U.S. citizens returning to the U.S. from Canada by land or sea are required to present proper travel documents according to the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI). Ontario now issues enhanced driver’s licenses that are in compliance with WHTI. Proof of citizenship is required for travel to Canada by land or sea. A U.S. passport is required for travel by air to Canada and to the U.S. Permanent U.S. residents who are not citizens should carry their Alien Registration Receipt Card.
All children must have their own travel documents. In lieu of a U.S. passport or passport card, U.S. children under 16 traveling to and from Canada by land or sea may also present an original or copy of his or her birth certificate, a consular Report of Birth Abroad, or a Naturalization Certificate. If the parents are separated or divorced, the parent crossing the border should have proof of custody or a letter from the other parent. Persons under 18 years of age who are not accompanied by a parent should bring a letter from their parent or guardian giving them permission to cross the border.
A visitor is permitted to bring a reasonable amount of personal effects, a reasonable supply of food, and a full tank of gas. “Reasonable” means enough for personal use during the length of stay in Canada. Any unreasonable amounts are subject to duty.
A visitor must have a rabies vaccination certificate signed by a licensed veterinarian to bring dogs or cats into Canada.
Containers of liquor are prohibited in a motor vehicle, whether it is in motion or not, except under the authority of a license or permit unless the container is unopened and the seal unbroken or the liquor is packed in baggage that is fastened closed or is not otherwise readily available to any person in the vehicle.
A person may not operate a motor vehicle or have the care or control of a motor vehicle, whether it is in motion or not, while the person’s ability to operate the vehicle is impaired by alcohol or a drug or if the person’s BAC exceeds .08%.
BAC level for drivers under 22 is .00. Any driver with a BAC of .05 or higher wll be subject to automatic license suspension.
The legal drinking age is 19.
The speed limit is 80 km/h on controlled-access highways and highways outside of a city, town, village, police village, or developed area.
The speed limit is 50 km/h on highways within a city, town, village, police village, or developed area.
The speed limit is 40 km/h in designated school zones.
No motor vehicle may be driven on a highway at such a slow rate of speed as to impede or block the normal and reasonable movement of traffic thereon except when the slow rate of speed is necessary for safe operation under the circumstances.
If a person drives a motor vehicle at 50 km/h or more over the speed limit he or she will be subject to a fine of not less than C$2,000 and not more than C$10,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than 6 months, or to both, and in addition the driver’s license may be suspended on a first conviction for not more than 2 years and for a second conviction for not more than 10 years.
In addition to the above penalties, the police shall request the surrender of the driver’s license and shall impound the motor vehicle of anyone the police officer believes was driving at 50 km/h or more over the speed limit. The driver’s license will immediately be suspended for 7 days and the vehicle impounded for 7 days.