Newfoundland and Labrador

Department of Government Services
149 Smallwood Drive
P.O. Box 8710
St. John’s, NL A1B 4J5
1-877-636-6867 | www.gs.gov.nl.ca/drivers

Royal Canadian Mounted Police
“B” Division
100 East Whitehills Rd.
P.O. Box 9700
St. John’s, NL A1A 3T5
(709) 772-5400 | www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/nl/index-eng.htm

Title Application

(see Vehicle Registration)


Title Transfer of Ownership

The seller is required to notify the Registrar of Motor Vehicles (Registrar) within 10 days of the sale

To transfer ownership, a seller must have the following documents: the seller’s vehicle registration permit, a bill of sale and/or a sworn affidavit, a completed signed insurance declaration, and a motor vehicle safety inspection report.

A notice of vehicle sale must be filed with the Registrar within 10 days of the date of sale of a vehicle and may be sent to any Motor Registration Office in the province.


Titles for Mobile Homes

(see Vehicle Registration)

Registration Application

Before a motor vehicle can be operated in Newfoundland and Labrador, it must be registered on a form prescribed by the Registrar. The application will request the following: (1) the name, place of residence, and mailing address of the owner of the vehicle; (2) a description of the vehicle including but not limited to the make, model, type of body, the manufacturer’s serial number, and the date of sale; (3) the weight of the vehicle; (4) where the owner is applying for the first time for the registration of the vehicle described in the application, the amount of the purchase price, and whether any taxes have been paid; and (5) any other information the Registrar may require.

The appropriate fees must accompany the application.

No period of grace for late registration.

Trailers must be registered in Newfoundland and Labrador.


Registration for Non-Residents

Non-residents can operate a passenger vehicle for a maximum period of 3 months in 1 year without registering a vehicle in Newfoundland and Labrador.

A person who enters the province to become a resident must register his or her vehicle within 30 days.


Registration Type

Vehicle renewal applications are mailed approximately 45 days prior to the expiration of the vehicle registration.

The vehicle registration expires the last day of the month shown on the registration document.

The application for renewal includes the registration fee and any additional fees owed to the government such as outstanding fines or reinstatement fees.

Vehicles can be registered online.


Emissions Inspection

No province-wide emissions inspection requirements.


Safety Inspection

Before a vehicle can be registered, an official inspection station must inspect it and issue a vehicle inspection certificate.

The Registrar may accept an inspection for a vehicle if the vehicle was inspected and received a vehicle inspection certificate and inspection sticker in another Canadian jurisdiction with which an agreement has been made to recognize and accept inspections.

The Registrar may accept an inspection for a vehicle that has passed an inspection in another jurisdiction where the registrar considers the inspection to be equivalent to Newfoundland’s and Labrador’s inspection.

The Registrar may permit the registration of a vehicle for which there is no vehicle inspection certificate when the vehicle is subject to periodic inspection under a preventive maintenance program approved by the registrar.

The Registrar can allow vehicle registration without an inspection if there has been a transfer of ownership in the following cases: (1) a genuine gift between family members; (2) under a valid separation agreement or court order; or (3) another situation that, in the Registrar’s opinion, renders an inspection unnecessary. Before granting an exemption the Registrar may require an affidavit setting out various particulars of the proposed transfer. Otherwise, a vehicle must always be inspected before it is transferred.

The Registrar, a police officer, or a traffic officer may demand a vehicle inspection certificate for a vehicle and the Registrar may suspend the registration of a vehicle which fails the inspection or where the vehicle owner fails to submit an inspection certificate within the specified period stated on the demand.


Title and Registration Fees

AUTOMOBILE

Title Fee: N/A

Registration Fee: $140.00

MOTORCYCLE

Title Fee: N/A

Registration Fee: $75.00

DUPLICATES

Plate Fee: $20.00

Registration Fee: $15.00

Driver’s License Fee: $15.00

Title Fee: N/A

Special Plates: N/A

 

Plate Disbursement

A driver or owner of a vehicle must ensure that the license plates are securely fastened to the vehicle at least 30 centimeters from the ground in a position that, in the case of a motorcycle, is clearly visible from the rear; a trailer, the plate is clearly visible from the rear; and all other motor vehicles, the front plate is clearly visible from the front, and the rear plate is clearly visible from the rear.

Passenger vehicles are issued two plates that are validated by stickers.

The color scheme for license plates is red on white.

Transfer of Plates

When a vehicle is sold or transferred, the license plates are transferred with the car to the new owner.

A valid license plate is in force as long as the Registrar determines that it should be in force.

Driver’s License Examination

Depending on the individual’s particular circumstances, an applicant for a Newfoundland and Labrador driver’s license may have to take a written test, a driving test, a vision screening examination, and a medical examination.


Graduated Drivers Licensing

Newfoundland and Labrador has some form of graduated licensing for teen drivers. At 16, teens are eligible for a Class 5, Level 1 Permit.

During the learner’s stage: (1) teens may only drive when supervised by a licensed driver with at least 4 years of experience; (2) teens may not transport any passengers, except accompanying driver or licensed instructor; (3) teens may not drive between midnight and 5 a.m.; and, (4) teens must drive with a Novice Driver Sign on the rear of the vehicle with 5 cm (2 inches) black on white lettering.

Teens must hold the Class 5 Level I license for a minimum of 12 months if an approved driver education program is completed, the time requirement is reduced to 8 months. Teens must also pass a road test before progressing to the next stage.

After successful completion of the Class 5, Level I license teens (17 or 16 and 8 months) are eligible for a Class 5, Level II license permit.

During the intermediate stage, the number of passengers must be restricted to the number of seat belts in the car. Teens may only drive between midnight and 5 a.m. if a licensed driver with at least 4 years of driving experience accompanies them or if the permit holder works and can provide the police with proof of his or her working schedule.

Novice drivers must have a zero blood alcohol concentration.

Teens must hold the Class 5, Level II permit for 12 months without suspension before being eligible for an unrestricted license (minimum age 17 and 8 months).


Drivers License Issuance/Application

The applicant must present (at the time he or she is applying for the learner’s permit) proof of age in the form of a birth certificate, baptismal certificate, or passport. All documents must be originals. Photocopies are not accepted unless certified.

All licenses include a photograph, but not a social security number.

The applicant is then required to pass a written and vision test. The written test consists of questions about the rules of the road, safe driving practices, and road sign recognition. A mark of 85% is a passing grade for the written test.

If the applicant is under 19 years of age, he or she will be required to get parental or guardian consent before a learner’s permit will be issued.

If the applicant is a 16-year-old driver presenting a valid driver license from another jurisdiction which has a graduated driver licensing program, the applicant will be placed in Class 5, Level I. If the applicant takes an approved driver education course, he or she will be given a 4-month credit and upon reaching 16 years 8 months, he or she will receive a Class 5, Level II license. If the applicant has not taken a driver education course he or she will remain at Level I until his or her 17th birthday, at which time the applicant will graduate to a Class 5, Level II license. A road test is not required.

If a 17-year-old or older applicant for a Newfoundland and Labrador license is from another Canadian province or the United States, the applicant can exchange his or her existing license for a Newfoundland and Labrador license without taking a written, vision, or road test provided that he or she has an existing license that is valid or that has not expired in the last 5 years.

All other licensed drivers taking up residence in the province will have their experience rated against the Newfoundland and Labrador system and will be placed in the appropriate phase. Age, driving experience, and class of license currently held will determine placement.


Drivers License Renewal

A driver must renew a driver’s license every 5 years on or before his or her birthday.

If a driver’s license has expired or lapsed in less than 5 years, it can be renewed without taking a written, vision, or road test by filling out a questionnaire and paying all applicable fees.

Medical tests for age 75: First medical exam required for class 5 or 6 license.

Medical tests for age 80: Second medical exam required.

Medical tests for age 82+: Every 2 years thereafter.


Types of Drivers Licenses

A Class 8 license permits the holder to operate traction engine vehicles only.

A Class 6 license permits the holder to operate a motorcycle.

A Class 5 license permits the holder to operate all motor vehicles with no more than 2 axles and a combination of vehicles where the towed vehicles do not exceed 4,500 kg; buses, taxis, and ambulances while not carrying passengers; self-propelled motor homes with 2 or more axles; farm tractors; fork lifts and emergency vehicles excluding ambulances; trucks designed for off-highway use; and vehicles commonly known as backhoes.

A Class 4 license permits the holder to operate taxis, ambulances, all Class 5 motor vehicles, and buses up to 24 passengers.

A Class 3 license permits the holder to operate trucks with 3 or more axles including a combination of vehicles and other classes as shown by endorsements.

A Class 2 license permits the holder to operate all buses over 24 passengers and other classes as shown by endorsements.

A Class 1 license permits the holder to operate all semitrailer trucks and other classes as shown by endorsements on the license.

Distracted Driving

The use of hand-held cellular phones for voice communication or text messaging is prohibited.


Emergency Radio/Cellular

Police do not monitor citizen band radio for emergency calls.


Headsets

No prohibition on wearing of headsets while driving.


Impaired Driving

Canadian federal law prohibits the operation of a motor vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating beverages, with the illegal per se limit set at 0.08 percent blood alcohol content (.08 BAC). Newfoundland and Labrador sets an illegal per se limit of .05 BAC. Violating this law could result in temporary loss of driver’s license.

Newfoundland and Labrador sets the legal drinking age at 19.

It is illegal to fail to submit to testing or an evaluation for impaired driving.

Newfoundland and Labrador does not require the use of ignition interlocks for impaired driving offenders but offenders have the option of using them.


Move Over Law

Upon approaching an emergency vehicle, including a tow truck, that is stopped on a highway with its emergency lights activated, the driver of a vehicle travelling on the same side of the highway shall slow down and proceed with caution and move to a non-adjacent lane if it is safe to do so.


Seat Belts

All drivers and front seat passengers must wear properly fastened seat belts unless a person is driving a vehicle in reverse, a person holds a certified report by a qualified physician stating that for medical reasons the person cannot wear a seat belt, or the person is engaged in work that requires the person to reenter the vehicle frequently, provided that he or she is driving below 50 km/h.

Riding in pickup truck beds is permitted.


Child Passenger Safety

A child who weighs less than 9 kg must be secured in a rear-facing infant car seat.

A child who weighs 9 kg or more but less than 18 kg must be secured in a child car seat or an infant car sear as recommended by the manufacturer.

A child who is under age 8 and weighs more than 18 kg but less than 37 kg and is less than 145 cm in height must be secured in a booster seat and the vehicle’s complete seat belt assembly, or in a child car seat as recommended by the manufacturer.

These requirements do not apply if the driver holds a certified report by a qualified physician stating that the child cannot be placed in the restraint system because of medical reasons.

A child who is under age 16 must wear a properly secured and fastened seat belt regardless of seating position.


Railroad Crossing

When a driver of a vehicle is approaching a railway crossing at a time when a clearly visible electrical or mechanical signal device gives warning of the approach of a railway train, a crossing gate is lowered or a person holding a flag is giving a signal of the approach or passage of a railway train, a stop sign has been erected at the crossing, or a railway train in dangerous proximity to a crossing is approaching the crossing and emits an audible signal or is visible, the driver must stop the vehicle at least 5 meters from the nearest rail of the railway and must proceed only when it is safe to do so.


School Buses

The driver of a vehicle meeting or overtaking, from either direction, a school bus that has stopped or is about to stop to discharge or pick up school children must stop the vehicle before reaching the bus, and must not proceed until the school bus resumes motion or the driver of the bus signals that it is okay for the vehicle to proceed.

Bumper Height

Vehicle bumpers on passenger cars must be between 35 cm and 55 cm from the ground when the vehicle is unloaded.


Headlight Use

Headlights are to be used one-half hour before sunset to one-half hour after sunrise and when visibility is 150 m or less.


Hazard Light Use

Hazard light use is permitted while driving.


Tire Chains

Tire chains are required when snow and ice is on the road.


Studded Tires

Studded tires are permitted Nov. 1 – April 30.


Glass/Window Tinting

A person must not install non-transparent, translucent, or opaque material on or in place of the windshield glazing, or on any other window so that the motor vehicle no longer conforms with the requirements of the Motor Vehicle Safety Act.

This does not apply to replacement of glazing installed by the manufacturer.

Clear un-tinted frost shields are permitted as long as they do not impair the safe operation of the motor vehicle.


Telematics

A person must not drive on a highway a motor vehicle that is equipped with a television set which is located where the driver can see it while he or she is operating the motor vehicle. This does not apply to a closed circuit television system consisting of a camera and a monitor or to a visual display unit used to help the driver safely operate the vehicle.


Radar Detectors

Radar detectors are prohibited.


Windshield Stickers

Windshield stickers are permitted as long as they do not impair the operator’s field of vision, or prevent the safe operation of the motor vehicle.


Other Equipment Rules

N/A.

Motorcycle Equipment

A motorcycle must be equipped with at least 1 but not more than 2 head-lamps. These headlamps must be lighted at all times when the vehicle is in motion on the highway.

A motorcycle on a highway must be equipped with headlamps arranged so that when the motorcycle is traveling less than 40 km/h a white light will be emitted to reveal a person or a vehicle at a distance of 30 meters; when a motorcycle is travelling more than 40 km/h a white light will be emitted to reveal a person or a vehicle at a distance of 60 meters.

The headlamps of a motorcycle must be arranged and directed so that the high-intensity portion of the beams of light are emitted by the headlamps at a distance of 7.5 meters from the lamps higher than the height of the lamp.

Every motorcycle and moped must be equipped with at least 1 tail lamp mounted at the rear of the vehicle which will emit a red light visible from a distance of 150 meters to the rear.

A motorcycle assembled before December 31, 1958 must be equipped with 1 stop lamp. A motorcycle assembled after December 31, 1958 must be equipped with 2 stop lamps.

Motorcycles must be equipped with adequate brakes, and each wheel must be equipped with an adequate service brake.

A person riding on a motorcycle must wear a helmet that complies with all safety regulations and the helmet must be properly worn by the motorcycle rider.


Motorcycle Licenses

A Class 6, Level I is a learner’s permit for a motorcycle rider. A holder of this license must keep it for 12 months. If an approved motorcycle course is completed, the time requirement is reduced to 8 months. A Class 6, Level I learner’s permit allows the holder to operate a motorcycle under the following conditions: (1) accompanied by a licensed driver with 4 years of motorcycle driving experience; (2) the novice driver must have a BAC of zero and an accompanying driver cannot have a blood alcohol level exceeding .05%; (3) no passengers can ride on the motorcycle; (4) cannot upgrade to a commercial class of license; (5) not permitted to drive 30 minutes before sunset and 30 minutes after sunrise; (6) not permitted on highways where the posted speed limit exceeds 80 km/h; and (7) must pass a road test to exit this level. A Class 6, Level II novice driver permits the holder to operate a motorcycle under the following conditions: (1) must spend 12 months at Level II; (2) no driving between midnight and 5 a.m.; and (3) novice driver must have a BAC of zero.


Motorcycle Noise Limits

No province-wide motorcycle noise limit restriction.


Mopeds & Other

Minimum age for highway driving is 16; no minimum age for off-highway use.

Helmet and goggles are required.

Trailer Dimensions

Total length: 23 meters; trailer length: 12.5 meters; width: 2.6 meters; height: 4.15 meters.


Trailer Brakes

The service brakes on a combination of vehicles must be capable of bringing the motor vehicle and a fully loaded combination of vehicles to a standstill at 30 km/h under the following conditions: (1) in a straight line; (2) within 10 meters from the point at which the brakes were applied; and (3) on a dry and level paved surface made of either asphalt or concrete that is free from

The emergency or parking brake on a fully loaded combination of vehicles must be capable of bringing the combination of vehicles to a standstill within 16 meters from the point at which the brakes were applied either on a dry and level paved surface made of concrete or asphalt and free from loose materials, or at a speed of 30 km/h. Additionally the emergency brakes must be capable of holding the combination of vehicles at a standstill while they are fully loaded and facing up or down at a 20% grade.


Trailer Hitch/Signals

Hitch and safety chain or metal cable equal in strength to the principal coupling device required.


Trailer Lighting

Tail, brake, and license plate lights required. Turn signals and reflectors also required.


Trailer Mirrors

The towing vehicle in every combination of motor vehicles must be equipped with 2 mirrors, 1 placed on each side of the motor vehicle to provide the driver with a clear view of the roadway to the rear of the combination of vehicles.


Trailer Speed Limits

90 km/h and posted 100 km/h.


Trailer Towing

A motor vehicle towing a trailer must be securely held together by a drawbar or other connection.

The device, which attaches the trailer to the motor vehicle, must be firmly attached to a structurally adequate and integral part of the frame of each vehicle. If the towed vehicle is a gross vehicle mass less than 900 kg the device which attaches the trailer to the motor vehicle must be firmly attached to a structurally adequate part of the towing vehicle and to an integral part of the frame of the towed vehicle.

A motor vehicle towing a trailer must also be equipped and connected with an auxiliary coupling device that consists of a chain or metal cable equal in strength to the principal coupling device. This rule does not apply if the coupling device is a 5thwheel and kingpin assembly used to couple a semitrailer to a truck tractor and that assembly is securely attached to the towing vehicle. Also, the vehicle must not be operated with fewer bolts than were provided by the manufacturer or with any cracks or breaks in the securing attachments.

If a towing motor vehicle is equipped with a 5th-wheel assembly, the jaw closure mechanism and locking components must function properly and the frame assembly must be fitted with slide rails properly mounted to ensure that the trailer kingpin is securely engaged.


Trailer Other Provisions

N/A.

Accident Reporting

Crashes are required to be immediately reported when property damage exceeds C$2,000, or in crashes involving a cyclist in cases of death, injury, or death or property damage exceeding $250.


Bail Bonds

Contact your local AAA club about AAA Guaranteed Arrest Bond validity in Canada.


Liability Laws

Every motorist must have insurance in the amount of C$200,000 for a single accident.

Has security-type law applicable in event of accident resulting in death, personal injury, or property damage exceeding C$1,000. Minimum financial responsibility limits: C$200,000.

Unsatisfied judgment fund law: “Judgment Recovery Nfld” operates a fund for pay¬ment of uncollectible judgments exceeding C$200 (property damage only).


Weigh Stations

An inspector can stop a vehicle by placing a sign on the roadway ordering all vehicles or all vehicles of a certain class to stop for weighing, by signaling the driver to stop the vehicle, or by ordering the driver to drive the vehicle to the nearest weigh station. This weigh station must be within 16 kilometers of where the vehicle was stopped. The driver must perform all other acts that the inspector requires or considers necessary for weighing the vehicle and its load.

Where the maximum gross mass or the axle mass of the vehicle exceeds that permitted by the regulations or by a sign applicable to that portion of the highway on which the vehicle was stopped, the inspector may order the driver of the vehicle to remove as much of the load as is necessary to bring the maximum gross mass or the axle mass of the vehicle within the mass permitted on that portion of the highway.


Bicycles

All riders must wear bicycle helmets.


Other

U.S. citizens returning to the U.S. from Canada by land or sea are required to present proper travel documents according to the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative. Proof of citizenship is required for travel to Canada by land or sea. A U.S. passport is required for travel by air to Canada and to the U.S. Permanent U.S. residents who are not citizens should carry their Alien Registration Receipt Card.

All children must have their own travel documents. In lieu of a U.S. passport or passport card, U.S. children under 16 traveling to and from Canada by land or sea may also present an original or copy of his or her birth certificate, a consular Report of Birth Abroad, or a Naturalization Certificate. If the parents are separated or divorced, the parent crossing the border should have proof of custody or a letter from the other parent. Persons under 18 years of age who are not accompanied by a parent should bring a letter from their parent or guardian giving them permission to cross the border.

A visitor is permitted to bring a reasonable amount of personal effects, a reasonable supply of food, and a full tank of gas. “Reasonable” means enough for personal use during the length of stay in Canada. Any unreasonable amounts are subject to duty.

A visitor must have a rabies vaccination certificate signed by a licensed veterinarian to bring dogs or cats into Canada.