being opened or closed, warning lights are flashing, audible warning devices are being sounded, or other traffic control devices signal the approach of a railroad train.


School Buses

The operator of any vehicle upon a highway, upon meeting or overtaking any school bus which is displaying alternating flashing amber warning light signals, shall slow his vehicle, but may proceed past the school bus using due care and caution at a speed not greater than 20 mph.

The operator of any vehicle upon a highway, upon meeting or overtaking any school bus that is displaying alternating flashing red lights visible from the front or rear shall stop immediately before reaching the bus and may not proceed until the flashing red light signals cease operation.

The operator of a vehicle need not stop upon meeting or passing a school bus displaying alternating flashing red light signals if the school bus is traveling in the opposite direction when: traveling on a divided highway; the bus is stopped at an intersection or other place controlled by a traffic-control signal, or by a peace officer; or upon a highway of 5 or more lanes.

Bumper Height

Bumpers must be at least 4.5 inches in height.  Lift kits are permitted. Four inch tires, 4 inch lift on 100-inch+ wheel base; under 100-inch wheelbase, height is determined by formula.


Headlight Use

Headlights are required to be on when visibility is less than 1000 feet or in conditions of insufficient light/adverse weather.


Hazard Light Use

Hazard light use is permitted while driving.


Tire Chains

Tire chain usage is permitted for hazardous weather or other related incidents only, but may not damage the highway surface.


Studded Tires

Studded tires are permitted October 15 to March 31.


Glass/Window Tinting

Front windows must allow 70% light transmittance; windshield banners are allowed on the top of the windshield as long as they do not exceed 4 inches from the top of the windshield or go below the AS-1 line. Windows to the left and right of the driver must still allow 43% light transmittance. Windows behind the driver may be as dark as the owner wishes. Mirrored and reflective tint is still prohibited. A right side mirror is required on all vehicles with window tint. The third brake light may not be covered by window tint.


Telematics

A motor vehicle may not be operated on a highway if the motor vehicle is equipped with a video display located so that the display is visible to the operator of the vehicle.

This does not apply to television-type receiving equipment used for safety or law enforcement purposes approved by the DMV, or motor vehicle navigation.


Radar Detectors

Radar detectors are permitted for passenger vehicles but prohibited for use by commercial vehicles.


Windshield Stickers

A person may not operate a motor vehicle with any sign, poster, or other non-transparent material on the windshield except a certificate or other paper required to be displayed by law or the vehicle’s identification number displayed or etched.

Nontransparent materials may be used when: along the top edge of the windshield area not to exceed 3 inches to the right or left of the center of the windshield if the materials do not extend downward more than 4 inches from the top edge of the windshield; in the lower left-hand corner of the windshield provided they do not extend more than 3 inches to the right of the left edge or more than 4 inches above the bottom edge of the windshield; in the lower left-hand corner of the rear window provided they do not extend more than 3 inches to the right of the left edge or more than 4 inches above the bottom edge of the window.


Other Equipment Rules

N/A.

Motorcycle Equipment

A person under the age of 18 may not operate or ride, unless within an enclosed cab, a motorcycle upon a highway unless that person is wearing protective headgear.

Every motorcycle shall be equipped with the following items: 1 headlamp; 1 tail-lamp; either a tail lamp or a separate lamp shall be so constructed and placed as to illuminate with a white light the rear registration plate; 1 red reflector on the rear, either as part of the tail lamp or separate; 1 stop lamp; a braking system; a horn or warning device; and a mirror.

A person operating a motorcycle shall ride only upon the permanent seat attached to the motorcycle and such operator shall not carry any other person unless the motorcycle is designed to carry more than 1 person.

A person shall ride a motorcycle while sitting astride the seat, facing forward.

No person shall operate a motorcycle while carrying anything preventing him or her from keeping both hands on the handlebars.

No operator shall carry any person, nor shall any person ride, in a position that will interfere with the operation or control of the motorcycle or the view of the operator.

Every motorcycle shall be equipped with footrests for each passenger and no person shall operate any motorcycle with handlebars above shoulder height.


Motorcycle Licenses

A person who has been issued a motorcycle learner’s permit may drive a motorcycle only during daylight hours and only without passengers.

A motorcycle endorsement is required on all classes of license or a motorcycle-only license is required. An endorsement is valid for 5 years and expires on licensee’s birthday in the 5th year.


Motorcycle Noise Limits

No statewide noise restriction.


Mopeds & Other

A peace officer may at any time upon reasonable cause to believe that a moped is unsafe or not equipped as required by law, or that its equipment is not in proper adjustment or repair, require the person riding the moped to stop and submit the moped to an inspection and a test as appropriate.

A moped may not be used to carry more persons at 1 time than the number for which it is designed or equipped, except that an adult rider may carry a child securely attached to his person in a back pack or sling.

A person operating a moped upon a roadway at less than the normal speed of traffic shall ride as near as practicable to the right-hand edge of the roadway.

A person under the age of 18 may not operate or ride a moped upon a highway unless that person is wearing protective headgear.

Trailer Dimensions

Total length: 65 feet; trailer length: 48 feet; motor home length: 65 feet; width: 8 feet; height: 14 feet.


Trailer Brakes

Every motor vehicle and every combination of vehicle shall have a service braking system which will stop the vehicle or combination within 40 feet from an initial speed of 20 mph on level, dry, smooth, hard surface.

Every motor vehicle and combination of vehicles shall have a parking brake system adequate to hold the vehicle or combination of any grade on which it is operated under all conditions of loading on a surface free from snow, ice, or loose material.


Trailer Hitch/Signals

Every towed vehicle shall be coupled by means of a safety chain, cable, or equivalent device, in addition to the regular trailer hitch or coupling. The safety chain or cable shall be securely connected with the chassis of the towing vehicle, the towed vehicle, and the drawbar. The safety chain or cable shall be of sufficient material and strength to prevent the 2nd vehicle from becoming separated and shall have no more slack than is necessary for proper turning. The safety chain or cable shall be attached to the trailer drawbar so as to prevent it from dropping to the ground, and to assure the towed vehicle follows in the course of the towing vehicle in the case the vehicles become separated. The requirement for chains or a cable does not apply to a semitrailer having a connecting device composed of a 5th-wheel and kingpin assembly, or to a pole trailer.


Trailer Lighting

Tail, brake, and license plate lights are required. Turn signals and 2 or more red reflectors are also required. A trailer over 80 inches must have clearance lights.


Trailer Mirrors

Every motor vehicle shall be equipped with a mirror mounted on the left side of the vehicle and so located as to reflect to the driver a view of the highway to the rear of the vehicle.

Every vehicle shall be equipped with a mirror mounted either inside the vehicle approximately in the center or outside the vehicle on the right side and so located as to reflect to the driver a view of the highway to the rear of the vehicle.


Trailer Speed Limits

Same as passenger cars unless posted.


Trailer Towing

Every towed vehicle shall be coupled by means of a safety chain, cable, or equivalent device, in addition to the regular trailer hitch or coupling. The safety chain or cable shall be securely connected with the chassis of the towing vehicle, the towed vehicle, and the drawbar. The safety chain or cable shall be of sufficient material and strength to prevent the 2 vehicles from becoming separated and shall have no more slack than is necessary for proper turning. The safety chain or cable shall be attached to the trailer drawbar so as to prevent it from dropping to the ground, and to assure the towed vehicle follows in the course of the towing vehicle in case the vehicles become separated. The requirement for chains or a cable does not apply to a semitrailer having a connecting device composed of a 5th-wheel and kingpin assembly, nor to a pole trailer.

Whenever the load upon any vehicle extends to the rear 4 feet or more beyond the bed or body of the vehicle there shall be displayed at the extreme rear end of the load, between 1/2 hour after sunset and 1/2 hour before sunrise, 2 red lamps and 2 red reflectors located so as to indicate maximum width and maximum overhang. At all other times, there shall be displayed red flags, not less than 12 inches square, marking the extremities of the load.

Vehicles drawing trailers are prohibited from operating in the left-most general purpose lane on highways with more than 3 lanes traveling the same direction.


Trailer Other Provisions

Riding in towed trailers is not permitted.

Accident Reporting

Crashes are required to be reported in case of death, injury, or when property damage is in excess of $1,000.00.

The deadline to file a report is 10 days.


Bail Bonds

N/A.


Liability Laws

State has security-type law applicable in event of accident causing property damage in excess of $1,000 or personal injury or death; no judgment minimum.

Every driver of a motor vehicle must have a minimum insurance coverage of $25,000 for injury or death to any 1 person in an accident, $65,000 for injury or death to 2 or more people in any accident, and $15,000 for the damage to any property in 1 accident. Proof of financial responsibility required after driver’s license suspension or revocation or when department is notified that an uninsured owner or operator has been involved in an accident. Failure to show proof may result in suspension or revocation of driver’s license.

State has non-resident service of process law.

State has uninsured insurance law. Sale and purchase are mandatory. Benefits: medical and hospital, $3,000; wage loss, 85% of gross income up to $250/week for 52 weeks; substitute service, $20/day, maximum 365 days; funeral, $1,500; survivors, $3,000, 3-day waiting period for wage and service loss where total disability is less than 2 weeks.

State has no fault insurance law.


Weigh Stations

Any peace officer having reason to believe that the height, width, length, or weight of a vehicle and its load is unlawful may require the operator to stop the vehicle and submit to a measurement or weighing of the vehicle and load. A peace officer may require the vehicle to be driven to the nearest scales or port-of-entry within 3 miles.


Bicycles

Bicycle helmets are not required.

Drivers passing a bicycle must pass with a space of 3 feet between the motor vehicle and the bicycle.


Other

Utah is party to the Non-Resident Violator Compact.