Driver’s License Examination
Practical examination is required prior to granting of license to show ability to operate vehicle safely.
Individual applying for learner’s permit must take and pass traffic and public safety examination.
Graduated Drivers Licensing
Puerto Rico does not have a system of graduated licensing for teen drivers.
Driver’s License Issuance/Application
Driver’s license is valid for a period of 6 years.
For license, operator must be 18 years of age; for learner’s permit, operator must be 16 years of age and will be able to get driver’s license after holding the permit for 6 months and passing a road test.
For license, operator must (1) be mentally and physically able; (2) know how to read and write; and (3) hold learner’s permit that, on the day of examination, is not more than 2 years, but not less than 6 months, before the date of issuance.
A person who is unable to read or write may be issued license if individual (1) passes oral course and examination on highway and traffic safety rules; (2) holds learner’s license; and (3) passes practical examination.
Driver’s license must contain: (1) name and descriptive data of operator; (2) identification of license; (3) issuance and expiration date of license; and (4) operator’s photograph.
For driver’s license, a new medical certificate is required if more than 2 years have passed since submittal of previous certificate; if applicant exempted from learner’s permit requirement, certificate is required.
For learner’s permit, applicant must submit medical certificate verifying his or her physical and mental fitness for license.
Non-resident who is authorized to drive a motor vehicle in a U.S. state or foreign country with similar laws may operate vehicle for 120 days from date of arrival; but after 120 days, he or she must meet license requirements. Persons exempt from license requirement include members of the active and reserve U.S. Armed Forces, and the National Guard of Puerto Rico.
Learner’s license permits an operator over 16 years of age but under 18 to operate automobile under patria potestas (the term ‘patria potestas’ refers to the custody or guardianship over a non-emancipated child) for private use. Person with patria potestas over minor is liable for damage or losses resulting from operation of vehicle by minor. Permit valid for 2 years.
Driver’s License Renewal
After expiration of license but before 2 years and 1 month from expiration date, license may be renewed without examination provided fees are paid. After that period a written test is required.
Types of Driver’s Licenses
Driver’s license grants individual authority to operate private motor vehicles, with the exception of heavy motor vehicles, without pay.
Chauffeur’s license authorizes individual to operate motor vehicles, except for heavy motor vehicles, with or without pay.
Heavy motor vehicle driver’s license authorizes individual to operate any motor vehicle, subject to certain statutory provisions.
Motorcycle driver’s license authorizes the operation of motorcycles, motor-driven bicycles, or motor scooters.
Learner’s license authorizes individual to drive motor vehicle if accompanied by authorized individual.